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The Info List - Kama River


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Coordinates: 55°21′50″N 49°59′52″E / 55.36389°N 49.99778°E / 55.36389; 49.99778

Kama

Map of the Volga's watershed with the Kama;s watershed highlighted

Country Russia

Physical characteristics

Main source Udmurtia 360 m (1,180 ft)

River mouth Volga River

Length 1,805 km (1,122 mi)

Discharge

Average rate: 4,100 cubic metres per second (140,000 cu ft/s)

Basin features

Basin size 507,000 km2 (196,000 sq mi)

The Kama (Russian: река́ Ка́ма, IPA: [ˈkamə]; Tatar: Чулман; Udmurt: Кам) is a major river in Russia, the longest left tributary of the Volga and the largest one in discharge; it is larger than the Volga before their junction. It starts in the Udmurt Republic, near Kuliga, flowing northwest for 200 kilometres (120 mi), turning northeast near Loyno for another 200 kilometres (120 mi), then turning south and west in Perm Krai, flowing again through the Udmurt Republic
Udmurt Republic
and then through the Republic of Tatarstan, where it meets the Volga. The Kama is 1,805 kilometres (1,122 mi) long.[1]

The Kama River
Kama River
in the city of Perm.

Before the advent of the railroads, the Kama was connected by important portages with the basins of the Northern Dvina
Northern Dvina
and the Pechora. In the early 19th century, Northern Ekaterininsky Canal connected the upper Kama with the Vychegda
Vychegda
River (a tributary of the Northern Dvina), but was mostly abandoned after just a few years due to low use. The Kama was featured in the 2013 Russian film The Geographer Drank His Globe Away, in the climactic rapids scene.

Contents

1 Dams and reservoirs 2 Gallery 3 References 4 External links

Dams and reservoirs[edit] The Kama is dammed at several locations:

At Perm, by the dam of the Kama Hydroelectric Station, forming the Kama Reservoir; At Chaykovsky, by the dam of the Votkinsk Hydroelectric Station, forming the Votkinsk Reservoir; At Naberezhnye Chelny, by the dam of the Nizhnekamsk Hydroelectric Station, forming the Nizhnekamsk Reservoir.

Gallery[edit]

Crossing of the rivers Chusovaya (tributary) and Kama

Picture of Kama River
Kama River
and city of Perm

View in Yelabuga

A Russian truss bridge by Lavr Proskuryakov. Early colour photograph, taken ca. 1912.

References[edit]

^ "Definition of Kama River
Kama River
in English". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Kama River
Kama River
at Wikimedia Commons Naberezhnye Chelny
Naberezhnye Chelny
and the Kama River

v t e

Kama River

Left tributary
Left tributary
of the Volga River

Tributaries

Kosa Vishera Mulyanka Chusovaya Sylva Belaya Izh Ik Toyma Sheshma Zay Vyatka Myosha

Reservoirs

Kama Votkinsk Nizhnekamsk Kuybyshev

Hydroelectric stations

Kama Votkinsk Nizhnekamsk

v t e

Volga River

Tributaries

Selizharovka Vazuza Tvertsa Shosha Dubna Medveditsa Nerl Kashinka Sit Mologa Suda Sheksna Sogozha Kotorosl Kostroma Nyomda Unzha Uzola Oka Kudma Kerzhenets Sura Vetluga Rutka Tsivil Great Kokshaga Little Kokshaga Anish Ilet Sviyaga Sumka Kazanka Kama Aktay Bezdna Cheremshan Sok Samara Chapayevka Little Irgiz Irgiz Tereshka Yeruslan Akhtuba (distributary)

Reservoirs

Lake Volgo Ivankovo Uglich Rybinsk Gorky Cheboksary Kuybyshev Saratov Volgograd

Hydroelectric stations

Ivankovo Uglich Rybinsk Nizhny Novgorod Cheboksary Zhiguli Saratov Volga

Canals

Moscow Canal Volga–Baltic Waterway Volga–Don Canal

Cities

Astrakhan Volgograd Saratov Samara Kazan Ulyanovsk Nizhny Novgorod Yaroslavl Tver

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 239172

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