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KANKALI TILA (also KANKALI MOUND or JAINI MOUND) is a mound located at Mathura in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh . The name of the mound is derived from a modern temple of Hindu goddess Kankali. The famous Jain stupa was excavated here in 1890-91 by Alois Anton Führer (Dr. Führer).

The mound almost rectangular in shape is 500 feet long by 350 feet broad. Kankali Tila
Kankali Tila
brought forth many treasures of Jain art . The archaeological findings testifies the existence of two Jain temples and stupas . Numerous Jain sculptures , Ayagapattas (tablet of homage), pillars, crossbeams and lintels were found during archaeological excavations. Some of the sculptures are provided with inscriptions that report on the contemporary society and organization of the Jain community
Jain community
.

Most sculptures could be dated from the 2nd century BC to the 12th century CE, thus representing a continuous period of about 14 centuries during which Jainism flourished at Mathura. These sculptures are now housed in the Lucknow State Museum and in the Mathura Museum .

CONTENTS

* 1 Excavation * 2 Significance * 3 Gallery * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Sources

EXCAVATION

General view of the excavations in January 1889 at Kankali Tila, Mathura

Alexander Cunningham worked at the western end in March and November 1871. The objects found by Mr. Cunningham were all Jain, with the exception of one ten-armed Brahmanical figure. Mr. Growse operated on the northern portion in 1875. In Volume XVII of the "Reports" (page 111), Mr. Cunningham noted that in the season of 1881-82 he dug up many Jain figures, including one inscribed with the name of Vardhamana , the last of the 24 Jain Tirthankara
Tirthankara
. Dr. Burgess and Dr. Fuhrer extended the excavations to the eastern end at different times from 1887 to 1896. Mr. Harding, a predecessor of Mr. Growse as Magistrate of Mathura, also made some excavations. The excavations at Kankali Tila acted as a testimony to the claims made by Jains regarding the great antiquity of their religion.

SIGNIFICANCE

The sculptures and the inscriptions found at Kankali Tila
Kankali Tila
suggest that in that period a clear Digambar-Shwetabar division had not risen. The Tirthankar images are all unclothed and monks are represented as not wearing a loincloth, but with cloth on one forearm. The names of divisions of the monastic orders match exactly with those given in the Shwetambar Kalpasutra.

GALLERY

*

Quadruple Jain Image, excavated from Kankali Tila, c. 1st century CE *

Jain Tablet Homage Set-up by Vasu the daughter of Courtesan Lavana Sobhika - Circa 1st Century CE - Kankali Mound (ACCN 00-Q-7 - Government Museum, Mathura) *

Description of the tablet *

Idol of Rishabhanatha , first Jain Tirthankara, excavated from Kankali Mound (Government Museum - Mathura) *

Three Quadruple images of Tirthankar excavated from Kankali Tila, c. 42 BCE(V.S. 15) *

Images of Tirthankar Mahavira excavated from Kankali Tila
Kankali Tila
*

Jain votive plaque (c. 200 CE)

SEE ALSO

Wikimedia Commons has media related to KANKALI TILA .

* Jainism

REFERENCES

* ^ The Jain stûpa and other antiquities of Mathurâ by Smith, Vincent Arthur Plate XIV * ^ A B Smith 1901 , p. Introduction. * ^ Das 1980 , p. 171. * ^ Smith 1901 , p. 2. * ^ Thomas 1877 , p. 80. * ^ The Jaina Stupa at Mathura: Art and Icons, Renuka Porwal, Prachya Vidyapeeth, Shajapur, 2016

SOURCES

* Smith, Vincent Arthur (1901), The Jain stupa and other antiquities of Mathura * Das, Kalyani (1980), Early Inscriptions of Mathurā * Thomas, Edward (1877), " Jainism or The early faith of Asoka", Nature, London: London, Trübner & co., 16 (407): 329, Bibcode :1877Natur..16..329., doi :10.1038/016329a0

