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The Info List - Kansas City, Missouri





Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is the largest city in Missouri, United States. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city had an estimated population of 481,420 in 2016,[6] making it the 37th largest city by population in the United States. It is the central city of the Kansas
Kansas
City metropolitan area, which straddles the Kansas– Missouri
Missouri
border. Kansas
Kansas
City
City
was founded in the 1830s as a Missouri
Missouri
River port at its confluence with the Kansas
Kansas
River coming in from the west. On June 1, 1850 the town of Kansas
Kansas
was incorporated; shortly after came the establishment of the Kansas
Kansas
Territory. Confusion between the two ensued and the name Kansas
Kansas
City
City
was assigned to distinguish them soon after. Sitting on Missouri's western border, with Downtown near the confluence of the Kansas
Kansas
and Missouri
Missouri
rivers, the modern city encompasses some 319.03 square miles (826.3 km2), making it the 23rd largest city by total area in the United States. Most of the city lies within Jackson County, but portions spill into Clay, Cass, and Platte counties. Along with Independence, it serves as one of the two county seats for Jackson County. Major suburbs include the Missouri cities of Independence and Lee's Summit and the Kansas
Kansas
cities of Overland Park, Olathe, and Kansas
Kansas
City. The city is composed of several neighborhoods, including the River Market District in the north, the 18th and Vine District in the east, and the Country Club Plaza
Country Club Plaza
in the south. Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is known for its long tradition of jazz music and culture, it's also known for its cuisine (including its distinctive style of barbecue) and its craft breweries.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Exploration and settlement 1.2 American Civil War 1.3 Post-Civil War 1.4 Pendergast era 1.5 Post–World War II 1.6 21st century

1.6.1 Downtown Kansas City
Downtown Kansas City
development 1.6.2 Transportation Developments

2 Geography

2.1 Cityscape

2.1.1 Architecture 2.1.2 City
City
Market 2.1.3 Downtown

2.2 Climate

3 Demographics 4 Economy

4.1 Headquarters 4.2 Top employers

5 Culture

5.1 Abbreviations and nicknames 5.2 Performing arts 5.3 Jazz 5.4 Irish culture 5.5 Casinos 5.6 Cuisine 5.7 Points of interest 5.8 Religion 5.9 Walt Disney
Walt Disney
in Kansas
Kansas
City

6 Sports

6.1 Professional football 6.2 Professional baseball 6.3 Professional soccer 6.4 College athletics 6.5 Professional rugby 6.6 Former teams

7 Parks and boulevards 8 Law and government

8.1 City
City
government 8.2 National political conventions 8.3 Federal representation 8.4 Crime

9 Education

9.1 Colleges and universities 9.2 Primary and secondary schools 9.3 Libraries and archives

10 Media

10.1 Print media 10.2 Broadcast media 10.3 Film community

11 Infrastructure

11.1 Highways 11.2 Airports 11.3 Public transportation

11.3.1 KCATA- RideKC

11.3.1.1 RideKC Bus and MAX 11.3.1.2 RideKC Streetcar 11.3.1.3 RideKC Bridj

11.4 Walkability

12 Sister cities 13 Notable people 14 See also 15 Notes 16 References 17 Further reading

17.1 Online sources

18 External links

History[edit] Main articles: Timeline of Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri
Missouri
and History of the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
metropolitan area Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri
Missouri
was incorporated as a town on June 1, 1850, and as a city on March 28, 1853. The territory straddling the border between Missouri
Missouri
and Kansas
Kansas
at the confluence of the Kansas
Kansas
and Missouri
Missouri
rivers was considered a good place to build settlements. The Antioch Christian Church, Dr. James Compton House, and Woodneath are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[7] Exploration and settlement[edit]

Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Pioneer Square monument in Westport features Pony Express founder Alexander Majors, Westport/ Kansas
Kansas
City
City
founder John Calvin McCoy, and Mountain-man Jim Bridger
Jim Bridger
who owned Chouteau's Store.

The first documented European visitor to Kansas
Kansas
City
City
was Étienne de Veniard, Sieur de Bourgmont, who was also the first European to explore the lower Missouri
Missouri
River. Criticized for his response to the Native American attack on Fort Détroit, he had deserted his post as fort commander and was avoiding French authorities. Bourgmont lived with a Native American wife in a village about 90 miles (140 km) east near Brunswick, Missouri, where he illegally traded furs. To clear his name, he wrote Exact Description of Louisiana, of Its Harbors, Lands and Rivers, and Names of the Indian Tribes That Occupy It, and the Commerce and Advantages to Be Derived Therefrom for the Establishment of a Colony in 1713 followed in 1714 by The Route to Be Taken to Ascend the Missouri
Missouri
River. In the documents, he describes the junction of the "Grande Riv[ière] des Cansez" and Missouri
Missouri
River, making him the first to adopt those names. French cartographer Guillaume Delisle
Guillaume Delisle
used the descriptions to make the area's first reasonably accurate map. The Spanish took over the region in the Treaty of Paris
Paris
in 1763, but were not to play a major role other than taxing and licensing Missouri River ship traffic. The French continued their fur trade under Spanish license. The Chouteau family operated under Spanish license at St. Louis in the lower Missouri
Missouri
Valley as early as 1765 and in 1821 the Chouteaus reached Kansas
Kansas
City, where François Chouteau established Chouteau's Landing. After the 1804 Louisiana Purchase, Lewis and Clark
Lewis and Clark
visited the confluence of the Kansas
Kansas
and Missouri
Missouri
rivers, noting it was a good place to build a fort. In 1831, a group of Mormons
Mormons
from New York settled in what would become the city. They built the first school within Kansas
Kansas
City's current boundaries, but were forced out by mob violence in 1833 and their settlement remained vacant.[8] In 1833 John McCoy established West Port along the Santa Fe Trail, 3 miles (4.8 kilometers) away from the river. In 1834 McCoy established Westport Landing on a bend in the Missouri
Missouri
to serve as a landing point for West Port. Soon after, the Kansas
Kansas
Town Company, a group of investors, began to settle the area, taking their name from an English spelling of "Cansez." In 1850, the landing area was incorporated as the Town of Kansas.[9] By that time, the Town of Kansas, Westport and nearby Independence, had become critical points in the United States' westward expansion. Three major trails – the Santa Fe, California, and Oregon – all passed through Jackson County. On February 22, 1853, the City
City
of Kansas
Kansas
was created with a newly elected mayor. It had an area of 0.70 square miles (1.8 km2) and a population of 2,500. The boundary lines at that time extended from the middle of the Missouri
Missouri
River south to what is now Ninth Street, and from Bluff Street on the west to a point between Holmes Road and Charlotte Street on the east.[10] American Civil War[edit] The Kansas
Kansas
City
City
area was rife with animosity just prior to the U.S. Civil War. Kansas
Kansas
successfully petitioned the U.S. to enter the Union as a free state that did not allow slavery under the new doctrine of popular sovereignty. Missouri
Missouri
had many slaves, and slavery sympathizers crossed into Kansas
Kansas
to sway the state towards allowing slavery, at first by ballot box and then by bloodshed.

A cannon and plaques mark the location of the Battle of Westport within modern day Loose Park.

During the Civil War, the city and its immediate surroundings were the focus of intense military activity. Although the First Battle of Independence in August 1862 resulted in a Confederate States Army victory, the Confederates were unable to leverage their win in any significant fashion, as Kansas
Kansas
City
City
was occupied by Union troops and proved too heavily fortified to assault. The Second Battle of Independence, which occurred on October 21–22, 1864 as part of Sterling Price's Missouri
Missouri
expedition of 1864, also resulted in a Confederate triumph. Once again their victory proved hollow, as Price was decisively defeated in the pivotal Battle of Westport
Battle of Westport
the next day, effectively ending Confederate efforts to regain Missouri. General Thomas Ewing, in response to a successful raid on nearby Lawrence, Kansas, led by William Quantrill, issued General Order No. 11, forcing the eviction of residents in four western Missouri counties – including Jackson – except those living in the city and nearby communities and those whose allegiance to the Union was certified by Ewing. Post-Civil War[edit] After the Civil War, Kansas
Kansas
City
City
grew rapidly, largely losing its Southern identity. The selection of the city over Leavenworth, Kansas, for the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad bridge over the Missouri River brought about significant growth. The population exploded after 1869, when the Hannibal Bridge, designed by Octave Chanute, opened. The boom prompted a name change to Kansas
Kansas
City
City
in 1889, and the city limits to be extended south and east. Westport became part of Kansas City
City
on December 2, 1897. In 1900, Kansas
Kansas
City
City
was the 22nd largest city in the country, with a population of 163,752 residents.[11]

Junction of Main and Delaware Streets in 1898

Kansas
Kansas
City, guided by architect George Kessler, became a forefront example of the City Beautiful
City Beautiful
movement, offering a network of boulevards and parks.[12] The relocation of Union Station to its current location in 1914 and the opening of the Liberty Memorial
Liberty Memorial
in 1923 provided two of the city's most identifiable landmarks. Robert A. Long, president of the Liberty Memorial Association, was a driving force in the funding for construction. Long was a longtime resident and wealthy businessman. He built the R.A. Long Building
R.A. Long Building
for the Long-Bell Lumber Company, his home, Corinthian Hall
Corinthian Hall
(now the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Museum) and Longview Farm. Further spurring Kansas
Kansas
City's growth was the opening of the innovative Country Club Plaza
Country Club Plaza
development by J.C. Nichols in 1925, as part of his Country Club District
Country Club District
plan. Pendergast era[edit] At the start of the 20th century, political machines gained clout in the city, with the one led by Tom Pendergast
Tom Pendergast
dominating the city by 1925. Several important buildings and structures were built during this time, including the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
City
City
Hall and the Jackson County Courthouse. The machine fell in 1939 when Pendergast, riddled with health problems, pleaded guilty to tax evasion after long federal investigations. His biographers have summed up Pendergast's uniqueness:

Pendergast may bear comparison to various big-city bosses, but his open alliance with hardened criminals, his cynical subversion of the democratic process, his monarchistic style of living, his increasingly insatiable gambling habit, his grasping for a business empire, and his promotion of Kansas
Kansas
City
City
as a wide-open town with every kind of vice imaginable, combined with his professed compassion for the poor and very real role as city builder, made him bigger than life, difficult to characterize.[13]

