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Kalix Municipality (Swedish: Kalix kommun, Finnish: Kainuun kunta) is a municipality in Norrbotten County in northern Sweden. Its seat is located in Kalix.

In 1924 Töre Municipality was detached from Nederkalix Municipality, forming a municipality of its own. In 1967 the two units were reunified, and the present municipality was created.

History

In historical times, Kalix was the name of the court district (Swedish: domsaga) Kalix Lower Court District. It covered two parishes: Lower and Upper Kalix (Swedish: Nederkalix and Överkalix, respectively). The chalice on the coat of arms was present in the Nederkalix coat of arms in 1800, and was incorporated into that of Kalix Municipality in 1989. The choice of symbol originates from the similarity between the Latin root of chalice, calix, mug (itself borrowed from Greek kalyx, κάλυξ, shell, husk) and the local Sami pronunciation of Gáláseatnu, an ancient name for the Kalix River.[3]

Localities

There are twelve localities (or urban areas) in Kalix Municipality:[4]

# Locality Population
1 Kalix 7,312
2 Töre 1,146
3 Rolfs 1,116
4 Nyborg 881
5 Risögrund 782
6 Sangis 612
7 Karlsborg 419
8 Bredviken 374
9 Båtskärsnäs 340
10 Gammelgården 307
11 Morjärv 297
12 Påläng 291

The municipal seat in bold

Elections

Riksdag

These are the results of the elections to the Riksdag since the 1972 municipal reform. Norrbotten Party also contested the 1994 election but due to the party's small size at a nationwide level SCB did not publish the party's results at a municipal level. The same applies to the Sweden Democrats between 1988 and 1998. "Turnout" denotes the percentage of eligible voters casting any ballots, whereas "Votes" denotes the number of actual valid ballots cast.

Year Turnout Votes V S MP C L KD M SD ND NP/SP
1973[5] 93.1 11,817 8.5 61.1 0.0 18.3 3.3 1.0 7.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
1976[6] 93.7 12,606 7.2 62.0 0.0 17.8 4.0 1.1 7.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
1979[7] 92.5 12,757 5.5 62.3 0.0 15.4 4.3 1.1 8.4 0.0 0.0 0.0
1982[8] 92.2 13,091 5.8 65.2 0.9 13.0 2.5 1.3 9.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
1985[9] 90.4 12,982 5.8 66.2 0.8 11.3 6.7 0.0 9.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
1988[10] 86.8 12,371 6.3 64.6 3.4 9.9 6.1 1.5 7.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
1991[11] 86.4 12,375 6.2 62.4 2.2 8.7 6.0 3.3 8.8 0.0 2.1 0.0
1994[12] 88.6 12,721 8.6 66.3 2.8 6.9 4.0 1.6 8.6 0.0 0.4 0.0
1998[13] 82.4 11,459 18.1 52.9 4.2 5.8 2.8 5.0 10.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
2002[14] 82.2 11,126 10.1 53.3 8.7 6.1 4.9 3.9 6.3 0.0 0.0 5.6
2006[15] 82.0 10,924 7.0 59.9 4.7 7.0 3.3 3.3 10.3 1.7 0.0 0.8
2010[16] 84.4 11,102 6.4 59.3 5.3 4.9 3.7 2.2 14.1 3.6 0.0 0.0
2014[17] 85.3 10,979 6.3 55.7 4.1 4.7 2.4 2.1 11.5 11.5 0.0 0.0

Blocs

This lists the relative strength of the socialist and centre-right blocs since 1973, but parties not elected to the Riksdag are inserted as "other", including the Sweden Democrats results from 1988 to 2006, but also the Christian Democrats pre-1991 and the Greens in 1982, 1985 and 1991. The sources are identical to the table above. The coalition or government mandate marked in bold formed the government after the election. New Democracy got elected in 1991 but are still listed as "other" due to the short lifespan of the party.

Year Turnout Votes Left Right SD Other Elected
1973 93.1 11,817 69.6 28.7 0.0 1.7 98.3
1976 93.7 12,606 69.2 29.0 0.0 3.8 96.2
1979 92.5 12,757 67.8 28.1 0.0 4.1 95.9
1982 92.2 13,091 71.0 25.2 0.0 3.8 96.2
1985 90.4 12,982 72.0 27.3 0.0 0.7 99.3
1988 86.8 12,371 74.3 23.0 0.0 2.7 97.3
1991 86.4 12,375 68.6 26.8 0.0 4.6 97.5
1994 88.6 12,721 77.7 21.1 0.0 1.1 98.9
1998 82.4 11,459 75.2 23.9 0.0 0.9 99.1
2002 82.2 11,126 72.1 21.2 0.0 7.7 92.3
2006 82.0 10,924 71.6 23.9 0.0 4.5 95.5
2010 84.4 11,102 71.0 24.9 3.6 1.5 98.5
2014 85.3 10,979 66.1 20.7 11.5 1.7 98.3

Language

The extent of the Kalix Municipality is based on the traditional extent of the Kalix dialect, although slight (sub-)dialectal differences can be found from Sangis in the east, Töre in the west and Övermorjärv in the north.[18] Today it is spoken along with Sami, Finnish, Meänkieli, Upper Kalix dialect, and the national standard language Swedish, which has replaced the Kalix as dialect as the common language in everyday life. Like other North Germanic languages the Kalix dialect originates from Old Norse and Proto-Norse, spoken by immigrating Germanic settlers during the Viking Age.

Sport

The logotype of Kalix BF

Kalix BF is playing in the top tier of Swedish bandy, Elitserien. The municipality has two other bandy clubs, Karlsborgs BK and Nyborgs SK.

Sister city

Kalix Municipality has one sister city:

Notable natives

See also

References

  1. ^ "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (Microsoft Excel) (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  2. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 31 december 2017" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. February 21, 2018. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-08-14. Retrieved 2010-04-26. 
  4. ^ Statistics Sweden as of December 31, 2005
  5. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1973 (page 168)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  6. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1976 (page 163)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  7. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1979 (page 187)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  8. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1982 (page 188)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  9. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1985 (page 189)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  10. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1988 (page 169)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  11. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1991 (page 32)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  12. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1994 (page 46)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  13. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1998 (page 43)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  14. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Kalix kommun 2002" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  15. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Kalix kommun 2006" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  16. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Kalix kommun 2010" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  17. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Kalix kommun 2014" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  18. ^ Folkmålet i Nederkalix och Töre socknar (174 pages), Hulda Rutberg 1924

External links

Coordinates: 65°51′N 23°10′E / 65.850°N 23.167°E / 65.850; 23.167