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The KBO LEAGUE ( Hangul : KBO 리그), originally called the KOREA BASEBALL CHAMPIONSHIP ( Hangul : 한국야구선수권대회; Romanization : Hanguk Yagu Seonsukkwon Daehoe), is the highest level league of baseball in South Korea
South Korea
. The KBO League
KBO League
was founded with six franchises in 1982, and has expanded to ten franchises. Nine of the ten franchises are named after the companies or business conglomerates which own them, while one sold their naming rights (Nexen Heroes).

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Season structure

* 2.1 KBO All-Star Game * 2.2 Playoffs

* 3 Rules * 4 Teams * 5 Ballparks * 6 Champions * 7 Postseasons * 8 Awards * 9 Asia Series
Asia Series
record * 10 KBO-NPB and CPBL-KBO CC record * 11 See also * 12 References * 13 External links

HISTORY

The first game was played on March 27, 1982 between Samsung Lions and the MBC Chungyong (now the LG Twins ) at Dongdaemun Baseball
Baseball
Stadium , Seoul
Seoul
. Then-president Chun Doo-hwan threw the first pitch.

The inaugural franchises were:

* Haitai Tigers , based in Gwangju * Lotte Giants
Lotte Giants
, based in Busan
Busan
* MBC Chungyong , based in Seoul
Seoul
* OB Bears , based in Daejeon * Sammi Superstars , based in Incheon
Incheon
* Samsung Lions , based in Daegu
Daegu

In 1985, the Sammi Superstars became known as the Cheongbo Pintos . The next year, 1986, saw some major changes, with the OB Bears moving from Daejeon to share the Seoul
Seoul
's Jamsil Baseball
Baseball
Stadium with MBC Chungyong in Seoul
Seoul
. A new franchise, the Binggrae Eagles , joined to replace vacancy of Daejeon by OB's moving and expanding the league to seven franchises. 1988 saw the Cheongbo Pintos change ownership again, becoming the Pacific Dolphins . In 1990, MBC Chungyong became the LG Twins and an eighth franchise was added, the Ssangbangwool Raiders who represented the Jeollabuk-do region.

There was little change in the 1990s except for a few major sponsors: in 1993 the Binggrae Eagles became the Hanwha Eagles , in 1995 the Pacific Dolphins became the Hyundai Unicorns and the OB Bears in 1999 became the Doosan Bears
Doosan Bears
. Bigger changes were affected in 2000 when the Hyundai Unicorns moved from Incheon
Incheon
to Suwon , and a new franchise, the SK Wyverns took their place in Incheon
Incheon
. The Ssangbangwool Raiders became defunct. In 2001, the Haitai Tigers became the Kia Tigers .

In 2008, the Hyundai Unicorns franchise was disbanded, re-founded the Woori Heroes and moved to Mok-dong in Seoul, after a disappointing season in 2007 both on and off the field. Despite winning championships in 1998, 2000, 2003 and 2004, fans never really took to the franchise after their move from Incheon. Also, while the franchises in Busan
Busan
, Daegu
Daegu
, Daejeon , and Gwangju did not have to compete with other franchises for fans, the Suwon -based Unicorns struggled to compete with the nearby Seoul
Seoul
franchises.

Founding member the Kia Tigers (formerly the Haitai Tigers) had won 10 of the 35 national championships.

SEASON STRUCTURE

Starting with the 2015 season, each team plays 144 games in the regular season, increased from 128 due to an expansion team. Each team plays every other 16 times.

KBO ALL-STAR GAME

In mid-July of every season, the best players participate in the KBO All-Star Game. The franchises participating are divided into two sets of teams: Dream All-Stars (Doosan, KT, Lotte, Samsung, and SK) and Nanum All-Stars (Kia, Hanwha, LG, NC and Nexen). The KBO All-star game does not determine home-field advantage in the KBO Korean Series .

PLAYOFFS

The KBO League's season culminates in its championship series, known as the KBO Korean Series . Currently, the top five teams qualify for the post-season based on win/loss records. The team with the best record gains a direct entry into the KBO Korean Series, while the other three teams compete for the remaining place in a step-ladder playoff system:

* KBO Wild Card Game: 4th place team (starts with a one-game advantage.) vs. 5th place team; 2 games * KBO Playoffs Stage 1: 3rd place team vs. winner of KBO Wild Card Game; best of 3 out of 5 games * KBO Playoffs Stage 2: 2nd place team vs. winner of KBO Playoffs Stage 1; best of 3 out of 5 games (reduced from 7 games starting from 2009) * KBO Korean Series: 1st place team vs. winner of KBO Playoffs Stage 2; best of 4 out of 7 games.

