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KHANNAJO also spelt Kanauj, is a city, administrative headquarters and a municipal board or Nagar Palika Parishad in Kannauj district
Kannauj district
in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
. The city's name is a modern form of the classical name KANYAKUBJA (The city of the hunchbacked maidens). It was also known as MAHODAYA during the time of Mihira Bhoja . Kannauj
Kannauj
is an ancient city, in earlier times the capital of the Empire of Harsha under Emperor Harsha
Harsha
. It is said that Kanyakubja Brahmin 's of which Shandilya's (Rishi Bharadwaj was one of the disciple of Rishi Sandilya) held to have constituted one of the three prominent families of Kanyakubja Brahmins.are originally from Kannauj. Kannauj
Kannauj
is known for the distilling of scents and is a market center for tobacco, perfume , and rose water. It has given its name to a distinct dialect of the Hindi
Hindi
and Urdu
Urdu
language known as Kanauji , which has two different codes or registers.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 The Kannauj
Kannauj
Triangle * 1.2 Medieval times

* 2 Geography * 3 Demographics

* 4 Colleges

* 4.1 Medical College * 4.2 Engineering College

* 5 Transportation * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

HISTORY

THE KANNAUJ TRIANGLE

Kannauj
Kannauj
remained a focal point for the three powerful dynasties, namely the Gurjara Pratiharas , Palas and Rashtrakutas , between the 8th and 10th centuries. The conflict between the three dynasties has been referred to as the Tripartite struggle by many historians. The KANAUJ TRIANGLE was the focal point of three empires : the Rashtrakutas of Deccan
Deccan
, the Gurjara Pratiharas of Malwa
Malwa
, and the Palas of Bengal
Bengal
. Coin of the Maukharis of Kanauj. King Isanavarman. Circa 535-553 CE.

There were initial struggles but ultimately the Gurjara Pratiharas succeeded in retaining the city. The Gurjara-Pratiharas ruled Avanti (based at Ujjain
Ujjain
), which was bounded to the South by the Rashtrakuta Empire
Empire
, and the Pala dynasty to the East. The TRIPARTITE STRUGGLE began with the defeat of Indrayudh at the hands of Gurjara-Pratihara ruler Vatsaraja . The Pala ruler Dharampala was also keen to establish his authority at Kannauj, giving rise to a struggle between Vatsaraja and Dharampala . Dharampala was however defeated. Taking advantage of the chaos, the Rastrakuta ruler Dhruva surged northwards, defeated Vatsaraja, and took Kannauj
Kannauj
for himself, completing the furthest northern expansion by a South Indian ruler.

When the Rashtrakuta
Rashtrakuta
ruler advanced back to south, Dharampala was left in control of Kannauj
Kannauj
for some time. The struggle between the two northern dynasties continued: the Pala Chakrayudh was defeated by the Pratihara Nagabhata II , and Kannauj
Kannauj
was again occupied by the Gurjara Pratiharas. Dharampala tried to take control of Kannauj
Kannauj
but was defeated badly at Moongher by the Gurjara Pratiharas. However, Nagabhata II was in turn soon defeated by the Rashtrakuta
Rashtrakuta
Govinda III , who had initiated a second northern surge. An inscription states that Chakrayudh and Dharampala invited Govinda III to war against the Gurjara Pratiharas, but Dharampala and Chakrayudh both submitted to the Govinda III , in order to win his sympathy. After this defeat Pratihara power degenerated for some time. After the death of Dharampala , Nagabhata II regained hold over Kannuaj and made it the capital of the Gurjara Pratihara
Gurjara Pratihara
Empire. During this period the Rashtrakutas were facing some internal conflicts, and so they, as well as the Palas , did not contest this. Thus Gurjara Pratiharas became the greatest power in Northern India
India
after occupying Kannauj.

MEDIEVAL TIMES

Sultan Mahmud of Ghaznavi captured Kanauj
Kanauj
in 1018. Chandradeva founded the Gahadvala dynasty with its capital at Kanauj
Kanauj
around 1090. His grandson Govindachandra "raised Kanauj
Kanauj
to unprecedented glory." Muhammad Ghori advanced against the city, and in the Battle of Chandwar of 1193, killed Jayachandra . The "glory of Imperial Kanauj" ended with Iltutmish 's conquest. :21,32–33

Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun
Humayun
at the battle of Kannauj
Kannauj
on 17 May 1540.

During early English rule in India, the city was spelled CANNODGE by them.

GEOGRAPHY

Kannauj
Kannauj
is located at 27°04′N 79°55′E / 27.07°N 79.92°E / 27.07; 79.92 . It has an average elevation of 139 metres (456 feet).

DEMOGRAPHICS

As of 2001 India
India
census , Kannauj
Kannauj
had a population of 71,530. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Kannauj
Kannauj
has an average literacy rate of 58%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 64%, and female literacy is 52%. In Kannauj, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

COLLEGES

MEDICAL COLLEGE

Government Medical College, Kannauj
Government Medical College, Kannauj
is a government medical college located in Tirwa of Kannauj, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is affiliated to King George\'s Medical University, Lucknow
Lucknow
. In 2012, the institute become recognized for 100 M.B.B.S. seats by Medical Council of India (MCI) .

ENGINEERING COLLEGE

Government Engineering College, Kannauj is a government engineering college in Kannauj. It is a constituent college of Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University (formerly Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Technical University ) in Lucknow
Lucknow
, and has its temporary campus at Harcourt Butler Technical University in Kanpur
Kanpur
.

TRANSPORTATION

The city is served by two major railway station KANNAUJ RAILWAY STATION and KANNAUJ CITY RAILWAY STATION .

22443/KANPUR - MUMBAI BANDRA (T.) (WEEKLY) SF EXPRESS passes through Kannauj railway station on the way from Kanpur
Kanpur
Central railway station to Farrukhabad Junction railway station at evening 7:30 PM every Wednesday . Return train reaches at 5:52 AM .

SEE ALSO

* Thakkar Pheru

REFERENCES

* ^ Rama Shankar Tripathi (1989). History of Kanauj: To the Moslem Conquest. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 2. ISBN 978-81-208-0404-3 , ISBN 978-81-208-0404-3 . * ^ A B C D E F Pratiyogita Darpan. Upkar Prakashan. p. 9. * ^ A B R.C. Majumdar (1994). Ancient India. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. pp. 282–285. ISBN 978-81-208-0436-4 , ISBN 978-81-208-0436-4 .

* ^ Kumar Sundram (2007). Compendium General Knowledge. Upkar Prakashan. p. 195. ISBN 978-81-7482-181-2 , ISBN 978-81-7482-181-2 . * ^ Pratiyogita Darpan. Upkar Prakashan. * ^ Sen, S.N., 2013, A Textbook of Medieval Indian History, Delhi: Primus Books, ISBN 9789380607344 * ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Kannauj * ^ " Census
Census
of India
India
2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census
Census
Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.

http://jnvkannauj.org/history.php

EXTERNAL LINKS

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