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The Karura
Karura
(迦楼羅) is a divine creature with human torso and birdlike head[1] in Japanese Hindu- Buddhist
Buddhist
mythology. The name is a transliteration[1] of Garuda
Garuda
(Sanskrit: Garuḍa[1] गरुड ; Pāli: Garuḷa) a race of enoromously gigantic birds in Hinduism,[2] upon which the Japanese Buddhist
Buddhist
version is based. The same creature may go by the name of konjichō (金翅鳥, lit. "gold-winged bird", Skr. suparṇa).[1] The karura is said to be enormous,[3] fire-breathing,[3] and to feed on dragons/serpents,[3] just as Garuda
Garuda
is the bane of Nāgas. Only a dragon who possesses a Buddhist
Buddhist
talisman, or one who has converted to the Buddhist
Buddhist
teaching, can escape unharmed from the Karura.[citation needed] Shumisen or Mount Meru
Mount Meru
is said to be its habitat.[3] Karura
Karura
is one of the proselytized and converted creatures recruited to form a guardian unit called the Hachibushū (八部衆, "Devas of the Eight Classes").[4][5] One famous example is the karura statue at Kōfukuji temple, Nara (amongst the eight deva statues presented at eye-opening ceremony dated to the year Tenpyō
Tenpyō
6 or 734 AD, pictured top right).[4] This karura is depicted as wearing Chinese Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
style armor, and thus is seen wingless. But more conventionally, the karura (garuda) is depicted as a winged being with human torso and avian head, as in the Vajra Hall (Kongō buin (金剛部院)) section of the Womb Realm
Womb Realm
mandala (Taizōkai mandara (胎蔵界曼荼羅)) and other iconographic books and scrolls.[1] Fine art[edit]

karura gikau mask (source:Shuko Jisshu, Todaiji Hachimangu (1895))

The karura (garuda) mask is one of the stock character masks worn by performers of the ancient Japanese courtly dance art of gigaku.[1][3] The flaming nimbus or halo is known by the name "karura flame"[1] and typically seen adorning behind the statue of the Fudō-myōō (不動明王)). The karura is also said to be the prototype of the depictions of the tengu[3] or karasutengu.[1] See also[edit]

Avalerion Garuda Karyobinga
Karyobinga
(kalavinka) - angel or harpy like creature in Buddhism Kinnara
Kinnara
- another avian creature, sometimes included among one of eight devas. Devas of the Eight Classes[ja] (fr:Tianlong babu) - Also called Tenryū Hachibushū (天竜八部衆, "Devas and dragons of the Eight Classes"); the comprising list of eight creatures will depend on the source. List of avian humanoids Millennium mamodos Tengu Utawarerumono

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h Shinchosha (1985). 新潮世界美術事典 (Shincho Encyclopedia of World Art). Shinchosha. ISBN 4-10-730206-7.  ^ Hindu Gods and Goddesses in Japan
Japan
By Saroj Kumar Chaudhuri p.151 ^ a b c d e f Shinmura, Izuru (1976). 広辞苑(Kōjien). Iwanami. . Japanese dictionary, 2nd revised edition ^ a b Murano, Takao (1997). 興福寺国宝展(Kōfukuji kokuhō ten)(exhibit catalog). Tetsurô Kôno (trans.). Art Research Foundation. , Item #3-2, p.vii (English caption), 32-33 (photo), p.189 (text by Kaneko, Tomoaki(金子智明)) ^ The multilexic Shinchosha 1985 dictionary does not give an English or any other language equivalent for this entry.

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