Any playoff games ending in an official tie are replayed, thereby raising the possibility of a close series containing more than the scheduled 5 or 7 games.

RULES

Traditionally, Korea Professional Baseball
Baseball
games have a maximum number of extra innings before a game is declared an official tie. The KBO abolished this limit for the 2008 season, however it was reinstated in 2009, with a 12-innings limit imposed during both regular season and playoff games. However, no extra innings are played in the first game of a double-header , with games limited to 9 innings. Starting from the 2009 season, tied games count as a loss for both teams for percentage calculation purposes; from 2002 until 2007 they were considered a "no game"; prior to this they counted as half a win and half a loss.

The league places a cap on the number of foreign players allowed on club rosters. The foreign player limit is set at three, increased from two players from 2014.

All teams use the designated hitter rule.

TEAMS

Lotte Samsung Kia Hanwha SK LG top:23.752%;left:31.567%"> Nexen KT NC

SINGLE LEAGUE (1982–1998, 2001–PRESENT)

TEAM CITY STADIUM CAPACITY FOUNDED JOINED NOTES

NANUM ALL-STARS

HANWHA EAGLES Daejeon Daejeon Hanbat Baseball
Baseball
Stadium 13,000 1985 1986

KIA TIGERS Gwangju Gwangju-Kia Champions Field 22,244 1982

LG TWINS Seoul
Seoul
Jamsil Baseball
Baseball
Stadium 25,553 1982

NC DINOS Changwon Masan Baseball
Baseball
Stadium 11,000 2011 2013

NEXEN HEROES Seoul
Seoul
Gocheok Sky Dome
Gocheok Sky Dome
16,813 2008

DREAM ALL-STARS

DOOSAN BEARS Seoul
Seoul
Jamsil Baseball
Baseball
Stadium 25,553 1982

KT WIZ Suwon Suwon Baseball
Baseball
Stadium 22,067 2013 2015

LOTTE GIANTS Busan
Busan
Busan
Busan
Sajik Baseball
Baseball
Stadium 26,800 1946 1950

SAMSUNG LIONS Daegu
Daegu
Daegu
Daegu
Samsung Lions Park 24,000 1982

SK WYVERNS Incheon
Incheon
Munhak Baseball
Baseball
Stadium 26,000 2000

DEFUNCT CLUBS

TEAM CITY STADIUM FOUNDED CEASED OPERATIONS NOTES

HYUNDAI UNICORNS Suwon Suwon Baseball
Baseball
Stadium 1982 2008

SSANGBANGWOOL RAIDERS Jeonju Jeonju Baseball
Baseball
Stadium 1991 1999

Notes

* ^ Formerly, KBO have implemented dual league. The league name was Dream League and Magic League. (1999–2000) * ^ Former Western League 1982–1998, 2001–2014 * ^ Known as the Binggrae Eagles until 1993 * ^ Former Haitai Tigers 1982–2000 * ^ Former MBC Chungyong 1982–1989 * ^ Former Eastern League 1982–1998, 2001–2014 * ^ Known as the OB Bears until 1998; located in Daejeon until 1984 * ^ Former Sammi Superstars 1982–1985, Chungbo Pintos 1985–1987, Pacific Dolphins 1988–1995; located in Incheon
Incheon
until 1999

BALLPARKS

See also: List of baseball stadiums in South Korea

*

*

*

*

DOOSAN BEARS / LG TWINS HANWHA EAGLES KIA TIGERS KT WIZ LOTTE GIANTS

Jamsil Baseball
Baseball
Stadium Daejeon Hanbat Baseball
Baseball
Stadium Gwangju-Kia Champions Field Suwon Baseball
Baseball
Stadium Busan
Busan
Sajik Baseball
Baseball
Stadium

Capacity: 25,553 Capacity: 13,000 Capacity: 22,244 Capacity: 22,067 Capacity: 26,800

NC DINOS NEXEN HEROES SAMSUNG LIONS SK WYVERNS

Masan Baseball
Baseball
Stadium Gocheok Sky Dome
Gocheok Sky Dome
Daegu
Daegu
Samsung Lions Park Munhak Baseball
Baseball
Stadium

