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Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
is an American science fiction media franchise centered on a disastrous attempt to create a theme park of cloned dinosaurs who escape confinement and terrorize the human characters. It began in 1990 when Universal Studios
Universal Studios
bought the rights to the novel by Michael Crichton before it was even published. The book was successful, as was Steven Spielberg's 1993 film adaptation, which led to three sequels, although the third and fourth films were not based on novels as the first two were. Numerous video games based on the franchise have been created by various software developers since the release of the 1993 film. The Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
Ultimate Trilogy
Trilogy
was released on DVD
DVD
and Blu-ray
Blu-ray
on October 25, 2011, in North America. The first film was re-released in 3D on April 5, 2013.[1] Since 1996, several water rides based on the series have been opened at various Universal theme parks. On June 1, 2016, the first three films in the franchise were added to the Netflix streaming service,[2][3] but were removed on September 1, 2016.[4] The fourth film, Jurassic World, was initially scheduled to be released in the summer of 2005, but was delayed numerous times and was ultimately released in June 2015. It became the first film that grossed over $500 million worldwide in its opening weekend,[5] and has grossed over $1.6 billion through the course of its theatrical run, making it the fourth highest-grossing film of all time. When adjusted for monetary inflation, however, this film is the second highest grossing in the franchise after Jurassic Park. An animated film, Lego Jurassic World: The Indominus Escape, was released on October 18, 2016 with the home media release of Jurassic World, alongside a short film, Employee Safety Video. A fifth film, Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, is scheduled to be released on June 22, 2018. A sixth film, tentatively titled Jurassic World 3, is scheduled to be released on June 11, 2021. As of 2000, the franchise had generated $5 billion in revenue, making it one of the highest-grossing media franchises of all time.[6]

Contents

1 Novels 2 InGen 3 Film series

3.1 Feature films

3.1.1 Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
(1993) 3.1.2 The Lost World: Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
(1997) 3.1.3 Jurassic Park III
Jurassic Park III
(2001) 3.1.4 Jurassic World
Jurassic World
(2015) 3.1.5 Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (2018) 3.1.6 Jurassic World
Jurassic World
3 (2021)

3.2 Animated shorts

3.2.1 Lego
Lego
Jurassic World: The Indominus Escape (2016) 3.2.2 Lego
Lego
Jurassic World: Employee Safety Video (2016)

3.3 Cast and crew

3.3.1 Principal cast 3.3.2 Crew

3.4 Reception

3.4.1 Box office performance 3.4.2 Critical and public response 3.4.3 Academy Awards 3.4.4 Grammy Awards

4 Comic books

4.1 Topps Comics 4.2 IDW Comics

5 Cancelled animated series

5.1 Escape from Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
(1993) 5.2 Jurassic Park: Chaos Effect (1997)

6 Video games

6.1 Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis 6.2 Jurassic Park: The Game 6.3 Lego
Lego
Jurassic World 6.4 Jurassic World
Jurassic World
Evolution

7 Theme park
Theme park
rides 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links

Novels[edit] Main articles: Jurassic Park (novel)
Jurassic Park (novel)
and The Lost World (Crichton novel) Michael Crichton
Michael Crichton
originally conceived a screenplay about a pterosaur being cloned from fossil DNA.[7] After wrestling with this idea for a while, he came up with the idea of Jurassic Park.[8] Crichton worked on the idea for several years; he decided his first draft would have a theme park for the setting and a young boy as the main character.[7] Response was extremely negative, so Crichton rewrote the story to make it from an adult's point of view, which resulted in more positive feedback.[7] Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
learned of the novel in October 1989 while he and Crichton were discussing a screenplay that would become the TV series ER. Before the book was published, Crichton put up a non-negotiable fee for $1.5 million as well as a substantial percentage of the gross. Universal further paid Crichton $500,000 to adapt his own novel.[9] Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
and Tim Burton, Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
and Richard Donner, and 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
and Joe Dante
Joe Dante
also bid for the rights,[10] but in May 1990, Universal eventually decided on Spielberg making the adaptation.[10] Universal desperately needed money to keep their company alive, and partially succeeded with Jurassic Park, as it became a critical[11] and commercial[12] success. After Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
was released to home video, Crichton was pressured from many sources for a sequel novel.[13] Crichton declined all offers until Spielberg himself told him that he would be keen to direct a movie adaptation of the sequel, if one were written. Crichton began work almost immediately and in 1995 published The Lost World. Crichton confirmed that his novel had elements taken from the novel of the same name by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.[14] The book was also an outstanding success, both with professional and amateur critics.[13] The film adaptation, The Lost World: Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
began production in September 1996.[15] InGen[edit] In the novels, the fictional company InGen (International Genetic Technologies, Inc.) is based in Palo Alto, California
Palo Alto, California
and has one location in Europe.[nb 1] Nevertheless, most of InGen's research took place on the fictional islands of Isla Sorna and Isla Nublar, near Costa Rica.[nb 1][nb 2] While the first novel indicated InGen was just one of any number of small 1980s genetic engineering start-ups, the events of the novel and film revealed to a select group that InGen had discovered a method of cloning dinosaurs and other animals (including a quagga) using blood extracted from mosquitoes trapped in amber during various periods in time, ranging from the Mesozoic era
Mesozoic era
to the 1800s.[nb 1] Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction describe InGen as comparable to another "sleazy organization".[16] Other sources reference the company's receiving the baby T. rex as an allusion to other exploitative entrepreneurs depicted in King Kong.[17] Ken Gelder describes InGen as "resolutely secretive, just like the firm in Grisham's novel".[18] Film series[edit] Feature films[edit] Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
(1993)[edit] Main article: Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
(film)