Post–World War II[edit] Kansas
Kansas
City's suburban development began with a streetcar system in the early decades of the 20th century. The city's first suburbs were in the neighborhoods of Pendleton Heights and Quality Hill. After World War II, many relatively affluent residents left for suburbs in Johnson County, Kansas, and eastern Jackson County, Missouri. Many also went north of the Missouri
Missouri
River, where Kansas
Kansas
City
City
had incorporated areas between the 1940s and 1970s. In 1950, African Americans represented 12.2% of Kansas
Kansas
City's population.[11] The sprawling characteristics of the city and its environs today mainly took shape after 1960s race riots. The assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
was a catalyst for the 1968 Kansas
Kansas
City
City
riot. At this time, slums were forming in the inner city, and many who could afford to do so, left for the suburbs and outer edges of the city. The post- World War II
World War II
idea of suburbs and the "American Dream" also contributed to the sprawl of the area. The city's population continued to grow, but the inner city declined. The city's most populous ethnic group, non-Hispanic whites,[14] declined from 89.5% in 1930 to 54.9% in 2010.[11] In 1940, the city had about 400,000 residents; by 2000, the same area was home to only about 180,000.[clarification needed] From 1940 to 1960, the city more than doubled its physical size, while increasing its population by only about 75,000. By 1970, the city covered approximately 316 square miles (820 km2), more than five times its size in 1940. The Hyatt Regency walkway collapse
Hyatt Regency walkway collapse
was a major disaster that occurred on July 17, 1981, killing 114 people and injuring more than 200 others during a tea dance. At the time, it was the deadliest structural collapse in US history. 21st century[edit] Downtown Kansas City
Downtown Kansas City
development[edit] In the 21st century, the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
area has undergone extensive redevelopment, with over $6 billion in improvements to the downtown area on the Missouri
Missouri
side. One of the main goals is to attract convention and tourist dollars, office workers, and residents to downtown KCMO. Among the projects include the redevelopment of the Power & Light District, located in the area surrounding the Power & Light Building (the former headquarters of the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Power & Light Company, which is now based in the district's northern end), into a retail and entertainment district; and the Sprint Center, an 18,500-seat arena that opened in the district in 2007, which was funded by a 2004 ballot initiative involving a tax on car rentals and hotels, and was designed to meet the stadium specifications for a possible future NBA or NHL franchise.[15] Kemper Arena, which was replaced by Sprint Center, fell into disrepair and was sold to private developers. By 2017, the arena was being converted to a sports complex under the name Mosiac Arena. The Kauffman Performing Arts Center opened in 2011 providing a new, modern home to the KC Orchestra and Ballet. In 2015, an 800-room Hyatt Convention Center Hotel was announced for a site next to the Performance Arts Center & Bartle Hall. Construction is expected to start in early 2018 with Loews as the operator.[16] From 2007 to 2017, downtown residential population in Kansas
Kansas
City quadrupled and continues to grow. The area has grown from almost 4,000 residents in the early 2000s to nearly 30,000 as of 2017. Kansas City's downtown ranks as the 6th-fastest growing downtown in America with the population expected to grow by over 40% by 2022. Conversions of office buildings such as the Power and Light Building, Commerce Bank Tower, and others into residential and hotel space has helped to fulfill the demand. New apartment complexes like One, Two, and Three Lights, River Market
River Market
West, 503 Main, and others have begun to reshape Kansas
Kansas
City's skyline. Strong demand has led to occupancy rates in the high 90%'s.[17][17] While the residential population of downtown has boomed, the office population has dropped significantly from the early 2000s to the mid 2010s. AMC and other top employers moved their operations to modern office buildings in the suburbs. High office vacancy plagued downtown, leading to the neglect of many office buildings. By the mid 2010s, many office buildings were converted to residential uses and the Class A vacancy rate plunged to 12% in 2017. Swiss Re, Virgin Mobile, AutoAlert, and others have begun to move operations to downtown Kansas City
City
from the suburbs as well as expensive coastal cities.[18][19] Transportation Developments[edit] The area has seen additional development through various transportation projects, including improvements to the Grandview Triangle, which intersects Interstates 435 and 470, and U.S. Route 71, a thoroughfare long notorious for fatal accidents. In July 2005, the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Area Transportation Authority (KCATA) launched Kansas
Kansas
City's first bus rapid transit line, the Metro Area Express (MAX), which links the River Market, Downtown, Union Station, Crown Center
Crown Center
and the Country Club Plaza. The KCATA continues to expand MAX with additional routes on Prospect Ave, Troost Ave, and Independence Ave.[20] In 2013, construction began on a two-mile streetcar line in downtown Kansas
Kansas
City
City
(funded by a $102 million ballot initiative that was passed in 2012) that runs between the River Market
River Market
and Union Station, it began operation in May 2016. In 2017, voters approved the formation of a TDD to expand the streetcar line south 3.5 miles from Union Station to UMKC's Volker Campus. Additionally in 2017, the KC Port Authority began engineering studies for a Port Authority funded streetcar expansion north to Berkley Riverfront Park. City
City
Wide, voter support for rail projects continues to grow with numerous light rail projects in the works.[21][22] In 2016, Jackson County, Missouri
Jackson County, Missouri
acquired unused rail lines as part of a long term commuter rail plan. For the time being, the line is being converted to a trail while county officials negotiate with railroads for access to tracks in Downtown Kansas
Kansas
City. On November 7, 2017, Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri
Missouri
voters overwhelmingly approved a new single terminal at Kansas City International Airport
Kansas City International Airport
by a 75% to 25% margin. The New Single Terminal will replace the 3 existing "Clover Leafs" at KCI Airport and is expected to open in 2021.[23] Geography[edit] The city has an area of 319.03 square miles (826.28 km2), of which, 314.95 square miles (815.72 km2) is land and 4.08 square miles (10.57 km2) is water.[1] Bluffs overlook the rivers and river bottom areas. Kansas
Kansas
City
City
proper is bowl-shaped and is surrounded to the north and south by glacier-carved limestone and bedrock cliffs. Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is at the junction between the Dakota and Minnesota ice lobes during the maximum late Independence glaciation of the Pleistocene
Pleistocene
epoch. The Kansas
Kansas
and Missouri
Missouri
rivers cut wide valleys into the terrain when the glaciers melted and drained. A partially filled spillway valley crosses the central city. This valley is an eastward continuation of the Turkey Creek Valley. It is the closest major city to the geographic center of the contiguous United States, or "Lower 48". Cityscape[edit]

A panoramic view from the top of Liberty Memorial
Liberty Memorial
looking north to downtown. Union Station is in the foreground and the Crown Center
Crown Center
to the right.

View of downtown Kansas
Kansas
City
City
from the Sheraton Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Hotel at Crown Center

Further information: List of neighborhoods in Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri

Brush Creek on the Country Club Plaza
Country Club Plaza
at night.

Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri, comprises more than 240[24] neighborhoods, some with histories as independent cities or as the sites of major events.

View of Union Station and the Sprint Center

Downtown Kansas City
Downtown Kansas City
at dusk from the lawn of Liberty Memorial.

Architecture[edit] Main article: Architecture of Kansas
Kansas
City Further information: List of fountains in the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
metropolitan area and List of tallest buildings in Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri

Community Christian Church, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright
and next to the Country Club Plaza.

The Nelson-Atkins Museum opened its Euro-Style Bloch addition in 2007, and the Safdie-designed Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts
Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts
opened in 2011. The Power and Light Building is influenced by the Art Deco style and sports a glowing sky beacon. The new world headquarters of H&R Block is a 20-story all-glass oval bathed in a soft green light. The four industrial artworks atop the support towers of the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Convention Center (Bartle Hall) were once the subject of ridicule, but now define the night skyline near the new Sprint Center along with One Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Place (Missouri's tallest office tower), the KCTV-Tower
KCTV-Tower
(Missouri's tallest freestanding structure) and the Liberty Memorial, a World War I
World War I
memorial and museum that flaunts simulated flames and smoke billowing into the night skyline. It was designated as the National World War I Museum and Memorial
National World War I Museum and Memorial
in 2004 by the United States
United States
Congress. Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is home to significant national and international architecture firms including ACI Boland, BNIM, 360 Architecture, HNTB, Populous. Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright
designed two private residences and Community Christian Church there. Kansas
Kansas
City
City
hosts over 200 working fountains. Notable examples are on the Country Club Plaza. Designs range from French-inspired traditional to modern. Highlights include the Black Marble H&R Block fountain in front of Union Station, which features synchronized water jets; the Nichols Bronze Horses at the corner of Main and J.C. Nichols Parkway at the entrance to the Plaza Shopping District; and the fountain at Hallmark Cards
Hallmark Cards
World Headquarters in Crown Center. City
City
Market[edit]

The Town of Kansas
Kansas
Bridge offers a connection for foot and bike traffic from the Riverfront Heritage Trail (starting at Berkley Riverfront Park) to the River Market.

Since its inception in 1857, City
City
Market has been one of the largest and most enduring public farmers' markets in the American Midwest, linking growers and small businesses to the community. More than 30 full-time merchants operate year-round and offer specialty foods, fresh meats and seafood, restaurants and cafes, floral, home accessories and more.[25] The City
City
Market is also home to the Arabia Steamboat Museum, which houses artifacts from a steamboat that sank near Kansas
Kansas
City
City
in 1856.[25] Downtown[edit] Main article: Downtown Kansas
Kansas
City

Downtown Kansas City
Downtown Kansas City
and the Crossroads Arts District as viewed from Liberty Memorial
Liberty Memorial
in 2016.

Downtown Kansas City
Downtown Kansas City
is an area of 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2) bounded by the Missouri
Missouri
River to the north, 31st Street to the south, Troost Avenue to the East, and State Line Road to the west. Areas near Downtown Kansas City
Downtown Kansas City
include the 39th Street District, which is known as Restaurant Row,[26] and features one of Kansas
Kansas
City's largest selections of independently owned restaurants and boutique shops. It is a center of literary and visual arts, and bohemian culture. Crown Center is the headquarters of Hallmark Cards
Hallmark Cards
and a major downtown shopping and entertainment complex. It is connected to Union Station by a series of covered walkways. The Country Club Plaza, or simply "the Plaza", is an upscale, outdoor shopping and entertainment district. It was the first suburban shopping district in the United States,[27] designed to accommodate shoppers arriving by automobile,[28] and is surrounded by apartments and condominiums, including a number of high rise buildings. The associated Country Club District to the south includes the Sunset Hill and Brookside neighborhoods, and is traversed by Ward Parkway, a landscaped boulevard known for its statuary, fountains and large, historic homes. Kansas
Kansas
City's Union Station is home to Science City, restaurants, shopping, theaters, and the city's Amtrak
Amtrak
facility.

The city's tallest buildings and characteristic skyline are roughly contained inside the downtown freeway loop (shaded in red). Downtown Kansas
Kansas
City
City
itself is established by city ordinance to stretch from the Missouri
Missouri
River south to 31st Street (beyond the bottom of this map), and from State Line Rd. to Troost Ave.

After years of neglect and seas of parking lots, Downtown Kansas
Kansas
City is undergoing a period of change with over $6 billion in development since 2000. Many residential properties recently have been or are under redevelopment in three surrounding warehouse loft districts and the Central Business District. The Power & Light District, a new, nine-block entertainment district comprising numerous restaurants, bars, and retail shops, was developed by the Cordish Company
Cordish Company
of Baltimore, Maryland. Its first tenant opened on November 9, 2007. It is anchored by the Sprint Center, a 19,000-seat sports and entertainment complex.[29] Climate[edit]

A snowy winter day with Crown Center
Crown Center
and the Liberty Memorial
Liberty Memorial
visible in the background.

A pickup truck driving through a blizzard on February 1, 2011.

Flowers in full bloom seen at Washington Square Park
Washington Square Park
near Crown Center in downtown Kansas
Kansas
City
City
in May 2016.

