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Karamay
Karamay
or Kelamayi is a prefecture-level city in the north of the Xinjiang
Xinjiang
Uygur Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China. The name of the city comes from the Uyghur language, and means "black oil", referring to the oil fields near the city. Karamay
Karamay
was the site of one of the worst disasters in modern Chinese history, the 12-08 incident, when 324 people, including 288 school children, lost their lives in a cinema fire on 8 December 1994.[2]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Theatre fire in 1994

2 Subdivisions 3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Demographics 5 Economy 6 Transport 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] Theatre fire in 1994[edit] Main article: 1994 Karamay
Karamay
fire On December 8, 1994, a fire broke out in Friendship Theatre (友谊馆), Karamay, which caused the death of 325 people including 288 school children, according to official figures. Many teachers were killed while trying to protect and evacuate their students from the building, which lacked adequate safety features. A show was being organized at that moment for a number of local government officials, who managed to escape ahead of the others on spotting the fire, and were afterwards charged with neglecting their duty and received prison sentences of up to 5 years. Subdivisions[edit] Karamay
Karamay
City has jurisdiction over 4 districts (区 qu). They are not contiguous as Dushanzi District is located south of the Lanxin Railway and forms an exclave, separated from the rest of Karamay
Karamay
City by Kuytun
Kuytun
City. Together with Kuytun
Kuytun
City, Karamay
Karamay
City forms an enclave surrounded on all sides by Tacheng
Tacheng
Prefecture.

Map

Karamay Dushanzi Baijiantan Urho

District Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Uyghur (UEY) Uyghur Latin (ULY) Population (2010 Census) Area (km²) Density (/km²)

Karamay 克拉玛依区 Kèlāmǎyī Qū قاراماي رايونى‬ Qaramay Rayoni 261,445 3,833 68.20

Dushanzi 独山子区 Dúshānzǐ Qū مايتاغ رايونى‬ Maytagh Rayoni 69,361 400 173.40

Baijiantan 白碱滩区 Báijiǎntān Qū جەرەنبۇلاق رايونى‬ Jerenbulaq Rayoni 50,422 1,272 39.63

Urho 乌尔禾区 Wū'ěrhé Qū ئورقۇ رايونى‬ Orqu Rayoni 9,780 2,229 4.38

Geography[edit] Karamay
Karamay
is located in the northwest of the Dzungarian basin, with an average elevation of 400 metres (1,300 ft). Its administrative area ranges in latitude from 44° 07' to 46° 08' N and in longitude from 80° 44' to 86° 01' E, and has a maximal 240 km (150 mi) north-south extent and reaches 110 km (68 mi) in east-west width. It borders Hoboksar Mongol Autonomous County
Hoboksar Mongol Autonomous County
to the northeast, Shawan County
Shawan County
to the southeast, Toli County
Toli County
and Wusu
Wusu
to the west, and Kuytun
Kuytun
to the south. The naturally available water supply in the Karamay
Karamay
area is rather limited: it mostly consists of two fairly small rivers (the Baiyang River and the Da'erbute River (达尔不特河) flowing into the Dzungarian Basin
Dzungarian Basin
from the mountains of its northwestern rim. In addition, the city receives water from the Irtysh River, over the Irtysh– Karamay
Karamay
Canal, which was officially opened in 2008.[3] A number of natural (Ailik Lake) and artificial (Fengcheng, Huangyangquan) reservoirs are located in Karamay's northeastern Urho District; they all are replenished, directly or indirectly, by water from the Irtysh– Karamay
Karamay
Canal. Climate[edit] Karamay
Karamay
has a cold, continental desert climate (Köppen BWk), with great seasonal extremes in temperature, varying by 53 °C (95 °F); winters are long (lasting from November to March) and bitterly cold, spring and autumn are brief, and summers long and very hot. The monthly 24-hour average temperature is −15.4 °C (4.3 °F) in January and soars to 27.9 °C (82.2 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 8.61 °C (47.5 °F), warmer than most places at the corresponding latitude, due to the long summers. Annual precipitation is 106 millimetres (4.17 in), and the summer months record the most rainfall, despite relative humidity levels averaging around 30%. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 37% in December to 71% in September, sunshine is generous, only occurring less than 50% of the time in November and December, and the annual average total is 2,694 hours.

