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Kασος (/ˈkɑːsoʊs/; also Kassos, Kασος ) is a Greek island municipality in the Dodecanese. It is the southernmost island in the Aegean Sea, and is part of the Karpathos
Karpathos
regional unit. As of 2011[update], its population was 1084. The island is known in Italian as Caso, and Turkish as Kaşot.[1]

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Notable residents 4 See also 5 References 6 Sources 7 External links

Geography[edit] Kasos
Kasos
lies SW of Karpathos, between this island and Crete. Adjacent to the island is the Strait of Kasos, through which some of the Modified Atlantic Water enters the Sea of Crete.[2] Its shape is elliptic and resembles that of Rhodes. The main island has a surface of 49 square kilometres (19 sq mi), and it is 17 km (11 mi) long and 6 km (4 mi) wide.[3] It is very mountainous, its highest mount being Mt. Prionas, which is 550 metres (1,800 feet) high.[3] There is fresh water on the island.[3] The municipality of Kasos
Kasos
includes several uninhabited offshore islands, the largest of which are Armathia
Armathia
and Makronisi. Its total land area is 69.464 square kilometres (26.820 sq mi).[4] It has five villages, Fry (pronounced like "free", pop. 47), Agia Marina (14), Panagia (18), Poli (78), and Arvanitochori (169). Fry is the capital and home to the island's harbor, Agia Marina is most populous village. The airport is located close to Fry and is big enough for an ATR 42
ATR 42
to land. Kasos
Kasos
is notable for its lack of large scale tourism, the quality of its fish, cheeses, and other culinary specialties, and its hospitality toward visitors. History[edit] In ancient times, Kasos
Kasos
(then known as Amphie, Astrabe, and, most commonly, Achnis) was used as a safe harbor by the Philistines.[citation needed] The first known settlements are Minoan and Mycenaean in origin.[5] According to Homer
Homer
(Iliad, 2.676), Kasos contributed ships toward the Trojan War. During Classical Antiquity
Classical Antiquity
it closely followed the history of nearby Karpathos.[1] It remained for over a thousand years within the predominately Turkish speaking Ottoman Empire, after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, through late antiquity and most of the Middle Ages. Along with Karpathos, it was subjected from 1306 until 1537 to the Venetian Cornaro
Cornaro
family.[1] Kasos
Kasos
had been the first island to declare independence during the Greek Revolution
Greek Revolution
and supported the cause with its fleet of ships. In 1824, Mehmet Ali Pasha
Mehmet Ali Pasha
of Egypt, furious with the Kasiots, dispatched his fleet to the island. The Egyptian armada burned the entire island and killed most of the population.[6][7] The island's population recovered as did its economy, still largely based on shipping. The introduction of steam ships made Kasos' shipyard (which produced wooden sailing ships) redundant and its economy suffered accordingly. Beginning in the later half of the 19th century, many emigrated from Kasos, initially to Egypt (about 5,000 people), then to Istanbul, Greece, USA and South Africa. By the 1920s, out of about 2,300 houses on the island, only 400 were permanently inhabited.[1] On 12 May 1912, during the Italo-Turkish War
Italo-Turkish War
of 1911-12, after the so-called "Battle of Cassos" that took place on 29 January 1912, the island was occupied by the sailors of the Regia Marina
Regia Marina
ship Regina Elena.[1] With the Treaty of Lausanne
Treaty of Lausanne
of 1923, Kasos
Kasos
joined the other islands of the Dodecanese
Dodecanese
in the Italian possession of the Italian Aegean Islands, and was ceded by Italy to Greece
Greece
with the Paris Peace Treaties of 1947. The island formally joined the Kingdom of Greece
Greece
on 7 March 1948 together with the other Dodecanese
Dodecanese
islands. Notable residents[edit]

Kassia
Kassia
(revered in the Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
as St. Kassiane), a Byzantine abbess, poet, composer, and hymnographer.

See also[edit]

Kasos
Kasos
Massacre

References[edit]

^ a b c d e Bertarelli, 139 ^ Peter Saundry, C.Michael Hogan & Steve Baum. 2011. Sea of Crete. Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds.M.Pidwirny & C.J.Cleveland. National Council for Science and Environment. Washington DC. ^ a b c Bertarelli, 138 ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.  ^ "MINOAN AND MYCENAEAN SETTLEMENT IN KASOS AND KARPATHOS". Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies. 30: 53–61. 2010-03-12. doi:10.1111/j.2041-5370.1983.tb00435.x. Retrieved 2013-03-26.  ^ Paul D. Hellander, Greece, pg 530 ^ "Κάσος: Τουρκοκρατία και Ολοκαύτωμα". Insitu.gr. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 

Sources[edit]

Bertarelli, L.V. (1929). Guida d'Italia, Vol. XVII. Consociazione Turistica Italiana, Milano. .

