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Karpagam
Karpagam
(தமிழ்: கற்பகம்) is a 1963 Tamil Family - Drama was directed and produced by K. S. Gopalakrishnan. The film script were written by K. S. Gopalakrishnan. Music by Viswanathan-Ramamoorthy assets to the soundtrack. The film starring Gemini Ganesan, Savithri, R. Muthuraman
R. Muthuraman
K.R. Vijaya and Sheela.[2][3] The film depicts the life of a young girl, Karpagam
Karpagam
(played by K.R. Vijaya) and shows tragedies, difficulties, and love. It is also the first film in which Vaali had written all the songs, which turned out to be a big break for the lyricist. The film was released on 15 November 1963. Amar Jothi Movies produced the film.[1] The film was a box office hit. From the profit the producer made from this film, he built and named a studio, Karpagam
Karpagam
Studio. The film was remade in Hindi as Rishtey Naatey (1965), in Telugu as Thodu Needa
Thodu Needa
(1965) and in Malayalam as Vishukkani
Vishukkani
(1977).[4]

Contents

1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Productions 4 Soundtrack 5 Critical appreciation 6 Awards 7 References 8 External links

Plot[edit] Nalla Thambi(S. V. Ranga Rao) is a rich farmer and lives in the village Pillaiyarpatti with his children Rajangam(R. Muthuraman) and Karpagam(K. R. Vijaya). Rajangam is married to a sophisticated lady Pankajam(Sheela) daughter of Thandavam(M. R. Radha); Karpagam
Karpagam
is married to Sundaram(Gemini Ganesan), a hardworking poor farmer from the same village. Karpagam
Karpagam
and Sundaram continue to live with Nalla Thambi at his request to take care of the households and the farm. Rajangam is blessed with a baby girl Meenakshi, but her parents neglect her. Karpagam, who is childless, take care of the child and Meenakshi starts considering Karpagam
Karpagam
and Sundaram as her parents. Unhappy to see ho Rajangam is squandering money, Thambi hands over the administration of his properties to Sundaram. Pankajam, who has ignored her child in her formative years, is annoyed with this development and at the instigation of her father, forces Rajangam to send a legal notice to his father, asking for property settlement. Thandavam creates problem's in Rajangam's family by brainwashing and misleading Pankajam and Rajangam, who blindly follow his advice. When Meenakshi(Baby Shakila) is taken away by Rajangam, Karpagam
Karpagam
goes into depression. Finally, Rajangam sends her back and Karpagam
Karpagam
becomes happy. While saving Meenakshi from being attacked by a Bull, Karpagam gets killed by it. Meenakshi refuses to return to her parents and opts to stay with Nalla Thambi and Sundaram. Nalla Thambi forcibly gets his Son-in-law married to his friend's(Chittoor V. Nagaiah) daughter Amudha(Savitri), who was a friend of Karpagam, so that the child will have a mother. Sundaram and Meenakshi do not accept Amudha. Sundaram lives in the memory of his deceased wife Karpagam, roaming around like a sage. Amudha longs for the love and attention of both Sundaram and Meenakshi. Sadness prevails at home. Meanwhile, the estranged son Rajangam and Thandavam conspire to swindle Nalla Thambi. Thandavam, frustrated with his failure to swindle the wealth of Nalla Thambi's family, decides to eliminate Sundaram and sends goons to attack him. Both Nalla Thambi and Amudha come and save him. In the process, Amudha gets stabbed when a goon tries to attack Sundaram. When she is almost dying, Meenakshi sings her favorite song and Amudha is saved. Sundaram realizes Amudha's love for Meenakshi. The family unites, Thandavam is arrested and Rajangam and his wife repent for their mistakes.[5] Cast[edit]

Gemini Ganesan
Gemini Ganesan
as Sundaram K. R. Vijaya as Karpagam Savitri as Amutha R. Muthuraman
R. Muthuraman
as Rajangam Sheela as Pankajam S. V. Ranga Rao
S. V. Ranga Rao
as Nalla Thambi M. R. Radha
M. R. Radha
as Thandavam Chittoor V. Nagaiah
Chittoor V. Nagaiah
as Amutha's Father Baby Shakila as Meenakshi Manorama S. V. Sahasranamam V. K. Ramasamy

