The Justice and Construction Party or Justice and Development
Party (Arabic: حزب العدالة والبناء, Hizb Al-Adala
Wal-Bina) is the Muslim Brotherhood's political party in Libya. It
was officially founded on 3 March 2012 in Tripoli. The party advocates
Muslim Brotherhood as a whole has an extensive history of links to
violence and involvement in terrorist activities. It is recognized
as a terrorist organization by Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab
Emirates, Bahrain, Syria, and Russia.
Mohamed Sowan of
Misrata heads the party, while Mohamed Gaair is its
spokesman. While the party finished second in the elections, it is
believed to have attracted enough independents to have become the
majority, and infighting in the
National Forces Alliance has allowed
the Brotherhood's political arm to gradually consolidate control over
Libya. The party backed the election of
Nouri Abusahmain a
Islamist over the secular candidates who were defeated.
This gave the Brotherhood a strong position so that once Ali Zeidan
was sacked over mishandling of Morning Glory oil shipments
the Brotherhood had the speaker-President (Abusahmain) with the
authority that they could then eventually appoint a moderate Islamist
and pro-Business politician,
Ahmed Maiteeq as the Prime minister
 The Brotherhood continues to build a stronger national
consensus and is united  when the nationalist National Forces
Alliance are divided, by backing an
Amazigh as President, the JCP
consolidated a stronger support base amongst Libya's ethnic minorities
5 External links
The Libyan branch of the
Muslim Brotherhood was founded in 1949,
however it had not been able to operate openly until after the Libyan
Civil War. A public conference was held for the first time in
17 November 2011 and attended by Libyan
Muslim Brotherhood leader
Suleiman Abdelkader and Tunisia's Rashid Ghannouchi. On 24
December 2011, the Libyan
Muslim Brotherhood announced an intention to
form a political party to contest the Public National Conference
election scheduled for June 2012.
The official founding of the party was declared on 3 March 2012,
despite the lack of electoral laws governing the foundation of
political parties to run in elections. The Libyan Muslim Brotherhood's
spokesman, Mohamed Gaair, said the party was launched in
a function attended by 1,400 representatives from over 18 cities. A
former political prisoner
Mohamed Sowan of
Misrata was chosen as the
inaugural head of the party. Significantly,
Misrata was a hotbed of
violence during the civil war and its people are also considered to
have become distrustful of the central government's institutions based
outside the city (since the founding leaders from the oil-rich region
have called for autonomy for the wider
Cyrenaica region; a move that
was opposed by others in
Tripoli and Benghazi). Gaair added that
many of the Muslim Brotherhood's leaders were either previously jailed
or sent into exile. Amongst its supporter base are several other rebel
leaders from the civil war and wealthy Libyan expatriates who returned
after the war. The party is said to be the country's most organised
political force, similar to the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, which
won a plurality in the 2011–12 Egyptian parliamentary elections
after its own revolution that ousted
Hosni Mubarak from power.
Justice and Construction competed in the Libyan General National
Congress election, 2012. It received 10% of the vote and won 17 of the
80 party-list seats, placing second behind the National Forces
Alliance. It is also estimated that 17 of the 120 independents in the
GNC are associated with Justice and Construction.
In 2014, the
Justice and Construction Party announced that it was
withdrawing from government in
Libya after failing to secure enough
votes to censure then Prime Minister, Ali Zeidan. All five of the
party’s ministers – including those for Oil, Economy, and Housing
– resigned as a result of the futile effort.
The Muslim Brotherhood's spokesman Mohamed Gaair said that the party
would seek "to work on security and stability. We are still a new
founded party, but we will work on the basis of Islamic principles and
that doesn't mean the shallow meaning of religion most people think of
like banning women from leaving home. This is not rational." This
followed an announcement by the NTC's interim government that Sharia
law was to be the foundation for new Libyan legislation. It has
now also called for a National unity government in order to end
sectarianism and further conflict. It has also called for all
parties to have dialogue with each other in "post revolutionary"
The Brotherhood party affiliate in
Libya has come under scrutiny
because of the larger Muslim Brotherhood’s links to violence and
adherence to the strict Sharia – or Islamic – religious law.
