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Kailasam Balachander (9 July 1930 Nannilam, Tiruvarur, Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
– 23 December 2014 Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India) was an Indian filmmaker and playwright who worked mainly in the Tamil film industry. He was well known for his distinct film-making style, and the Indian film industry knew him as a master of unconventional themes and hard-hitting contemporary subject matter. Balachander's films are well known for their portrayal of women as bold personalities and central characters. Popularly referred to as Iyakkunar Sigaram (lit. "the director who scaled the peak"),[1][2] his films are usually centred on unusual or complicated interpersonal relationships and social themes. He started his film career in 1964 as a screenwriter and graduated to a director with Neerkumizhi
Neerkumizhi
(1965). In a career that spanned 50 years, he had contributed to nearly 100 feature films either as a screenwriter or director, thus becoming one of the most prolific filmmakers in the country.[3] Known among his colleagues as a tough task master,[4] he was credited with having nurtured numerous actors, notably Nagesh, Sujatha, Kamal Haasan, Rajinikanth, Chiranjeevi, Jayaprada, Sridevi, Jayasudha, Saritha, Renuka, Nassar, Prakash Raj, Ramesh Aravind and Vivek. In his film career, Balachander had won nine National Film Awards and 13 Filmfare Awards. He was honored with the Padma Shri
Padma Shri
(1987), India's fourth highest civilian award, and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, India's highest award in cinema. He also made films under his production house, Kavithalaya Productions. Apart from Tamil, he made films in other languages such as Telugu, Kannada and Hindi. Towards the tail end of his career, he directed a few TV serials and made a few film appearances as well.

Contents

1 Early life and background 2 Career

2.1 Entry into films: 1960s 2.2 1970s 2.3 Bollywood success and Tamil film career 1981-99 2.4 Later years 2.5 Television career