External links[edit]

Official website (in English) (in Greek)

v t e

Dodecanese
Dodecanese
Islands

The 12 major islands

Astypalaia Kalymnos Karpathos Kasos Kastellorizo
Kastellorizo
(Megisti) Kos Leros Nisyros Patmos Rhodes Symi Tilos

Minor islands

Adelfoi Syrnas Islets Agathonisi Agioi Theodoroi Halkis Agreloussa Alimia Antitilos Anydros Patmou Archangelos Arefoussa Arkoi Armathia Astakida Chalavra Chalki Chamili Chiliomodi Patmou Chondros Chteni Faradonesia Farmakonisi Fokionisia Fragos Gaidaros Glaros Kinarou Gyali Imia/Kardak Kalolimnos Kalovolos Kamilonisi Kandeloussa Karavolas Rodou Kinaros Koubelonisi Kouloundros Kouloura Leipson Kounoupoi Koutsomytis Leipsoi Levitha Makronisi Kasou Makronisi Leipson Makry Aspronisi Leipson Makry Halkis Marathos Marmaras Mavra Levithas Megalo Aspronisi Leipson Megalo Glaronisi Megalo Sofrano Mesonisi Seirinas Mikro Glaronisi Mikro Sofrano Nimos Pacheia Nisyrou Pergoussa Piganoussa Pitta Plati Pserimou Plati Symis Pontikousa Prasonisi Prasouda Pserimos Safonidi Ro Saria Seirina Sesklio Strongyli Kritinias Strongyli Megistis Telendos Tragonisi Zaforas

v t e

Administrative division of the Southern Aegean
Southern Aegean
Region

Area 5,286 km2 (2,041 sq mi) Population 309,015 (as of 2011) Municipalities 34 (since 2011) Capital Ermoupoli
Ermoupoli
(Syros)

Regional unit of Andros

Andros

Regional unit of Kalymnos

Agathonisi Astypalaia Kalymnos Leipsoi Leros Patmos

Regional unit of Karpathos

Karpathos Kasos

Regional unit of Kea-Kythnos

Kea Kythnos

Regional unit of Kos

Kos Nisyros

Regional unit of Milos

Kimolos Milos Serifos Sifnos

Regional unit of Mykonos

Mykonos

Regional unit of Naxos

Amorgos Naxos
Naxos
and Lesser Cyclades

Regional unit of Paros

Antiparos Paros

Regional unit of Rhodes

Chalki Kastellorizo Rhodes Symi Tilos

Regional unit of Syros

Syros-Ermoupoli

Regional unit of Thira

Anafi Folegandros Ios Sikinos Thira (Santorini)

Regional unit of Tinos

Tinos

Regional governor Giorgos Hadjimarkos (since 2014) Decentralized Administration Aegean

v t e

Aegean Sea

General

Countries

 Greece  Turkey

Other

Aegean civilizations Aegean dispute Aegean Islands

Aegean Islands

Cyclades

Amorgos Anafi Andros Antimilos Antiparos Delos Despotiko Donousa Folegandros Gyaros Ios Irakleia Kardiotissa Kea Keros Kimolos Koufonisia Kythnos Milos Mykonos Naxos Paros Polyaigos Rineia Santorini Schoinoussa Serifopoula Serifos Sifnos Sikinos Syros Therasia Tinos Vous

Dodecanese

Agathonisi Arkoi Armathia Alimia Astakida Astypalaia Çatalada Chamili Farmakonisi Gaidaros Gyali Halki Imia/Kardak Kalolimnos Kalymnos Kandelioussa Kara Ada Karpathos Kasos Kinaros Kos Küçük Tavşan Adası Leipsoi
Leipsoi
(Lipsi) Leros Levitha
Levitha
(Lebynthos) Nimos Nisyros Pacheia Patmos Platy Pserimos Rhodes Salih Ada Saria Symi Syrna Telendos Tilos Zaforas

North Aegean

Agios Efstratios Agios Minas Ammouliani Ayvalık Islands Büyük Ada Chios Chryse Cunda Foça Islands Fournoi Korseon Icaria Imbros Koukonesi Lemnos Lesbos Metalik Ada Nisiopi Oinousses Pasas Psara Samiopoula Samos Samothrace Tenedos Thasos Thymaina Uzunada Zourafa

Saronic

Aegina Agios Georgios Agistri Dokos Hydra Poros Psyttaleia Salamis Spetses

Sporades

Adelfoi Islets Agios Georgios Skopelou Alonnisos Argos Skiathou Dasia Erinia Gioura Grammeza Kyra Panagia Lekhoussa Peristera Piperi Psathoura Repi Sarakino Skandili Skantzoura Skiathos Skopelos Skyropoula Skyros Tsoungria Valaxa

Cretan

Afentis Christos Agia Varvara Agioi Apostoloi Agioi Pantes Agioi Theodoroi Agios Nikolaos Anavatis Arnaouti Aspros Volakas Avgo Crete Daskaleia Dia Diapori Dionysades Elasa Ftena Trachylia Glaronisi Gramvousa Grandes Kalydon (Spinalonga) Karavi Karga Katergo Kavallos Kefali Kolokythas Koursaroi Kyriamadi Lazaretta Leon Mavros Mavros
Mavros
Volakas Megatzedes Mochlos Nikolos Palaiosouda Peristeri Peristerovrachoi Petalida Petalouda Pontikaki Pontikonisi Praso (Prasonisi) Prosfora Pseira Sideros Souda Valenti Vryonisi

Other

Antikythera Euboea Kythira Makronisos

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 237807

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