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Coordinates: 52°15′57″N 8°4′40″E / 52.26583°N 8.07778°E / 52.26583; 8.07778 (Karmann-Werk, Osnabrück)

Wilhelm Karmann
Karmann
GmbH

Former type

GmbH - (public limited company)

Industry Automotive industry

Founded 1901 (1901)

Defunct 2010

Headquarters Osnabrück, Germany

Number of locations

Osnabrück, Germany; Rheine, Germany; Bissendorf
Bissendorf
Germany; São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil

Area served

Worldwide

Key people

Jobst Wellensiek Chairman of the Supervisory Board

Products convertible automobiles; niche vehicles; convertible roof components

Services Automotive design; research and development

Divisions Automotive Global Service GmbH, Osnabrueck; Karmann
Karmann
Engineering-Services GmbH, Bissendorf; Karmann- Rheine
Rheine
GmbH & Co. KG, Rheine; Karmann
Karmann
Rheine
Rheine
– Verwaltungs GmbH, Rheine Karmann-Ghia Żary
Żary
– Roof Systems, Żary, Poland

Website www.karmann-mobil.de

Karmann
Karmann
buildings in Osnabrück

Wilhelm Karmann
Karmann
GmbH, known commonly as Karmann, in Osnabrück, Germany, was until its 2009 bankruptcy the largest independent motor vehicle manufacturing company in Germany. Beginning in 1901 the company fulfilled roles from design to production and assembly of components for various automobile manufacturers; including Chrysler, Porsche
Porsche
and Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Group. It was broken up in 2010 and its components purchased by Webasto and Valmet Automotive
Valmet Automotive
concerns.

Contents

1 History 2 Car production 3 Car modules 4 Motorhomes 5 Bankruptcy 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] The company was established in 1901, when Wilhelm Karmann
Karmann
purchased Klases, a coachbuilder since 1874, and renamed the business.[1] The company then grew together with the expanding automobile industry.[1] Widely known cars produced by Karmann
Karmann
include the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Beetle Cabriolet (1949–1980) as well as the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Karmann
Karmann
Ghia. Between 1955 and 1974, a total of 443,482 VW Karmann
Karmann
Ghias were manufactured, placing their own sports car-style body on the chassis of the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Beetle. Subsequently, Karmann
Karmann
assembled the Scirocco, Corrado, and Golf Cabriolet for Volkswagen; the Ford Sierra for the American market (as the Merkur
Merkur
brand by Lincoln/Mercury dealers); and Crossfire coupe and convertible for Chrysler, at the time Daimler-Chrysler. Many Karmann
Karmann
models feature a small wagon wheel emblem, the coat of arms of Osnabrück, where the company was founded. Karmann
Karmann
assembled complete knock down (CKD) kits in an agreement with American Motors
American Motors
(AMC).[2] In 1968, AMC introduced the Javelin, a new competitor in the U.S. "pony car" segment. AMC did not have a manufacturing subsidiary in Europe, therefore, Karmann
Karmann
assembled the American-designed car for distribution in Europe.[3] Karmann
Karmann
built the cars in Rheine
Rheine
with 280 horsepower (209 kW) 343 cu in (5.6 L) V8 engines.[4] About 90% of the necessary components were shipped by boat from the U.S.[5] All were SST trim versions and their name, Javelin 79-K stood for AMC's "79" model number and the "K" for Karmann. Karmann
Karmann
is widely known for its work on convertibles/cabriolets, providing roof components for convertibles including the Mercedes-Benz CLK, the Renault Mégane
Renault Mégane
CC, and the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
New Beetle Cabriolet. Both the headquarters in Osnabrück
Osnabrück
and the additional facility in Rheine
Rheine
also construct complete vehicles, such as the former Volkswagen Golf Cabriolet, the former Audi A4
Audi A4
Cabriolet, the Mercedes-Benz CLK, and the Chrysler
Chrysler
Crossfire. A small number of vehicles are also produced in Brazil
Brazil
São Bernardo do Campo. The Osnabrück
Osnabrück
facility also produces the chassis and body panels of the Spyker C8 Spyder. Other facilities at Sunderland UK, Puebla
Puebla
Mexico, and Plymouth Township U.S. manufacture roof systems for the Nissan Micra C+C, Volkswagen
Volkswagen
New Beetle Cabriolet, and Pontiac G6, respectively. A large part of the development of the Chrysler
Chrysler
Crossfire was done independently by Karmann, and the vehicle was produced at their Osnabrück
Osnabrück
facility. Karmann
Karmann
U.S. also supplied the top sub-assemblies for the third-generation Chrysler
Chrysler
Sebring (convertible) and Ford Mustang convertible. Car production[edit]

Volkswagen Karmann Ghia
Volkswagen Karmann Ghia
Type 34 (1961–1966)

Karmann
Karmann
Cheetah Concept 1970.

