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The Justice and Construction Party[1][2] or Justice and Development Party (Arabic: حزب العدالة والبناء‎, Hizb Al-Adala Wal-Bina)[3] is the Muslim Brotherhood's political party in Libya. It was officially founded on 3 March 2012 in Tripoli. The party advocates Islamism. The Muslim Brotherhood
Muslim Brotherhood
as a whole has an extensive history of links to violence and involvement in terrorist activities.[4] It is recognized as a terrorist organization by Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Syria, and Russia.[5][6][7][8] Mohamed Sowan of Misrata
Misrata
heads the party, while Mohamed Gaair is its spokesman. While the party finished second in the elections,[9] it is believed to have attracted enough independents to have become the majority, and infighting in the National Forces Alliance has allowed the Brotherhood's political arm to gradually consolidate control over Libya. The party backed the election of Nouri Abusahmain a Amazigh
Amazigh
and moderate Islamist
Islamist
over the secular candidates who were defeated.[10] This gave the Brotherhood a strong position so that once Ali Zeidan was sacked[11][12][13] over mishandling of Morning Glory oil shipments the Brotherhood had the speaker-President (Abusahmain) with the authority that they could then eventually appoint a moderate Islamist and pro-Business politician,[14] Ahmed Maiteeq
Ahmed Maiteeq
as the Prime minister [15][16] The Brotherhood continues to build a stronger national consensus and is united [17] when the nationalist National Forces Alliance are divided, by backing an Amazigh
Amazigh
as President, the JCP consolidated a stronger support base amongst Libya's ethnic minorities

Contents

1 History 2 Ideology 3 Criticism

3.1 Protests

4 References 5 External links

History[edit] The Libyan branch of the Muslim Brotherhood
Muslim Brotherhood
was founded in 1949, however it had not been able to operate openly until after the Libyan Civil War. A public conference was held for the first time in Libya
Libya
on 17 November 2011 and attended by Libyan Muslim Brotherhood
Muslim Brotherhood
leader Suleiman Abdelkader and Tunisia's Rashid Ghannouchi.[18] On 24 December 2011, the Libyan Muslim Brotherhood
Muslim Brotherhood
announced an intention to form a political party to contest the Public National Conference election scheduled for June 2012.[19] The official founding of the party was declared on 3 March 2012, despite the lack of electoral laws governing the foundation of political parties to run in elections. The Libyan Muslim Brotherhood's spokesman, Mohamed Gaair, said the party was launched in Tripoli
Tripoli
after a function attended by 1,400 representatives from over 18 cities. A former political prisoner Mohamed Sowan of Misrata
Misrata
was chosen as the inaugural head of the party. Significantly, Misrata
Misrata
was a hotbed of violence during the civil war and its people are also considered to have become distrustful of the central government's institutions based outside the city (since the founding leaders from the oil-rich region have called for autonomy for the wider Cyrenaica
Cyrenaica
region; a move that was opposed by others in Tripoli
Tripoli
and Benghazi[20]). Gaair added that many of the Muslim Brotherhood's leaders were either previously jailed or sent into exile. Amongst its supporter base are several other rebel leaders from the civil war and wealthy Libyan expatriates who returned after the war. The party is said to be the country's most organised political force,[21] similar to the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, which won a plurality in the 2011–12 Egyptian parliamentary elections after its own revolution that ousted Hosni Mubarak
Hosni Mubarak
from power. Justice and Construction competed in the Libyan General National Congress election, 2012. It received 10% of the vote and won 17 of the 80 party-list seats, placing second behind the National Forces Alliance. It is also estimated that 17 of the 120 independents in the GNC are associated with Justice and Construction.[22] In 2014, the Justice and Construction Party announced that it was withdrawing from government in Libya
Libya
after failing to secure enough votes to censure then Prime Minister, Ali Zeidan. All five of the party’s ministers – including those for Oil, Economy, and Housing – resigned as a result of the futile effort.[23] Ideology[edit] The Muslim Brotherhood's spokesman Mohamed Gaair said that the party would seek "to work on security and stability. We are still a new founded party, but we will work on the basis of Islamic principles and that doesn't mean the shallow meaning of religion most people think of like banning women from leaving home. This is not rational." This followed an announcement by the NTC's interim government that Sharia law was to be the foundation for new Libyan legislation.[21] It has now also called for a National unity government in order to end sectarianism and further conflict.[24] It has also called for all parties to have dialogue with each other in "post revolutionary" Libya.[25] Criticism[edit] The Brotherhood party affiliate in Libya
Libya
has come under scrutiny because of the larger Muslim Brotherhood’s links to violence and adherence to the strict Sharia – or Islamic – religious law.[4] In June 2017, the Libyan House of Representatives (HoR) produced a list of terrorists inside Libya
Libya
with links to Qatar, a widely purported sponsor of terrorism. The list was signed by Talal Almaihub, chairman of the defense and national security committee of the HoR.[26] Multiple Brotherhood members were named in the list, including executive member, Nizar Kiwan, major donor, Abdulrazaq al-Aradi, and Ali Salabi, “the man considered to the ideological brains of the Muslim Brotherhood.”[26] In November 2016, former prime minister of Libya, Khalifa al-Ghawil, stated in an interview with Libya
Libya
Al-Hadith TV that the JCP was ruining the country. He had made similar statements before, ultimately claiming that the Brotherhood had an “agenda that was against the interests of Libyans.”[27] A 2014 article by American news publication, Foreign Policy, described JCP as a “party bruised” and noted that the Brotherhood’s local Libyan party has not garnered high levels of public support.[28] Protests[edit] In July 2013, angry protesters stormed the party’s offices in Tripoli
Tripoli
following the assassination of prominent Libyan political activist, Abdelsalam al-Mismari, purportedly killed by the Brotherhood.[29][30] Mismari was one of the original activists that helped drive a movement to overthrow Gaddafi and was highly critical of the Brotherhood’s affiliate party in Libya
Libya
thereafter.[30] Agence France-Presse
Agence France-Presse
news outlet interviewed one of the protesters, who proclaimed:[30]

“We want all political parties to be dissolved […] They’re the cause of all our problems. First we need a constitution, then laws regulation political life before parties can begin operating.”

