Kartosuro (also spelled Kartasura) is an Indonesian subdistrict
(Kecamatan) in the Sukoharjo Regency, Central Java.
Kartosuro is a
Surakarta's satellite city, and a junction of Surabaya-Solo-Yogyakarta
Semarang highway. It can be reached within minutes southward
of Surakarta's International Airport of Adi Sumarmo.
Capital of Mataram 1680-1755
In the seventeenth century
Kartosuro was the capital of the Sultanate
of Mataram between 1680–1755. It is commonly referred to as the
Kartasura era or period of the Mataram sultanate – it preceded the
Surakarta by Pakubuwana II.
There were considerable problems for the sultanate in this era –
A difficult relationship with the
Dutch East India Company
Dutch East India Company (VOC)
The issues of succession (
Treaty of Giyanti
Treaty of Giyanti (1755))
The Geger Pecinan, Chinese rebellion burnt the palace (1743)
Remaining wall from the Kartasura palace
There are 2 palace sites, keraton of
Kartosuro in the kelurahan of
Kartosuro and keraton of Pajang's ruin in the kelurahan of Makamhaji.
Miksic, John (general ed.), et al. (2006) Karaton Surakarta. A look
into the court of
Surakarta Hadiningrat, central Java (First
published: 'By the will of His Serene Highness Paku Buwono XII'.
Surakarta: Yayasan Pawiyatan Kabudayan Karaton Surakarta, 2004)
Marshall Cavendish Editions Singapore ISBN 981-261-226-2
Pemberton, John, (1994) On the subject of "Java" Ithaca : Cornell
University Press.ISBN 0-8014-2672-3
Ricklefs, M.C. (1978) Modern Javanese historical tradition: A study of
an original Kartasura chronicle and related materials. London :
School of Oriental and African Studies.
Ricklefs, M.C. (1993) War, culture and economy in Java, 1677–1726:
Asian and European imperialism in the early Kartasura period.
Sydney : Asian Studies Association of Australia in association
with Allen and Unwin.
Coordinates: 7°34′27″S 110°47′8″E / 7.57417°S
110.78556°E / -7.5741