In June 2017, the Libyan House of Representatives (HoR) produced a
list of terrorists inside
Libya with links to Qatar, a widely
purported sponsor of terrorism. The list was signed by Talal Almaihub,
chairman of the defense and national security committee of the
HoR. Multiple Brotherhood members were named in the list,
including executive member, Nizar Kiwan, major donor, Abdulrazaq
al-Aradi, and Ali Salabi, “the man considered to the ideological
brains of the Muslim Brotherhood.”
In November 2016, former prime minister of Libya, Khalifa al-Ghawil,
stated in an interview with
Libya Al-Hadith TV that the JCP was
ruining the country. He had made similar statements before, ultimately
claiming that the Brotherhood had an “agenda that was against the
interests of Libyans.”
A 2014 article by American news publication, Foreign Policy, described
JCP as a “party bruised” and noted that the Brotherhood’s local
Libyan party has not garnered high levels of public support.
In July 2013, angry protesters stormed the party’s offices in
Tripoli following the assassination of prominent Libyan political
activist, Abdelsalam al-Mismari, purportedly killed by the
Brotherhood. Mismari was one of the original activists that
helped drive a movement to overthrow Gaddafi and was highly critical
of the Brotherhood’s affiliate party in
Agence France-Presse news outlet interviewed one of the protesters,
“We want all political parties to be dissolved […] They’re the
cause of all our problems. First we need a constitution, then laws
regulation political life before parties can begin operating.”
Muslim Brotherhood formally launches party".
Libya Herald. 3 March
2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
^ Soguel, Dominique (3 March 2012). "Muslim Brother picked to lead new
Libya party". Times of India. Tripoli. Agence France-Presse. Archived
from the original on 1 July 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
^ Haimzadeh, Patrick (3 July 2012), "Libya's Unquiet Election", Middle
^ a b CNN, By Bryony Jones and Susannah Cullinane. "What is the Muslim
Brotherhood? - CNN". CNN. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
^ "Bahrain News Agency Bahrain backs Saudi Arabia, UAE, Foreign
Minister says". www.bna.bh. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
^ "Egypt Brotherhood 'terrorist group'". BBC News. 2013-12-25.
^ "Brotherhood 'terrorists', say Saudis". BBC News. 2014-03-07.
^ "U.A.E. Supports Saudi Arabia Against Qatar-Backed Brotherhood".
Bloomberg.com. 2014-03-09. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
Muslim Brotherhood Struggles to Grow". Foreign Policy. 4
May 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
Libya assembly votes in first Berber as new chief". Reuters.
Retrieved 27 October 2014.
^ "BBC News -
Islamist party quits Libya's government". BBC News.
Retrieved 27 October 2014.
^ "Islamist-backed businessman named
Libya PM". Telegraph.co.uk. 4 May
2014. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
^ Agencies. "Confusion surrounds
Libya PM's election". Retrieved 27
^ Agencies. "
Libya speaker confirms new PM's appointment". Retrieved
27 October 2014.
^ Murphy, Francois (17 November 2011). "
Muslim Brotherhood goes public
Libya summit". Benghazi. Reuters. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
Muslim Brotherhood to Contest Libyan Elections as Independent
Tripoli Post. 24 December 2011. Archived from the original
on 5 May 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
^ "Thousands rally in
Libya against autonomy for east". Reuters. 9
^ a b "
Muslim Brotherhood forms party in Libya". Al Jazeera. 4 March
2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
^ "Islamists quit
Libya government". BBC News. 2014-01-21. Retrieved
^ a b
Muslim Brotherhood Struggles to Grow". Foreign Policy.
^ "Activist dies in
Benghazi killings". BBC News. 2013-07-27.
^ a b c "Libya's
Muslim Brotherhood attacked". BBC News. 2013-07-27.
Official website (Arabic)
Political parties in
Justice and Construction Party
Libyan National Movement
Libyan Popular National Movement
National Centrist Party
National Forces Alliance
National Front Party
National Party for Development and Welfare
Party of Reform and Development
Union for Homeland
Libyan Arab Socialist Union
Libyan Communist Party
Libyan Freedom and Democracy Campaign
Libyan National Democratic Front
Muslim Association of the Lictor
National Conference for the Libyan Opposition
National Front for the