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The Subaru
Subaru
Justy is a subcompact hatchback that has been sold by Japanese automobile manufacturer Subaru
Subaru
since 1984. Subaru manufactured the Justy from 1984 to 1994; since then it has sold rebadged versions of other vehicles under the Justy nameplate. The company introduced the latest iteration, a rebadged Daihatsu Boon (second generation), at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show[1] with a 1.0 or 1.2-liter straight-three engine, front/four wheel drive, electronically controlled continuously variable transaxle, or a 5-speed manual transaxle. For the 2010 model year, the Justy was replaced with the Subaru
Subaru
Trezia. The Justy nameplate was revived in November 2016 as a rebadged Toyota Tank
Toyota Tank
and its twin counterpart the Toyota Roomy and Daihatsu Thor.

Contents

1 First generation

1.1 United States 1.2 Norway 1.3 Taiwan

2 Drivetrain

2.1 Gear ratios

3 Rebadged models 4 Gallery 5 References

First generation[edit] Originally designed and manufactured in Japan, the Justy was introduced to Japan in 1984. The design was a widened and stretched version of the Rex kei car, still using the same doors and some other pressings. To Japanese buyers, it was longer and wider and had an engine larger than kei car dimension regulations outlined, while keeping the engine displacement at 1000cc to minimize the annual road tax obligation. The electronically controlled, continuously variable "ECVT" transmission was introduced in February 1987.[2] Production of this model was limited to 500 per month due to limited supplies of steel bands from Van Doorne, but as the Justy ECVT was not an unqualified success this was not a real problem. When supplies later increased, Subaru
Subaru
chose to use them for the smaller Rex instead.[2] The Justy was originally available with a low or a high roof, although the flat roofed version was eventually allowed to wither away.

Facelifted first generation Justy (1989-95)

European and American versions followed in 1987 and all models received a restyling in 1989. In some countries, such as Sweden, the Justy was sold under the name Subaru
Subaru
Trendy. In some places it was also simply marketed as the 'J-series' in early years, J10 for 1.0 L versions and J12 for the later 1.2 L versions. In many markets the Justy was only sold with four-wheel-drive, as with much of the Subaru
Subaru
lineup. Intended to compete with Daihatsu's one-liter Charade, the Justy was presented with a one-liter engine. Somewhat underpowered, this was later complemented by a larger 1.2-liter which eventually became the only engine installed. In European catalyzed trim, this engine offered 80 PS (59 kW) at 5200 rpm.[3] In Taiwan, Subaru
Subaru
marketed a version of the Justy with a sedan-style body and an uprated 80 PS (59 kW) fuel injected EF12 engine called the Tutto. Taiwanese Subarus were assembled by their local partner Ta Ching. United States[edit] In the United States, only the Japanese manufactured models were sold and only from 1987 to 1994 with the 1.2 engine. The Justy received 4WD as an option in 1988, and all models were equipped with Multi Port Fuel Injection late in 1991. A five-door model was also available from 1990[4] to 1994. A 1995 model was offered in Canada. Norway[edit] The Subaru
Subaru
Justy (they were registered as "Justy/Trendy" in Norway) was available from late 1984 with optional 4×4 and the EF10 engine. The 4×4 version came with a 40 kW (54 bhp) version of the engine with a two barrel carburetor, while the FWD version only produced 36 kW (48 bhp) with a single barrel carburetor. The 4×4 version had a factory top speed of 145 km/h (90 mph) and could accelerate 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in 16 seconds. Gear ratios where identical on the 1.0- and 1.2-liter versions. Stock tire dimensions on the 1.0-liter version where 145-SR-12 and the 1.2-liter version had 165-65-R-13. The turning circle was as 9.8 m (32 ft) and the fuel tank was 35 liters. Taiwan[edit] Fuji Heavy Industries
Fuji Heavy Industries
signed a long term contract with Ta Ching Motor Co. in 1989 in Taiwan right after the Justy hatchback started production. Ta Ching Motor Co.
Ta Ching Motor Co.
later developed the Subaru
Subaru
Tutto notchback sedan unique to Taiwan based on the Justy hatchback. Drivetrain[edit] Initially, the Justy was equipped with a 1.0 or 1.2 liter EF three-cylinder engine and either a manual transmission or a continuously variable transmission with either front wheel drive or on-demand four wheel drive. The CVT technology (a pushbelt system) was employed because with a conventional automatic transmission, performance would have been unacceptable, due to the small 3-cylinder engine; due to driving conditions in Japan, where the speed limits in Japan realistically don't exceed 40 km/h (24.9 mph) in urban areas, the Justy was an affordable choice. In North America, because of the long distances, the CVT was considered unreliable, but this has not been the case in other countries. In 1989, the gear ratios changed, front brakes and outer axle shafts were made larger, the rear differential was reinforced and the front axle shafts were identical lengths thanks to an intermediate extension shaft. The European Justy from 1994 to 2001, a rebadged second generation Suzuki Cultus, used a 1.3 SOHC 8V, G13BA Suzuki engine with a Suzuki 5 speed manual transmission and AWD via a viscous clutch as standard. Gear ratios[edit] 1987–1988