Kansas
Kansas
City
City
lies in the Midwestern United States, as well as near the geographic center of the country, at the confluence of the longest river in the country, the Missouri
Missouri
River, and the Kansas
Kansas
River (also known as the Kaw River). The city lies in the northern periphery of the humid subtropical zone.[30] but is interchangeable with the humid continental climate due to roughly 104 air frosts on average per annum.[31] The city is part of USDA plant hardiness zones 5b and 6a.[32] In the center of North America, far removed from a significant body of water, there is significant potential for extreme hot and cold swings all year long. Unless otherwise stated, normal figures below are based on 1981–2010 data at Downtown Airport. The year's warmest month is July, with a 24-hour average temperature of 81.0 °F (27.2 °C). The summer months are hot and humid, with moist air riding up from the Gulf of Mexico, and high temperatures surpass 100 °F (38 °C) on 5.6 days of the year, and 90 °F (32 °C) on 47 days.[33][34] The coldest month of the year is January, with an average temperature of 31.0 °F (−0.6 °C). Winters are cold, with 22 days where the high temperature is at or below 32.0 °F (0.0 °C) and 2.5 nights with a low at or below 0 °F (−18 °C).[33] The official record highest temperature is 113 °F (45 °C), set on August 14, 1936 at Downtown Airport, while the official record lowest is −23 °F (−31 °C), set on December 22 and 23, 1989.[33] Normal seasonal snowfall is 13.4 inches (34 cm) at Downtown Airport and 18.8 in (48 cm) at Kansas
Kansas
City International Airport. The average window for freezing temperatures is October 31 to April 4, while for measurable (0.1 in or 0.25 cm) snowfall, it is November 27 to March 16 as measured at Kansas
Kansas
City
City
International Airport. Precipitation, both in frequency and total accumulation, shows a marked uptick in late spring and summer. Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is on the edge of the " Tornado
Tornado
Alley", a broad region where cold air from the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
in Canada collides with warm air from the Gulf of Mexico, leading to the formation of powerful storms, especially during the spring. A few areas of the Kansas
Kansas
City metropolitan area have had some severe outbreaks of tornadoes at different points in the past, including the Ruskin Heights tornado in 1957,[35] and the May 2003 tornado outbreak sequence. The region can also fall victim to the sporadic ice storm during the winter months, such as the 2002 ice storm during which hundreds of thousands of residents lost power for days and (in some cases) weeks.[36] Kansas City
City
and its outlying areas are also subject to flooding, including the Great Floods of 1951 and 1993.

Climate data for Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri
Missouri
(Downtown Airport), 1981–2010 normals,[a] extremes 1934–present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 76 (24) 83 (28) 89 (32) 94 (34) 103 (39) 108 (42) 112 (44) 113 (45) 109 (43) 98 (37) 83 (28) 74 (23) 113 (45)

Mean maximum °F (°C) 61.5 (16.4) 68.1 (20.1) 78.1 (25.6) 84.4 (29.1) 89.3 (31.8) 94.8 (34.9) 100.1 (37.8) 100.3 (37.9) 93.3 (34.1) 84.8 (29.3) 73.5 (23.1) 62.8 (17.1) 102.1 (38.9)

Average high °F (°C) 39.5 (4.2) 44.6 (7) 56.2 (13.4) 66.7 (19.3) 75.9 (24.4) 85.0 (29.4) 90.1 (32.3) 88.6 (31.4) 80.0 (26.7) 67.8 (19.9) 54.2 (12.3) 41.8 (5.4) 65.9 (18.8)

Average low °F (°C) 22.4 (−5.3) 26.3 (−3.2) 35.8 (2.1) 46.6 (8.1) 57.1 (13.9) 66.7 (19.3) 72.0 (22.2) 70.2 (21.2) 60.5 (15.8) 48.9 (9.4) 36.6 (2.6) 25.6 (−3.6) 47.4 (8.6)

Mean minimum °F (°C) 3.7 (−15.7) 6.5 (−14.2) 16.9 (−8.4) 30.6 (−0.8) 43.2 (6.2) 54.6 (12.6) 62.0 (16.7) 59.4 (15.2) 44.3 (6.8) 32.8 (0.4) 20.0 (−6.7) 5.3 (−14.8) −2.7 (−19.3)

Record low °F (°C) −14 (−26) −13 (−25) −3 (−19) 16 (−9) 32 (0) 44 (7) 52 (11) 48 (9) 34 (1) 21 (−6) 5 (−15) −19 (−28) −19 (−28)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.14 (29) 1.48 (37.6) 2.15 (54.6) 3.71 (94.2) 5.13 (130.3) 5.52 (140.2) 3.97 (100.8) 4.39 (111.5) 4.16 (105.7) 3.52 (89.4) 2.14 (54.4) 1.75 (44.4) 39.06 (992.1)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 4.1 (10.4) 3.2 (8.1) 0.9 (2.3) 0.2 (0.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.3 (0.8) 0.3 (0.8) 4.4 (11.2) 13.4 (34)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 4.8 5.3 7.6 9.4 11.0 10.2 7.9 7.5 8.1 7.5 6.1 5.4 90.8

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 2.5 2.1 0.6 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.4 2.5 8.3

Source: NOAA[37][38][39]

Climate data for Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Int'l, Missouri
Missouri
(1981–2010 normals,[a] extremes 1888–present)[b]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 75 (24) 83 (28) 91 (33) 95 (35) 103 (39) 108 (42) 112 (44) 113 (45) 109 (43) 98 (37) 83 (28) 74 (23) 113 (45)

Mean maximum °F (°C) 60.6 (15.9) 67.4 (19.7) 78.4 (25.8) 84.5 (29.2) 88.2 (31.2) 92.9 (33.8) 98.1 (36.7) 99.0 (37.2) 92.6 (33.7) 84.9 (29.4) 72.5 (22.5) 61.9 (16.6) 100.5 (38.1)

Average high °F (°C) 38.0 (3.3) 43.3 (6.3) 55.1 (12.8) 65.7 (18.7) 74.8 (23.8) 83.5 (28.6) 88.3 (31.3) 87.4 (30.8) 79.0 (26.1) 66.9 (19.4) 53.2 (11.8) 40.3 (4.6) 64.6 (18.1)

Average low °F (°C) 19.6 (−6.9) 23.8 (−4.6) 33.4 (0.8) 44.0 (6.7) 54.2 (12.3) 63.6 (17.6) 68.4 (20.2) 66.8 (19.3) 57.3 (14.1) 45.9 (7.7) 34.1 (1.2) 22.6 (−5.2) 44.5 (6.9)

Mean minimum °F (°C) −0.1 (−17.8) 2.6 (−16.3) 13.8 (−10.1) 27.0 (−2.8) 40.0 (4.4) 50.3 (10.2) 57.9 (14.4) 55.1 (12.8) 40.3 (4.6) 28.6 (−1.9) 16.7 (−8.5) 1.7 (−16.8) −7 (−22)

Record low °F (°C) −20 (−29) −22 (−30) −10 (−23) 12 (−11) 27 (−3) 42 (6) 51 (11) 43 (6) 31 (−1) 17 (−8) 1 (−17) −23 (−31) −23 (−31)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.07 (27.2) 1.46 (37.1) 2.37 (60.2) 3.70 (94) 5.23 (132.8) 5.23 (132.8) 4.45 (113) 3.89 (98.8) 4.62 (117.3) 3.16 (80.3) 2.15 (54.6) 1.53 (38.9) 38.86 (987)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 4.6 (11.7) 5.4 (13.7) 2.0 (5.1) 0.6 (1.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.2 (0.5) 1.2 (3) 4.8 (12.2) 18.8 (47.8)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 6.3 7.1 9.5 11.0 11.5 10.8 9.0 8.3 8.6 8.2 7.3 7.2 104.8

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.0 3.5 1.6 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1.2 3.7 14.6

Average relative humidity (%) 68.8 69.6 66.7 62.9 68.0 69.2 67.4 70.0 70.4 67.1 69.7 71.0 68.4

Mean monthly sunshine hours 183.7 174.3 223.9 257.8 285.0 305.5 329.3 293.9 240.5 213.6 155.3 147.1 2,809.9

Percent possible sunshine 61 58 60 65 64 68 73 69 64 62 52 50 63

Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)[37][40][41][42]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1860 4,418

1870 32,260

630.2%

1880 55,785

72.9%

1890 132,716

137.9%

1900 163,752

23.4%

1910 248,381

51.7%

1920 324,410

30.6%

1930 399,746

23.2%

1940 400,178

0.1%

1950 456,622

14.1%

1960 475,539

4.1%

1970 507,087

6.6%

1980 448,159

−11.6%

1990 435,146

−2.9%

2000 441,545

1.5%

2010 459,787

4.1%

Est. 2016 481,420 [2] 4.7%

U.S. Decennial Census[43]

Map of racial distribution in Kansas
Kansas
City, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian, Hispanic or Other (yellow)

According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of Kansas
Kansas
City was as follows:

White: 59.2% (non-Hispanic white: 54.9%) Black or African American: 29.9% Hispanic or Latino (of any race): 10.0% Some other race: 4.5% (primarily Latino) Two or more races: 3.2% Asian: 2.5% Native American: 0.5% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander: 0.2%

Kansas
Kansas
City
City
has the second largest Sudanese and Somali populations in the United States. The Latino/Hispanic population of Kansas
Kansas
City, which is heavily Mexican and Central American, is spread throughout the metropolitan area, with some concentration in the northeast part of the city and southwest of downtown. The Asian population, mostly Southeast Asian, is partly concentrated within the northeast side to the Columbus Park neighborhood in the Greater Downtown area, a historical Italian American neighborhood, the UMKC area and in River Market, in northern Kansas
Kansas
City.[44][45][46] The Historic Kansas
Kansas
City
City
boundary is roughly 58 square miles (150 km2) and has a population density of about 5,000 people per sq. mi. It runs from the Missouri
Missouri
River to the north, 79th Street to the south, the Blue River to the east, and State Line Road to the west. During the 1960s and 1970s, Kansas
Kansas
City
City
annexed large amounts of land, which are largely undeveloped to this day. Between the 2000 and 2010 Census counts, the urban core of Kansas
Kansas
City continued to drop significantly in population. The areas of Greater Downtown in the center city, and sections near I-435 and I-470 in the south, and Highway 152 in the north are the only areas of Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri, to have seen an increase in population, with the Northland seeing the greatest population growth.[47]

Racial composition 2010[14] 1990[11] 1970[11] 1940[11]