3 Personal life 4 Death 5 Style, critique and public perception 6 See also 7 Notes 8 Bibliography 9 External links

Early life and background[edit] K. Balachander
K. Balachander
was born in 1930 into a Tamil Brahmin
Tamil Brahmin
household,[5][6] at Nannilam
Nannilam
in the then Tanjore district (now Tiruvarur district), India.[7][8] Balachander stated that, "From my eighth year I've been seeing cinema"[2] and recalls that his earliest interest towards cinema grew after watching films of M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, then the Superstar of Tamil cinema.[2] At the age of twelve he was drawn to theatre and drama,[2] which eventually helped him develop an interest in acting, writing and directing amateur plays.[7][9] His obsession towards theatre continued even while doing his graduation (in Zoology) at the Annamalai University, as he regularly took part in stage plays.[2] After completing his graduation in 1949, he started his career as a school teacher in Muthupet, Tiruvarur district. In 1950, he moved to Madras (now Chennai) and joined the Accountant General's office as an apprentice clerk,[10] and during this time he joined "United Amateur Artistes", an amateur drama company.[2] Soon he formed his own troupe and it was during this time he came to prominence as an amateur playwright with Major Chandrakanth, written in English. As the scope of English was highly limited in Madras, he re-wrote the play in Tamil, which ultimately became a "sensation" among the people. Balachander's acting troupe consisted of people from the Tamil film industry such as Major Sundarrajan, Nagesh, Sreekanth and Sowcar Janaki.[7] Sunderrajan appeared in over 900 films, Nagesh in over 1,000, Sreekanth in more than 200 films, and Sowkar Janaki appeared in more than 350 films. Other plays written by Balachander include Server Sundaram (Waiter Sundaram), Neerkumizhi
Neerkumizhi
(Water Bubble), Mezhuguvarthi (Candle), Naanal (Tall Grass) and Navagraham
Navagraham
(Nine Planets).[2] All these produced and directed by him, were received well by the critics.[7] Career[edit] Entry into films: 1960s[edit] Balachander while working in the Accountant General's office, was offered to write the dialogues for the film Dheiva Thaai
Dheiva Thaai
(1965) by its lead actor M. G. Ramachandran.[2][11][12][13] Balachander was initially reluctant, as he was more theatre-oriented, but on the insistence of his friends he decided to work on the film.[2] By this time he was promoted as a superintendent in his office.[2] Avichi Meiyappa Chettiar acquired the rights of his play Server Sundaram, and decided to make a film based on it. The film dealt with the story of a waiting staff at a restaurant had Nagesh playing the lead. The film was directed by the renowned duo directors, Krishnan Panju.[14] It won a lot of accolades including the Certificate of Merit for the third Best Feature Film in Tamil and Filmfare Award for Best Tamil Film.[14] During this time another play written and directed by him - Major Chandrakanth was adapted into a film in Hindi as Oonche Log.[15] The film won a National Film Award. Balachander then made his directional debut through Neerkumizhi
Neerkumizhi
(1965) which in turn was based on his own play.[14] The film's cast consisted of actors who were a part of Balachander's regular troupe.[14] His following efforts included Naanal, Major Chandrakanth and Ethir Neechal, all based on his own plays.[16] Major Chandrakanth was already filmed in Hindi as Oonche Log the previous year. The Tamil version Major Chandrakanth (1966 film) had Jayalalithaa
Jayalalithaa
playing the lead heroine role.[14] In 1967 he made Bama Vijayam, a full-length comedy family drama film. Featuring an ensemble cast, the film was highly successful and remade in Telugu by Balachander himself. The success of both the versions prompted a Hindi remake titled Teen Bahuraniyan, produced by Gemini pictures. In 1969, Balachander made Iru Kodugal, a family drama starring Gemini Ganesan, won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil. 1970s[edit] During the 1970s, Balachander turned indie, making realist movies revolving around family and social issues.[2] In 1971 he made four films.[2] In 1973, he made Arangetram, which dealt with poverty and prostitution.[2] The film centred on the eldest daughter of a conservative Brahmin household who becomes a prostitute to settle her siblings and support her family.[2] It was ahead of its time in Tamil cinema mainly because of the controversial theme.[17][18] The film also had Kamal Haasan
Kamal Haasan
playing his first major role as an adult actor. The actor would go on to act in 35 films under Balachander.[19] He made his directorial debut in Hindi films with the film Aaina starring Mumtaz and Rajesh Khanna
Rajesh Khanna
in 1974, which was remake of Arangetram. The same year, he made Sollathaan Ninaikkiren, based on a novel by Manian. The following year he made Naan Avanillai.[20] He made the film on the insistence of Gemini Ganesan, who also produced and enacted the lead role.[21] It is based on the Marathi play To Mee Navhech, revolved around a man who deceives and marries five women performing nine roles.[21] The film met with commercial failure. However, Gemini Ganesan
Gemini Ganesan
was adjudged the Best Tamil Actor at the following year's Filmfare Awards ceremony.[21] Following that, Balachander's made Aval Oru Thodar Kathai
Aval Oru Thodar Kathai
(1974),[22] his second female-centric film after Arangetram that dealt with the story of a working woman who hails from a middle-class family.[23] Inspired by the 1960 Bengali film Meghe Dhaka Tara,[24] it explored the emotions of a young woman who happens to be the sole earner for her family.[23] He decided to cast an actress who worked as a child actress till then, as his film heroine with the film Mondru Moodichu and gave break to Sridevi.[25] The film Aboorva Raagangal
Aboorva Raagangal
was an original story about an inter-generational romance involving two families. It marked the acting debut of Rajinikanth, who would go on to establish himself as a leading actor.[26] It won critical acclaim in spite of its controversial theme; it won three National Film Awards including the award for the "Best Feature Film in Tamil". During this period he made films mostly with Kamal Haasan
Kamal Haasan
as the lead actor. In 1976, he made three films: Manmadha Leelai, Anthuleni Katha and Moondru Mudichu. Manmadha Leelai
Manmadha Leelai
explores the life of a womaniser, played by Kamal Haasan, who gets himself involved in affairs with women.[27] Often considered ahead of its time, it achieved cult status and is considered a "trendsetter" in Tamil cinema.[27] Anthuleni Katha, a Telugu remake of Aval Oru Thodar Kathai
