KAKAWIN are long narrative poems composed in
Old Javanese , also
called "Kawi ", written in verse form with rhythms and metres derived
Although the poems depict events and characters from
* 1 Structure of a kakawin * 2 List of notable kakawin * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading
STRUCTURE OF A KAKAWIN
A kakawin stanza consists of four lines. Each line has a set number
of syllables per line, set in patterns of long and short syllables
For example, each line of the kakawin metre called "Śardūlawikrīdita" consists of 19 syllables. The guru laghu of each line is as follows" ---UU-U-UUU---U--U U. The notation "-" means that the syllable in question is long, while the "U" means that the syllable is short.
As an example, the opening stanza of the Kakawin Arjunawiwaha , which is in the metre Śardūlawikrīdita, is taken: ambĕk sang paramārthapaṇḍita huwus limpad sakêng śūnyatā tan sangkêng wiṣaya prayojñananira lwir sanggrahêng lokika siddhāning yaśawīrya donira sukhāning rāt kininkinira santoṣâhĕlĕtan kĕlir sira sakêng sang hyang Jagatkāraṇa A tentative translation in English: The thought of the one who knows the Highest Knowledge has leapt from the emptiness. It is not because he wishes to fulfill his senses, as if he only wants to have the worldly things. The success of his virtuous and good deeds are his goals. He endeavours for the happiness the world. He is steadfast and just a wayang screen away from the "Mover of the World".
A syllable which contains a long syllable is automatically long (ā, ī, ū, ö, e, o, ai, and au) and thus guru. But on the other hand, a vowel which is followed by two consonants is also long. In addition to that the last syllable of a line may both contain a long or a short syllable. It is an anceps .
LIST OF NOTABLE KAKAWIN
* Inscription of Śivagŗha , 856
* ^ A B Taylor, Jean Gelman (2003). Indonesia: Peoples and Histories. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. pp. 32–33. ISBN 0-300-10518-5 . * ^ http://wwwsshe.murdoch.edu.au/intersections/issue5/creese.html Helen Creese, "Images of Women and Embodiment in Kakawin Literature", Intersections: Gender, History and Culture in the Asian Context, Issue 5, May 2001 * ^ http://coombs.anu.edu.au/SpecialProj/APM/TXT/creese-h-02-96.html Helen Creese, "Temples of Words: Balinese Literary Traditions", Asia-Pacific Magazine, No. 2 May 1996, pp. 38-43
A. Teeuw , 1950, Hariwangsa,
Links: ------ /wiki/Old_Javanese /wiki/Kawi_language