White 59.2% 66.8% 77.2% 89.5%

—Non-Hispanic white 54.9% 65.0% 75.0%[48] N/A

Black or African American 29.9% 29.6% 22.1% 10.4%

Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 10.0% 3.9% 2.7%[48] N/A

Economy[edit] Main article: Economy of Kansas
Kansas
City The federal government is the largest employer in the Kansas
Kansas
City metro area. More than 146 federal agencies maintain a presence there. Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is one of ten regional office cities for the US government.[49] The Internal Revenue Service
Internal Revenue Service
maintains a large service center in Kansas
Kansas
City
City
that occupies nearly 1,400,000 square feet (130,000 m2).[50] It is one of only two sites to process paper returns.[51] The IRS has approximately 2,700 full-time employees in Kansas
Kansas
City, growing to 4,000 during tax season. The General Services Administration has more than 800 employees. Most are at the Bannister Federal Complex in South Kansas
Kansas
City. The Bannister Complex is also home to the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Plant, which is a National Nuclear Security Administration facility operated by Honeywell. Honeywell
Honeywell
employs nearly 2,700 at the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Plant, which produces and assembles 85% of the non-nuclear components of the United States
United States
nuclear bomb arsenal.[52] The Social Security Administration
Social Security Administration
has more than 1,700 employees in the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
area, with more than 1,200 at its downtown Mid-America Program Service Center (MAMPSC).[53] The United States Postal Service operates post offices in Kansas
Kansas
City. The Kansas City
City
Main Post Office is at 300 West Pershing Road.[54] Ford Motor Company
Ford Motor Company
operates a large manufacturing facility in Claycomo at the Ford Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Assembly Plant, which builds the Ford F-150. The General Motors Fairfax Assembly Plant
General Motors Fairfax Assembly Plant
is in adjacent Kansas
Kansas
City, Kansas. Smith Electric Vehicles
Smith Electric Vehicles
builds electric vehicles in the former TWA/ American Airlines
American Airlines
overhaul facility at Kansas
Kansas
City
City
International Airport. One of the largest US drug manufacturing plants is the Sanofi-Aventis plant in south Kansas
Kansas
City
City
on a campus developed by Ewing Kauffman's Marion Laboratories.[55] Of late, it has been developing academic and economic institutions related to animal health sciences, an effort most recently bolstered by the selection of Manhattan, Kansas, at one end of the[56] Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Animal Health Corridor, as the site for the National Bio and Agro-Defense Facility, which researches animal diseases. Numerous agriculture companies operate out of the city. Dairy Farmers of America, the largest dairy co-op in the United States
United States
is located in northern Kansas
Kansas
City. Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Board of Trade is the principal trading exchange for hard red winter wheat, the principal ingredient of bread. The National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics
National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics
and The National Association of Basketball Coaches are based in Kansas City.

H&R Block's oblong headquarters in downtown Kansas
Kansas
City.

The business community is serviced by two major business magazines, the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Business Journal (published weekly) and Ingram's Magazine (published monthly), as well as other publications, including a local society journal, the Independent (published weekly). The Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Federal Reserve Bank
Federal Reserve Bank
built a new building that opened in 2008 near Union Station. Missouri
Missouri
is the only state to have two of the 12 Federal Reserve Bank
Federal Reserve Bank
headquarters (the second is in St. Louis). Kansas
Kansas
City's effort to get the bank was helped by former mayor James A. Reed, who as senator, broke a tie to pass the Federal Reserve Act.[57] The national headquarters for the Veterans of Foreign Wars
Veterans of Foreign Wars
is headquartered just south of Downtown. With a Gross Metropolitan Product of $41.68 billion in 2004, Kansas City's ( Missouri
Missouri
side only) economy makes up 20.5% of Missouri's gross state product.[58] In 2014, Kansas
Kansas
City
City
was ranked #6 for real estate investment.[59] Three international law firms, Lathrop & Gage, Stinson Leonard Street, and Shook, Hardy & Bacon are based in the city. Headquarters[edit] The following notable companies are headquartered in Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri:

American Century Investments Andrews McMeel Universal Applebee's Assurant Employee Benefits Barkley Inc. Bernstein-Rein Black & Veatch's Global Water Business Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Kansas
Kansas
City BNIM Boulevard
Boulevard
Brewing Company Cerner Children International Commerce Bancshares Copaken, White & Blitt Freightquote.com Great Plains
Great Plains
Energy Hallmark Cards H&R Block HNTB Hostess Brands J.E. Dunn Construction Group Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Southern Railway Lockton Companies MANICA Architecture Novastar Financial Populous Russell Stover Candies Smith Electric Vehicles UMB Financial Corporation Veterans of Foreign Wars Walton Construction

Top employers[edit] According to the city's Fiscal Year 2014-15 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[60] the top ten principal employers are as follows:

Rank Employer Employees Percentage of Total Employment

1. Public School System 30,172 2.92%

2. Federal Government 30,000 2.91%

3. State/County/ City
City
Government 24,616 2.39%

4. Cerner
Cerner
Corporation 10,128 0.98%

5. HCA Midwest Health System 9,753 0.94%

6. Saint Luke's Health System 7,550 0.73%

7. Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics 6,305 0.61%

8. Sprint Corporation 6,300 0.61%

9. The University of Kansas
Kansas
Hospital 6,030 0.58%

10. Hallmark Cards, Inc. 4,600 0.45%

Culture[edit] Abbreviations and nicknames[edit] Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is often abbreviated as KC (abbreviations often refer to the metropolitan area). It is officially nicknamed the " City
City
of Fountains". The fountains at Kauffman Stadium, commissioned by original Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Royals owner Ewing Kauffman, are the largest privately funded fountains in the world.[61] The city has more boulevards than any other city except Paris
Paris
and has been called "Paris of the Plains". Soccer's popularity, at both professional and youth levels, as well as Children's Mercy Park's popularity as a home stadium for the U.S. Men's National Team has to the appellation as the " Soccer Capital of America". Residents are known as Kansas
Kansas
Citians. The city is sometimes referred to as the "Heart of America", as it is near both the population center of the United States
United States
and the geographic center of the 48 contiguous states. Performing arts[edit]

A view of the Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts
Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts
as seen from the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Convention Center.

The Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Repertory Theatre is the metropolitan area's top professional theatre company. The Starlight Theatre is an 8,105-seat outdoor theatre designed by Edward Delk. The Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Symphony was founded by R. Crosby Kemper Jr.
R. Crosby Kemper Jr.
in 1982 to replace the defunct Kansas City
City
Philharmonic, which was founded in 1933. The symphony performs at the Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts. Michael Stern is the symphony's music director and lead conductor. Lyric Opera of Kansas City, founded in 1958, performs at the Kauffman Center, offers one American contemporary opera production during its season, consisting of either four or five productions. The Civic Opera Theater of Kansas City
City
performs at the downtown Folly Theater
Folly Theater
and at the UMKC Performing Arts Center. Every summer from mid-June to early July, The Heart of America Shakespeare Festival performs at Southmoreland Park near the Nelson-Atkins Museum; the festival was founded by Marilyn Strauss in 1993. The Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Ballet, founded in 1957 by Tatiana Dokoudovska, is a ballet troupe comprising 25 professional dancers and apprentices. Between 1986 and 2000, it combined with Dance St. Louis
St. Louis
to form the State Ballet of Missouri, although it remained in Kansas
Kansas
City. From 1980 to 1995, the Ballet was run by dancer and choreographer Todd Bolender. Today, the Ballet offers an annual repertory split into three seasons, performing classical to contemporary ballets.[62] The Ballet also performs at the Kauffman Center. Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is home to The Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Chorale, a professional 24-voice chorus conducted by Charles Bruffy. The chorus performs an annual concert series and a concert in Phoenix each year with their sister choir, the Phoenix Chorale. The Chorale has made nine recordings (three with the Phoenix Chorale).[63] Jazz[edit] See also: Kansas
Kansas
City
City
jazz

Entrance of the American Jazz
Jazz
Museum

Kansas
Kansas
City
City
jazz in the 1930s marked the transition from big bands to the bebop influence of the 1940s. The 1979 documentary The Last of the Blue Devils portrays this era in interviews and performances by local jazz notables. In the 1970s, Kansas
Kansas
City
City
attempted to resurrect the glory of the jazz era in a family-friendly atmosphere. In the 1970s, an effort to open jazz clubs in the River Quay
River Quay
area of City
City
Market along the Missouri
Missouri
ended in a gang war. Three of the new clubs were blown up in what ultimately ended Kansas
Kansas
City
City
mob influence in Las Vegas casinos. The annual " Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Blues and Jazz
Jazz
Festival" attracts top jazz stars and large out-of-town audiences. It was rated Kansas
Kansas
City's "best festival." by Pitch.com.[64] Live music venues are found throughout the city, with the highest concentration in the Westport entertainment district centered on Broadway and Westport Road near the Country Club Plaza, as well as the 18th & Vine area (jazz music). A variety of music genres can be heard and have originated there, including musicians Janelle Monáe, Puddle of Mudd, Isaac James, The Get Up Kids, Shiner, Flee The Seen, The Life and Times, Reggie and the Full Effect, Coalesce, The Casket Lottery, The Gadjits, The Rainmakers, Vedera, The Elders, Blackpool Lights, The Republic Tigers, Tech N9ne, Krizz Kaliko, Kutt Calhoun, Skatterman & Snug Brim, Mac Lethal, Ces Cru and Solè. As of 2003, the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Jazz
Jazz
Orchestra, a big band jazz orchestra, performs in the metropolitan area.

The Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Convention Center

Irish culture[edit] The large community of Irish-Americans numbers over 50,000.[65] The Irish were the first large immigrant group to settle in Kansas
Kansas
City and founded its first newspaper.[66] The Irish community includes bands, dancers, newspapers, Irish stores and the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Irish Center at Drexel Hall in Midtown. The first book that detailed the history of the Irish in Kansas
Kansas
City
City
was Missouri
Missouri
Irish: Irish Settlers on the American Frontier, published in 1984. Casinos[edit] Missouri
Missouri
voters approved riverboat casino gaming on the Missouri
Missouri
and Mississippi Rivers by referendum with a 63% majority on November 3, 1992. The first casino facility in the state opened in September 1994 in North Kansas
Kansas
City
City
by Harrah's Entertainment
Harrah's Entertainment
(now Caesar's Entertainment).[67] The combined revenues for four casinos exceeded $153 million per month in May 2008.[68] The metropolitan area is home to six casinos: Ameristar Kansas
Kansas
City, Argosy Kansas
Kansas
City, Harrah's North Kansas
Kansas
City, Isle of Capri Kansas
Kansas
City, the 7th Street Casino (which opened in Kansas
Kansas
City, Kansas, in 2008) and Hollywood
Hollywood
Casino (which opened in February 2012 in Kansas
Kansas
City, Kansas). Cuisine[edit] See also: Kansas
Kansas
City-style barbecue

The American Hereford Association
American Hereford Association
bull and Kemper Arena
Kemper Arena
and the Kansas City
City
Live Stock Exchange Building in the former Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Stockyard of the West Bottoms
West Bottoms
as seen from Quality Hill

Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is most famous for its steak and barbecue, along with the typical array of Southern cuisine. During the heyday of the Kansas City
City
Stockyards, the city was known for its Kansas
Kansas
City
City
steaks or Kansas
Kansas
City
City
strip steaks. The most famous of its steakhouses is the Golden Ox
Golden Ox
in the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Live Stock Exchange in the West Bottoms stockyards. These stockyards were second only to those of Chicago in size, but they never recovered from the Great Flood of 1951
Great Flood of 1951
and eventually closed. Founded in 1938, Jess & Jim's Steakhouse in the Martin City
City
neighborhood was also well known. The Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Strip cut of steak is similar to the New York Strip cut, and is sometimes referred to just as a strip steak. Along with Texas, Memphis, North and South Carolina, Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is lauded as a "world capital of barbecue." More than 90 barbecue restaurants[69] operate in the metropolitan area. The American Royal
American Royal
each fall hosts what it claims is the world's biggest barbecue contest.

