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Coordinates : 17°57′23″N 79°36′58″E / 17.956286°N 79.616053°E / 17.956286; 79.616053

KAKATIYA KALA THORANAM

GENERAL INFORMATION

TYPE Arch
Arch

LOCATION Warangal
Warangal
, Telangana
Telangana
, India

COMPLETED circa 1200 CE

KAKATIYA KALA THORANAM (also called WARANGAL GATE) is a historical arch in the Warangal
Warangal
district , of the Indian state of Telangana
Telangana
in South India
South India
. The Warangal
Warangal
Fort has four ornamental gates which originally formed the gates to the now defunct great Shiva
Shiva
temple which are known as Kakatiya Kala Thoranam
Kakatiya Kala Thoranam
or Warangal
Warangal
Gates. The architectural feature of these historical arches of the Warangal
Warangal
Fort has been adopted as the symbol of the Kakatiya Dynasty
Kakatiya Dynasty
and has been officially incorporated as the Emblem of Telangana
Telangana
for the state of Telangana. These gates or arches in the Warangal
Warangal
Fort are said to have similarities with gateways of the Sanchi
Sanchi
stupa; this fact has been endorsed by many. Kakatiya Kala Thoranam
Kakatiya Kala Thoranam
( Warangal
Warangal
Gate) and Ruins

The arch was built around 12th century during the rule of the Kakatiya dynasty.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Features * 3 References * 4 Bibliography

HISTORY

The Kakatiya Kala Thoranam
Kakatiya Kala Thoranam
or arch, an extensively ornamented stone sculpture is one of the four identical gates in the Warangal
Warangal
Fort, which was part of the great Swayambhusiva temple of Shiva
Shiva
in the fort built by Ganapati Deva (1199-1262) during 12th century. His daughter Rudrama Devi
Rudrama Devi
and Pratap Rudra II of the Kakatiya Dynasty
Kakatiya Dynasty
added more fortifications to the fort which was laid in three concentric circles. The four gateways (charkamou) were part of the temple which was destroyed by the Muslim
Muslim
invader Ulugh Khan during the 1323 invasion, as a part of their policy followed after their victories over territories, to desecrate Hindu temples . The great temple of which the gates were integral is said to be comparable to the size and splendour of the Rudra Mala temple at Siddhapur in Gujarat
Gujarat
.

FEATURES

A depiction of the arch forms the main symbol in the Emblem of Telangana
Telangana
for the state of Telangana. This logo or emblem, in English , Telugu and Urdu is portrayed with a combination of green and gold, representing "Bangaru Telangana" (meaning:"Golden Telangana"). Also inscribed on the logo are the names of the Government of Telangana
Telangana
in English, and as " Telangana
Telangana
Prabhutvam" in Telugu and as " Telangana
Telangana
Sarkar" in Urdu. At the base of the logo there is an inscription in Hindi which says " Satyameva Jayate
Satyameva Jayate
" (meaning: truth shall triumph).

The central part of the fort, identified as the archaeological zone, conytains the ruins of the great Swayambhusiva temple, now seen with only the free standing "Entrance Portals", or gates on the four sides, all being similar in design. Each gate has twin pillars with angled brackets over which lies the huge lintel ; the height of this gate being 10 metres (33 ft). The gates have extensive intricate carvings of "lotus buds, looped garlands, mythical animals, and birds with foliated tails". They do not depict any religious symbols, said to be the reason for its preserved condition for not being destroyed by Muslim
Muslim
invaders. The gates at the northern and southern ends are 480 feet (150 m) apart. The eastern and western gates are at a distance of 433 feet (132 m) apart.

REFERENCES

* ^ A B "Kakatiya arch, Charminar in Telangana
Telangana
state logo". The Deccan Chronicle. 30 May 2014. Retrieved 1 July 2015. * ^ Prasādarāvu 1989 , p. 35. * ^ " Telangana
Telangana
government launches its own logo". Business Today. 31 May 2014. * ^ Singh 2007 , p. 297. * ^ A B Eaton 2005 , p. 20. * ^ A B C Cousens 1900 , p. 47. * ^ "Charminar, Kakatiya arch in ‘T’ logo". The Hindu. * ^ "Has Telangana
Telangana
government got the emblem wrong?". The Times of India. * ^ Michell 2013 , p. 296.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Cousens, Henry (1900). Lists of antiquarian remains in His Highness the Nizam\'s territories. Office of the superintendent of government printing, India. * Eaton, Richard M. (17 November 2005). A Social History of the Deccan, 1300-1761: Eight Indian Lives. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-25484-7 . * Michell, George (1 May 2013). Southern India: A Guide to Monuments Sites & Museums. Roli Books Private Limited. ISBN 978-81-7436-903-1 . * Prasādarāvu, Calasāni (1989). Kakatiya Sculpture: A Critical Study of the Sculptural and Artistic Relics and Monuments of Telangana During the Years 1,000 to 1,323 A.D. Under the Kakatiya Rulers. Rekha.

* Singh, Sarina (2007). South India. Lonely Planet. ISBN 978-1-741

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