Theatrical poster for the 3D re-release of Jurassic Park.

Before Crichton's book was even published, studios such as Warner Bros., Columbia, TriStar, 20th Century Fox, and Universal had already begun bidding to acquire the picture rights. Spielberg, with the backing of Universal Studios, acquired the rights to the novel before its publication in 1990, and Crichton was hired by Universal Studios for an additional US $500,000 to adapt the novel into a proper screenplay. Malia Scotch Marmo, who was a writer on Spielberg's Hook, wrote the next draft of Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
but is not credited. David Koepp wrote the final draft, which left out much of the novel's exposition and violence, and made numerous changes to the characters. The film is set on Isla Nublar, the location of the theme park. When an incident results in the death of an employee, Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
owner John Hammond (Richard Attenborough) brings in three specialists to sign off on the park to calm investors. The specialists, paleontologist Alan Grant (Sam Neill), paleobotanist Ellie Sattler (Laura Dern), and chaos theorist Ian Malcolm (Jeff Goldblum) are surprised to see the island park's main attraction are living, breathing dinosaurs, created with a mixture of fossilized DNA and genetic cross-breeding/cloning. However, when lead programmer Dennis Nedry (Wayne Knight) shuts down the park's power to sneak out with samples of the dinosaur embryos to sell to a corporate rival, the dinosaurs break free, and the survivors are forced to find a way to turn the power back on and make it out alive. The film also stars Bob Peck, Martin Ferrero, B.D. Wong, Ariana Richards, Joseph Mazzello, and Samuel L. Jackson. Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
is regarded as a landmark in the use of computer-generated imagery and received positive reviews from critics, who praised the effects, though reactions to other elements of the picture, such as character development, were mixed. During its release, the film grossed more than $914 million worldwide, becoming the most successful film released up to that time (surpassing E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
and surpassed 4 years later by Titanic), and it is currently the 17th highest grossing feature film (taking inflation into account, it is the 20th-highest-grossing film in North America). It is the most financially successful film for NBCUniversal and Steven Spielberg. Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
had two re-releases: The first on September 23, 2011, in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the second in which it was converted into 3D on April 5, 2013, for its 20th Anniversary, which resulted in the film passing the $1 billion mark at the worldwide box office.[19][20][21] The Lost World: Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
(1997)[edit] Main article: The Lost World: Jurassic Park As soon as the novel was published, a film was in pre-production, with a target release date of mid-1997. The film was a commercial success, breaking many box-office records when released. The film had mixed reviews, similar to its predecessor in terms of characterization. Much like the first film, The Lost World made a number of changes to the plot and characters from the book, replacing the corporate rivals with an internal power struggle and changing the roles/characterizations of several protagonists. When a vacationing family stumbles upon the dinosaurs of Isla Sorna, a secondary island where the animals were bred en masse and allowed to grow before being transported to the park, Ian Malcolm (Jeff Goldblum) is called in by John Hammond (Richard Attenborough) to lead a team to document the island to turn it into a preserve, where the animals can roam free without interference from the outside world. Malcolm agrees to go when he discovers his girlfriend, paleontologist Sarah Harding (Julianne Moore) is already on the island, while at the same time Hammond's nephew, Peter Ludlow (Arliss Howard), has taken over his uncle's company and leads a team of hunters to capture the creatures and bring them back to a theme park in San Diego. The two groups clash and are ultimately forced to work together to evade the predatory creatures and survive the second island. The film also stars Pete Postlethwaite, Richard Schiff, Vince Vaughn, Vanessa Lee Chester, Peter Stormare, and a young Camilla Belle. Jurassic Park III
Jurassic Park III
(2001)[edit] Main article: Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
III Joe Johnston
Joe Johnston
had been interested in directing the sequel to Jurassic Park and approached his friend Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