President Obama
President Obama
visits Arthur Bryant's
Arthur Bryant's
barbecue in Kansas
Kansas
City

Classic Kansas
Kansas
City-style barbecue was an inner-city phenomenon that evolved from the pit of Henry Perry from Memphis in the early 20th century and blossomed in the 18th and Vine neighborhood. Arthur Bryant's took over the Perry restaurant and added molasses to sweeten the recipe. In 1946 one of Perry's cooks opened Gates and Sons Bar-B-Q. The Gates recipe added even more molasses. Bryant's and Gates are the two definitive Kansas
Kansas
City
City
barbecue restaurants. Both have only recently begun expanding outside of Kansas
Kansas
City. Fiorella's Jack Stack Barbecue
Barbecue
is also well regarded. In 1977, Rich Davis, a psychiatrist, test-marketed his own concoction called K.C. Soul Style Barbecue
Barbecue
Sauce. He renamed it KC Masterpiece, and in 1986, he sold the recipe to the Kingsford division of Clorox. Davis retained rights to operate restaurants using the name and sauce. In 2009, Kansas
Kansas
City appeared on Newsmax
Newsmax
magazine's list of the "Top 25 Most Uniquely American Cities and Towns," a piece written by CBS News
CBS News
travel editor Peter Greenberg. In determining his ranking, Greenberg cited the city's barbecue, among other factors.[70] Kansas
Kansas
City
City
has several James Beard Award-winning/nominated chefs and restaurants. Winning chefs include Michael Smith, Celina Tio, Colby Garrelts, Debbie Gold, Jonathan Justus and Martin Heuser. A majority of the Beard Award-winning restaurants are in the Crossroads district, downtown and in Westport. Points of interest[edit]

See List of points of interest in Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri

Name Description Photo

Country Club Plaza
Country Club Plaza
District A district developed in 1922 featuring Spanish-styled architecture and upscale shops and restaurants. Two universities have locations near the district (University of Missouri- Kansas
Kansas
City
City
and the Kansas
Kansas
City Art Institute). The Kemper Museum of Contemporary Art
Kemper Museum of Contemporary Art
and the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art
Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art
are around the district as well.

18th & Vine District Cradle of distinctive Kansas
Kansas
City
City
styled jazz. Home of the Negro Leagues Baseball Museum, American Jazz
Jazz
Museum, and the future home of the MLB Urban Youth Academy. The district contains several jazz clubs and venues, such as the Gem Theater and the Blue Room. There are talks of the city diverting $27 million to the district to connect the district to the rest of downtown.[71]

Crossroads Arts District Home to several restaurants, art galleries, and hotels. First Friday is a popular monthly event in the district. Pop-up galleries, food trucks, venue deals, and music events are planned for First Fridays. Union Station and the Kauffman Center are within the district. Union Station also has exhibits that change frequently, as well as Science City
City
within the building.

Westport District Originally a separate town before being annexed by Kansas
Kansas
City, the district contains several restaurants, shops, and nightlife options. Along with the Power and Light District, it serves as one of the city's main entertainment areas. The University of Kansas
Kansas
Hospital is close to the district, just across State Line Road.

Power and Light District A new shopping and entertainment district within the Central Business District. It was developed by the Cordish Companies; several apartment towers are being constructed by the company as well. The Sprint Center is within the district and is a major anchor development for the area. The Midland Theater, a popular concert venue, is also in the district.

River Market
River Market
District/ Berkley Riverfront Park Kansas
Kansas
City's original neighborhood on the Missouri
Missouri
River. The district contains one of the country's largest and longest lasting public farmers' markets in the nation. There are several unique shops and restaurants throughout the area. Steamboat Arabia Museum is right next to the City
City
Market. Residents and visitors traveling by foot or bike can take the Town of Kansas
Kansas
Bridge connection to get to the Riverfront Heritage Trail which leads to Berkley Riverfront Park, which is operated by Port KC.

Crown Center A district developed by Hallmark. Within Crown Center, kids can enjoy an aquarium, Legoland, and Kaleidoscope. There are several mid to upscale stores, and visitors can stay at the Sheraton Crown Center
Crown Center
or the Westin Crown Center. The district is a short walk from Liberty Memorial (which features a world-class World War One museum). Visitors can connect to Union Station and the rest of Crown Center
Crown Center
via a skywalk called the Link.

The West Bottoms The West Bottoms
West Bottoms
used to be used primarily as stockyards and for industrial uses, but today the district is slowly being revitalized through the development and redevelopment of apartments and shops. The district is home to the soon-to-be repurposed Kemper Arena, which regularly hosted the American Royal. The arena hosted the 1976 Republican National Convention.

Kansas
Kansas
City, North The city north of the Missouri
Missouri
River has several attractions. There's Zona Rosa, a mixed-used development with a large variety of shopping, dining, and events. Directly across the river is the Charles Wheeler Downtown Airport; it features the Aviation History Museum. The city's northern area also has an amusement park, Worlds of Fun, as well as a water park called Oceans of Fun; the two are operated under the same management and are next to one other.

Swope Park Swope Park
Swope Park
has an area of 1,805 acres, and it has several attractions. The award-winning Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Zoo, encompassing some 200 acres, features over 1,000 animals from across the planet; it was ranked as one of the top 60 zoos in the United States. Starlight Theatre, the second largest outdoor musical theatre venue in the U.S., is also within the park.[72] There is also a soccer complex, in which the players of Sporting Kansas
Kansas
City
City
practice.

Religion[edit]

The Latter-Day Saints Temple in Kansas
Kansas
City.

The proportion of Kansas
Kansas
City
City
area residents with a known religious affiliation is 49.7%. The most common religious denominations in the area are:[73]

None/No affiliation 50.3% Catholic 12.82% Other Christian 7.15% Baptist
Baptist
( African American
African American
denominations) 6.72% Baptist
Baptist
(Other) 6.46% Methodist 5.87% Pentecostal 2.60% Latter-day Saint 2.48% Lutheran 2.30%

Walt Disney
Walt Disney
in Kansas
Kansas
City[edit] In 1911, Elias Disney
Elias Disney
moved his family from Marceline to Kansas
Kansas
City. They lived in a new home with a garage built by Elias Disney, which became the location for Walt's very first animation, at 3028 Bellefontaine.[74] In 1919, Walt Disney
Walt Disney
returned from France
France
where he had served as a Red Cross Ambulance Driver in World War I. Walt started the first animation company Laugh-O-Gram Studio
Laugh-O-Gram Studio
in Kansas City. Later, the company went bankrupt, Walt Disney
Walt Disney
moved to Hollywood, and started The Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Company on October 16, 1923. Sports[edit] Main article: Sports in Kansas
Kansas
City

The Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Royals, 1985 and 2015 World Series
2015 World Series
Champions.

Arrowhead Stadium, home of the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Chiefs.

Professional sports teams in Kansas
Kansas
City
City
include the Kansas
Kansas
City Chiefs in the National Football League
National Football League
(NFL), the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Royals in Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
(MLB), Sporting Kansas
Kansas
City
City
in Major League Soccer (MLS), and FC Kansas
Kansas
City
City
in the National Women's Soccer League. Professional football[edit] The Chiefs – now a member of the NFL's American Football Conference (AFC) – started play in 1960 as the Dallas Texans and they moved to Kansas
Kansas
City
City
in 1963. The team lost Super Bowl I
Super Bowl I
to the Green Bay Packers. They came back in 1969 to become the last ever AFL champions and win Super Bowl IV
Super Bowl IV
against NFL champions Minnesota Vikings
Minnesota Vikings
with a score of 23-7. Professional baseball[edit] The Athletics baseball franchise played in the city from 1955, after moving from Philadelphia, to 1967, when the team relocated to Oakland, California. The city's Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
franchise, the Royals, started play in 1969, and are the only major league sports franchise in Kansas
Kansas
City
City
that has not relocated or changed its name. The Royals were the first American League
American League
expansion team to reach the playoffs, in 1976, to reach the World Series in 1980, and to win the World Series in 1985. The Royals returned to the World Series in 2014 and won in 2015. The Kansas
Kansas
City
City
T-Bones, playing in the independent Northern League from 2003 until 2010, and currently in the independent American Association since 2011, and unaffiliated minor league team. They play their games in CommunityAmerica Ballpark
CommunityAmerica Ballpark
in Kansas
Kansas
City, Kansas. Professional soccer[edit]

Sporting Kansas
Kansas
City
City
plays the New England Revolution
New England Revolution
at Children's Mercy Park.

The Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Wiz became a charter member of Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer
in 1996. It was renamed the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Wizards in 1997. In 2011, the team was renamed Sporting Kansas
Kansas
City
City
and moved to its new stadium Children's Mercy Park
Children's Mercy Park
in Kansas
Kansas
City, Kansas. Sporting's reserve team, Swope Park
Swope Park
Rangers, plays at Shawnee Mission District Stadium in Overland Park, Kansas. FC Kansas
Kansas
City
City
began play in 2013 as an expansion team of the National Women's Soccer League; the team's home games are held at Swope Soccer Village. College athletics[edit] In college athletics, Kansas
Kansas
City
City
has lately been the home of the Big 12 College Basketball Tournaments. The men's tournament has been played at Sprint Center
Sprint Center
since March 2008. The women's tournament is played at Municipal Auditorium. In addition to serving as the Chiefs' home stadium, Arrowhead Stadium serves as the venue for various intercollegiate football games. It has hosted the Big 12 Championship Game five times. On the last weekend in October, the MIAA Fall Classic rivalry game between Northwest Missouri State University and Pittsburg State University
Pittsburg State University
took place at the stadium. Professional rugby[edit] Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is represented on the rugby pitch by the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Blues RFC, a former member of the Rugby Super League and a Division 1 club. The team works closely with Sporting Kansas
Kansas
City
City
and splits home-games between Sporting's training pitch and Rockhurst University's stadium. Former teams[edit] Kansas
Kansas
City
City
briefly had four short-term major league baseball teams between 1884 and 1915: the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Unions of the short-lived Union Association in 1884, the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Cowboys in the National League
National League
in 1886, a team of the same name in the then-major league American Association in 1888 and 1889, and the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Packers in the Federal League
Federal League
in 1914 and 1915. The Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Monarchs of the now-defunct Negro National and Negro American Leagues represented Kansas
Kansas
City
City
from 1920 through 1955. the city also had a number of minor league baseball teams between 1885 and 1955. From 1903 through 1954, the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Blues played in the high-level American Association minor league. In 1955, Kansas
Kansas
City
City
became a major league city when the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Athletics baseball franchise relocated to the city in 1955. Following the 1967 season, the team relocated to Oakland, California. Kansas
Kansas
City
City
was also represented in the National Basketball Association by the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Kings (called the Kansas
Kansas
City-Omaha Kings from 1972 to 1975), when the former Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Royals moved to the Midwest. The team left Sacramento
Sacramento
in 1985. In 1974, the National Hockey League
National Hockey League
placed an expansion team in Kansas City
City
called the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Scouts. The team moved to Denver
Denver
in 1976, and today they are known as the New Jersey Devils.