References[edit]

Libya
Libya
portal Islam portal

^ " Muslim Brotherhood
Muslim Brotherhood
formally launches party". Libya
Libya
Herald. 3 March 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012.  ^ Soguel, Dominique (3 March 2012). "Muslim Brother picked to lead new Libya
Libya
party". Times of India. Tripoli. Agence France-Presse. Archived from the original on 1 July 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012.  ^ Haimzadeh, Patrick (3 July 2012), "Libya's Unquiet Election", Middle East Online  ^ a b CNN, By Bryony Jones and Susannah Cullinane. "What is the Muslim Brotherhood? - CNN". CNN. Retrieved 2017-11-27.  ^ "Bahrain News Agency Bahrain backs Saudi Arabia, UAE, Foreign Minister says". www.bna.bh. Retrieved 2017-11-27.  ^ "Egypt Brotherhood 'terrorist group'". BBC News. 2013-12-25. Retrieved 2017-11-27.  ^ "Brotherhood 'terrorists', say Saudis". BBC News. 2014-03-07. Retrieved 2017-11-27.  ^ "U.A.E. Supports Saudi Arabia Against Qatar-Backed Brotherhood". Bloomberg.com. 2014-03-09. Retrieved 2017-11-27.  ^ "Libya's Muslim Brotherhood
Muslim Brotherhood
Struggles to Grow". Foreign Policy. 4 May 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2014.  ^ " Libya
Libya
assembly votes in first Berber as new chief". Reuters. Retrieved 27 October 2014.  ^ "BBC News - Islamist
Islamist
party quits Libya's government". BBC News. Retrieved 27 October 2014.  ^ http://www.libyaherald.com/2014/01/16/sack-zeidan-or-take-blame-for-libyas-woes-muslim-brotherhood-tells-congress/#axzz30mtYnyJV ^ http://www.libyaherald.com/2014/03/11/congress-sacks-zeidan-elections-for-new-legislature-in-july/#axzz30mtYnyJV ^ "Islamist-backed businessman named Libya
Libya
PM". Telegraph.co.uk. 4 May 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2014.  ^ Agencies. "Confusion surrounds Libya
Libya
PM's election". Retrieved 27 October 2014.  ^ Agencies. " Libya
Libya
speaker confirms new PM's appointment". Retrieved 27 October 2014.  ^ http://www.libyaherald.com/2014/04/27/sawan-re-elected-head-of-justice-and-construction-party-for-four-years/#axzz30mtYnyJV ^ Murphy, Francois (17 November 2011). " Muslim Brotherhood
Muslim Brotherhood
goes public with Libya
Libya
summit". Benghazi. Reuters. Retrieved 8 March 2012.  ^ " Muslim Brotherhood
Muslim Brotherhood
to Contest Libyan Elections as Independent Party". The Tripoli
Tripoli
Post. 24 December 2011. Archived from the original on 5 May 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2012.  ^ "Thousands rally in Libya
Libya
against autonomy for east". Reuters. 9 March 2012.  ^ a b " Muslim Brotherhood
Muslim Brotherhood
forms party in Libya". Al Jazeera. 4 March 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012.  ^ http://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/research_papers/2013_RP04_lac.pdf ^ "Islamists quit Libya
Libya
government". BBC News. 2014-01-21. Retrieved 2017-11-27.  ^ http://www.ikhwanweb.com/article.php?id=32490 ^ http://www.ikhwanweb.com/article.php?id=32493 ^ a b https://www.libyaherald.com/2017/06/11/muslim-brotherhood-party-says-hor-terror-list-is-defamation/ ^ https://www.libyaherald.com/2016/11/17/justice-and-construction-party-to-sue-ghwell/ ^ "Libya's Muslim Brotherhood
Muslim Brotherhood
Struggles to Grow". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 2017-11-27.  ^ "Activist dies in Benghazi
Benghazi
killings". BBC News. 2013-07-27. Retrieved 2017-11-27.  ^ a b c "Libya's Muslim Brotherhood
Muslim Brotherhood
attacked". BBC News. 2013-07-27. Retrieved 2017-11-27. 

External links[edit]

Official website (Arabic)

v t e

Political parties in Libya
Libya

Active

Democratic Party Ensaf Movement Homeland Party Justice and Construction Party Libu Party Libyan National Movement Libyan Popular National Movement National Centrist Party National Forces Alliance National Front Party National Party for Development and Welfare Party of Reform and Development Union for Homeland

Defunct

Libyan Arab Socialist Union Libyan Communist Party Libyan Freedom and Democracy Campaign Libyan National Democratic Front Muslim Association of the Lictor National Conference for the Libyan Opposition National Front for the

.