Capacity: 11,000 Capacity: 16,813 Capacity: 24,000 Capacity: 26,000

CHAMPIONS

Main article: KBO Korean Series

1982–2000

YEAR WINNERS RUNNERS-UP

1982 OB BEARS Samsung Lions

1983 HAITAI TIGERS MBC Chungyong

1984 LOTTE GIANTS Samsung Lions

1985 SAMSUNG LIONS Lotte Giants
Lotte Giants

1986 HAITAI TIGERS Samsung Lions

1987 HAITAI TIGERS Samsung Lions

1988 HAITAI TIGERS Binggrae Eagles

1989 HAITAI TIGERS Binggrae Eagles

1990 LG TWINS Samsung Lions

1991 HAITAI TIGERS Binggrae Eagles

1992 LOTTE GIANTS Binggrae Eagles

1993 HAITAI TIGERS Samsung Lions

1994 LG TWINS Pacific Dolphins

1995 OB BEARS Lotte Giants
Lotte Giants

1996 HAITAI TIGERS Hyundai Unicorns

1997 HAITAI TIGERS LG Twins

1998 HYUNDAI UNICORNS LG Twins

1999 HANWHA EAGLES Lotte Giants
Lotte Giants

2000 HYUNDAI UNICORNS Doosan Bears
Doosan Bears

2001–

YEAR WINNERS RUNNERS-UP

2001 DOOSAN BEARS Samsung Lions

2002 SAMSUNG LIONS LG Twins

2003 HYUNDAI UNICORNS SK Wyverns

2004 HYUNDAI UNICORNS Samsung Lions

2005 SAMSUNG LIONS Doosan Bears
Doosan Bears

2006 SAMSUNG LIONS Hanwha Eagles

2007 SK WYVERNS Doosan Bears
Doosan Bears

2008 SK WYVERNS Doosan Bears
Doosan Bears

2009 KIA TIGERS SK Wyverns

2010 SK WYVERNS Samsung Lions

2011 SAMSUNG LIONS SK Wyverns

2012 SAMSUNG LIONS SK Wyverns

2013 SAMSUNG LIONS Doosan Bears
Doosan Bears

2014 SAMSUNG LIONS Nexen Heroes

2015 DOOSAN BEARS Samsung Lions

2016 DOOSAN BEARS NC Dinos
NC Dinos

Most successful clubs

CLUB CHAMPIONS RUNNERS-UP WINNING SEASONS RUNNERS-UP SEASONS

Kia Tigers 10 0 1983, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2009

Samsung Lions 8 10 1985, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2011 , 2012 , 2013 , 2014 1982, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1990, 1993, 2001, 2004, 2010 , 2015

Doosan Bears
Doosan Bears
5 5 1982, 1995, 2001, 2015 , 2016 2000, 2005, 2007 , 2008 , 2013

Hyundai Unicorns (defunct) 4 2 1998, 2000, 2003, 2004 1994, 1996

SK Wyverns 3 4 2007 , 2008 , 2010 2003, 2009 , 2011 , 2012

LG Twins 2 4 1990, 1994 1983, 1997, 1998, 2002

Lotte Giants
Lotte Giants
2 3 1984, 1992 1985, 1995, 1999

Hanwha Eagles 1 5 1999 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 2006

Nexen Heroes 0 1 — 2014

NC Dinos
NC Dinos
0 1 — 2016

POSTSEASONS

Legend

* 1st – Champions ( Korean Series winner) * 2nd – Runners-up ( Korean Series loser) * PO – Playoff loser * SPO – Semi-playoff loser * WC – Wild card game loser * q – Qualified * - – Did not qualify * × – Not held * – Did not exist, Did not participate

TEAMS 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000

Doosan Bears
Doosan Bears
1ST – – × PO PO – – – – – SPO – 1ST – – SPO PO 2nd

Hanwha Eagles

– – 2nd 2nd SPO 2nd 2nd – PO – SPO – – 1ST –

Hyundai Unicorns – – – × – – – PO – – – – 2nd – 2nd – 1ST – 1ST

Kia Tigers – 1ST – × 1ST 1ST 1ST 1ST PO 1ST PO 1ST SPO – 1ST 1ST – – –

KT Wiz
KT Wiz

LG Twins – 2nd – × – – – – 1ST – – PO 1ST PO – 2nd 2nd – PO

Lotte Giants
Lotte Giants
– – 1ST × – – – – – SPO 1ST – – 2nd – – – 2nd SPO

NC Dinos
NC Dinos

Nexen Heroes

Samsung Lions 2nd – 2nd 1ST 2nd 2nd PO SPO 2nd PO SPO 2nd – – – PO PO PO PO

SK Wyverns

Ssangbangwool Raiders

– – – – – PO SPO – –

NUMBER OF QUAL. TEAMS 2 2 2 1* 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 4 5