Aval Oru Thodar Kathai
had Jayaprada
Jayaprada
in her first starring role. received equal acclaim in Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
as in the neighbouring state of Tamil Nadu. Avargal
Avargal
(1977) follows the life of a divorcée as she traverses relationships in reverse, from divorce, to marriage, to falling in love. Varumayin Niram Sigappu (1980) was a drama that charts the travails and conflict of being unemployed in a bombastic and harsh city. 47 Natkal
47 Natkal
(1981) traces the adversities of a newlywed Indian woman living with an scurrilous, expatriate husband in a Parisian suburb. The film was a launchpad for its lead actor Chiranjeevi Bollywood success and Tamil film career 1981-99[edit] Balachander re-entered the Hindi film industry after Aaina through Ek Duuje Ke Liye in 1981. He gave Rati Agnihotri
Rati Agnihotri
her debut Hindi film with Ek Duje Ke Liye.[28] The project was a remake of his own Telugu film Maro Charitra
Maro Charitra
had Kamal Haasan
Kamal Haasan
repeating his role as a lead actor. The film marked the Bollywood debut of various artists including Kamal Haasan, Madhavi and S. P. Balasubrahmanyam. Like the original, Ek Duuje Ke Liye
Ek Duuje Ke Liye
emerged as a major box-office success and earned critical acclaim. Balachander received the Filmfare Award for Best Screenplay, apart from two other nominations – for Best Director and Best Story.[29] The song "Tere Meere Beach Mein" became so popular, eventually winning a Filmfare Award for Anand Bakshi
Anand Bakshi
and a National Film Award for Balasubrahmanyam. He made Sindhu Bhairavi (1985), which is about the intellectual collision and subsequent romance between a lofty Carnatic musician and his ardent critic. He has worked with a variety of music directors like V.Kumar,M.S.Viswanathan,Ilaiyaraja,Maragathamani,V.S.Narasimhan and A.R.Rahman. The actors who were regular in his films in the period 1963 to 1990 were Gemini Ganeshan, Sowcar Janaki, Nagesh, Jayanthi, Sujatha,Rajnikanth and Kamal Hasan. Later years[edit] In 1998, he planned a film titled Thillana Thillana featuring Prashanth, Karthik, Meena and Simran in the lead roles, but the venture failed to develop.[30] His later films include Parthale Paravasam (2001) and Poi (2006).[31] Television career[edit] The period starting from the late 1980s till the late 1990s saw Balachander venturing into Television and making a number of Television series including Kai Alavu Manasu, Rail Sneham,[32] Ramani vs Ramani,[32] Oru Koodai Paasam,[32] Kadhal Pagadai,[33] Premi,[32] Jannal,[33] and Anni.[27] Like his earlier films, most of his serials focussed on women, and portrayed them as strong personalities.[27] In 2003, he made Sahana, that touted to be the sequel of his 1985 film Sindhu Bairavi.[27] On venturing into Television, he noted "This medium helps to reach out to the public. That's why I am into making serials".[27] In 2009, Balachander returned to theatre after a 40-year hiatus through the play Pournami, which had Renuka playing the lead role.[34] Personal life[edit] In 1956, Balachander got married to Rajam while he was working at the Accountant General's Office.[3] The couple had two sons named Kailasam and Prasanna and a daughter Pushpa Kandaswamy, who is the chairwoman of their production house Kavithalaya Productions.[35][36] Kailasam was an entrepreneur while Prasanna, a Chartered Accountant, is the managing director and CEO of a leading investment bank in India. Balachander's elder son, Bala Kailasam, died on 15 August 2014 after contracting pneumonia, at the age of 54. He was the head of the television production company Minbinbangal, and delivered memorable series in Tamil includes, Kaialavu Manasu, Rail Sneham, and Marma Desam.[37] Death[edit] Following a neurosurgery in November 2014, Balachander was admitted to Kaveri hospital in Chennai
Chennai
on 15 December.[38] Reports suggested that he was suffering from fever and from a urinary tract infection, but was recovering well.[39] However, on 23 December 2014 he died due to complications from the urinary infection and other age-related ailments.[40][41][42][43] He was cremated with full state honours at Besant Nagar electric crematorium the next day. He is survived by his wife and two of his three children. His elder son predeceased him. Style, critique and public perception[edit] Balachander is revered as one of the best directors India has ever produced. His ideas were original and his subjects were complex ideas expressed via art. He is also known for introducing new faces to the film industry. He has introduced over 100 actors in Tamil, Telugu and Kannada languages. Balachander had long associations with some senior artists in the South Indian film industry like Gemini Ganesan, Sowcar Janaki, Nagesh and Muthuraman. Even though he was not the one to discover them, he played a prominent role in shaping their careers. Kamal Haasan
Kamal Haasan
and Rajinikanth, two leading film actors in Tamil cinema, are often referred to as products of Balachander who has paired with each of them or worked with them as a trio in several films during the 1970s.[44] Rajinikanth
Rajinikanth
was chosen by Balachander to play a key supporting character in Apoorva Raagangal
Apoorva Raagangal
(1975) after noting that "there was something special about him". Sridevi, Srividhya, Jayapradha, Jayasudha, Jayachithra, Sujatha, Saritha were notable heroines that were introduced by Balachander. Nassar, Delhi Ganesh, Charlie, Madan Bob were some of the notable supporting actors introduced by him. After working in a few Kannada films, Prakash Raj was relaunched as an actor in Tamil cinema
Tamil cinema
through his debut Duet (1995) and had also performed in some of Balachander's soap opera productions in the 1990s.[45] Through Manathil Uruthi Vendum, Balachander launched Vivek as an actor, who initially worked with him as his assistant writer, and later went on to become a leading comedy actor. He also launched A.R. Rahman
A.R. Rahman
in the film Roja
Roja
which was his production. When the old era was dominated by commercial action films, Balachander directed socially themed films with women as protagonists usually centred on unusual or complicated interpersonal relationships and social themes. He portrayed women as headstrong, intelligent and independent people.[46] Balachander revealed that many of his messages from his films, he has drawn inspiration from poet Subramaniya Bharathi whom he had admired since his childhood.[47] Screenwriter Gopu (of Gopu-Babu) said that he used to begin his script from the ending and then construct the plot.[48] See also[edit]

