The Info List - Justice And Development Party (Morocco)

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Sunni Islam

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Politics of Morocco Political parties Elections

The Justice and Development Party, JDP (Arabic: حزب العدالة والتنمية‎; Berber: Akabar en Tnezzarfut ed Tneflit, KNN; French: Parti de la justice et du développement, PJD) is the party that has led the executive branch of the government of Morocco
since 29 November 2011. The JDP (or PJD) advocates Islamism
and Islamic democracy.


1 History 2 Ideology 3 Electoral results

3.1 Moroccan Parliament

4 References 5 External links

History[edit] PJD was founded by Abdelkrim al-Khatib, one of the founders of the Popular Movement party, from which he was expelled in the mid-1960s, under the name of MPDC (French: Mouvement populaire démocratique et constitutionnel, the "Popular Democratic and Constitutional Movement").[5] The party was an empty shell for many years, until various members of a clandestine association Chabiba islamia, who later formed the MUR (French: Mouvement unité et réforme, the "Unity and Reform Movement") joined the party, with the authorisation and encouragement of former Interior Minister Driss Basri. It later changed its name to current PJD in 1998. The party won eight seats in the parliamentary election in 1997.[6] In the parliamentary election held on 27 September 2002, the party won 42 out of 325 seats,[6] winning most of the districts where it fielded candidates. Its secretary-general since 2004 was Saadeddine Othmani, MP representing Mohammedia. In the parliamentary election held on 7 September 2007, the PJD won 43 out of 325 seats,[7] behind the Istiqlal Party, which won 52. This was contrary to expectations that the PJD would win the most seats.[8] However, the party had limited number of candidates in the election.[7] Abdelilah Benkirane
Abdelilah Benkirane
was elected leader of the PJD in July 2008, taking over from Saadeddine Othmani.[9] Having won a plurality of seats (107 seats) in the November 2011 parliamentary election,[10][11] the party formed a coalition with three parties that had been part of previous governments, and Abdelilah Benkirane
Abdelilah Benkirane
was appointed Prime Minister of Morocco
on 29 November 2011.[12][13] His new government has targeted average economic growth of 5.5 percent a year during its four-year mandate, and to reduce the jobless rate to 8 percent by the end of 2016 from 9.1 percent at the start of 2012.[13] Benkirane's government has also actively pursued Morocco’s ties with the European Union, its chief trade partner, as well as becoming increasingly engaged with the six-member Gulf Co-operation Council. Ideology[edit] PJD is an Islamist conservative democrat party crucially supporting Moroccan monarchy. PJD disavows violence, terrorism and seeks to defend Morocco’s Islamic identity through legislative means. According to The Washington Post, Saadeddine Othmani
Saadeddine Othmani
is a moderate Muslim.[6][14] According to a paper published by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the PJD has placed economic and legal issues at the core of its platform and is committed to internal democracy.[15] The party's stated platform includes:[16]

Education reform and reestablishment. Economic partnerships with other countries. Enhancement of democracy and human rights. Encouraging investment. Greater Arab and Muslim unity.

Electoral results[edit] Moroccan Parliament[edit]

House of Representatives

Election year # of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall seats won +/– Leader

