Karl Freiherr von Pflanzer-Baltin (1 June 1855, Pécs,
Hungary - 8
April 1925, Vienna) was an Austro-Hungarian general who was active in
World War I.
2 Decorations and awards
Pflanzer-Baltin became General of Cavalry from October 1912 and he
served on the general staff, but in 1914 he was unattached, due to
precarious health. It was only in the autumn of that year, when
Romania appeared to be turning against the Central Powers, that he was
charged with the defense of Transylvania. When the Russians crossed
the Carpathians, and there was immediate danger of their eruption into
the Hungarian plains, Pflanzer-Baltin, with an improvised division,
threw himself on them, and conducted a defense with a series of
offensive movements. He was promoted to
Colonel-General in 1916. After
fighting with varying success in the southern part of Eastern Galicia
and in the
Bukovina the 7th Army under his command was driven back by
Aleksei Brusilov's offensive in June 1916, whereupon he was relieved
of his command.
Pflanzer-Baltin became General Inspector of the infantry in 1917 and
subsequently Supreme Commander of Austro-Hungarian infantry in
In the summer of 1918, the Austro-Hungarian front in
before the attack of the Entente army. Pflanzer-Baltin, entrusted with
the command in this theatre of operations, won back, after a brief
attack, the old positions south of Fjeri and
Berat — the last
notable success of the
Austro-Hungarian Army in the field.
Decorations and awards
Military Merit Cross (Austria-Hungary)
Order of the Iron Crown (Austria)
Knight's Cross of the Order of Leopold (Austria)
Order of Leopold, 1st class, and Imperial Counsellor (Geheimrat)
Commander's Cross of the Military Order of Maria Theresa
Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold (Austria)
Decoration for Services to the Red Cross
Iron Cross of 1914, 1st and 2nd class
Military Merit Cross, 1st class (1916)
Master of Skirmish Warfare
Large Military Merit Medal with Swords ("Signum Laudis"
Gallipoli Star ("Iron Crescent", Ottoman Empire)
Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Stephen of Hungary
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This article incorporates text from a publication now in
the public domain:
Moritz Auffenberg-Komarow (1922).
"Pflanzer-Baltin, Karl, Freiherr von". In Chisholm, Hugh.
Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York.