Kaiserlich und k��niglich
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{{italic title The adjective ''kaiserlich'' means "imperial" and was used in the German-speaking countries to refer to those institutions and establishments over which the ''Kaiser'' ("emperor") had immediate personal power of control. The term was used particularly in connexion with the
Roman-German Emperor The Holy Roman Emperor, originally and officially the Emperor of the Romans ( la, Imperator Romanorum, german: Kaiser der Römer) during the Middle Ages, and also known as the German-Roman Emperor since the early modern period ( la, Imperator ...
as sovereign of the
Holy Roman Empire The Holy Roman Empire ( la, Sacrum Romanum Imperium; german: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in Western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a village in the US *Western, New York, a town i ...
and with the subsequent
Empire of Austria The Austrian Empire (german: Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling ') was a Central European multinational state, multinational great power from 1804 to 1867, created by proclamation out of the Habsburg Monarchy, realms of the Habsburgs. Dur ...
. In the
Early Modern Period The early modern period of modern history Human history, or world history, is the narrative of Human, humanity's past. It is understood through archaeology, anthropology, genetics, and linguistics, and since the History of writing, adve ...
the term is linked with the universal precedence of the ''Kaiser'' over the other princes of the realm. Holders of an imperial or ''kaiserliche'' office were recruited from the whole empire, and had wide-ranging privileges in the territories. Examples of military, political and
cultural Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior Social behavior is behavior Behavior (American English) or behaviour (British English; American and British English spelling differences#-our, -or, see spelling diff ...

cultural
institutions with ''kaiserliche'' players in the Holy Roman Empire are the: * ''Kaiserliche Armee'' (Imperial Army (Holy Roman Empire), Imperial Army) and * ''Kaiserliche Reichspost'' (Imperial Post Office) of the Roman-German Emperor (to 1806) (Habsburg monarchy, Habsburg, only 1742–1745 Wittelsbach) * ''kaiserliches Hofgestüt'' (Imperial Stud) at Lipizza (1779), home of the Lipizzaners; * ''kaiserliche Hofburg'' (Hofburg Palace) in Vienna; * ''kaiserliches Hofmobiliendepot'' (Imperial Furniture Museum) in Vienna ; * ''kaiserliche Residenz'' ("imperial residence") of Schönbrunn Palace, Schönbrunn at Vienna; * ''kaiserliche Hofmusikkapelle'' (Imperial Court Band) The traditions continued in the Holy Roman Empire's successors, the
Empire of Austria The Austrian Empire (german: Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling ') was a Central European multinational state, multinational great power from 1804 to 1867, created by proclamation out of the Habsburg Monarchy, realms of the Habsburgs. Dur ...
and in Austria-Hungary (with the suffix ''königlich'' or "royal"). The ''kaiserliche'' soldiers had an especially romanticised calling and loyalty, and occasionally similar names continue to the present day e. g. in several musical pieces and the ''k.u.k. Kaiserjäger, Kaiserjäger'' band. In Switzerland the term has negative connotations that go back to the protracted struggle for independence of the Swiss Confederation. The term was not used in the German Empire of the 19th century, with the exception of the Imperial German Navy (''Kaiserliche Marine''). Its use in the Napoleonic Wars and in connexion with the Battle of the Three Emperors is problematic.


See also

* ''kaiserlich und königlich'' * ''kaiserlich-königlich'' * Kaiserliche Armee (disambiguation) Monarchy of the Holy Roman Empire Austria-Hungary German words and phrases