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Koninklijke Nederlandsch-Indische Luchtvaart Maatschappij (in English: Royal Dutch Indies Airways) was the airline of the former Dutch East Indies. Headquartered in Amsterdam, KNILM
KNILM
was not a subsidiary of the better-known KLM (Royal Dutch Airlines), despite the similar name. The airline had its headquarters in Amsterdam
Amsterdam
and an office in on the grounds of Tjililitan Airfield (current Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport) in Batavia (current Jakarta).[1]

Contents

1 Founding and expansion

1.1 Routes (in 1936)

2 War and demise 3 Aircraft fleet 4 See also 5 Further reading 6 References 7 External links

Founding and expansion[edit] KNILM
KNILM
was founded on 16 July 1928 as the NILM by a group of 32 Netherlands
Netherlands
Indian investors with a capitalization of NLG 5 million. To prevent confusion with an existing insurance company Nillmij, it was appended with the Koninklijk (Royal) title on 15 October 1928. The airline operated in the Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies
(present-day Indonesia), and later, parts of Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
and Australia.

DC-2
DC-2
at Oelin

Its first regular operations were between Batavia (now Jakarta) - Bandung, and Batavia - Semarang, starting on 1 November 1928. The ceremony was held at Cililitan airport in Batavia (now Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport). The Batavia- Semarang
Semarang
flight was later extended to Surabaya. Gradually, the services were expanded to include other islands in the archipelago, namely to Palembang
Palembang
and Medan
Medan
in Sumatra, Balikpapan
Balikpapan
and Tarakan in Kalimantan, and Denpasar in Bali. Immediately before the Pacific War, KNILM
KNILM
also created a network in the eastern part of the East Indies archipelago, serving towns such as Ambon. For this purpose, amphibious aircraft were used, due to the lack of airstrip facilities in the region. As early as 1930, KNILM
KNILM
began its first international flight to Singapore. On 3 July 1938 KNILM
KNILM
began operations to Sydney, stopping at Darwin, Cloncurry and Charleville. KNILM
KNILM
did not fly to the Netherlands, as the Amsterdam-Batavia weekly service was operated by KLM. Routes (in 1936)[edit]

Opening first K.N.I.L.M. route to Semarang
Semarang
and Bandung
Bandung
in November 1928. Governor-General Jhr. Mr. A.C.D. de Graeff
A.C.D. de Graeff
attending, Tjililitan airport near Batavia, Java.

Batavia- Bandung
Bandung
(twice daily in wet season, thrice daily in dry season) Batavia-Semarang- Surabaya
Surabaya
(daily) Batavia-Palembang-Singapore-Pekanbaru (weekly) Batavia-Palembang-Pakanbaru- Medan
Medan
(weekly) Batavia-Surabaya-Banjarmasin-Balikpapan-Tarakan (weekly) Medan-Penang-Bangkok (weekly) Surabaya-Denpasar-Kupang-Darwin (weekly)

War and demise[edit] During the Japanese attack of the Dutch East Indies, KNILM
KNILM
was utilized for evacuation flights and transport of troops. On December 28, 1941, a KNILM
KNILM
Douglas DC-3
Douglas DC-3
"Nandoe" (PK-ALN) was destroyed on the ground by Japanese fighters at Medan, killing all crew members and passengers. Immediately before and after the Japanese invasion on 1 March 1942, all KNILM
KNILM
aircraft with sufficient range were evacuated to Australia. On 7 March 1942, one day before the capitulation of Java, the last KNILM
KNILM
aircraft took off from the Boeabatoeweg in Bandung. A number of KNILM
KNILM
aircraft in Darwin were destroyed by the Japanese during the bombing of Darwin. In all, 11 KNILM
KNILM
aircraft managed to escape to Australia: 3 Douglas DC-5s, 2 DC-3s, 2 DC-2s and 3 Lockheed Model 14 Super Electras. In mid-May 1942 the remaining aircraft were sold to the American military. After the Indonesian independence the KNILM
KNILM
could no longer operate due to the fighting between Indonesian nationalists and the Dutch military. All flights in the period were flown using military aircraft, coordinated through the Netherlands
Netherlands
Indies Government Air Transport (NIGAT). On paper, KNILM
KNILM
was reinstated to operate charter flights to eastern Indonesian locations. Starting on 16 November 1946 it operated a weekly trans-Pacific flight between Batavia and Los Angeles. The service was performed with four-engined DC-4s of the NIGAT. It was not successful and was discontinued after a few months. KNILM
KNILM
was officially disbanded on 1 August 1947, and the remaining assets were transferred to KLM, which created the KLM Interinsulair Bedrijf (Interinsular Service - present time Garuda Indonesia) to operate air services in the Indonesian archipelago. Aircraft fleet[edit]

7 Fokker F.VIIb/3m
Fokker F.VIIb/3m
introduced between 1928 and 1930. Registered as H-NAFA to H-NAFD, later PK-AFA to PK-AFD. 2 Fokker F.XII, introduced in 1931. Registered PK-AFH and PK-AFI. 3 Douglas DC-2, introduced in 1935. 3 De Havilland Dragon Rapide
De Havilland Dragon Rapide
introduced in 1935 for aerial mapping in Dutch New Guinea. 2 Sikorsky S-38
Sikorsky S-38
amphibious aircraft, introduced in 1936 for aerial mapping in Dutch New Guinea. 5 Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra, introduced in 1938 for the Australia
Australia
service. 2 Grumman G-21A Goose amphibious aircraft, introduced in 1940. 3 Douglas DC-3
Douglas DC-3
transferred from KLM in 1940 after the occupation of the Netherlands. 4 Douglas DC-5
Douglas DC-5
introduced in 1940-1941. These account for 80% of the aircraft type made for civilian use. 3 Sikorsky S-43
Sikorsky S-43
amphibious aircraft introduced in 1941.

See also[edit]

PK-AFV Garuda Indonesia Aviation in Indonesia

Further reading[edit]

Gerard Casius and Thijs Postma, 40 jaar luchtvaart in Indië (Alkmaar, 1986) Marc Dierikx, Bevlogen jaren, Nederlandse burgerluchtvaart tussen de wereldoorlogen (Houten, 1986) G.J. Hagens - De KNILM
KNILM
vloog door..., Java's evacuatie 1942 (Haarlem, 1972)

References[edit]

^ 1 May 1930 Timetable (Archive). KNILM. Retrieved on 22 August 2014. "Hoofdkantoor en agentschappen AMSTERDAM Hoofdkantoor, N. Spiegelstraat 5[...]BATAVIA Hoofdkantoor voor Indië, Sluisbrug[...]na 5 uur Mtg 671. Vliegveld Tjilitian"

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to KNILM.

Fokker F.XII: a loyal Indies aircraft DC-3
DC-3
VH-ANR (formerly KNILM's PK-ALW) KNILM
KNILM
timetables KNILM
KNILM
baggage labels Documents and clippings about KNILM
KNILM
in the 20th Century Press Archives of the German National Library of Economics
German National Library of Economics
(ZBW).

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