:''For an article concerning the powers of courts and public authority, see jurisdiction''. A jurisdiction is an area with a set of laws under the control of a system of courts or government entity which are different from neighbouring areas. Each state in a federation such as Australia, Germany and the United States forms a separate jurisdiction. However, sometimes certain laws in a federal state are uniform across the constituent states and enforced by a set of federal courts; with a result that the federal state forms a single jurisdiction for that purpose. It is also possible for a jurisdiction to prosecute for crimes committed somewhere outside its jurisdiction, once the perpetrator returns. In some cases, a citizen of another jurisdiction outside its own can be extradited to a jurisdiction where the crime is illegal, even if it was not committed in that jurisdiction. Unitary states are usually single jurisdictions, but the United Kingdom is a notable exception; it has three separate jurisdictions due to its three separate legal systems. China also has separate jurisdictions of Hong Kong and Macao.

See also

* Political division * State (polity) * Sovereign state * Federated state * State law * Change of venue

Further reading

* Beale, Joseph H. (1935) ''A Treatise on the Conflict of Laws''. * Dicey & Morris. (1993) ''The Conflict of Laws'' 12th edition. London: Sweet & Maxwell Ltd. (pp26/30) * McClean, David. (2000). ''Morris: The Conflict of Laws''. London: Sweet & Maxwell Ltd.


Category:Conflict of laws Category:International law {{International-law-stub