Club Sport Founded League Venue

Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Chiefs Football 1960 (as the Dallas Texans) 1963 (as Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Chiefs) National Football League Arrowhead Stadium

Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Royals Baseball 1969 Major League Baseball Kauffman Stadium

Sporting Kansas
Kansas
City Soccer 1996 Major League Soccer Children's Mercy Park
Children's Mercy Park
( Kansas
Kansas
City, Kansas)

Swope Park
Swope Park
Rangers Soccer 2016 United Soccer League Shawnee Mission District Stadium (Overland Park, Kansas)

Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Phantoms Indoor football 2016 Champions Indoor Football Silverstein Eye Centers Arena (Independence)

Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Mavericks Hockey 2009 ECHL Silverstein Eye Centers Arena (Independence)

Missouri
Missouri
Comets Indoor soccer 2010 Major Arena Soccer League Silverstein Eye Centers Arena (Independence)

Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Blues Rugby Union 1966 USA Rugby Division 1 Swope Park
Swope Park
Training Complex

Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Storm Women's football 2004 WTFA North Kansas
Kansas
City
City
High School

View of downtown from Penn Valley Park

The rose garden in Loose Park, Kansas
Kansas
City's third largest public park.

Parks and boulevards[edit]

J.C. Nichols Memorial Fountain, by Henri-Léon Gréber, in Mill Creek Park, adjacent to the Country Club Plaza.

Kansas
Kansas
City
City
has 132 miles (212 km) of boulevards and parkways, 214 urban parks, 49 ornamental fountains, 152 ball diamonds, 10 community centers, 105 tennis courts, 5 golf courses, 5 museums and attractions, 30 pools, and 47 park shelters.[75][76] These amenities are found across the city. Much of the system, designed by George E. Kessler, was constructed from 1893 to 1915. Cliff Drive, in Kessler Park on the North Bluffs, is a designated State Scenic Byway. It extends 4.27 miles (6.87 km) from The Paseo and Independence Avenue through Indian Mound on Gladstone Boulevard
Boulevard
at Belmont Boulevard, with many historical points and architectural landmarks. Ward Parkway, on the west side of the city near State Line Road, is lined by many of the city's largest and most elaborate homes. The Paseo
The Paseo
is a major north–south parkway that runs 19 miles (31 km) through the center of the city beginning at Cliff Drive. It was modeled on the Paseo de la Reforma, a fashionable Mexico
Mexico
City boulevard. Swope Park
Swope Park
is one of the nation's largest city parks, comprising 1,805 acres (730 ha), more than twice the size of New York City's Central Park.[77] It features a zoo, a woodland nature and wildlife rescue center, 2 golf courses, 2 lakes, an amphitheatre, a day-camp, and numerous picnic grounds. Hodge Park, in the Northland, covers 1,029 acres (416 ha) (1.61 sq. mi.). This park includes the 80-acre (320,000 m2) Shoal Creek Living History Museum, a village of more than 20 historical buildings dating from 1807 to 1885. Berkely Riverfront Park, 955 acres (3.86 km2) on the banks of the Missouri
Missouri
River on the north edge of downtown, holds annual Independence Day celebrations and other festivals. A program went underway to replace many of the fast-growing sweetgum trees with hardwood varieties.[78] Law and government[edit] City
City
government[edit] See also: List of mayors of Kansas
Kansas
City
City
and Alcohol laws of Missouri

City
City
Hall, Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri.

Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is home to the largest municipal government in the state of Missouri. The city has a council/manager form of government. The role of city manager has diminished over the years. The non-elective office of city manager was created following excesses during the Pendergast days. The mayor is the head of the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
City Council, which has 12 members (one member for each district, plus one at large member per district). The mayor is the presiding member. Kansas
Kansas
City
City
holds city elections in every fourth odd numbered year. The last citywide election was held in May 2015. The officials took office in August 2015 and will hold the position until 2019. Pendergast was the most prominent leader during the machine politics days. The most nationally prominent Democrat associated with the machine was Harry S Truman, who became a Senator, Vice President and then President of the United States
United States
from 1945 to 1953. Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is the seat of the United States
United States
District Court for the Western District of Missouri, one of two federal district courts in Missouri. The United States
United States
District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri
Missouri
is in St. Louis. It also is the seat of the Western District of the Missouri
Missouri
Court of Appeals, one of three districts of that court (the Eastern District is in St. Louis
St. Louis
and the Southern District is in Springfield). The Mayor, City
City
Council, and City
City
Manager are listed below:

Office Officeholder

Mayor (presides over Council) Sly James

Councilman, District 1 Scott Wagner

Councilwoman, District 1 Heather Hall

Councilwoman, District 2 Teresa Loar

Councilman, District 2 Dan Fowler

Councilman, District 3 Quinton Lucas

Councilman, District 3 Jermaine Reed

Councilwoman, District 4 Katheryn Shields

Councilwoman, District 4 Jolie Justus

Councilman, District 5 Lee Barnes, Jr.

Councilwoman, District 5 Alissia Canady

Councilman, District 6 Scott Taylor

Councilman, District 6 Kevin McManus

City
City
Manager Troy Schulte

National political conventions[edit] Kansas
Kansas
City
City
hosted the 1900 Democratic National Convention, the 1928 Republican National Convention and the 1976 Republican National Convention. The urban core of Kansas
Kansas
City
City
consistently votes Democratic in Presidential elections; however, on the state and local level Republicans often find success, especially in the Northland and other suburban areas of Kansas
Kansas
City. Federal representation[edit] Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is represented by three members of the United States
United States
House of Representatives:

Missouri's 4th congressional district
Missouri's 4th congressional district
– the Cass County portion of Kansas
Kansas
City; represented by Vicky Hartzler
Vicky Hartzler
(Republican) Missouri's 5th congressional district
Missouri's 5th congressional district
– all of Kansas
Kansas
City
City
proper in Jackson County, plus Independence; represented by Emanuel Cleaver (Democrat) Missouri's 6th congressional district
Missouri's 6th congressional district
– all of Kansas
Kansas
City
City
proper north of the Missouri
Missouri
River and plus suburbs in eastern Jackson County beyond Independence; represented by Sam Graves
Sam Graves
(Republican)

Police respond to a shooting in the Crossroads area during the early hours of New Years Day 2016.

Crime[edit] Some of the earliest organized violence in Kansas
Kansas
City
City
erupted during the American Civil War. Shortly after the city's incorporation in 1850, so-called Bleeding Kansas
Kansas
erupted, affecting border ruffians and Jayhawkers. During the war, Union troops burned all occupied dwellings in Jackson County south of Brush Creek and east of Blue Creek to Independence in an attempt to halt raids into Kansas. After the war, the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Times turned outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
into a folk hero via its coverage. James was born in the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
metro area at Kearney, Missouri, and notoriously robbed the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Fairgrounds at 12th Street and Campbell Avenue. In the early 20th century under Pendergast, Kansas
Kansas
City
City
became the country's "most wide open town". While this would give rise to Kansas City
City
Jazz, it also led to the rise of the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
mob (initially under Johnny Lazia), as well as the arrival of organized crime. In the 1970s, the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
mob was involved in a gang war over control of the River Quay
River Quay
entertainment district, in which three buildings were bombed and several gangsters were killed. Police investigations gained after boss Nick Civella was recorded discussing gambling bets on Super Bowl IV (where the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Chiefs defeated the Minnesota Vikings). The war and investigation led to the end of mob control of the Stardust Casino, which was the basis for the film Casino
Casino
(although the production minimizes the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
connections). As of November 2012, Kansas
Kansas
City
City
ranked 18th on the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)'s annual survey of crime rates for cities with populations over 100,000.[79] Much of the city's violent crimes occur on the city's lower income East Side. Revitalizing the downtown and midtown areas has been fairly successful and now these areas have below average violent crime compared to major downtowns.[80] According to a 2007 analysis by The Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Star and the University of Missouri- Kansas
Kansas
City, downtown experienced the largest drop in crime of any neighborhood in the city during the 2000s.[81] Education[edit] Main article: List of schools of Kansas
Kansas
City Colleges and universities[edit] Many universities, colleges, and seminaries are in the Kansas
Kansas
City metropolitan area, including:

University of Missouri– Kansas
Kansas
City
City
− one of four schools in the University of Missouri
Missouri
system − serving more than 15,000 students Rockhurst University
Rockhurst University
Jesuit
Jesuit
university founded in 1910 Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Art Institute − four-year college of fine arts and design founded in 1885 Kansas
Kansas
City
City
University of Medicine and Biosciences − medical and graduate school founded in 1916 Avila University
Avila University
− Catholic university of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet Park University
Park University
− private institution established in 1875; Park University Graduate School is downtown Baker University
Baker University
− multiple branches of the School of Professional and Graduate Studies William Jewell College
William Jewell College
− private liberal arts institution founded in 1849 Metropolitan Community College ( Kansas
Kansas
City) − a two-year college with multiple campuses in the suburban metropolitan area Midwestern Baptist
Baptist
Theological Seminary − Southern Baptist Convention Nazarene Theological Seminary − Church of the Nazarene Calvary Bible College
Calvary Bible College
and Theological Seminary Saint Paul School of Theology
Saint Paul School of Theology
− Methodist

Primary and secondary schools[edit] Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is served by 16 school districts including 10 Public School Districts, with a significant portion being nationally ranked.[82] There are also numerous private schools; Catholic schools in Kansas
Kansas
City
City
are governed by the Diocese of Kansas
Kansas
City. The following Public School Districts serve Kansas
Kansas
City:[83]

Kansas
Kansas
City, MO School District North Kansas
Kansas
City
City
School District Center School District Hickman Mills C-1 School District Grandview C-4 School District Liberty School District Park Hill School District Platte County R-3 School District Raytown C-2 School District Lees Summit R-7 School District Blue Springs R-4 School District Independence School District Fort Osage R-1 School District

Libraries and archives[edit]

Linda Hall Library
Linda Hall Library
− internationally recognized independent library of science, engineering and technology, housing over one million volumes. Mid-Continent Public Library
Mid-Continent Public Library
− largest public library system in Missouri, and among the largest collections in America. Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Public Library − oldest library system in Kansas
Kansas
City. University of Missouri- Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Libraries − four collections: Leon E. Bloch Law Library and Miller Nichols Library, both on Volker Campus; and Health Sciences Library and Dental Library, both on Hospital Hill in Kansas
Kansas
City. Rockhurst University
Rockhurst University
Greenlease Library [The Black Archives of Mid-America http://blackarchives.org/] − research center of the African American
African American
experience in the central Midwest. National Archives and Records Administration
National Archives and Records Administration
(NARA), Central Plains Region − one of 18 national records facilities, holding millions of archival records and microfilms for Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska in a new facility adjacent to Union Station, which was opened to the general public in 2008.