1977 625,786 (#3) 12.40

44 / 264


Abdelkrim al-Khatib

1984 69,862 (#8) 1.6

0 / 301


Abdelkrim al-Khatib

1993 Non-presented -

0 / 333



1997 264,324 (#10) 4.1

9 / 325


Abdelkrim al-Khatib

2002 ? (#3) 12.92

42 / 325


Abdelkrim al-Khatib

2007 503,396 (#2) 10.9

46 / 325


Saadeddine Othmani

2011 1,080,914 (#1) 22.8

107 / 395


Abdelilah Benkirane

2016 (#1) 31.65

125 / 395


Abdelilah Benkirane


^ Feriha Perekli (2012). "The Applicability of the "Turkish Model" to Morocco: The Case of the Parti de la Justice et du Développement (PJD)" (PDF). Insight Turkey. 14 (3): 85–108.  ^ "Islamists in Morocco
election claim 'historic' vote breakthrough". The Telegraph. 26 November 2011.  ^ a b Alami, Aida (25 November 2011). "Moroccans Vote in Election Marking Shift of Power From King". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 25 November 2011.  ^ Chen, Cherice (25 November 2011). " Morocco
votes in first election since protests; Islamist party eyes victory". Taiwan News. Retrieved 25 November 2011.  ^ Mohammed Hirchi (August 2007). " Political Islam in Morocco: The Case of the Party of Justice and Development (PJD)". ACAS Bulletin (77). Retrieved 21 January 2014.  ^ a b c "Islamists in Morocco
election claim 'historic' vote breakthrough". The Telegraph. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2014.  ^ a b Kristine Krausch (July 2007). "An Islamist Government in Morocco?" (PDF). FRIDE. Retrieved 10 October 2014.  ^ "Moroccans favor conservative party instead of ushering in Islamic party". International Herald Tribune. Associated Press. 9 September 2007. Archived from the original on 14 October 2008. Retrieved 30 November 2011.  ^ " Abdelilah Benkirane
Abdelilah Benkirane
élu à la tête du PJD". JDM Magazine. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 25 November 2011.  ^ "Morocco". European Forum. Archived from the original on 10 September 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.  ^ "Youth Perceptions in Morocco" (PDF). National Democratic Institute for International Affairs. 2012.  ^ Abdelilah Benkirane, dirigeant du Parti justice et développement, annoncé comme le vainqueur des législatives France24. 27 November 2011. Retrieved 21 January 2014. ^ a b "Morocco's new govt targets 5.5 pct GDP growth". Reuters. 19 January 2012.  ^ Knickmeyer, Ellen (7 September 2007). "Islamic Party Confident in Morocco". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 November 2011.  ^ Amr Hamzawy (July 2008). "Party for Justice and Development in Morocco: Participation and Its Discontents". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved 30 November 2011.  ^ "Arab Political Parties Database: Morocco: Justice and Development party". United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2007. Retrieved 30 November 2011. 

External links[edit]

Justice and Development Party (in Arabic) (in French) Attajdid newspaper (in Arabic)

portal Politics portal Islam portal

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Ennahda Movement Gülen movement Islamic Modernism Justice and Development Party (Turkey)

Theorists and political leaders

Muhammad Abduh Jamāl al-Dīn al-Afghānī Qazi Hussain Ahmad Muhammad Asad Hasan al-Banna Necmettin Erbakan Muammar Gaddafi Rached Ghannouchi Safwat Hegazi Muhammad Iqbal Alija Izetbegović Ali Khamenei Ruhollah Khomeini Abul Ala Maududi Taqi al-Din al-Nabhani Yusuf al-Qaradawi Sayyid Qutb Tariq Ramadan Ata Abu Rashta Rashid Rida Navvab Safavi Ali Shariati Haji Shariatullah Hassan al-Turabi Ahmad Yassin Zia-ul-Haq

Salafi movement



Ahl-i Hadith Madkhalism Sahwa movement Wahhabism


Al Asalah Authenticity Party Al-Islah Al-Nour Party

Islamist Bloc

People Party Young Kashgar Party

Major figures

Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab Nasiruddin Albani Abd al-Aziz ibn Baz Muqbil bin Hadi al-Wadi'i Safar al-Hawali Rabee al-Madkhali Muhammad Al-Munajjid Zakir Naik Salman al-Ouda Ali al-Tamimi Ibn al Uthaymeen


International propagation of Salafism and Wahhabism Islamic religious police Petro-Islam Sufi-Salafi relations

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in the Arabian Peninsula in Iraq in North Africa

Major figures

Anwar al-Awlaki Abdullah Yusuf Azzam Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi Osama bin Laden Mohammed Omar Juhayman al-Otaybi Omar Abdel-Rahman Ayman al-Zawahiri


Islamic extremism Islamic terrorism Jihad Slavery Talibanization Worldwide Caliphate


Reconstruction (Iqbal, 1930s) Forty Hadith (Khomeini, 1940) Principles (Asad, 1961) Milestones (Qutb, 1964) Islamic Government (Khomeini, 1970) Islamic Declaration (Izetbegović, 1969-1970) The Green Book (Gaddafi, 1975)

Historical events

Zia-ul-Haq's Islamization Iranian Revolution Grand Mosque seizure Soviet invasion of Afghanistan Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam Popular Arab and Islamic Congress Algerian Civil War September 11 attacks War on Terror Arab Spring Arab Winter


Anti-imperialism Anti-Zionism Islamic response to modernity Islamic revival Modern Islamic philosophy

by region

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Related topics


Ed Husain

Political aspects of Islam Political Islam


South Asia North Africa

v t e

Political parties in Morocco

Assembly of Representatives

Justice and Development Party (125) Authenticity and Modernity Party
Authenticity and Modernity Party
(102) Istiqlal Party
Istiqlal Party
(46) National Rally of Independents (37) Popular Movement (27) Socialist Union of Popular Forces (20) Constitutional Union (19) Party of Progress and Socialism
Party of Progress and Socialism
(12) Democratic and Social Movement (3) Federation of the Democratic Left (2) Party of Liberty and Social Justice (1) Green Left Party (1)


Environment and Development Party Al Ahd Front of Democratic Forces Action Party Party of Renewal and Equity Democratic Independence Party National Union of Popular Forces Social Centre Party Socialist Democratic Vanguard Party Citizens' Forces Democratic Way Moroccan Union for Democracy National Democratic Party Party of Renaissance and Virtue Socialist Party


Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Badil al-Hadari Party

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