K. Balachander
K. Balachander
filmography List of awards and nominations received by K. Balachander

Notes[edit]

^ Srinivasan, Pavithra (2 May 2011). "The Very Best of K Balachander". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 29 December 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2013.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Ramachandran 2012, chpt. 6 (Madras). ^ a b S. Srinivasan (11 July 2011). "K. Balachander: The Middle-Class Maestro". Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2013. Five decades of adamant, uncompromising movie making and K. Balachander
K. Balachander
is still in no mood to draw the curtain  ^ Warrier, Shobha (13 May 2000). "I hated every minute of it". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 3 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2013.  ^ "K Balachander gets Dadasaheb Phalke award". Rediff.com. 29 April 2011. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2013.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 December 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-16.  ^ a b c d "The KB school". The Hindu. 6 May 2011. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 January 2014. Retrieved 2014-02-14.  ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20000309182240/http://dinakaran.com/cinema/english/cinebio/16-06-99/balachan.htm ^ Kamath, Sudhish (21 January 2009). "When directors wore the pants". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013.  ^ ""பால்கே" விருது பெற்ற பாலச்சந்தருக்கு நடிகர்கள் வாழ்த்து". Maalai Malar (in Tamil). 30 April 2011. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2013.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-02-14.  ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20030629111323/http://www.chennaionline.com/entertainment/filmplus/balachander.asp ^ a b c d e Randor Guy (2 May 2011). "The KB school". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013.  ^ Yogesh Pawar (24 December 2014). " Kamal Haasan
Kamal Haasan
and Rajinikanth's guru K Balachander passes away". Daily News and Analysis. Archived from the original on 27 December 2014.  ^ Sreeram, Aruna (8 July 2004). "Thank God! I gave up acting". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013.  ^ Kamath, Sudhish (1 December 2001). "Realistic film-making". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 October 2014. Retrieved 2014-02-14.  ^ Subhash K. Jha (25 May 2001). "Artiste with endless dreams". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013.  ^ S.R. Ashok Kumar
Ashok Kumar
(2 May 2007). "An entertaining remake of a classic". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013.  ^ a b c "ஜெமினிகணேசன் சொந்தமாக தயாரித்த ஒரே படம்: "நான் அவனில்லை" தோல்வி". Maalai Malar
Maalai Malar
(in Tamil). 19 March 2010. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-02-14.  ^ a b Velayutham 2008, p. 38. ^ Deep Focus 1998, p. 87. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 December 2014. Retrieved 2014-12-27.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-02-14.  ^ a b c d e f V Lakshmi (8 July 2012). "New twist to old tales". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 September 2013.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "lakshmi" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 December 2014. Retrieved 2014-12-27.  ^ "rediff.com, Movies: The Jayasudha interview". Rediff.com. 13 May 2000. Archived from the original on 18 April 2015. Retrieved 5 May 2011.  ^ http://reocities.com/Hollywood/lot/2330/rangan.htm ^ "K. Balachander". www.outlookindia.com. 19 November 2001. Archived from the original on 20 January 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011.  ^ a b c d "Release of K. Balachander's DVDs". The Hindu. 9 July 2010. Archived from the original on 20 August 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2013.  ^ a b Rangarajan, Malathi (31 December 2001). "The drive to be different". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2013.  ^ S.R. Ashok Kumar
Ashok Kumar
(17 April 2009). "My First Break". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2013.  ^ G. Prasad (5 July 2008). "Joint ventures as future option". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 23 February 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2013.  ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20000118090951/http://dinakaran.com/cinema/english/cinebio/23-06-99/balacha2.htm ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 October 2014. Retrieved 2014-12-23.  ^ Daniel, Thimmayya (15 December 2014). "Rajini and Kamal's Mentor K Balachander in Critical Condition". The New Indian Express. Archived from the original on 15 November 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2014.  ^ "Filmmaker K Balachander Hospitalised". NDTV. 16 December 2014. Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.  ^ Prakash Upadhyaya (24 December 2014). "K Balachander Death: Stars Pay Last Respects to Legendary Director". International Business Times. Archived from the original on 26 December 2014.  ^ Yogesh Pawar (24 December 2014). " Kamal Haasan
Kamal Haasan
and Rajinikanth's guru K Balachander passes away". Daily News and Analysis. Archived from the original on 27 December 2014.  ^ Janani Sampath, (23 December 2014). "K Balachander, veteran Tamil film director, dies at 84". The Times of India. Retrieved 23 December 2014.  ^ "Legendary Director Balachander is no more". 25cineframes.com. Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 December 2014. Retrieved 2016-06-21.  ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/k-balachander-left-a-mark-on-kannada-cinema/article6720093.ece ^ http://www.thehindu.com/entertainment/he-took-tamil-cinema-beyond-herocentric-creations/article6719996.ece ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 December 2013. Retrieved 2016-06-21.  ^ http://www.thehindu.com/entertainment/kb-would-always-build-stories-from-the-climax/article6723550.ece

Bibliography[edit]

Ramachandran, Naman (2012). Rajnikant: The Definitive Biography. Penguin Books
Penguin Books
Limited. ISBN 978-81-8475-796-5.  Velayutham, Selvaraj (2008). Tamil Cinema: The Cultural Politics of India's other Film Industry. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-0-203-93037-3.  Deep Focus: A Film Quarterly. Deep Focus. 1998. 

External links[edit]

K. Balachander
K. Balachander
on IMDb

v t e

K. Balachander

As a director

1960s

Neerkumizhi
Neerkumizhi
(1965) Naanal (1965) Major Chandrakanth (1966) Bama Vijayam
Bama Vijayam
(1967) Anubavi Raja Anubavi
Anubavi Raja Anubavi
(1967) Ethir Neechal (1968) Thamarai Nenjam
Thamarai Nenjam
(1968) Bhale Kodallu
Bhale Kodallu
(1968) Poova Thalaiya
Poova Thalaiya
(1969) Sattekalapu Satteya
Sattekalapu Satteya
(1969) Iru Kodugal
Iru Kodugal
(1969)