Productions[edit] Gemini Ganesan
Gemini Ganesan
was the reason for the introducing of K. R. Vijaya to director K. S. Gopalakrishnan. K. R. Vijaya, who was that time called Deivanayagi given a dance performance at island Grounds in which Governor Cherian and Gemini Ganesan
Gemini Ganesan
were the chief guests. They took a photograph together, which Gemini had shown to KSG, who was looking for a new heroine for this film. KSG liked her and thus she became the heroine of the film. With the success of this film, Vijaya was established as a leading heroine and appeared in several film; such was her powerful role. The trick shots by cameraman M. Karnan was another highlight of the film. His Guru, W. R. Subbha Rao, was delighted to see the good work and asked how he created the shots of Spirits Karpagam
Karpagam
coming to the world and talking to her husband.[5] Soundtrack[edit]

Karpagam

Soundtrack album by Viswanathan-Ramamoorthy

Released 1963

Recorded 1963

Genre Saregama

Length 19:03

Language Tamil

Producer Viswanathan-Ramamoorthy

Music by Viswanathan-Ramamoorthy and lyrics were written by Vaali. The film was the first film for which Vaali wrote all the songs. Til then, he used to write a few songs with Kannadasan. The film's super success earned him fame as a lyric writer, for which he hosted a party. This was the only film in which all playback songs were sung by only one singer P. Suseela.[5]

No Songs Singer Lyrics Length(m:ss)

1 Athai Madi Methaiyadi P. Suseela Vaali 05:40

2 Aayiram Iravugal Varuvathundu P. Suseela 04:14

3 Pakkathu Veettu Paruva Machaan P. Suseela 06:01

4 Mannavane Azhalama Kanneerai P. Suseela 03:48

Critical appreciation[edit] Most media appreciated the acting of S. V. Ranga Rao, K. R. Vijaya and the Child Shakila. It was their acting which made Karpagam
Karpagam
intense and interesting. This family tearjerker, moved the women audience and made it a must watch for them, on how to live. Ananda Vikatan in its review(08-12-1963) appreciated the film and mentioned, "The fine acting of S. V. Ranga Rao
S. V. Ranga Rao
is the highlight of the film. K. R. Vijaya is looking good and also acted well. The child who acted as Meenakshi was outstanding. The only weakness is, the film is stretched like rubber in the Second half..."[5] Awards[edit]

The film won National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil - Certificate of Merit for the Second Best Feature Film in 1964. Rashtrapati Award
Rashtrapati Award
- S. V. Ranga Rao[6]

References[edit]

^ a b Dhananjayan 2014, p. 172. ^ "Karpagam". spicyonion. Retrieved 2016-12-01.  ^ " Karpagam
Karpagam
Movie Cast Crew". gomolo. Retrieved 2016-12-01.  ^ http://oldmalayalam.blogspot.in/2010/12/original-tamil-malayalam-remake-nalla.html ^ a b c d Dhananjayan 2014, p. 173. ^ Sanmana Satkaralu, Viswa Nata Chakravarti, M. Sanjay Kishore, Sangam Akademy, Hyderabad, 2005, pp: 65.

External links[edit]

Karpagam
Karpagam
on IMDb

v t e

K. S. Gopalakrishnan

Sarada (1962) Deivathin Deivam
Deivathin Deivam
(1962) Karpagam
Karpagam
(1963) Kai Koduttha Dheivam
Kai Koduttha Dheivam
(1964) Aayiram Roobai
Aayiram Roobai
(1964) Ennathan Mudivu
Ennathan Mudivu
(1965) Selvam (1966) Chitthi
Chitthi
(1966) Kan Kanda Deivam
Kan Kanda Deivam
(1967) Pesum Dheivam
Pesum Dheivam
(1967) Panama Pasama
Panama Pasama
(1968) Uyira Manama (1968) Kula Vilakku (1969) Thabalkaran Thangai
Thabalkaran Thangai
(1970) Malathi (1970) Kulama Gunama
Kulama Gunama
(1971) Aathi Parasakthi
Aathi Parasakthi
(1971) Kurathi Magan (1972) Vaazhaiyadi Vaazhai (1972) Vandhale Magaraasi (1973) Nathayil Muthu
Nathayil Muthu
(1973) Swathi Nakshatram (1974) Uravukku Kai Koduppom (1975) Dasavatharam (1976) Vayillapoochi (1976) Palabishegham (1977) Punniyam Seidhaval (1977) Rowdy Rakkamma (1977) Ullathil Kuzhanthaiyadi (1978) Kanchi Kamakshi (1978) Adukku Malli (1979) Nandri Karangal (1980) Neer Nilam Neruppu (1980) Magarandham (1981) Nayakkarin Magal (1982) Yuga Dharmam (1983) Padikkadha Pannaiyar
Padikkadha Pannaiyar
(1985) Mahashakti Mariamman (1986) Paarthal Pasu (1988) Athaimadi Methaiadi (1989) Enakku Oru Neethi (1990) Kaviya Thalaivan (1992)

