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, image_name = June_22_2013_432_HSV_Albanische_Riviera.jpg , image_caption =
Satellite imagery Satellite images (also Earth observation imagery, spaceborne photography, or simply satellite photo) are images of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life. About 29% of Earth's su ...
of Karaburun Peninsula , image_alt = Satellity imagery of Karaburun Peninsula , map_image = , map_size = , location =
Vlorë County,
Albania Albania ( ; sq, Shqipëri or Shqipëria), officially the Republic of Albania ( sq, Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeast Europe, Southeastern Europe. It is located on the Adriatic Sea, Adriatic and Ionian Sea within the Mediter ...

Southern Europe Southern Europe is the southern subregion of Europe Europe is a continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven regions are ...
, waterbody =
Adriatic Sea The Adriatic Sea () is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkans. The Adriatic is the northernmost arm of the Mediterranean Sea, extending from the Strait of Otranto (where it connects to the Ionian Sea) to the northwest a ...
(north)
Ionian Sea The Ionian Sea ( el, Ιόνιο Πέλαγος, ''Iónio Pélagos'' ; it, Mar Ionio ; al, Deti Jon ) is an elongated bay of the Mediterranean Sea. It is connected to the Adriatic Sea to the north, and is bounded by Southern Italy, including Ca ...
(south)
, coordinates = , area_km2 = 62 , highest_mount = Maja Çaderës (839 mAA) , elevation_m = , additional_info = The Karaburun Peninsula ( sq, Gadishulli i Karaburunit) is a
peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from ' "almost" and ' "island") is a landform surrounded by water on most of its border while being connected to a mainland from which it extends. The surrounding water is usually understood to be continuous, though ...

peninsula
of the
Mediterranean Sea The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Western and Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa, and on the ...
located in Southern and Southeastern Europe, which is almost completely surrounded by both the
Adriatic Sea The Adriatic Sea () is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkans. The Adriatic is the northernmost arm of the Mediterranean Sea, extending from the Strait of Otranto (where it connects to the Ionian Sea) to the northwest a ...
to the north and the
Ionian Sea The Ionian Sea ( el, Ιόνιο Πέλαγος, ''Iónio Pélagos'' ; it, Mar Ionio ; al, Deti Jon ) is an elongated bay of the Mediterranean Sea. It is connected to the Adriatic Sea to the north, and is bounded by Southern Italy, including Ca ...
to the south. It is located in Southwestern Albania along the Albanian Ionian Sea Coast, whereas the Strait of Otranto separates it from Italy. The Strait of Mezokanal separates the peninsula from Sazan Island, while in the southeast stretches the Bay of Vlorë. Its name “Karaburun (disambiguation), Karaburun” derives from Turkish for "black cape". In classical antiquity, its name was the "Akrokeraunian Peninsula" (Ακροκεραύνιο ακρωτήριο), whose name was derived from the eponymous Ceraunian Mountains, Akrokeraunian mountains;this is because in terms of geology, the Rrëza e Kanalit on the peninsula represent the continuation of said mountains, which are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that extends parallel to the Ionian Sea. Karaburun peninsula is sometimes called ''Ceraunian Peninsula'' due to the name of the mountain range. Created during the mesozoic era of the cretaceous and paleogene period, the crests of the mountain range form a northwest-southeast line with a series of distinct peaks along its irregular structure that are broken apart by steep and unequally slopes. The highest peaks are namely, the Maja Çaderës, Maja e Flamurit, Maja e Koretës and Maja e Ilqes. The western section comprises a rough relief and is dotted with sandy and Rock (geology), rocky beaches, sea caves, steep cliffs and several bays amongst them Cave of Haxhi Ali, Cape of Gjuhëz, Bay of Skaloma, Bay of Arushë, Bay of Dafinë, and most notably Bay of Grama, where ships and vessels anchored during classical antiquity. On the high and steep rock faces of the bay, which served also as a marble quarry, there are hundreds of rock inscriptions of the Grama Bay, rock inscriptions dating back to the 4th century BC. Under the Köppen climate classification, the peninsula experiences a mediterranean climate with hot summers and generally warm to cool, dry winters. The ideal climate and contrasting landscapes located at the sea have favored the development of a vast array of habitats which in turn are home to a diverse wildlife. The fauna is represented by several Threatened species, threatened and endangered species such as the loggerhead sea turtle, loggerhead and green sea turtle but also the mediterranean monk seal, the rarest Pinniped, seal species in the world. The landmass of the peninsula is designated as nature reserve, while the shoreline and its surrounding sea waters are part of the Karaburun-Sazan National Marine Park, marine park. In 2014, the Regina Blu ferry was established by a Radhime-based hotel owner making trips between the peninsula and the island of Sazan Island, Sazan, while stopping along the secluded beaches. The peninsula belongs to the Sazan Island, Sazan Zone that is a constituent of the Albanides tectonic unit. Albanides form the link between Dinarides and Hellenides orogenic belts. They are considered allocthonous and mobilist theories deduce they come from the east. These formations have been continuously under the effect of Karst and are exploited as marble (metamorphosed limestone) since antiquity. The widespread Karst topography is responsible for the absence of potable water and thus the absence of any population on the peninsula. Despite the dry surface and upper soil layers, there are several water sources that pour deep directly into the sea. The geological evolution has formed also capes such as ''Galloveci'' cape and Kepi i Gjuhëzës, as well as a total number of 20 caves along the whole coast.


Gallery

Gjiri_Skaloma_Beget._Karaburun.jpg, Bay of Skaloma Gjiri Grames. Karaburun.jpg, Bay of Grama Shpella e Dafines. Karaburun.jpg, Cave of Dafinë Gjiri_i_Ariut,_Brisan,_Karaburun,_Albania.jpg, Bay of Arushë Haxhi_Aliu6.jpg, Cave of Haxhi Ali Grama_Bay.JPG, Bay of Grama


See also

* Albanian Ionian Sea Coast * Karaburun-Sazan National Marine Park * Biodiversity of Albania * Geography of Albania * Protected areas of Albania


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Bay of Grama Peninsulas of Albania Peninsulas of Europe Bodies of water of Albania Albanian Ionian Sea Coast Karaburun-Sazan Marine Park Important Bird Areas of Albania