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The Kadamba script (known as Pre Old Kannada
Kannada
script) marks the birth of a dedicated script for writing Kannada. It is a descendant of the Brahmi script, an abugida[1] visually close to the Kalinga alphabet.[2] The Kadamba script was developed during the reign of the Kadamba dynasty
Kadamba dynasty
in the 4th–6th centuries. The Kadamba script is also known as Pre-Old- Kannada
Kannada
script. This script later became popular in what is today the state of Goa
Goa
and was used to write Sanskrit, Kannada, Konkani and Marathi. The Kadamba script is one of the oldest of the southern group of South Asian scripts that evolved from the Brahmi script. By 5th century CE it became different from other Brahmi variants and was used in southern Indian states of Karnataka
Karnataka
and Andhra Pradesh. It evolved into the Old Kannada
Kannada
script by the 10th century CE and was used to write Kannada
Kannada
and Telugu.[3][4] Many scripts were derived from Kadamba script, including the Pyu script.

Contents

1 History 2 Similar scripts 3 Kadamba-Pallava script 4 Inscriptions in Kadamba script 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit]

sri manarashi written in Kadamba script on Kadamba coin

Coin of Kadamba king Sri Manarashi, name written in Kadamba script

Coin of the Kadambas
Kadambas
written in Kadamba script as sri dosharashi and other side Shri shashankaha

sri dosharashi written in Kadamba script on Kadamba coin

During (325 to 550 AD) the rule of Kadambas
Kadambas
major change in the Brahmi script evolved into Kadamba Kannada
Kannada
script, letters were shorter and round in shape. During (325 to 1000 AD) the rule of Gangas
Gangas
southern parts of Karnataka
Karnataka
the Kannada
Kannada
script used differently (also known as Ganga script) in rock edicts and copper plate inscriptions. During 6th to 10th century AD the Kannada
Kannada
script stabilized during the rule of Badami Chalukyas
Badami Chalukyas
(called Chalukya script 500-1000 AD[5]) and Rastrakutas.[6] The Old Kannada
Kannada
(Halegannada/Halekannada) script is the continuation of Kadamba script used to write Kannada
Kannada
and Telugu, basically the Old Kannada
Kannada
is also known as the Kannada-Telugu script.[7] Brahmi -> Kadamba -> Old Kannada
Kannada
-> Kannada
Kannada
and Telugu scripts[8] Similar scripts[edit]

Bhattiprolu and Gupta the similar scripts to Kadamba script

Goykanadi, Bhattiprolu script, Salankayana
Salankayana
script,[9] Pallava script and Gupta script[10] a family of alphasyllabaries or abugidas has some similarity.[11] Sinhala script is closely related to Grantha script and Old Khmer script[12] (closely related to Kadamba-Pallava script) taken the elements from Kadamba script.[13] Indian Writing Systems Comparison:[14]

Kadamba Kannada
Kannada
script with Latin correspondences.

Kadamba Kannada
Kannada
script, 5th century CE.

Kadamba-Pallava script[edit] Main article: Pallava script

Kadamba-Pallava script

During the rule of Pallavas, the script accompanied priests, monks, scholars and traders into South East Asia. Pallavas
Pallavas
developed a script based on Brahmi, main characteristics of the newer script are aesthetically matched and fuller consonant glyphs. Similar to Pallava script, also visible in the writing systems of Chalukya,[15] Kadamba, Vengi at the time of Ikshvakus. Brahmi design iwas slightly different of the scripts of Cholas, Pandyas and Cheras. Pallava script
Pallava script
very first significant developments of Brahmi in India, take care in combining rounded and rectangular strokes and adding typographical effects, was suitable for civic and religious inscriptions. Kadamba-Pallava script[16] evolved into early forms of Kannada
Kannada
and Telugu scripts. Glyphs become more rounded and incorporate loops because of writing upon leaves and paper. The scripts which are descended from the Kadamba- Pallava script
Pallava script
are Pyu script,[17] Burmese, Mon, Kawi, Lanna, Tham, Khom, Khmer, Thai, Lao, Sinhalese and Tai Lue.[18][19] Inscriptions in Kadamba script[edit]