1970s

Patham Pasali
Patham Pasali
(1970) Ethiroli (1970) Navagraham
Navagraham
(1970) Kaaviya Thalaivi
Kaaviya Thalaivi
(1970) Naangu Suvargal
Naangu Suvargal
(1971) Nootrukku Nooru
Nootrukku Nooru
(1971) Bomma Borusa
Bomma Borusa
(1971) Punnagai
Punnagai
(1971) Kanna Nalama (1972) Velli Vizha
Velli Vizha
(1972) Arangetram (1973) Sollathaan Ninaikkiren
Sollathaan Ninaikkiren
(1973) Naan Avanillai (1974) Aval Oru Thodar Kathai
Aval Oru Thodar Kathai
(1974) Apoorva Raagangal
Apoorva Raagangal
(1975) Manmadha Leelai
Manmadha Leelai
(1976) Anthuleni Katha
Anthuleni Katha
(1976) Moondru Mudichu
Moondru Mudichu
(1976) Avargal
Avargal
(1977) Pattina Pravesam
Pattina Pravesam
(1977) Aaina (1977) Nizhal Nijamagiradhu
Nizhal Nijamagiradhu
(1978) Maro Charitra
Maro Charitra
(1978) Thappida Thala / Thappu Thalangal
Thappu Thalangal
(1978) Ninaithale Inikkum / Andamaina Anubhavam
Andamaina Anubhavam
(1979) Idi Katha Kaadu
Idi Katha Kaadu
(1979) Nool Veli / Guppedu Manasu
Guppedu Manasu
(1979)

1980s

Varumayin Niram Sivappu
Varumayin Niram Sivappu
(1980) Aakali Rajyam (1981) Aadavaallu Meeku Joharlu
Aadavaallu Meeku Joharlu
(1981) Enga Ooru Kannagi
Enga Ooru Kannagi
(1981) Tholi Kodi Koosindi (1981) Thillu Mullu
Thillu Mullu
(1981) Ek Duuje Ke Liye
Ek Duuje Ke Liye
(1981) Thanneer Thanneer
Thanneer Thanneer
(1981) 47 Natkal
47 Natkal
/ 47 Rojulu (1981) Agni Sakshi (1982) Benkiyalli Aralida Hoovu (1983) Poikkal Kudhirai (1983) Zara Si Zindagi
Zara Si Zindagi
(1983) Kokilamma (1983) Ek Nai Paheli
Ek Nai Paheli
(1984) Achamillai Achamillai
Achamillai Achamillai
(1984) Eradu Rekhegalu (1984) Kalyana Agathigal
Kalyana Agathigal
(1985) Sindhu Bhairavi (1985) Mugila Mallige (1985) Sundara Swapnagalu (1986) Punnagai
Punnagai
Mannan (1986) Manathil Uruthi Vendum
Manathil Uruthi Vendum
(1987) Rudraveena (1988) Unnal Mudiyum Thambi
Unnal Mudiyum Thambi
(1988) Pudhu Pudhu Arthangal
Pudhu Pudhu Arthangal
(1989)

1990s

Oru Veedu Iru Vasal
Oru Veedu Iru Vasal
(1990) Azhagan
Azhagan
(1991) Vaaname Ellai
Vaaname Ellai
(1992) Jaathi Malli
Jaathi Malli
(1993) Duet (1994) Kalki (1996)

2000s

Paarthale Paravasam
Paarthale Paravasam
(2001) Poi (2006)

Writer only

Dheiva Thaai
Dheiva Thaai
(1964) Server Sundaram
Server Sundaram
(1964) Poojaikku Vandha Malar
Poojaikku Vandha Malar
(1965) Neela Vanam (1965) Oonche Log (1965) Teen Bahuraniyan
Teen Bahuraniyan
(1968) Chiranjeevi
Chiranjeevi
(1970) Sambarala Rambabu
Sambarala Rambabu
(1970) Haar Jeet (1972) Jeevitha Rangam (1974) Balapareekshanam
Balapareekshanam
(1978) Kazhukan (1979) Netrikkan
Netrikkan
(1981)

See also

Filmography Awards and nominations Kavithalayaa Productions

Awards for K. Balachander

v t e

Dadasaheb Phalke Award

1969–1980

Devika Rani
Devika Rani
Chaudhuri Roerich (1969) B. N. Sircar (1970) Prithviraj Kapoor
Prithviraj Kapoor
(1971) Pankaj Mullick
Pankaj Mullick
(1972) Ruby Myers
Ruby Myers
(1973) Bommireddy Narasimha Reddy (1974) Dhirendranath Ganguly (1975) Kanan Devi
Kanan Devi
(1976) Nitin Bose (1977) Rai Chand Boral (1978) Sohrab Modi
Sohrab Modi
(1979) Paidi Jairaj
Paidi Jairaj
(1980)

1981–2000

Naushad
Naushad
(1981) L. V. Prasad
L. V. Prasad
(1982) Durga Khote
Durga Khote
(1983) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1984) V. Shantaram
V. Shantaram
(1985) B. Nagi Reddy (1986) Raj Kapoor
Raj Kapoor
(1987) Ashok Kumar
Ashok Kumar
(1988) Lata Mangeshkar
Lata Mangeshkar
(1989) Akkineni Nageswara Rao
Akkineni Nageswara Rao
(1990) Bhalji Pendharkar (1991) Bhupen Hazarika
Bhupen Hazarika
(1992) Majrooh Sultanpuri (1993) Dilip Kumar
Dilip Kumar
(1994) Rajkumar (1995) Sivaji Ganesan
Sivaji Ganesan
(1996) Pradeep (1997) B. R. Chopra (1998) Hrishikesh Mukherjee (1999) Asha Bhosle
Asha Bhosle
(2000)