Chrysler
Chrysler
Crossfire convertible top in operation

Since its beginning in 1901, Karmann
Karmann
built more than three million complete vehicles of the models as follows,[citation needed] exceptions as indicated:

car make / type years number of cars comments

AMC Javelin
AMC Javelin
79-K coupé 1968 281

Audi 80
Audi 80
convertible 1997–2000 12,112

Audi A4
Audi A4
cabriolet & Audi S4
Audi S4
cabriolet 2002–2008 81,959 base: end 2004

BMW
BMW
2000 C/CS 1965–1970 13,696 only body in white

BMW
BMW
3.0 CS 1971–1975 21,147

BMW
BMW
635 CSI 1976–1989 86,314

Chrysler
Chrysler
Crossfire coupé 2003–2008 37,896

Chrysler
Chrysler
Crossfire convertible 2003–2008 16,269

Ford Escort FEC convertible 1983–1990 104,237

Ford Escort convertible 1990–1997 80,620

Ford Escort RS Cosworth 1992–1996 8,082

Merkur
Merkur
XR4Ti 1985-1989 42,000 U.S. version of the Ford Sierra
Ford Sierra
XR4i

Land Rover Defender 2002–2005 2,777 in Brazil

Mercedes CLK
Mercedes CLK
A208 convertible 1998–2003 115,264

Mercedes CLK
Mercedes CLK
C208 coupé 2000–2002 28,706

Mercedes CLK
Mercedes CLK
A209 convertible 2003–2008

Nissan Micra C+C 2006-2010

Porsche
Porsche
356

Porsche
Porsche
911 1966–1971

911, 911T, and 911E coupes only

Porsche
Porsche
912 1966–1969

coupe only

Porsche
Porsche
914 1969–1976 118,949

Porsche
Porsche
968 1991–1994 11,803 only Body in White

Renault 19
Renault 19
convertible 1990–1996 29,222 Body in White and soft tops

Renault Mégane
Renault Mégane
I convertible 1996–2003 74,096 body in white and soft tops

Renault Mégane
Renault Mégane
CC 2004-2010

only retractable hardtops

Triumph TR6 1969–1976 94,619

Volkswagen Beetle
Volkswagen Beetle
convertible 1949–1980 331,847

Volkswagen Karmann Ghia
Volkswagen Karmann Ghia
coupé 1955–1974 362,601

Volkswagen Karmann Ghia
Volkswagen Karmann Ghia
convertible 1957–1974 80,881

Volkswagen Karmann Ghia
Volkswagen Karmann Ghia
Type 34 1961–1969 42,505

Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Golf Mk1 convertible 1979–1993 388,522

Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Corrado 1988–1995 97,521

Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Golf Mk3 convertible 1993–1997 129,475

Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Golf Mk3 Variant 1997–1999 80,928

Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Golf Mk4 convertible 1997–2001 82,588 base Golf Mk3

Volkswagen Scirocco
Volkswagen Scirocco
I 1974–1981 504,153

Volkswagen Scirocco
Volkswagen Scirocco
II 1981–1992 291,497

Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Tiguan 2017-2017

Shifted production of last year of First Generation Tiguan to Osnabrück

Car modules[edit]

Chassis

Chrysler
Chrysler
Crossfire Coupé
Coupé
2001–2007 Chrysler
Chrysler
Crossfire Roadster 2003–2007 Mercedes-Benz SLK Spyker C8 Spyder

Roof modules

Audi A4
Audi A4
and Audi S4
Audi S4
Cabriolet, 2001 Bentley Continental GTC convertible, 2006 BMW
BMW
1 Series convertible Mercedes CLK
Mercedes CLK
convertible Nissan Micra C+C retractable hardtop, 2005 Renault Mégane
Renault Mégane
CC retractable hardtop, 2002 Volkswagen
Volkswagen
New Beetle Cabriolet Pontiac G6
Pontiac G6
retractable hardtop, 2007 Chrysler
Chrysler
Sebring retractable hardtop and convertible softtop, 2007 Ford Mustang
Ford Mustang
convertible, 2007