TEAMS 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 TOTAL

Doosan Bears
Doosan Bears
1ST – – PO 2nd – 2nd 2nd PO PO – SPO 2nd – 1ST 1ST 19

Hanwha Eagles SPO – – – PO 2nd PO – – – – – – – – – 12

Hyundai Unicorns PO SPO 1ST 1ST – PO –

10

Kia Tigers – PO PO SPO – SPO – – 1ST – SPO – – – – WC 18

KT Wiz
KT Wiz

– – 0

LG Twins – 2nd – – – – – – – – – – PO PO – PO 11

Lotte Giants
Lotte Giants
– – – – – – – SPO SPO SPO PO PO – – – – 11

NC Dinos
NC Dinos

– SPO PO 2nd 2

Nexen Heroes

– – – – – SPO 2nd SPO SPO 3

Samsung Lions 2nd 1ST SPO 2nd 1ST 1ST SPO PO – 2nd 1ST 1ST 1ST 1ST 2nd – 29

SK Wyverns – – 2nd – SPO – 1ST 1ST 2nd 1ST 2nd 2nd – – WC – 9

Ssangbangwool Raiders

2

NUMBER OF QUAL. TEAMS 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 129

AWARDS

See: Korea Baseball
Baseball
Organization#Awards

ASIA SERIES RECORD

YEAR PARTICIPANTS ROUND POSITION W L RS RA

2005 Samsung Lions Final 02 ! 2nd 2 2 17 17

2006 Samsung Lions Group Stage 03 ! 3rd 1 2 16 11

2007 SK Wyverns Final 02 ! 2nd 3 1 37 10

2008 SK Wyverns Group Stage 03 ! 3rd 2 1 23 13

2011 Samsung Lions Final 01 ! 1ST 3 1 21 17

2012 Samsung Lions Group Stage 03 ! 3rd 1 1 9 3

Lotte Giants
Lotte Giants
Group Stage 4th 1 1 6 6

2013 Samsung Lions Semifinals 4th 2 1 15 15

TOTAL

15 10 144 92

* - Qualified as host.

KBO-NPB AND CPBL-KBO CC RECORD

YEAR PARTICIPANTS RESULT W L RS RA

2009 Kia Tigers 02 ! Runner-up 0 1 4 9

2010 SK Wyverns 02 ! Runner-up 0 1 0 3

2010 01 ! WINNER (Shared) 1 1 7 5

TOTAL

1 3 11 17

SEE ALSO

* Baseball
Baseball
in South Korea
South Korea
* Korea Baseball
Baseball
Organization * KBO Futures League * List of current KBO League team rosters * List of KBO Career Hits leaders * Players from South Korea
South Korea
in Major League Baseball
Baseball

REFERENCES

* ^ "The Korea Baseball
Baseball
Championship is the annual pennant race of first-tier professional baseball league in South Korea." Confirmed by Moon Jung-kyun, Public Relations Manager of Korea Baseball Organization. For further information, refer to the talk page of the Korean version article. * ^ For the official name of the league, refer to following page: http://baseballinkorea.com/2015/03/01/kbo-brand-identity * ^ http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2010/04/15/2010041500309.html * ^ http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/opinon/2010/05/266_41922.html * ^ Korea Baseball
Baseball
Organization (2015). 2015 달라지는 점 (Korean). Accessed on April 14, 2015. * ^ Kim Jae-Won (2009-01-13). KBO Abolishes Endless Overtime Rule. The Korea Times. Accessed on 2009-06-11. * ^ Korea Baseball
Baseball
Organization: 2009 달라지는 점. Details rule changes between seasons 2008 and 2009. Accessed on 2009-06-11. (in Korean) * ^ (in Korean) Lotte Giants
Lotte Giants
Museum. the Giants website. Retrieved 4 Dec. 2011. * ^ Although no series were played, KBO recorded Lotte Giants
Lotte Giants
as Runner-up.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to KBO LEAGUE .

* KBO League
KBO League
official website

* v * t * e

KBO League
KBO League

* Korea Baseball
Baseball
Organization

TEAMS

* Doosan Bears
Doosan Bears
* Hanwha Eagles * Kia Tigers * kt Wiz *