2001–present

Yash Chopra
Yash Chopra
(2001) Dev Anand
Dev Anand
(2002) Mrinal Sen
Mrinal Sen
(2003) Adoor Gopalakrishnan
Adoor Gopalakrishnan
(2004) Shyam Benegal
Shyam Benegal
(2005) Tapan Sinha (2006) Manna Dey
Manna Dey
(2007) V. K. Murthy
V. K. Murthy
(2008) D. Ramanaidu (2009) K. Balachander
K. Balachander
(2010) Soumitra Chatterjee
Soumitra Chatterjee
(2011) Pran (2012) Gulzar
Gulzar
(2013) Shashi Kapoor
Shashi Kapoor
(2014) Manoj Kumar
Manoj Kumar
(2015) Kasinathuni Viswanath
Kasinathuni Viswanath
(2016)

v t e

National Film Award for Best Screenplay

1967–1980

S. L. Puram Sadanandan (1967) Pandit Anand Kumar (1968) Puttanna Kanagal
Puttanna Kanagal
(1969) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1970) Tapan Sinha (1971) Gulzar
Gulzar
(1972) Mrinal Sen
Mrinal Sen
and Ashish Burman (1973) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1974) No Award (1975) Vijay Tendulkar
Vijay Tendulkar
(1976) Satyadev Dubey, Shyam Benegal, Girish Karnad
Girish Karnad
(1977) T. S. Ranga and T. S. Nagabharana
T. S. Nagabharana
(1978) Sai Paranjpye (1979) Mrinal Sen
Mrinal Sen
(1980)

1981–2000

K. Balachander
K. Balachander
(1981) Mrinal Sen
Mrinal Sen
(1982) G. V. Iyer
G. V. Iyer
(1983) Adoor Gopalakrishnan
Adoor Gopalakrishnan
(1984) Bhabendra Nath Saikia (1985) Budhdhadeb Dasgupta (1986) Adoor Gopalakrishnan
Adoor Gopalakrishnan
(1987) Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
(1988) M. T. Vasudevan Nair (1989) K. S. Sethumadhavan (1990) M. T. Vasudevan Nair (1991) M. T. Vasudevan Nair (1992) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1993) M. T. Vasudevan Nair (1994) Saeed Akhtar Mirza
Saeed Akhtar Mirza
and Ashok Mishra (1995) Agathiyan
Agathiyan
(1996) Rituparno Ghosh
Rituparno Ghosh
(1997) Ashok Mishra (1998) Madampu Kunjukuttan
Madampu Kunjukuttan
(1999) Bharathiraja (2000)

2001–present

Neelakanta (2001) Aparna Sen
Aparna Sen
(2002) Goutam Ghose
Goutam Ghose
(2003) Manoj Tyagi and Nina Arora (2004) Prakash Jha, Manoj Tyagi and Shridhar Raghavan (2005) Abhijat Joshi, Rajkumar Hirani
Rajkumar Hirani
and Vidhu Vinod Chopra
Vidhu Vinod Chopra
(2006) Feroz Abbas Khan (2007) Sachin Kundalkar
Sachin Kundalkar
(2008)

Original

P. F. Mathews and Harikrishna (2009) Vetrimaaran
Vetrimaaran
(2010) Nitish Tiwary, Vikas Bahl
Vikas Bahl
and Vijay Maurya (2011) Sujoy Ghosh
Sujoy Ghosh
(2012) P. Sheshadri
P. Sheshadri
(2013) Srijit Mukherji (2014) Juhi Chaturvedi and Himanshu Sharma (2015) Syam Pushkaran
Syam Pushkaran
(2016)

Adapted

Gopal Krishan Pai and Girish Kasaravalli
Girish Kasaravalli
(2009) Anant Mahadevan
Anant Mahadevan
and Sanjay Pawar (2010) Avinash Deshpande Nigdi (2011) Bhavesh Mandalia and Umesh Shukla (2012) Panchakshari (2013) Joshy Mangalath
Joshy Mangalath
(2014) Vishal Bhardwaj
Vishal Bhardwaj
(2015) Sanjay Krishnaji Patil (2016)

Dialogues

Pandiraj
Pandiraj
(2009) Sanjay Pawar (2010) Girish Kulkarni
Girish Kulkarni
(2011) Anjali Menon
Anjali Menon
(2012) Sumitra Bhave (2013) Vishal Bhardwaj
Vishal Bhardwaj
(2014) Juhi Chaturvedi and Himanshu Sharma (2015) Tharun Bhascker Dhaassyam (2016)

v t e

Filmfare Award for Best Screenplay

1969–1980

Nabendu Ghosh (1969) Hrishikesh Mukherjee (1970) Vijay Anand (1971) Basu Chatterjee
Basu Chatterjee
(1972) Arvind Mukherjee (1973) Salim-Javed
Salim-Javed
(1974) Shama Zaidi & Kaifi Azmi
Kaifi Azmi
(1975) Salim-Javed
Salim-Javed
(1976) Basu Chatterjee
Basu Chatterjee
(1977) Lekh Tandon, Vrajendra Kaur & Madhusudan Kalekar (1978) Kamleshwar (1979) Girish Karnad
Girish Karnad
& B. V. Karanth
B. V. Karanth
(1980)