v t e

National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil

1954–1960

Malaikkallan
Malaikkallan
(1954) No Award (1955) No Award (1956) No Award (1957) No Award (1958) Bhaaga Pirivinai
Bhaaga Pirivinai
(1959) Parthiban Kanavu (1960)

Certificate of Merit

Andha Naal
Andha Naal
and Edhir Paradhathu
Edhir Paradhathu
(1954) Mangaiyar Thilakam
Mangaiyar Thilakam
(1955) Kuladeivam
Kuladeivam
(1956) Mudhalali
Mudhalali
(1957) Thanga Padhumai
Thanga Padhumai
and Annaiyin Aanai
Annaiyin Aanai
(1958) Veerapandiya Kattabomman and Kalyana Parisu
Kalyana Parisu
(1959) Paadhai Theriyudhu Paar
Paadhai Theriyudhu Paar
and Kalathur Kannamma
Kalathur Kannamma
(1960)

1961–1980

Kappalottiya Thamizhan
Kappalottiya Thamizhan
(1961) Nenjil Or Aalayam
Nenjil Or Aalayam
(1962) Naanum Oru Penn
Naanum Oru Penn
(1963) Kai Koduttha Dheivam
Kai Koduttha Dheivam
(1964) Kuzhandaiyum Deivamum
Kuzhandaiyum Deivamum
(1965) Ramu (1966) Aalayam (1967) Thillana Mohanambal
Thillana Mohanambal
(1968) Iru Kodugal
Iru Kodugal
(1969) Raman Ethanai Ramanadi
Raman Ethanai Ramanadi
(1970) Veguli Penn
Veguli Penn
(1971) Pattikada Pattanama
Pattikada Pattanama
(1972) Dikkatra Parvathi
Dikkatra Parvathi
(1973) No Award (1974) Apoorva Raagangal
Apoorva Raagangal
(1975) No Award (1976) Agraharathil Kazhutai
Agraharathil Kazhutai
(1977) No Award (1978) Pasi (1979) Nenjathai Killathe (1980)

Certificate of Merit

Pasamalar
Pasamalar
and Kumudham
Kumudham
(1961) Annai and Sarada (1962) Karpagam
Karpagam
and Karnan (1963) Server Sundaram
Server Sundaram
(1964) Thiruvilaiyadal
Thiruvilaiyadal
(1965) Discontinued after 1965

1981–2000

Thanneer Thanneer
Thanneer Thanneer
(1981) Ezhavathu Manithan
Ezhavathu Manithan
(1982) Oru Indhiya Kanavu (1983) Achamillai Achamillai
Achamillai Achamillai
(1984) Muthal Mariyathai
Muthal Mariyathai
(1985) Mouna Ragam
Mouna Ragam
(1986) Veedu (1987) No Award (1988) Pudhea Paadhai
Pudhea Paadhai
(1989) Anjali (1990) Vanna Vanna Pookkal
Vanna Vanna Pookkal
(1991) Thevar Magan
Thevar Magan
(1992) Mahanadi (1993) Nammavar
Nammavar
(1994) Anthimanthaarai
Anthimanthaarai
(1995) Kadhal Kottai
Kadhal Kottai
(1996) The Terrorist (1997) Housefull (1998) Sethu (1999) Bharati (2000)

2001–present

Ooruku Nooruper (2001) Kannathil Muthamittal
Kannathil Muthamittal
(2002) Iyarkai (2003) Navarasa (2004) Aadum Koothu (2005) Veyil
Veyil
(2006) Periyar (2007) Vaaranam Aayiram
Vaaranam Aayiram
(2008) Pasanga
Pasanga
(2009) Thenmerku Paruvakaatru
Thenmerku Paruvakaatru
(2010) Vaagai Sooda Vaa
Vaagai Sooda Vaa
(2011) Vazhakku Enn 18/9
Vazhakku Enn 18/9
(2012) Thanga Meenkal
Thanga Meenkal
(2013) Kuttram Kadithal
Kuttram Kadithal
(2014) Visaranai (

.