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KANKALI TILA (also KANKALI MOUND or JAINI MOUND) is a mound located at Mathura
Mathura
in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
. The name of the mound is derived from a modern temple of Hindu goddess Kankali. The famous Jain stupa was excavated here in 1890-91 by Alois Anton Führer (Dr. Führer).

The mound almost rectangular in shape is 500 feet long by 350 feet broad. Kankali Tila
Kankali Tila
brought forth many treasures of Jain art
Jain art
. The archaeological findings testifies the existence of two Jain temples and stupas . Numerous Jain sculptures , Ayagapattas (tablet of homage), pillars, crossbeams and lintels were found during archaeological excavations. Some of the sculptures are provided with inscriptions that report on the contemporary society and organization of the Jain community
Jain community
.

Most sculptures could be dated from the 2nd century BC to the 12th century CE, thus representing a continuous period of about 14 centuries during which Jainism
Jainism
flourished at Mathura. These sculptures are now housed in the Lucknow State Museum and in the Mathura
Mathura
Museum .

CONTENTS

* 1 Excavation * 2 Significance * 3 Gallery * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Sources

EXCAVATION

General view of the excavations in January 1889 at Kankali Tila, Mathura
Mathura

Alexander Cunningham
Alexander Cunningham
worked at the western end in March and November 1871. The objects found by Mr. Cunningham were all Jain, with the exception of one ten-armed Brahmanical figure. Mr. Growse operated on the northern portion in 1875. In Volume XVII of the "Reports" (page 111), Mr. Cunningham noted that in the season of 1881-82 he dug up many Jain figures, including one inscribed with the name of Vardhamana , the last of the 24 Jain Tirthankara
Tirthankara
. Dr. Burgess and Dr. Fuhrer extended the excavations to the eastern end at different times from 1887 to 1896. Mr. Harding, a predecessor of Mr. Growse as Magistrate of Mathura, also made some excavations. The excavations at Kankali Tila acted as a testimony to the claims made by Jains regarding the great antiquity of their religion.

SIGNIFICANCE

The sculptures and the inscriptions found at Kankali Tila
Kankali Tila
suggest that in that period a clear Digambar-Shwetabar division had not risen. The Tirthankar images are all unclothed and monks are represented as not wearing a loincloth, but with cloth on one forearm. The names of divisions of the monastic orders match exactly with those given in the Shwetambar Kalpasutra.

GALLERY

*

Quadruple Jain Image, excavated from Kankali Tila, c. 1st century CE *

Jain Tablet Homage Set-up by Vasu the daughter of Courtesan Lavana Sobhika - Circa 1st Century CE - Kankali Mound
Mound
(ACCN 00-Q-7 - Government Museum, Mathura) *

Description of the tablet *

Idol of Rishabhanatha
Rishabhanatha
, first Jain Tirthankara, excavated from Kankali Mound
Mound
(Government Museum - Mathura) *

Three Quadruple images of Tirthankar excavated from Kankali Tila, c. 42 BCE(V.S. 15) *

Images of Tirthankar Mahavira
Mahavira
excavated from Kankali Tila
Kankali Tila
*

Jain votive plaque (c. 200 CE)

SEE ALSO

Wikimedia Commons has media related to KANKALI TILA .

* Jainism
Jainism

REFERENCES

* ^ The Jain stûpa and other antiquities of Mathurâ by Smith, Vincent Arthur Plate XIV * ^ A B Smith 1901 , p. Introduction. * ^ Das 1980 , p. 171. * ^ Smith 1901 , p. 2. * ^ Thomas 1877 , p. 80. * ^ The Jaina Stupa
Stupa
at Mathura: Art and Icons, Renuka Porwal, Prachya Vidyapeeth, Shajapur, 2016

SOURCES

* Smith, Vincent Arthur (1901), The Jain stupa and other antiquities of Mathura
Mathura
* Das, Kalyani (1980), Early Inscriptions of Mathurā * Thomas, Edward (1877), " Jainism
Jainism
or The early faith of Asoka", Nature, London: London, Trübner & co., 16 (407): 329, Bibcode :1877Natur..16..329., doi :10.1038/016329a0