about the project. While Spielberg wanted to direct the first sequel, he agreed that if there was ever a third film, Johnston could direct.[22] Spielberg, nevertheless, stayed involved in this film by becoming its executive producer. Production began on August 30, 2000,[23] with filming in California, and the Hawaiian islands of Kauai, Oahu, and Molokai.[24] It is the first Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
film not to be based on a novel. The film was a financial success but received mixed to negative reviews from critics. Most were split on whether the third installment was better or worse than its predecessor. The film once again suffered reviews mentioning little to no characterization. When their son goes missing while parasailing at Isla Sorna, the Kirbys ( William H. Macy
William H. Macy
and Téa Leoni) hire Alan Grant (Sam Neill) under false pretenses to help them navigate the island. Believing it to be nothing more than sight-seeing, and that he will act as a dinosaur guide from the safety of their plane, he's startled to find them landing on the ground, where they are stalked by a super-predator, the Spinosaurus, which destroys their plane. As they search for the Kirbys' son, the situation grows dire as Velociraptors (more intelligent than ever) hunt their group and they must find a way off the island. The film also stars Alessandro Nivola, Michael Jeter, Trevor Morgan, Mark Harelik, and Laura Dern. Jurassic World
Jurassic World
(2015)[edit] Main article: Jurassic World Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
devised a story idea for a fourth film in 2001, during production of Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
III.[25] In 2002, William Monahan was hired to write the script,[26] with the film's release scheduled for 2005.[27] Monahan finished the first draft of the script in 2003,[28] with the film's plot revolving around dinosaurs escaping to the mainland.[29][30][31] Sam Neill
Sam Neill
and Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
were set to reprise their characters,[31][32] while Keira Knightley
Keira Knightley
was in talks for two separate roles.[33] In 2004, John Sayles
John Sayles
wrote two drafts of the script.[34][35] Sayles' first draft involved a team of Deinonychus
Deinonychus
being trained for use in rescue missions.[36][37][38] His second draft involved genetically modified dinosaur-human mercenaries.[39][40] Both drafts were scrapped. In 2006, a new script was being worked on.[41][42][43] Laura Dern
Laura Dern
was contacted to reprise her role, with the film expected for release in 2008.[44][45] The film was further delayed by the 2007–08 Writers Guild of America strike.[46] Mark Protosevich wrote two film treatments in 2011, which were rejected.[47] Rise of the Planet of the Apes
Rise of the Planet of the Apes
screenwriters Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver were hired in 2012 to write an early draft of the script.[48] In 2013, Colin Trevorrow
Colin Trevorrow
was announced as a director and co-writer,[49][50] with the film scheduled for release on June 12, 2015.[51] The film was shot in 3D, and received positive reviews from critics and audience alike.[52] The film features a new park, Jurassic World, built on the remains of the original park on Isla Nublar.[53] The film sees the park run by Simon Masrani (Irrfan Khan) and Masrani Corp, and features the return of Dr. Henry Wu (B. D. Wong) from the first film, who harbors a grudge against his former employer.[54] Chris Pratt, Bryce Dallas Howard, and Jake Johnson
Jake Johnson
star, while Vincent D'Onofrio
Vincent D'Onofrio
portrayed the main antagonist, Vic Hoskins. The cast also includes Lauren Lapkus,[55] Ty Simpkins, Nick Robinson, Omar Sy, and Judy Greer. The primary dinosaur antagonist is Indominus rex, a genetically-modified hybrid of Tyrannosaurus
Tyrannosaurus
rex and several other species, including Velociraptor, cuttlefish, and tree frog.[56] Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (2018)[edit] Main article: Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom A sequel to Jurassic World
Jurassic World
is scheduled for release on June 22, 2018.[57][58] The film is being directed by J. A. Bayona, with a script written by Trevorrow and Connelly.[58][59] Frank Marshall, Pat Crowley, and Belén Atienza are producing the film,[60] with Trevorrow and Spielberg as executive producers.[58] Óscar Faura is the film's cinematographer.[61] The film stars Chris Pratt, Bryce Dallas Howard,[58] B. D. Wong,[62] James Cromwell,[63] Ted Levine,[64] Justice Smith,[65] Geraldine Chaplin,[66] Daniella Pineda,[67] Toby Jones, Rafe Spall, and Isabella Sermon,[66] with Jeff Goldblum reprising his role as Dr. Ian Malcolm.[68] In the film, former Jurassic World