Media[edit]

The Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Star's new printing facility, which opened in 2006.

Main article: Media in Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri Print media[edit] The Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Star is the area's primary newspaper. William Rockhill Nelson and his partner, Samuel Morss, first published the evening paper on September 18, 1880. The Star competed with the morning Kansas City
City
Times before acquiring that publication in 1901. The "Times" name was discontinued in March 1990, when the morning paper was renamed the "Star".[84] Weekly newspapers include The Call[85] (which is focused toward Kansas City's African-American community), the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Business Journal, The Pitch, Ink,[86] and the bilingual publications Dos Mundos and KC Hispanic News. The city is served by two major faith-oriented newspapers: The Kansas City
City
Metro Voice, serving the Christian community, and the Kansas
Kansas
City Jewish Chronicle, serving the Jewish community. It also the headquarters of the National Catholic Reporter, an independent Catholic newspaper. Broadcast media[edit]

Landmark KCTV
KCTV
Tower on West 31st on Union Hill.

The Kansas
Kansas
City
City
media market (ranked 32nd by Arbitron[87] and 31st by Nielsen[88]) includes 10 television stations, 30 FM and 21 AM radio stations. Kansas
Kansas
City
City
broadcasting jobs have been a stepping stone for national television and radio personalities, notably Walter Cronkite and Mancow Muller. WDAF radio (610 AM, now at 106.5 FM; AM frequency now occupied by KCSP) signed on in 1927 as an affiliate of the NBC
NBC
Red Network, under the ownership of The Star. In 1949, the Star signed on WDAF-TV
WDAF-TV
as an affiliate of the NBC
NBC
television network. The Star sold off the WDAF stations in 1957, following an antitrust investigation by the United States government (reportedly launched at Truman's behest, following a long-standing feud with the Star) over the newspaper's ownership of television and radio stations. KCMO radio (originally at 810 AM, now at 710 AM) signed on KCMO-TV (now KCTV) in 1953. The respective owners of WHB (then at 710 AM, now at 810 AM) and KMBC radio (980 AM, now KMBZ), Cook Paint and Varnish Company and the Midland Broadcasting Company, signed on WHB-TV/ KMBC-TV
KMBC-TV
as a time-share arrangement on VHF channel 9 in 1953; KMBC-TV
KMBC-TV
took over channel 9 full-time in June 1954, after Cook Paint and Varnish purchased Midland Broadcasting's stations. The major broadcast television networks have affiliates in the Kansas City
City
market (covering 32 counties in northwestern Missouri, with the exception of counties in the far northwestern part of the state that are within the adjacent Saint Joseph market, and northeastern Kansas); including WDAF-TV
WDAF-TV
4 (Fox), KCTV
KCTV
5 (CBS), KMBC-TV
KMBC-TV
9 (ABC), KCPT
KCPT
19 (PBS), KCWE
KCWE
29 (The CW), KSHB-TV
KSHB-TV
41 (NBC) and KSMO-TV
KSMO-TV
62 (MyNetworkTV). Other television stations in the market include Saint Joseph-based KTAJ-TV 16 (TBN), Kansas
Kansas
City, Kansas-based TV25.tv (consisting of three locally owned stations throughout northeast Kansas, led by KCKS-LD 25, affiliated with several digital multicast networks), Lawrence, Kansas-based KMCI-TV
KMCI-TV
38 (independent), Spanish-language station KUKC-LP
KUKC-LP
48 (Univision), and KPXE-TV 50 (Ion Television). Film community[edit] Main article: Film in Kansas
Kansas
City Kansas
Kansas
City
City
has been a locale for film and television productions. Between 1931 and 1982 Kansas
Kansas
City
City
was home to the Calvin Company, a large movie production company that specialized in promotional and sales short films and commercials for corporations, as well as educational films for schools and the government. Calvin was an important venue for Kansas
Kansas
City
City
arts, training local filmmakers who went on to Hollywood
Hollywood
careers and also employing local actors, most of whom earned their main income in fields such as radio and television announcing. Kansas
Kansas
City
City
native Robert Altman
Robert Altman
directed movies at the Calvin Company, which led him to shoot his first feature film, The Delinquents, in Kansas
Kansas
City
City
using many local players. The 1983 television movie The Day After
The Day After
was filmed in Kansas
Kansas
City
City
and Lawrence, Kansas. The 1990s film Truman, starring Gary Sinise, was filmed in the city. Other films shot in or around Kansas
Kansas
City
City
include Article 99, Mr. & Mrs. Bridge, Kansas
Kansas
City, Paper Moon, In Cold Blood, Ninth Street, and Sometimes They Come Back (in and around nearby Liberty, Missouri). More recently, a scene in the controversial film Brüno
Brüno
was filmed in downtown Kansas
Kansas
City's historic Hotel Phillips. Today, Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is home to an active independent film community. The Independent Filmmaker's Coalition is an organization dedicated to expanding and improving independent filmmaking in Kansas
Kansas
City. The city launched the KC Film Office in October 2014 with the goal of better marketing the city for prospective television shows and movies to be filmed there. The City
City
Council passed several film tax incentives in February 2016 to take effect in May 2016; the KC Film Office is coordinating its efforts with the State of Missouri
Missouri
to reinstate film incentives on a statewide level.[89] Infrastructure[edit] Main articles: Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Metropolitan Area § Transportation, and Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Metropolitan Area Originally, Kansas
Kansas
City
City
was the launching point for travelers on the Santa Fe, Oregon and California trails. Later, with the construction of the Hannibal Bridge
Hannibal Bridge
across the Missouri
Missouri
River, it became the junction of 11 trunk railroads. More rail tonnage passes through the city than any other U.S. city. Trans World Airlines
Trans World Airlines
(TWA) located its headquarters in the city, and had ambitious plans to turn the city into an air hub. Highways[edit]

Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is a major meeting place for several of the nation's busiest highways.

Missouri
Missouri
and Kansas
Kansas
were the first states to start building interstates with Interstate 70. Interstate 435, which encircles the entire city, is the second longest beltway in the nation. (Interstate 275 around Cincinnati, Ohio
Cincinnati, Ohio
is the longest.) The Kansas
Kansas
City
City
metro area has more limited access highway lane-miles per capita than any other large US metro area, over 27% more than the second-place Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, over 50% more than the average American metropolitan area. The Sierra Club
Sierra Club
blames the extensive freeway network for excessive sprawl and the decline of central Kansas City.[90] On the other hand, the relatively uncongested road network contributes significantly to Kansas
Kansas
City's position as one of America's largest logistics hubs.[91] Airports[edit]

Kansas
Kansas
City
City
International Airport

Kansas City International Airport
Kansas City International Airport
was built to TWA's specifications to make a world hub. Its original passenger-friendly design placed each of its gates 100 feet (30 m) from the street. Following the September 11, 2001, attacks, it required a costly overhaul to conform to the tighter security protocols. Charles B. Wheeler Downtown Airport was TWA's original headquarters and houses the Airline History Museum. It is still used for general aviation and airshows. Public transportation[edit] Like most American cities, Kansas
Kansas
City's mass transit system was originally rail-based. From 1870 to 1957, Kansas
Kansas
City's streetcar system was among the top in the country, with over 300 miles (480 km) of track at its peak. The rapid sprawl in the following years led this private system to be shut down. KCATA- RideKC[edit] On December 28, 1965, the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Area Transportation Authority (KCATA) was formed via a bi-state compact created by the Missouri
Missouri
and Kansas
Kansas
legislatures. The compact gave the KCATA responsibility for planning, construction, owning and operating passenger transportation systems and facilities within the seven-county area. RideKC Bus and MAX[edit]

A newly branded RideKC Bus.

In July 2005, the KCATA launched Kansas
Kansas
City's first bus rapid transit line, the Metro Area Express
Metro Area Express
(MAX). MAX links the River Market, Downtown, Union Station, Crown Center
Crown Center
and the Country Club Plaza. This corridor employs over 150,000 workers.[92] MAX operates and is marketed more like a rail system than a local bus line. A unique identity was created for MAX, including 13 modern diesel buses and easily identifiable "stations". MAX features (real-time GPS tracking of buses, available at every station), and stoplights automatically change in their favor if buses are behind schedule. In 2010, a second MAX line was added on Troost Avenue.[93] The city is planning another MAX line down Prospect Avenue.[94]

KC Streetcar
KC Streetcar
departing the Library stop heading north to the River Market.

RideKC Streetcar[edit] On December 12, 2012, a ballot initiative to construct a $102 million, 2-mile (3200 m) modern streetcar line in downtown Kansas
Kansas
City
City
was approved by local voters.[95] The streetcar route runs along Main Street from the River Market
River Market
to Union Station; it debuted on May 6, 2016.[96] A new non-profit corporation made up of private sector stakeholders and city appointees – the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Streetcar Authority – operates and maintains the system. Unlike many similar systems around the U.S., no fare is to be charged initially.[97] Residents within the proposed Transportation Development District are determining the fate of the KC Streetcar's southern extension through Midtown and the Plaza to UMKC. The Port Authority of Kansas
Kansas
City
City
is also studying running an extension to Berkley Riverfront Park. RideKC Bridj[edit] In 2015, the KCATA, Unified Government Transit, Johnson County Transit, and IndeBus (all separate metro services) began merging into one coordinated transit service for the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
region, called RideKC. The buses and other transit options will be branded as: RideKC Bus, RideKC MAX, RideKC Streetcar, and RideKC Bridj. RideKC Bridj is a micro transit service partnership between Ford Bridj and KCATA that began on March 7, 2016. Users download the Bridj app and use the service much like a taxi service. The merger and full coordination is expected to be complete by 2019.[98] Walkability[edit] A 2015 study by Walk Score
Walk Score
ranked Kansas
Kansas
City
City
as the 42nd most walkable out of the 50 largest U.S. cities.[99] As a whole, the city has a score of 34 out of 100. However, several of the more densely populated neighborhoods have much higher scores: Westport has a score of 91; the Downtown Loop has a score of 85; the Crossroads scored 85; and the Plaza scored 83.[100] Those ratings range from "A Walker's Paradise" to "Very Walkable." In April 2017, voters approved an $800 million general obligation bond, part of which is designated for sidewalk repairs and creating complete-streets. Sister cities[edit] Kansas
Kansas
City
City
has 14 sister cities:[101]

City Subdivision Country Date

Seville  Andalusia  Spain 1967

Kurashiki Okayama Prefecture  Japan 1972

Morelia  Michoacán  Mexico 1973

Freetown Western Area  Sierra Leone 1974

Tainan

 Taiwan 1978

Xi'an Shaanxi  People's Republic of China 1989

Guadalajara[102]  Jalisco  Mexico 1991

Hannover  Lower Saxony  Germany 1993

Port Harcourt Rivers State  Nigeria 1993

Arusha Arusha
Arusha
Region  Tanzania 1995

San Nicolás de los Garza  Nuevo León  Mexico 1997

Ramla

 Israel 1998

Metz  Moselle  France 2004

Yan'an Shaanxi  People's Republic of China

Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri See also[edit]

Geography portal North America
North America
portal United States
United States
portal Missouri
Missouri
portal

List of people from Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
listings in Jackson County, Missouri Sites of interest of Kansas
Kansas
City List of fountains in the Kansas
Kansas
City
City
metropolitan area

Other articles connected with the culture of Kansas
Kansas
City:

Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Police Officers Association Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Rescue Mission

Notes[edit]

^ a b Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. ^ Official records for Kansas
Kansas
City
City
kept at downtown/Weather Bureau Office from July 1888 to December 1933; Downtown Airport from January 1934 to September 1972; and Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Int'l since October 1972. For more information see ThreadEx.