1981–2000

Vijay Tendulkar
Vijay Tendulkar
(1981) K. Balachander
K. Balachander
(1982) Salim-Javed
Salim-Javed
(1983) Vijay Tendulkar
Vijay Tendulkar
(1984) Mrinal Sen
Mrinal Sen
(1985) Goutam Ghose
Goutam Ghose
& Partha Banerjee
Partha Banerjee
(1986) no award (1987) no award (1988) Nasir Hussain (1989) Shiv Kumar Subramaniam (1990) Basu Chatterjee
Basu Chatterjee
(1991) Tapan Sinha (1992) Aziz Mirza & Manoj Lalwani (1993) Robin Bhatt, Javed Siddiqui & Akash Khurana (1994) Sooraj Barjatya
Sooraj Barjatya
(1995) Aditya Chopra
Aditya Chopra
(1996) Rajkumar Santoshi
Rajkumar Santoshi
(1997) Subhash Ghai
Subhash Ghai
(1998) Karan Johar
Karan Johar
(1999) John Matthew Matthan (2000)

2001–present

Honey Irani & Ravi Kapoor (2001) Farhan Akhtar
Farhan Akhtar
(2002) Mani Ratnam
Mani Ratnam
(2003) Rajkumar Hirani, Vidhu Vinod Chopra
Vidhu Vinod Chopra
& Lajan Joseph (2004) Mani Ratnam
Mani Ratnam
(2005) Nina Arora & Manoj Tyagi (2006) Jaideep Sahni (2007) Anurag Basu
Anurag Basu
(2008) Yogendra Vinayak Joshi & Upendra Sidhaye (2009) Rajkumar Hirani, Vidhu Vinod Chopra
Vidhu Vinod Chopra
& Abhijat Joshi (2010) Anurag Kashyap
Anurag Kashyap
& Vikramaditya Motwane
Vikramaditya Motwane
(2011) Akshat Verma (2012) Sanjay Chauhan & Tigmanshu Dhulia
Tigmanshu Dhulia
(2013) Chetan Bhagat, Abhishek Kapoor, Supratik Sen & Pubali Chaudhari (2014) Rajkumar Hirani, Abhijat Joshi (2015) Juhi Chaturvedi (2016)

v t e

Filmfare Award for Best Tamil Director

1972–1990

P. Madhavan (1972) A. C. Tirulokchandar (1973) K. Balachander
K. Balachander
(1974) K. Balachander
K. Balachander
(1975) S. P. Muthuraman
S. P. Muthuraman
(1976) S. P. Muthuraman
S. P. Muthuraman
(1977) Bharathiraja (1978) J. Mahendran
J. Mahendran
(1979) K. Balachander
K. Balachander
(1980) K. Balachander
K. Balachander
(1981) Balu Mahendra
Balu Mahendra
(1982) A. Jagannathan (1983) K. Balachander
K. Balachander
(1984) Fazil (1985) Mani Ratnam
Mani Ratnam
(1986) Bharathiraja (1987) (1988) K. Balachander
K. Balachander
(1989) Mani Ratnam
Mani Ratnam
(1990)

1991–2000

Mani Ratnam
Mani Ratnam
(1991) K. Balachander
K. Balachander
(1992) Shankar (1993) Shankar (1994) Mani Ratnam
Mani Ratnam
(1995) Agathiyan
Agathiyan
(1996) Cheran (1997) Cheran (1998) Bala (1999) Rajiv Menon (2000) Cheran (2001) Mani Ratnam
Mani Ratnam
(2002) Bala (2003) Cheran (2004) Shankar (2005) Vasanthabalan
Vasanthabalan
(2006) Ameer Sultan
Ameer Sultan
(2007) M. Sasikumar
M. Sasikumar
(2008) Priyadarshan
Priyadarshan
(2009) Vasanthabalan
Vasanthabalan
(2010)

2011–present

Vetrimaaran
Vetrimaaran
(2011) Balaji Sakthivel
Balaji Sakthivel
(2012) Bala (2013) AR Murugadoss
AR Murugadoss
(2014) Mohan Raja
Mohan Raja
(2015) Sudha Kongara (2016)

v t e

Filmfare Award for Best Director
Filmfare Award for Best Director
– Telugu

1972–1980

Kadiri Venkata Reddy (1972) Tatineni Rama Rao (1973) Kasinathuni Viswanath
Kasinathuni Viswanath
(1974) Kasinathuni Viswanath
Kasinathuni Viswanath
(1975) Bapu (1976) Kovelamudi Raghavendra Rao (1977) K. Balachander
K. Balachander
(1978) Dasari Narayana Rao
Dasari Narayana Rao
(1979) Bapu (1980)

1981–1990

Dasari Narayana Rao
Dasari Narayana Rao
(1981) Kasinathuni Viswanath
Kasinathuni Viswanath
(1982) Kasinathuni Viswanath
Kasinathuni Viswanath
(1983) Jandhyala Subramanya Sastry (1984) Singeetam Srinivasa Rao
Singeetam Srinivasa Rao
(1985) Kasinathuni Viswanath
Kasinathuni Viswanath
(1986) Kasinathuni Viswanath
Kasinathuni Viswanath
(1987) M. V. Raghu (1988) Mani Ratnam
Mani Ratnam
(1989) Kodi Ramakrishna
Kodi Ramakrishna
(1990)