Jurassic World
manager Claire Dearing creates an organization to save the dinosaurs of Isla Nublar
Isla Nublar
from a volcanic eruption.[69] During early conversations on Jurassic World, Spielberg told Trevorrow that he was interested in having several more films made.[70] In April 2014, Trevorrow announced that sequels to Jurassic World
Jurassic World
had been discussed: "We wanted to create something that would be a little bit less arbitrary and episodic, and something that could potentially arc into a series that would feel like a complete story."[71] Trevorrow, who said he would direct the film if asked,[71] later told Spielberg that he would only focus on directing one film in the series.[70] In May 2015, Trevorrow announced that he would not direct another film in the series: "I would be involved in some way, but not as director." Trevorrow felt that different directors could bring different qualities to future films.[72] In June 2015, Trevorrow stated that Jurassic World
Jurassic World
left story possibilities open for the sequel's director that could potentially allow the film to take place in a different location, rather than on an island. Trevorrow hinted that the next film could involve dinosaurs being used by other companies for non-entertainment purposes, possibly in agriculture, medicine, and war: "I really like the idea that this group of geneticists aren't the only people who can make a dinosaur [...] when you think of the differences between Apple and PC – the minute something goes open-source, there are all kinds of entities and interests that may be able to utilise that technology."[73] Trevorrow later confirmed that the film would not involve "a bunch of dinosaurs chasing people on an island. That'll get old real fast".[74] Trevorrow also spoke of the film's possible open-source storyline: "It's almost like InGen is Mac, but what if PC gets their hands on it? What if there are 15 different entities around the world who can make a dinosaur?"[74] Bayona was announced as director in April 2016.[60] Spielberg, Marshall, and Kathleen Kennedy had been impressed by Bayona's 2012 film, The Impossible, and initially considered having him direct Jurassic World, but he declined as he felt there was not enough time for production.[75] During pre-production, Bayona said he was reading all of Michael Crichton's novels, including Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
and The Lost World, "to try to immerse myself in Crichton's mind".[76] Filming began in February 2017.[77][78] Filming took place in Hawaii,[59] and at Pinewood Studios
Pinewood Studios
in England.[79] Filming was also planned to take place at Brecon Beacons National Park
Brecon Beacons National Park
in Wales.[80] Filming concluded on July 8, 2017.[81] Jurassic World
Jurassic World
3 (2021)[edit] In September 2015, Trevorrow said that Bryce Dallas Howard's character would evolve the most over the course of the Jurassic World
Jurassic World
trilogy that, in turn, is expected to conclude the storyline that began with the previous five films.[82] In October 2015, Frank Marshall confirmed plans for a sixth film in the series.[83] In November 2015, Universal Pictures chairman Donna Langley said that Trevorrow and Spielberg have a story idea for the sixth film.[84] In September 2016, Bayona further confirmed that Trevorrow has plans for a Jurassic World
Jurassic World
trilogy.[85] That month, Trevorrow was asked how much planning he had put into a new trilogy while he was filming Jurassic World
Jurassic World
in 2014: "I knew the end. I knew where I wanted it to go."[59] Trevorrow later said that planning the beginning, middle, and end of the trilogy ahead of time "is crucial to a franchise like this if you really want to bring people along with you and make sure they stay interested. It needs to be thought through on that level. It can't be arbitrary [...] the earlier Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
movies had pretty clear definitive endings. They were much more episodic."[86] In March 2017, Laura Dern
Laura Dern
commented, "As I said to the people who are making the new series, 'If you guys make a last one, you gotta let Ellie Sattler come back.'"[87] In February 2018, it was announced that an untitled film, unofficially known as Jurassic World
Jurassic World
3,[88] would be released on June 11, 2021. It was also announced that Trevorrow would write the script with Emily Carmichael, based on a story by Trevorrow and Connolly; and that Trevorrow and Spielberg would serve as executive producers for the film, with Marshall and Crowley as producers.[89][90][91] On March 30, 2018, it was announced that Trevorrow would also direct the film.[92] Animated shorts[edit]