ECVT: Not available until February 1987

FWD: 1st 3.071 2nd 1.695 3rd 1.137 4th .823 5th .675 Rev 3.461 Final 4.437

4WD: 1st 3.071 2nd 1.695 3rd 1.137 4th .771 5th .631 Rev 3.461 Final 5.200, Differential 3.700

1989–1994

ECVT: 2.503-.497, Rev 2.475, Final 4.666, Differential 3.900

FWD: 1st 3.071 2nd 1.695 3rd 1.137 4th .794 5th .675 Rev 3.461 Final 4.800

4WD: 1st 3.071 2nd 1.695 3rd 1.137 4th .794 5th .675 Rev 3.461 Final 5.285, Differential 3.700

Rebadged models[edit] After 1994, rebadged models from other manufacturers carried the Justy nameplate:

In 1994, Subaru
Subaru
introduced to the Europe market a rebadged second generation Suzuki Cultus
Suzuki Cultus
carrying the Justy nameplate. Manufactured at Suzuki's Esztergom, Hungary plant, these were available in 3 and 5 door models, both with full-time all wheel drive as standard. In 2004, a rebadged Suzuki Ignis
Suzuki Ignis
carried the G3X Justy nameplate in Europe, this model is available with a Suzuki M13A or M15A engine, and also equipped as standard with AWD. In model year 2007 a rebadged Toyota Passo/ Daihatsu Boon
Daihatsu Boon
revived the Justy nameplate with the Toyota 1KR-FE 1.0 L engine. And, surprisingly, it is only available with front wheel drive, every Justy since the first one in 1984 had either optional or standard 4WD/AWD. In late 2016 a rebadged Toyota Tank/Daihatsu Thor revived the Justy nameplate with the Toyota 1KR-FE 1.0 L engine.

Gallery[edit]

Taiwan-spec Subaru
Subaru
Tutto

Euro-spec 2nd gen Subaru
Subaru
Justy (Suzuki Cultus-based)

Euro-spec 3rd gen Subaru
Subaru
Justy (Suzuki Ignis-based)

Euro-spec 4th gen Subaru
Subaru
Justy (Daihatsu Boon-based)

References[edit]

^ "New Subaru
Subaru
Justy Introduced in Europe". worldcarfans.com. Retrieved 2008-03-31.  ^ a b " Fuji Heavy Industries
Fuji Heavy Industries
to increase production of ECVT systems". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. Tokyo: 12. 13 June 1987.  ^ Söderlind, Alrik (1987-04-15). " 4WD
4WD
som kostar" [ 4WD
4WD
at a price]. Teknikens Värld (in Swedish). Stockholm, Sweden: Specialtidningsförlaget AB. 39 (9): 11.  ^ http://www.nadaguides.com/Classic-Cars/1990/Subaru/Justy/GL-5-Door-Hatchback-4WD/Values

v t e

Subaru, a division of Fuji Heavy Industries, vehicle timeline 1954–1989 — next »