Inscription of 4th Century AD of Vengi Vijayanandivarma in Kadamba script[20] Gudnapur Inscription on 20-foot long stone pillar written in Kadamba script[21] Copper plate inscriptions in Kadamba (Pre - Chalukya) script, Kadamba-Pallava script, Kannada- Telugu script
Telugu script
are available at Chennai museum[22]

See also[edit]

Standard indic table

Abugida Ancient Philippine scripts Bhattiprolu script Goykanadi Gupta script Kalinga script Kannada
Kannada
alphabet Old Kannada Palaeography-Kannada Pallava script Pyu script Telugu alphabet Kannada-Telugu script

References[edit]

^ "Types of Writing Systems". Ancient Scripts. Retrieved 2014-03-13.  ^ "Kalinga". Ancient Scripts. Retrieved 2014-03-13.  ^ "Scripts fading away with time". Retrieved 2013-08-28.  ^ "Kadamba script". Retrieved 2013-08-28.  ^ "Encyclopedic Dictionary of Archaeology edited by Barbara Ann Kipfer - Pg No 692 Writing and Archaeology: A Timeline". Retrieved 2013-08-28.  ^ "A BRIEF HISTORY OF EVOLUTION OF KANNADA SCRIPTS:". Retrieved 2013-08-28.  ^ "Old Kannada". Retrieved 2013-08-28.  ^ "South Asian Writing Systems". Ancient Scripts. Retrieved 2014-03-13.  ^ http://www.skyknowledge.com/brahmi-pallava.jpg ^ "Gupta". Ancient Scripts. Retrieved 2014-03-13.  ^ http://qph.is.quoracdn.net/main-qimg-b89c2602830ce52943cc344ea425b043 ^ http://learnkhmer.net/Oldkhmerinvitationrev.jpg ^ "Sinhala script". 2012-08-31. Retrieved 2013-08-28.  ^ "South Asian Writing Systems Comparison". Ancient Scripts. Retrieved 2014-03-13.  ^ http://www.skyknowledge.com/burnell-plate4.gif ^ "Pallava script". Skyknowledge.com. 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2014-03-13.  ^ http://lionslayer.yoeyar.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/Pallava-a-Pyu-equivalent-script.jpg ^ "Pallava - an important ancient script from South India". Retrieved 2013-09-05.  ^ Jayarajan, Paul M. (1976-01-01). History of the Evolution of the Sinhala Alphabet. Colombo Apothecaries' Company, Limited.  ^ http://www.skyknowledge.com/vengi-4thC-specimen.jpg ^ Rajiv Ajjibal (2011-12-16). "Monuments crying for attention". The Hindu. Retrieved 2014-03-13.  ^ "Government Museum Chennai". Chennaimuseum.org. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 

External links[edit]

In Development of Brahmi script
Brahmi script
(6th column), further the second column script is same as Kadamba script

Evolution of Kannada
Kannada
script story of Indian scripts - Evolution Chalukya Kannada
Kannada
script 690 AD Chalukya Kannada
Kannada
script 578 AD Vengi Kannada
Kannada
script 4th century AD Pyu script
Pyu script
Pallava a Pyu equivalent script Ancient scripts timeline - Kadamba scripts Indus writing is multilingual: a part-syllabic system at work Indian Scripts -Brahmi to Devanagari South Asian Writing Systems Development of Brahmi script, second column is Kadamba script Kannada
Kannada
is older than Tamil script Coins of Kadambas
Kadambas
os Banavasi Comparison of Brahmi and Kadamba- Pallava script
Pallava script
( Salankayana
Salankayana
script) Evolution of Telugu Character Graphs Important Discoveries in the recent past Andhra Pradesh

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