Cover of the home media release of Jurassic World
Jurassic World
/ Lego
Lego
Jurassic World 2-Pack, containing The Indominus Escape and Employee Safety Video.

Lego
Lego
Jurassic World: The Indominus Escape (2016)[edit] Over the course of five days from October 3, 2016 to October 7, 2016, an untitled five-part animated series based on Lego
Lego
Jurassic World
Jurassic World
was released on the YouTube
YouTube
channels of Jurassic World
Jurassic World
and LEGO. In October 2016, the series was released as a 24-minute animated film entitled Lego
Lego
Jurassic World: The Indominus Escape as part of a Jurassic World
Jurassic World
DVD
DVD
bundle set, receiving shared billing alongside the 2015 film. The film marks the first time an animated film spin-off of Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
has been released.[93] The film is a prequel to Jurassic World, and features most of the primary adult characters on the island (with the exception of Barry and Zara) attempting to capture a hotdog-loving Indominus rex. Zachary Levi
Zachary Levi
and Sendhil Ramamurthy joined Jake Johnson, Lauren Lapkus, Bryce Dallas Howard
Bryce Dallas Howard
and B. D. Wong as voice actors. The film is directed by Michael D. Black, and[94] The film received a 36% audience score on Rotten Tomatoes.[95] Lego
Lego
Jurassic World: Employee Safety Video (2016)[edit] With the home media release of The Indominus Escape, a short film, Lego
Lego
Jurassic World: Employee Safety Video, was released, featuring B. D. Wong, David Gunning, Jake Johnson
Jake Johnson
and Lauren Lapkus
Lauren Lapkus
reprising their roles from The Indominus Escape. Like The Indominus Escape, the short is set before the events of Jurassic World.[96][93] Cast and crew[edit] Principal cast[edit] Main article: List of Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
characters

List indicator(s)

This table shows the recurring characters and the actors who have portrayed them throughout the franchise. A dark grey cell indicates the character was not in the film, or that the character's presence in the film has not yet been announced. A P indicates an appearance through photographs and/or likeness. A V indicates a voice-only role.

Characters Films

Jurassic Park The Lost World: Jurassic Park Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
III Jurassic World Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom Untitled sixth film

1993 1997 2001 2015 2018 2021

Dr. Alan Grant Sam Neill

Sam Neill

Dr. Ellie Sattler Laura Dern

Laura Dern

Dr. Ian Malcolm Jeff Goldblum

Jeff GoldblumP Jeff Goldblum

John Hammond Richard Attenborough

Richard AttenboroughP

Dr. Henry Wu B. D. Wong

B. D. Wong[62]

Lex Murphy Ariana Richards

Tim Murphy Joseph Mazzello

Mr. DNA Greg BursonV

Colin TrevorrowV

Owen Grady

Chris Pratt

Claire Dearing

Bryce Dallas Howard[82]

Dennis Nedry Wayne Knight

Robert Muldoon Bob Peck

Ray Arnold Samuel L. Jackson

Donald Gennaro Martin Ferrero

Dodgson Cameron Thor

Dr. Harding Jerry Molen

Dr. Sarah Harding   Julianne Moore

Kelly Curtis

Vanessa Lee Chester

Nick van Owen   Vince Vaughn

Roland Tembo   Pete Postlethwaite

Peter Ludlow   Arliss Howard

Ajay Sidhu   Harvey Jason

Dr. Robert Burke   Thomas F. Duffy

Dieter Stark   Peter Stormare

Carter   Thomas Rosales, Jr.

Eddie Carr   Richard Schiff

Paul Kirby   William H. Macy

Amanda Kirby   Téa Leoni

Billy Brennan   Alessandro Nivola

Eric Kirby   Trevor Morgan

Udesky   Michael Jeter

Nash   Bruce A. Young

Cooper   John Diehl

Ben Hildebrand   Mark Harelik

Gray Mitchell

Ty Simpkins

Zach Mitchell

Nick Robinson

Vic Hoskins

Vincent D'Onofrio

Simon Masrani

Irrfan Khan

Lowery Cruthers

Jake Johnson

Vivian

Lauren Lapkus

Barry

Omar Sy

Hamada

Brian Tee

Karen Mitchell

Judy Greer

Scott Mitchell

Andy Buckley

Zara Young

Katie McGrath

Benjamin Lockwood

James Cromwell

Ken Wheatley

Ted Levine

Franklin Webb

Justice Smith

TBA

Geraldine Chaplin

Zia Rodriguez

Daniella Pineda

TBA

Toby Jones

Eli Mills

Rafe Spall

TBA

Isabella Sermon

See also: List of cloned animals in Jurassic Park Crew[edit]

Role Jurassic Park The Lost World: Jurassic Park Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
III Jurassic World Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom Jurassic World
Jurassic World
3

1993 1997 2001 2015 2018 2021

Director Steven Spielberg Joe Johnston Colin Trevorrow J. A. Bayona Colin Trevorrow

Producer Kathleen Kennedy Colin Wilson Kathleen Kennedy Larry J. Franco Frank Marshall Patrick Crowley Belén Atienza Frank Marshall Patrick Crowley Frank Marshall Patrick Crowley

Gerald R. Molen

Screenplay Michael Crichton David Koepp David Koepp Peter Buchman Alexander Payne Jim Taylor Rick Jaffa Amanda Silver Derek Connolly Colin Trevorrow Derek Connolly Colin Trevorrow Emily Carmichael Colin Trevorrow