Motorhomes[edit] The first Karmann
Karmann
motorhomes were launched in 1974 based on the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Type 2 'Bay Window' chassis. The bodies were of a sandwich structure. These motorhomes had two beds, kitchen, shower, waste water tank, rear body supports, leisure battery, toilet, water heater and gas heating. Options included the luggage rack over the driver's cab. Approximately 1,000 units were produced through 1979. With the introduction of the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
T2/3 - also known as the (T3/Vanagon/Transporter/T25) in 1979, the motorhomes received a permanent overhead area with a bed for two people. Called Karmann Gipsy, 741 were made between 1980 and 1992. This number excludes 30 or more Type 3 Syncro models made between 1986 and 1989, and 7 Syncro 16" models made between 1991 and 1992. In addition 113 Cheetah T2/3's were manufactured between 1986 and 1990 to make a total 891 Volkswagen
Volkswagen
T3 Karmann
Karmann
Coachbuilt Motorhomes - all produced in Karmann
Karmann
Rheine
Rheine
factory and not at Osnabruck as commonly believed. From 1978 to 1996, a total of 3,103 Volkswagen
Volkswagen
LT based models were produced. These included the LT "M", LT "L 1", LT "L 2", LT "L Distance Wide", LT "L Distance-Wide Gold", LT "H Distance-Wide", LT "H Distance-Wide Gold", LT "S Distance-Wide" and the top-of-the-line LT "Distance-Wide Autovilla". In 1991, the Karmann
Karmann
motorhome design was updated and based on the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
T4. The Gipsy and Cheetah models names were retained in the form of the Gipsy I (SWB) and Cheetah (LWB). In 1996 two new models were introduced namely the Colorado and Missouri. The Volkswagen Transporter (T5) based versions were introduced in 2003.[6] Bankruptcy[edit] On 8 April 2009, Karmann
Karmann
filed for bankruptcy protection due to the sharp decline in demand for cars, and the company's financial obligations.[7] Volkswagen
Volkswagen
revealed on 24 October 2009, that it had made an offer to acquire long-time partner Karmann.[8] On 20 November 2009 Volkswagen
Volkswagen
said that it would buy Karmann's site at Osnabrück, to produce a new vehicle. On 4 November 2010 Valmet Automotive
Valmet Automotive
signed an agreement to buy Karmann's roof-component sections in Osnabrück, Germany, and Żary, Poland.[9] Karmann's North American operations were sold August 2010 to Webasto Group.[10] References[edit]

^ a b Fisher, Lawrence M. (31 October 1998). "Wilhelm Karmann
Karmann
Jr., 83; Ran German Car Body Maker". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 March 2014.  ^ Mitchell, Larry G. (2000). AMC Muscle Cars. MotorBooks/MBI. pp. 43–44. ISBN 978-0-7603-0761-8. Retrieved 2 March 2014.  ^ Mederle, Wolfgang A. (18 April 2010). " American Motors
American Motors
- 'Der Karmann
Karmann
Javelin'". American-Motors.de. Retrieved 2 March 2014.  ^ "1961 to 1970". Karmann
Karmann
Company History. Karmann.com. Archived from the original on 6 May 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2014.  ^ Strohl, Daniel (17 March 2009). "Javeling Through Europe". Hemmings Daily. Retrieved 2 March 2014.  ^ The Karmann
Karmann
Coachbuilt Club ^ Moore, Matt (8 April 2009). "Germany's Karmann
Karmann
Files Bankruptcy". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Associated Ppress. Retrieved 2 March 2014.  ^ Elfes, Holger (24 October 2009). " Volkswagen
Volkswagen
May Take Over Carmaker Karmann, Spiegel Reports". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2 March 2014. [permanent dead link] ^ "Pontos and Finnish Industry Investment to develop Valmet Automotive with Metso; First step is the acquisition of Karmann´s convertible roof business". wallstreet-online.de. 5 November 2010. Retrieved 2 March 2014.  ^ " Webasto Group Takes over Karmann's Convertible Roof Business in North America". Reuters. 5 August 2010. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Karmann
Karmann
vehicles.

Karmann
Karmann

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