Type 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s

4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Kei car

360 R-2 Rex Rex Rex

Kei truck/Microvan

Sambar Sambar Sambar Sambar, Domingo/Libero

Subcompact

450/Maia

Justy

Compact

1000/FF-1 Star/G Leone Leone Leone/Loyale

1500 P1

Legacy

Sports coupé

Alcyone/XT

Coupé
Coupé
utility

BRAT BRAT/Brumby

v t e

« previous — Subaru, a division of Fuji Heavy Industries, vehicle timeline, 1990s–present

Type 1990s 2000s 2010s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Kei car Rex Vivio Pleo I Pleo II (rebadged Daihatsu Mira)

R1

R2 Lucra (rebadged Daihatsu Tanto
Daihatsu Tanto
Exe) Chiffon (rebadged Daihatsu Tanto)

Stella I Stella II (rebadged Daihatsu Move)

Kei truck/Microvan Sambar / Domingo Sambar Dias Wagon (rebadged Daihatsu Hijet)

Subcompact Justy I Justy II Justy III Justy IV Trezia Justy V (rebadged Toyota Tank)

Dex

Compact Leone III Leone IV Leone V

Impreza I Impreza II Impreza III Impreza IV Impreza V

Legacy I

Levorg

Mid-size

Legacy II Legacy III Legacy IV Legacy V Legacy VI

Sports coupé Alcyone XT Alcyone SVX

BRZ

Minivan

Traviq

Exiga

Crossover SUV

XV

Outback I Outback II Outback III Outback IV Outback V

Bighorn Bighorn

Forester I Forester II Forester III Forester IV

Tribeca

Ascent

Coupé
Coupé
utility BRAT

Baja

Current

Forester Impreza (XV, WRX, STI) Justy Legacy Levorg Outback Pleo Sambar Stella TransCare Ascent

Engines

EA EE EF EG EJ EK EL EN EZ AVCS i-AVLS FA FB

Historic and discontinued

1500 360 1000 Alcyone XT Alcyone SVX Baja Bighorn BRAT Dex Domingo Exiga FF-1 G FF-1 Star Leone Lucra Sumo R-2 R1 R2 (Modern) Rex Traviq Trezia Tribeca Vivio

Concept

SRD-1 (1990) Fleet-X (1999) B11S (2003) B9 Scrambler (2003) R1e (2003) B5 TPH (2005) G4e (2007) Hybrid & Advanced Tourer (2009, 2011) Viziv (2013–18)

Related

Fuji Heavy Industries Subaru
Subaru
World Rally Team Subaru
Subaru
Rally Team USA Subaru
Subaru
of America Subaru
Subaru
of Indiana Automotive Subaru
Subaru
Industrial Power Products Subaru
Subaru
Tecnica International Wish Upon the Pleiades

v t e

« previous — Subaru, a division of Fuji Heavy Industries, vehicle timeline in North America, 1990s–present

Type 1990s 2000s 2010s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Subcompact Justy KA

Impreza I GC/GF/GM Impreza II GD/GG

Compact Leone/Loyale AC/AG/AN

Impreza III GE/GH/GR Impreza IV GJ/GP Impreza V

Outback Sport I Outback Sport II Outback Sport III

XV Crosstrek Crosstrek

Mid-size Legacy I BC/BF/BJ Legacy II BD/BG/BK Legacy III BE/BH Legacy IV BL/BP Legacy V BM Legacy VI BN

Sports coupé XT AX SVX CX

BRZ

Crossover/SUV

Forester I SF Forester II SG Forester III SH Forester IV SJ

Outback I BG Outback II BH Outback III BP Outback IV BR Outback V BS

Tribeca WX

Ascent

Coupe Utility BRAT

Baja BT

Current

Ascent BRZ Forester Impreza / Crosstrek Legacy Outback

Engines

EA EE EF EG EJ EK EL EN EZ AVCS i-AVLS FB

Past

1500 360 1000 Alcyone XT Alcyone SVX Baja BRAT FF-1 G FF-1 Star Justy Leone R1 R2 Tribeca

Concept

SRD-1 (1990) Fleet-X (1999) B11S (2003) B9 Scrambler (2003) R1e (2003) B5 TPH (2005) G4e (2007) Hybrid & Advanced Tourer (2009, 2011) Viziv (2013–15)

Miscellaneous

Parent: Fuji Heavy Industries Subaru
Subaru
Worl

.