Composer John Williams Don Davis Michael Giacchino TBA

John Williams (original themes) TBA

Editor Michael Kahn Robert Dalva Kevin Stitt Bernat Vilaplana[97] TBA

Cinematographer Dean Cundey Janusz Kamiński Shelly Johnson John Schwartzman Óscar Faura TBA

Production designer Rick Carter Edward Verreaux TBA TBA

Based on Jurassic Park by Michael Crichton The Lost World by Michael Crichton Characters by Michael Crichton

Production companies Amblin Entertainment Legendary Entertainment Amblin Entertainment Amblin Entertainment[98]

Distributor Universal Pictures

Running time 127 minutes 129 minutes 92 minutes 124 minutes TBA

Released June 11, 1993 May 23, 1997 July 18, 2001 June 12, 2015 June 22, 2018 June 11, 2021

Reception[edit] Box office performance[edit]

Film Release date Budget Box office gross Box office ranking Reference

North America Other territories Worldwide All-time North America All-time worldwide

Jurassic Park June 11, 1993 $63 million $402,453,882 $626,700,000 $1,029,153,882 #27 #27 [99]

The Lost World: Jurassic Park May 23, 1997 $73 million $229,086,679 $389,552,320 $618,638,999 #139 #131 [100]

Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
III July 18, 2001 $93 million $181,171,875 $187,608,934 $368,780,809 #229 #303 [101]

Jurassic World June 12, 2015 $150 million $652,270,625 $1,018,130,012 $1,670,400,637 #4 #4 [102]

Total $379 million $1,464,766,552 $2,221,991,266 $3,686,974,327

[103]

Critical and public response[edit]

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic CinemaScore

Jurassic Park 92% (120 reviews)[104] 68 (20 reviews)[105] A[106]

The Lost World: Jurassic Park 53% (68 reviews)[107] 59 (18 reviews)[108] B+[106]

Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
III 50% (162 reviews)[109] 42 (30 reviews)[110] B-[106]

Jurassic World 71% (311 reviews)[111] 59 (49 reviews)[112] A[106]

Academy Awards[edit]

Award Film

Jurassic Park The Lost World: Jurassic Park

Sound Editing Won

Sound Mixing Won

Visual Effects Won Nominated

Grammy Awards[edit]

Award Film

Jurassic Park The Lost World: Jurassic Park

Best Score Soundtrack Nominated Nominated

Comic books[edit] Topps Comics[edit] From June 1993 to August 1997 the now-defunct Topps Comics
Topps Comics
published comic adaptions of Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
and The Lost World: Jurassic Park, as well as several tie-in series.

Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
#0–4 (June–September 1993). Adaptation of the film, adapted by Walter Simonson
Walter Simonson
and pencilled by Gil Kane.[113] Each issue had two covers – a main cover by Gil Kane, with the variant by Dave Cockrum. Issue #0 features two prequel stories to the film, and was only available with the trade paperback of the film adaption. Jurassic Park: Raptor #1–2 (November–December 1993). Written by Steve Englehart
Steve Englehart
and pencilled by Armando Gil and Dell Barras. Jurassic Park: Raptors Attack #1–4 (March–June 1994). Written by Steve Englehart, pencilled by Armando Gil (#1) and Chaz Truog, with covers by Michael Golden. Jurassic Park: Raptors Hijack #1–4 (July–October 1994). Written by Steve Englehart, pencilled by Neil Vokes, with covers by Michael Golden. Jurassic Park: Annual #1 (May 1995). Featuring two stories, one being a sequel and one being a prequel. Written by Bob Almond, Michael Golden and Renée Witterstaetter, pencilled by Claude St. Aubin and Ed Murr, with a cover by Michael Golden. Return to Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
#1–9 (April 1995 – February 1996). Ongoing series. The first four issues were written by Steve Englehart
Steve Englehart
and pencilled by Joe Staton. The next four issues were written by Tom Bierbaum and Mary Bierbaum, being drawn by Armando Gil. The first 8 issues had covers by Michael Golden. The ninth and final issue was a jam book written by Keith Giffen and Dwight Jon Zimmerman, featuring artwork by such acclaimed artists as Jason Pearson, Adam Hughes, Paul Gulacy, John Byrne, Kevin Maguire, Mike Zeck, George Pérez
George Pérez
and Paul Chadwick, with a cover by John Bolton. The Lost World: Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
#1–4 (May–August 1997). Adaptation of the second film. Adapted by Don McGregor
Don McGregor
and pencilled by Jeff Butler (#1–2) and Claude St. Aubin (#3–4). Each issue of the series featured two covers – one by Walter Simonson
Walter Simonson
and a photo cover.