* v * t * e

Jainism
Jainism
topics

GODS

* Tirthankara
Tirthankara
* Ganadhara
Ganadhara
* Arihant

PHILOSOPHY

* Ethics

* Ahimsa

* Epistemology

* Kevala Jñāna

* Jaina logic

* Anekāntavāda

* Jain cosmology
Jain cosmology

* Siddhashila
Siddhashila
* Naraka * Heavenly beings

* Karma

* Types * Causes

* Gunasthana
Gunasthana

* Dravya
Dravya

* Jīva

* Ajiva
Ajiva

* Pudgala
Pudgala
* Dharma

* Tattva

* Asrava
Asrava
* Bandha * Samvara * Nirjara
Nirjara
* Mokṣa

* Death * Saṃsāra * Ratnatraya * Kashaya

BRANCHES

DIGAMBARA

* Mula Sangha
Mula Sangha

* Balatkara Gana
Balatkara Gana
* Kashtha Sangha

* Taran Panth
Taran Panth
* Bispanthi
Bispanthi
* Terapanth * Yapaniya
Yapaniya
* Kanji Panth

ŚVēTāMBARA

* Murtipujaka
Murtipujaka

* Gaccha
Gaccha

* Kharatara * Tapa * Tristutik

* Sthānakavāsī * Terapanth

PRACTICES

* Sallekhana
Sallekhana

* Meditation

* Sāmāyika
Sāmāyika

* Monasticism * Vegetarianism * Fasting * Rituals

* Festivals

* Paryushana
Paryushana
* Kshamavani * Mahamastakabhisheka
Mahamastakabhisheka

* Upadhan
Upadhan
* Tapas * Pratikramana

LITERATURE

* Agama

* Shatkhandagama * Kasayapahuda
Kasayapahuda

* Mantra

* Namokar Mantra
Namokar Mantra
* Bhaktamara Stotra
Bhaktamara Stotra

* Tattvartha Sutra
Tattvartha Sutra
* Samayasāra * Aptamimamsa
Aptamimamsa
* Kalpa Sūtra
Kalpa Sūtra

SYMBOLS

* Jain flag
Jain flag
* Siddhachakra
Siddhachakra

* Ashtamangala

* Shrivatsa
Shrivatsa
* Nandavarta
Nandavarta

* Auspicious dreams * Swastika
Swastika

ASCETICS

* Digambara
Digambara
monk * Aryika * Kshullak
Kshullak
* Pattavali
Pattavali
* Acharya

SCHOLARS

* Nalini Balbir * Colette Caillat * Chandabai
Chandabai
* John E. Cort * Paul Dundas * Virchand Gandhi
Virchand Gandhi
* Hermann Jacobi * Champat Rai Jain * Padmanabh Jaini * Jeffery D. Long * Hampa Nagarajaiah
Hampa Nagarajaiah
* Claudia Pastorino * Bal Patil
Bal Patil
* Jinendra Varni

COMMUNITY

* Śrāvaka * Sarak
Sarak
* Tamil

* Organisations

* Digambar Jain Mahasabha * Vishwa Jain Sangathan * JAINA
JAINA

JAINISM IN

INDIA

* Bundelkhand * Delhi * Goa * Gujarat * Haryana

* Karnataka

* North

* Kerala

* Maharashtra

* Mumbai

* Rajasthan * Tamil Nadu * Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh

OVERSEAS

* Canada * Europe * United States * Japan * Singapore * Hong Kong * Pakistan * Belgium * Africa * Southeast Asia * Australia

JAINISM AND

* Buddhism * Hinduism * Islam * Sikhism * Non-creationism

DYNASTIES AND EMPIRES

* Ikshvaku * Maurya * Kalinga * Kadamba * Ganga * Chalukya * Rashtrakuta * Hoysala * Pandayan

RELATED

* History

* Timeline

* Pañca-Parameṣṭhi * Pratima * Śalākāpuruṣa * Tirtha * Samavasarana
Samavasarana

* Jain calendar

* Samvatsari
Samvatsari

* Panch Kalyanaka * Statue of Ahimsa
Statue of Ahimsa
* Temple * Sculpture * Art * Law * Nigoda
Nigoda
* Jain terms and concepts
Jain terms and concepts
* Sexual differences

LISTS

* List of Jains * List of Jain temples
List of Jain temples
* List of Jain ascetics * List of Digambar Jain ascetics
List of Digambar Jain ascetics
* Topics List (index)

NAVBOXES

* Gods * Literature * Monks ">

* PORTAL * COMMONS * WIKIQUOTE * WIKISOURCE

Coordinates : 27°29′51″N 77°40′20″E / 27.4976°N 77.6721°E /

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