* v * t * e

Jainism topics

GODS

* Tirthankara
Tirthankara
* Ganadhara * Arihant

PHILOSOPHY

* Ethics

* Ahimsa

* Epistemology

* Kevala Jñāna

* Jaina logic

* Anekāntavāda

* Jain cosmology

* Siddhashila * Naraka * Heavenly beings

* Karma

* Types * Causes

* Gunasthana

* Dravya
Dravya

* Jīva

* Ajiva

* Pudgala * Dharma

* Tattva

* Asrava * Bandha * Samvara
Samvara
* Nirjara * Mokṣa

* Death * Saṃsāra * Ratnatraya * Kashaya

BRANCHES

DIGAMBARA

* Mula Sangha
Mula Sangha

* Balatkara Gana * Kashtha Sangha
Kashtha Sangha

* Taran Panth * Bispanthi
Bispanthi
* Terapanth * Yapaniya

ŚVēTāMBARA

* Murtipujaka

* Gaccha

* Kharatara * Tapa * Tristutik

* Sthānakavāsī * Terapanth

PRACTICES

* Sallekhana

* Meditation

* Sāmāyika
Sāmāyika

* Monasticism * Vegetarianism * Fasting * Rituals

* Festivals

* Paryushana * Kshamavani
Kshamavani
* Mahamastakabhisheka
Mahamastakabhisheka

* Upadhan
Upadhan
* Tapas * Pratikramana

LITERATURE

* Agama

* Shatkhandagama
Shatkhandagama
* Kasayapahuda

* Mantra

* Namokar Mantra * Bhaktamara Stotra

* Tattvartha Sutra * Samayasāra
Samayasāra
* Aptamimamsa
Aptamimamsa
* Kalpa Sūtra

SYMBOLS

* Jain flag
Jain flag
* Siddhachakra
Siddhachakra

* Ashtamangala

* Shrivatsa * Nandavarta

* Auspicious dreams * Swastika
Swastika

ASCETICS

* Digambara monk * Aryika * Kshullak
Kshullak
* Pattavali * Acharya

SCHOLARS

* Nalini Balbir * Colette Caillat * Chandabai
Chandabai
* John E. Cort * Paul Dundas * Virchand Gandhi * Hermann Jacobi * Champat Rai Jain
Champat Rai Jain
* Padmanabh Jaini * Jeffery D. Long * Hampa Nagarajaiah * Claudia Pastorino * Bal Patil * Jinendra Varni
Jinendra Varni

COMMUNITY

* Śrāvaka * Sarak * Tamil

* Organisations

* Digambar Jain Mahasabha
Digambar Jain Mahasabha
* Vishwa Jain Sangathan
Vishwa Jain Sangathan
* JAINA
JAINA

JAINISM IN

INDIA

* Bundelkhand * Delhi * Goa * Gujarat * Haryana

* Karnataka

* North

* Kerala

* Maharashtra

* Mumbai

* Rajasthan * Uttar Pradesh

OVERSEAS

* Canada * Europe * United States * Japan * Singapore * Hong Kong * Pakistan * Belgium * Africa * Southeast Asia * Australia

JAINISM AND

* Buddhism * Hinduism * Islam * Sikhism * Non-creationism

DYNASTIES AND EMPIRES

* Ikshvaku * Maurya * Kalinga * Kadamba * Ganga * Chalukya * Rashtrakuta * Hoysala * Pandayan

RELATED

* History

* Timeline

* Pañca-Parameṣṭhi * Pratima * Śalākāpuruṣa * Tirtha * Samavasarana

* Jain calendar

* Samvatsari

* Panch Kalyanaka * Statue of Ahimsa * Temple * Sculpture * Art * Law * Nigoda
Nigoda
* Jain terms and concepts * Sexual differences

LISTS

* List of Jains
List of Jains
* List of Jain temples * List of Jain ascetics * List of Digambar Jain ascetics * Topics List (index)

NAVBOXES

* Gods * Literature * Monks ">

* PORTAL * COMMONS * WIKIQUOTE * WIKISOURCE

Coordinates : 27°29′51″N 77°40′20″E / 27.4976°N 77.6721°E / 27.4976; 77.6721 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kankali_Tila additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.

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