Climate data for Karamay
Karamay
(1971–2000)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 5.8 (42.4) 12.9 (55.2) 24.9 (76.8) 35.6 (96.1) 39.5 (103.1) 40.7 (105.3) 44.0 (111.2) 42.7 (108.9) 39.1 (102.4) 29.9 (85.8) 20.2 (68.4) 9.5 (49.1) 44 (111.2)

Average high °C (°F) −11.2 (11.8) −7.2 (19) 4.9 (40.8) 18.9 (66) 26.3 (79.3) 31.8 (89.2) 33.9 (93) 32.1 (89.8) 25.3 (77.5) 14.8 (58.6) 2.6 (36.7) −7.6 (18.3) 13.7 (56.7)

Daily mean °C (°F) −15.4 (4.3) −11.7 (10.9) 0.1 (32.2) 13.0 (55.4) 20.2 (68.4) 25.9 (78.6) 27.9 (82.2) 26.1 (79) 19.6 (67.3) 9.9 (49.8) −1.3 (29.7) −11 (12) 8.6 (47.5)

Average low °C (°F) −18.9 (−2) −15.6 (3.9) −4.2 (24.4) 7.9 (46.2) 14.9 (58.8) 20.5 (68.9) 22.6 (72.7) 20.8 (69.4) 14.6 (58.3) 5.7 (42.3) −4.4 (24.1) −13.9 (7) 4.2 (39.5)

Record low °C (°F) −35.9 (−32.6) −34.3 (−29.7) −26.7 (−16.1) −10.4 (13.3) 2.1 (35.8) 9.0 (48.2) 12.3 (54.1) 8.2 (46.8) −0.3 (31.5) −7.7 (18.1) −27.2 (−17) −34.3 (−29.7) −35.9 (−32.6)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 4.2 (0.165) 2.1 (0.083) 3.6 (0.142) 6.6 (0.26) 16.3 (0.642) 13.1 (0.516) 20.2 (0.795) 15.1 (0.594) 7.4 (0.291) 5.6 (0.22) 6.1 (0.24) 5.3 (0.209) 105.6 (4.157)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.7 4.5 3.9 4.4 6.1 6.9 8.1 6.9 5.0 3.7 4.4 8.9 70.5

Average relative humidity (%) 78 75 57 33 30 29 31 30 32 44 63 77 48.3

Mean monthly sunshine hours 140.0 159.7 220.5 258.8 291.9 295.8 302.5 298.1 266.2 221.5 139.3 99.8 2,694.1

Percent possible sunshine 50 55 60 64 64 63 64 68 71 65 49 37 61

Source: China Meteorological Administration

Demographics[edit] According to the 2010 census, over 80% of Karamay's population are Han Chinese, with minorities such as Uighur, Kazakhs, Mongols
Mongols
and Hui making up the rest. The population of 2010 is 391,008, a rise from the 270,232 of 2000 census. The population density is 50.6 inhabitants per km².[4] The 2015 population estimate is 401,468.[1]

Population by ethnicity – 2010 census[5]

Ethnicity Population %

Han Chinese 319,265 81.65%

Uyghur 44,866 11.47%

Kazakhs 11,620 2.97%

Hui 8,238 2.11%

Mongol 2,348 0.60%

Manchu 754 0.19%

Xibe 681 0.17%

Tujia 678 0.17%

Russian 471 0.12%

Uzbek 177 0.05%

Dongxiang 133 0.03%

Kyrgyz 117 0.03%

Tajik 35 <0.01%

others 1,625 0.42%

Total 391,008 100%

Economy[edit] In 1955, one of the largest oil fields in China was discovered there. Since then, the city has grown into an oil-producing and refining center. In 2008 the GDP reached ¥66.1 billion, and GDP per capita reached ¥242,391 (US$34,901). The GDP per capita ranks first among 659 cities in Mainland China. Transport[edit]

Kuytun–Beitun Railway. There are passenger stations in Karamay itself and in Wuwu New Town (五五新镇街道), south of central Karamay. Karamay–Tacheng Railway (under construction as of 2017) Karamay
Karamay
Airport China National Highway 217

References[edit]

^ a b "Karamay: Bulletin for the economical and social development in 2015". Retrieved April 18, 2016.  ^ China aghast at ‘sacrifice’ of 288 pupils, The Sunday Times, May 6, 2007. ^ Karamay
Karamay
River Scenic Area ^ "KÈLĀMĂYĪ SHÌ (Prefecture-level City, Xīnjiāng Wéiwú'ĕr Zìzhìqū) Population". City Population.  ^ Stanley W. Toops (August 2012). Susan M. Walcott, Corey Johnson, eds. Eurasian Corridors of Interconnection: From the South China to the Caspian Sea. Routledge. pp. 65–66. ISBN 978-1135078751. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link)

External links[edit]

Government website of Karamay
Karamay
(in Simplified Chinese) Map of the City of Karamay

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