1991–2000

Kranthi Kumar (1991) Kasinathuni Viswanath
Kasinathuni Viswanath
(1992) Kovelamudi Raghavendra Rao (1993) S. V. Krishna Reddy (1994) Kasinathuni Viswanath
Kasinathuni Viswanath
(1995) Krishna Vamsi (1996) Dasari Narayana Rao
Dasari Narayana Rao
(1997) Krishna Vamsi (1998) B. Gopal (1999) K. Vijaya Bhaskar (2000)

2001–2010

Teja (2001) Krishna Vamsi (2002) Gunasekhar
Gunasekhar
(2003) Sukumar (2004) Trivikram Srinivas
Trivikram Srinivas
(2005) Puri Jagannadh
Puri Jagannadh
(2006) Sekhar Kammula
Sekhar Kammula
(2007) Radhakrishna Jagarlamudi (2008) S. S. Rajamouli
S. S. Rajamouli
(2009) Krish (2010) Srinu Vaitla (2011) S. S. Rajamouli
S. S. Rajamouli
(2012) Trivikram Srinivas
Trivikram Srinivas
(2013) Vikram Kumar (2014) S. S. Rajamouli
S. S. Rajamouli
(2015)

v t e

Filmfare Award South for Lifetime Achievement

1983–1989

S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
(1983) Sowcar Janaki
Sowcar Janaki
(1984) Sivaji Ganesan
Sivaji Ganesan
(1985) Thikkurissy Sukumaran Nair (1986) Bhanumathi Ramakrishna
Bhanumathi Ramakrishna
(1987) Akkineni Nageswara Rao
Akkineni Nageswara Rao
(1988) Ilaiyaraaja
Ilaiyaraaja
(1989)

1990–1999

Padmini (1990) M. T. Vasudevan Nair (1991) L. V. Prasad
L. V. Prasad
(1992) Gemini Ganesan
Gemini Ganesan
(1993) K. Balachander, Kasinathuni Viswanath, B. Saroja Devi, Madhu, Hrishikesh Mukherjee, Soumitra Chatterjee
Soumitra Chatterjee
(1994) Nagesh & Manorama (1995) Krishna & Sharada (1996) Nedumudi Venu
Nedumudi Venu
& S. Janaki
S. Janaki
(1997) Allu Rama Lingaiah & Lakshmi (1998) Pandari Bai
Pandari Bai
& Mugur Sundar (1999) D. Ramanaidu & Sheela (2000)

2001–2010

M. S. Viswanathan
M. S. Viswanathan
& Dasari Narayana Rao
Dasari Narayana Rao
(2001) Kovelamudi Raghavendra Rao & Vishnuvardhan (2002) K. J. Yesudas
K. J. Yesudas
& Vijayashanti (2003) K. R. Vijaya & Ramoji Rao (2004) Thilakan
Thilakan
& Sukumari
Sukumari
(2005) Krishnam Raju
Krishnam Raju
& P. Susheela
P. Susheela
(2006) Sivakumar
Sivakumar
& Jaya Prada
Jaya Prada
(2007) Veturi Sundararama Murthy
Veturi Sundararama Murthy
(2008) Ambareesh & KPAC Lalitha (2009) Chiranjeevi
Chiranjeevi
& Jayasudha (2010)

2011–present

S. P. Muthuraman
S. P. Muthuraman
& Seema (2011) Bapu & Vani Jairam
Vani Jairam
(2012) Balu Mahendra
Balu Mahendra
& Jayabharathi
Jayabharathi
(2013) I. V. Sasi
I. V. Sasi
& Raadhika (2014) Mohan Babu (2015) Vijaya Nirmala (2016)

v t e

Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
State Film Award for Best Director

1967–1980

C. N. Shanmugam (1967) Krishnan-Panju
Krishnan-Panju
(1968) P. Neelakantan (1969) P. Madhavan (1970) Not awarded (1971) Not awarded (1972) Not awarded (1973) Not awarded (1974) Not awarded (1975) Not awarded (1976) Bharathiraja (1977) Durai (1978) S. P. Muthuraman
S. P. Muthuraman
(1979) K. Balachander
K. Balachander
(1980)

1981–2000

Bharathiraja (1981) Muktha Srinivasan
Muktha Srinivasan
(1982) Not awarded (1983) Not awarded (1984) Not awarded (1985) Not awarded (1986) Not awarded (1987) P. R. Devaraj (1988) K. Balachander
K. Balachander
(1989) Vikraman (1990) P. Vasu
P. Vasu
(1991) Mani Ratnam
Mani Ratnam
(1992) Shankar (1993) K. S. Ravikumar
K. S. Ravikumar
(1994) Vasanth
Vasanth
(1995) Agathiyan
Agathiyan
(1996) Vikraman & Cheran (1997) R. Parthiepan
R. Parthiepan
(1998) Bala (1999) Vikraman (2000)

2001–present

Susi Ganesan
Susi Ganesan
(2001) Mani Ratnam
Mani Ratnam
(2002) Karu Pazhaniappan
Karu Pazhaniappan
(2003) Cheran (2004) Shankar (2005) Thirumurugan (2006) Thangar Bachan
Thangar Bachan
(2007) Radha Mohan
Radha Mohan
(2008) Vasanthabalan
Vasanthabalan
(2009) Prabhu Solomon (2010) A. L. Vijay (2011) Balaji Sakthivel
Balaji Sakthivel
(2012) Ram (2013) N. Ragavan (2014)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 815131

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