References[edit]

^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved July 8, 2012.  ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ "Zip Code Lookup". USPS. Archived from the original on November 23, 2010. Retrieved November 27, 2014.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.  ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States
United States
Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.  ^ "Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2016, (V2016)". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 28, 2017.  ^ National Park Service
National Park Service
(July 9, 2010). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.  ^ Wilkinson, Ernest L. (1976). Brigham Young University: The First 100 Years. Vol. 1. Provo: BYU Press. p. 7.  ^ "Why is Kansas
Kansas
City
City
located in Missouri
Missouri
instead of Kansas?". Archived from the original on July 16, 2010. Retrieved January 2, 2010.  ^ "Early City
City
Limits". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved September 11, 2006.  ^ a b c d e f " Missouri
Missouri
– Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 6, 2012. Retrieved December 18, 2011.  ^ "Historic Sanborn Maps of Kansas
Kansas
City". University of Missouri Digital Library. Retrieved March 21, 2011.  ^ Lawrence H. Larsen and Nancy J. Hulston (2013). Pendergast!. University of Missouri
Missouri
Press. p. xi.  ^ a b " Kansas
Kansas
City
City
(city), Missouri". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 23, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2012.  ^ "Voter OK of arena tax 'changes everything' - Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Business Journal". www.bizjournals.com. Retrieved 30 March 2018.  ^ "For some on the KC council, patience on the convention hotel is wearing thin". kansascity. Retrieved November 20, 2017.  ^ a b "Three projects are part of a surge in downtown KC apartments". kansascity. Retrieved November 20, 2017.  ^ "https://www.bizjournals.com/kansascity/news/2017/10/25/swiss-re-office-kansas-city-move.html". www.bizjournals.com. Retrieved November 20, 2017.  External link in title= (help) ^ "Source of Metro Employment Growth Shifting East?". kceconomy. October 5, 2017. Retrieved November 20, 2017.  ^ Authority, Kansas
Kansas
City
City
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history" Archived December 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., Country Club Plaza
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website (online) ^ Garvin, Alexander (2002). The American City: What Works, what doesn't. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional. pp. 119–125. ISBN 0-07-137367-5.  ^ Center, Sprint. " Sprint Center
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City, Missouri, Temperature Averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved February 3, 2015.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 24, 2014. Retrieved June 28, 2013.  ^ a b c "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 17, 2011.  ^ "Interpretation Of Skew-T Indices". Theweatherprediction.com. Retrieved July 10, 2013.  ^ Kansas
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Tornado
Tornado
Almanac Archived August 24, 2002, at Archive.is, wdaftv4.com. Retrieved September 2006. ^ KC powerless as icy barrage pummels the area, leaves behind disaster zone. Retrieved September 10, 2006. ^ a b "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2016-04-19.  ^ "Station Name: MO KANSAS CITY DOWNTOWN AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-13.  ^ " Kansas
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City". FOX4KC. February 20, 2012. Retrieved May 7, 2012.  ^ "2000-2010 Population Change Map" (PDF). Mid-America Regional Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 3, 2011. Retrieved September 2, 2013.  ^ a b From 15% sample ^ The Federal Workforce by the Numbers – Kansas
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Federal Executive Board. 2011. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 20, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2012.  ^ "2012 Instruction 1099-GENERAL" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 15, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2012.  ^ Kansas
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Business Journal (July 19, 2006). "Bizjournals.com". Bizjournals.com. Retrieved May 5, 2012.  ^ "Facts About Our Region". SSA.gov. Retrieved May 5, 2012.  ^ "Post Office Location – Kansas
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Archived July 24, 2012, at Archive.is." United States
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Postal Service. Retrieved on May 5, 2009. ^ "U.S. Manufacturing Sheet – sanofi-aventis.us – Retrieved August 25, 2008". Sanofi-aventis.us. Archived from the original on July 26, 2010. Retrieved May 5, 2012.  ^ Kansas
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Tops List for Biodefense Lab Archived December 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ A Foregone Conclusion: The Founding of the Federal Reserve Bank
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by James Neal Primm – stlouisfed.org – Retrieved January 1, 2007. ^ "The Role of Metro Areas in the U.S. Economy" (PDF). U.S. Conference of Mayors. March 2006. p. 119. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 16, 2009. Retrieved December 26, 2009.  ^ Roberts, Rob." KC ranks among best places to own rental property." Kansas
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Ballet: Happy Fiftieth! Archived May 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., The Village Voice, March 18, 2008 ^ " Kansas
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Chorale : Homepage". KCchorale.org. Retrieved May 5, 2012.  ^ "The Pitch, ''Best of 2007'': "Best Festival" – Kansas
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City, Tri-Blenheim Neighbors United, report date: April 29, 2000 Archived March 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "FBI: Violent crime drops in Kansas
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Kansas
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Area Transportation. "Prospect Ave. MAX Light Rail and MAX KCATA". www.kcata.org. Retrieved May 9, 2016.  ^ " Kansas
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return". kansascity. Retrieved May 7, 2016.  ^ " Kansas
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Area Transportation. "Ride KC: Bridj Begins Service March 7 News KCATA". www.kcata.org. Retrieved May 9, 2016.  ^ "2015 City
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Guadalajara
municipal government. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 

Further reading[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri

Myers, James D., and Michael A. Sorrentino Jr. "Regional critical infrastructure assessment: Kansas
Kansas
City." International Journal of Critical Infrastructures 7.1 (2011): 58-72. Nusser, Sarah Parker, and Katrin B. Anacker. "What Sexuality is this Place? Building a Framework for Evaluating Sexualized Space: The Case of Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri." Journal of Urban Affairs 35.2 (2013): 173-193. Rury, John L., and Sanae Akaba. " The Geo-Spatial Distribution of Educational Attainment: Cultural Capital and Uneven Development in Metropolitan Kansas
Kansas
City, 1960-1980." Histoire & mesure 29.1 (2014): 219-248. Shortridge, James R. Kansas
Kansas
City
City
and How It Grew, 1822–2011 (University Press of Kansas; 2012) 248 pages; historical geography Sprinkle, Timothy. Screw the Valley: A Coast-to-Coast Tour of America's New Tech Startup Culture: New York, Boulder, Austin, Raleigh, Detroit, Las Vegas, Kansas
Kansas
City
City
(BenBella Books, Inc., 2015) Torres, Theresa L. The Paradox of Latina Religious Leadership in the Catholic Church: Las Guadalupanas of Kansas
Kansas
City
City
(Palgrave Macmillan, 2013) Wuthnow, Robert. Remaking the Heartland: Middle America since the 1950s (2010) Chapter 7

Online sources[edit]

University of Missouri
Missouri
at Kansas
Kansas
City. Marr Sound Archives. Rags to Be-bop: the Sounds of Kansas
Kansas
City
City
Music, 1890-1945. [Text by] Chuck Haddix. Kansas
Kansas
City, Mo.: University of Missouri
Missouri
at Kansas
Kansas
City, University Libraries, Marr Sound Archives, 1991. Without ISBN

External links[edit]

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Central city

Kansas
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Largest cities (over 100,000 in 2000)

Independence Kansas
Kansas
City, Kansas Olathe Overland Park

Medium-sized cities (10,000 to 100,000 in 2000)

Blue Springs Belton Excelsior Springs Gladstone Grandview Lansing Leawood Leavenworth Lee's Summit Lenexa Liberty Merriam Ottawa Prairie Village Raymore Raytown Shawnee

Smaller Cities (between 5,000 and 9,900 in 2010)

De Soto Bonner Springs Basehor Edgerton Paola

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Jackson Clay Cass Platte Lafayette Ray Clinton Bates Caldwell Johnson Wyandotte Leavenworth Miami Franklin Linn

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Municipalities and communities of Cass County, Missouri, United States

County seat: Harrisonville

Cities

Archie Belton Cleveland Creighton Drexel‡ East Lynne Freeman Garden City Greenwood‡ Harrisonville Kansas
Kansas
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Villages

Baldwin Park Gunn City Loch Lloyd Riverview Estates West Line

Townships

Austin Big Creek Camp Branch Coldwater Dayton Dolan Everett Grand River Index Mount Pleasant Peculiar Pleasant Hill Polk Raymore Sherman Union West Dolan West Peculiar

Unincorporated communities

Austin Coleman Daugherty Dayton Everett Jaudon Lisle Lone Tree Main City Ore Prettyman Wingate

Ghost towns

Index Kimpton Powell West Union

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

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Municipalities and communities of Clay County, Missouri, United States

County seat: Liberty

Cities

Avondale Excelsior Springs‡ Gladstone Glenaire Holt‡ Independence‡ Kansas
Kansas
City‡ Kearney Liberty Lawson‡ Missouri
Missouri
City Mosby North Kansas
Kansas
City Pleasant Valley Randolph Smithville‡ Sugar Creek‡

Villages

Birmingham Claycomo Excelsior Estates‡ Oaks Oakview Oakwood Oakwood Park Prathersville

Townships

Chouteau Fishing River Gallatin Kearney Liberty Platte Washington

Unincorporated communities

Arley Chandler Claysville Clevenger Ectonville Miltondale Paradise Stockdale Winner

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

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Municipalities and communities of Jackson County, Missouri, United States

County seats: Independence and Kansas
Kansas
City

Cities

Blue Springs Buckner Grain Valley Grandview Greenwood‡ Independence‡ Kansas
Kansas
City‡ Lake Lotawana Lake Tapawingo Lee's Summit‡ Levasy Lone Jack Oak Grove‡ Raytown Sugar Creek‡

Villages

River Bend Sibley Unity Village

Townships

Blue Brooking Fort Osage Kaw Prairie Sni-A-Bar Van Buren Washington

Unincorporated communities

Atherton Blue Mills Blue Summit Cobbler Cockrell Courtney Hicks City Hiler Pink Hill Sni Mills Tarsney

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

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Municipalities and communities of Platte County, Missouri, United States

County seat: Platte City

Cities

Camden Point Dearborn‡ Edgerton Houston Lake Kansas
Kansas
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Villages

Farley Ferrelview Iatan Ridgely

Townships

Carroll Fair Fox Green Kickapoo Lee Marshall May Pawnee Pettis Preston Sioux Waldron Weston

Unincorporated communities

Beverly Dye East Leavenworth Edgerton Junction Hoover Kerrville New Market Stillings Stubbs Waldron West Platte Woodruff

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Largest cities

Kansas
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Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in Missouri

State capital: Carrie Tergin (Jefferson City)

Sly James ( Kansas
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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 124320889 LCCN: n79045171 GN

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