IDW Comics[edit] Beginning in June 2010, IDW Publishing
IDW Publishing
began publishing Jurassic Park comics. They also acquired the rights to reprint the issues published by Topps in the 1990s, which they began to do in trade paperback format starting in November 2010. After a four-year hiatus, IDW announced the release of a series based on Jurassic World, to be released in 2017.[114]

Jurassic Park: Redemption #1–5 (June 2010 – October 2010). Five-issue series written by Bob Schreck
Bob Schreck
with art by Nate van Dyke. Each issue has a main cover penciled by Tom Yeates, with variant covers by Frank Miller, Arthur Adams, Paul Pope, Bernie Wrightson, and Bill Stout, respectively. Jurassic Park: The Devils in the Desert #1–4 (January 2011 – April 2011) Four-issue series written and illustrated by John Byrne. Jurassic Park: Dangerous Games #1–5 (September 2011 – January 2012) Five-issue series written by Greg Bear
Greg Bear
and Erik Bear, with art by Jorge Jiménez and a variant cover by Geof Darrow. Jurassic World
Jurassic World
(2017)

This series has been collected in the following trade paperbacks:

Title Material collected No. of Pages ISBN

Jurassic Park Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
#1–4

1-85286-502-4

The Lost World: Jurassic Park The Lost World: Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
#1–4

1-85286-885-6

Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
Vol. 1: Redemption Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
Redemption #1–5 120 pages 1-60010-850-4

Jurassic Park: The Devils in the Desert Jurassic Park: The Devils in the Desert #1–4 104 pages 1-60010-923-3

Jurassic Park: Dangerous Games Jurassic Park: Dangerous Games #1–5 112 pages 1-61377-002-2

Classic Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
Volume 1 Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
#1–4 104 pages 1-60010-760-5

Classic Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
Volume 2: Raptors' Revenge

Juassic Park #0, Jurassic Park: Raptor #1–2, Jurassic Park: Raptors Attack #1–4 192 pages 1-60010-885-7

Classic Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
Volume 3: Amazon Adventure! Jurassic Park: Raptors Hijack #1–4, Jurassic Park: Annual #1 124 pages 1-61377-042-1

Classic Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
Volume 4: Return to Jurassic Park, Part 1 Return to Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
#1–4 128 pages 1-61377-117-7

Classic Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
Volume 5: Return to Jurassic Park, Part 2 Return to Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
#5–9 108 pages 978-1613775332

Classic Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
Volume 6: The Lost World The Lost World: Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
#1–4 104 pages 978-1613779156

Cancelled animated series[edit] Escape from Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
(1993)[edit] In June 1993, after the theatrical release of Jurassic Park, spokesmen for Amblin and MCA confirmed that an animated series based on the film was in development and awaiting Spielberg's final approval.[115] The series, titled Escape from Jurassic Park,[116] would have consisted of 23 episodes for its first season. The series would have centered on John Hammond's attempts to finish Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
and open it to the public, while InGen's corporate rival Biosyn is simultaneously planning to open their own dinosaur theme park in Brazil, which ultimately ends with their dinosaurs escaping into the jungles.[117][118][119] If produced, it was believed that the project would be the most expensive animated series up to that time. Jeff Segal, president of Universal Cartoon Studios, said, "We are developing a TV series that we anticipate would be computer animated and very sophisticated. However, Spielberg has not had a chance yet to look at either the material or the format for the series."[115] Segal said Universal was considering the possibility of developing the series for prime time. Segal said about the series' storyline, "It would essentially pick up from the closing moments of the movie and it would continue the story in a very dramatic way. The intention would be to continue with the primary characters and also introduce new characters." Segal also said the series would be aimed specifically at the same target audience as the film, while hoping that it would also appeal to young children.[115] Animation veteran and comic artist Will Meugniot (then working at Universal Cartoon Studios
Universal Cartoon Studios
for various projects, including Exosquad) contacted artist William Stout
William Stout
to ask if he would be interested in designing the animated series. According to Stout, "This was not going to be a kiddy show (although kids of all ages, including myself, could enjoy it). They wanted the show to be a mature prime time series with top writers and state-of-the-art television animation augmented with quite a bit of CG animation." Universal Animation Studios
Universal Animation Studios
wanted the show to have the look of a graphic novel.[120] Stout was hired to work on the series and subsequently made a trailer to demonstrate how the series would look, and how it would combine traditional animation with computer animation. The series required Spielberg's final approval before it could go into production. However, Spielberg had grown tired of the massive promotion and merchandise revolving around the film, and never watched the trailer.[120] On July 13, 1993, Margaret Loesch, president of the Fox Children's Network, confirmed that discussions had been held with Spielberg about an animated version of the film. Loesch also said, "At least for now and in the foreseeable future, there will not be an animated Jurassic Park. That's Steven Spielberg's decision, and we respect that decision."[121] Jurassic Park: Chaos Effect (1997)[edit] Part three of the four-part comic adaptation of The Lost World: Jurassic Park, published by Topps Comics
Topps Comics
in July 1997, confirmed to readers that a cartoon series based on the film was in development.[122][123] In November 1997, it was reported that the cartoon would be accompanied by Jurassic Park: Chaos Effect, a series of dinosaur toys produced by Kenner and based on a premise that scientists had created dinosaur hybrids consisting of DNA from different creatures.[124][125] The new toys were based on the upcoming cartoon.[124] That month, it was also reported that the cartoon could be ready by March 1998, as a mid-season replacement.[124] The Chaos Effect toyline was released in June 1998,[125] but the animated series was never produced, for unknown reasons.[126] In the short-lived toyline, the dinosaurs in this line are the results of scientists combining the DNA of dinosaurs with other dinosaurs and modern day animals. The following dinosaurs are in this category:

Amargospinus – A hybrid dinosaur created from the DNA of an Amargasaurus
Amargasaurus
and a Spinosaurus. Ankyloranodon – A hybrid dinosaur created from the DNA of an Ankylosaurus
Ankylosaurus
and a Pteranodon. Compstegnathus – A hybrid dinosaur created from the DNA of a Compsognathus, a Stegosaurus, and an African Tree Frog. Deinonycanis – A hybrid dinosaur created from the DNA of a Deinonychus
Deinonychus
and a Dire Wolf. It's toy was not released when the toyline stopped production. Dilophospinus – A hybrid dinosaur created from the DNA of a Dilophosaurus
Dilophosaurus
and a Spinosaurus. It's toy was not released when the toyline stopped production. Omega T-Rex – A genetically-advanced Tyrannosaurus
Tyrannosaurus
where it doesn't have any of the Tyrannosaurus' weaknesses. Pachysaurolophus – A hybrid dinosaur created from the DNA of a Pachycephalosaurus
Pachycephalosaurus
and a Parasaurolophus. It's toy was not released when the toyline stopped production. Paradeinonychus – A hybrid dinosaur created from the DNA of a Parasaurolophus
Parasaurolophus
and a Deinonychus. Raptor Alpha – A genetically-advanced Velociraptor
Velociraptor
that specializes in hunting at night due to its camouflage ability working best at night. Stegospinus – A hybrid dinosaur created from the DNA of a Stegosaurus
Stegosaurus
and a Spinosaurus. It's toy was not released when the toyline stopped production. Tanaconda – A hybrid dinosaur created from the DNA of a Tanystropheus
Tanystropheus
and an Anaconda. Thrasher T-Rex – A genetically-advanced Tyrannosaurus
Tyrannosaurus
that is similar to Omega T-Rex. Tyrannonops – A hybrid dinosaur created from the DNA of a Tyrannosaurus
Tyrannosaurus
and a Lycaenops. Ultimasaurus – A hybrid dinosaur that has the upper jaw of a Triceratops, the lower jaw and body of a Tyrannosaurus, the arms and legs of a Velociraptor, the back armor of an Ankylosaurus, and a spike-tipped tail of a Stegosaurus. Velociraptoryx – A hybrid dinosaur created from the DNA of a Velociraptor
Velociraptor
and an Archaeopteryx.

Video games[edit] Main article: List of Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
video games When the first film was released in 1993, two different video game publishers were given the rights to publish games based on it, Sega and Ocean Software. Both produced several different games based on the film for several different game systems, including the NES and Sega Genesis. In 1994, Ocean Software
Ocean Software
produced a sequel to the first game in the series for the Game Boy and SNES systems. Universal Interactive also produced an interactive game for the ill-fated 3DO system. For the second film in the franchise, DreamWorks Interactive
DreamWorks Interactive
released five games for the most popular systems at the time. The third film had the biggest marketing push, spawning seven video games for PC and Game Boy Advance. A number of lightgun arcade games were also released for all three films. Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis[edit] Main article: Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis is a tycoon-style video game. The objective of the game is to fulfill Hammond's dream of building a five-star theme park with dinosaurs. It was released 2003 for the Xbox, PlayStation 2 and PC. Jurassic Park: The Game[edit] Main article: Jurassic Park: The Game Jurassic Park: The Game is an episodic video game based on the Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
franchise, bridging the story of the first two films developed by Telltale Games
Telltale Games
in a deal with Universal.[127] It was released on November 15, 2011 to a mixed reception, with reviewers praising the story but criticizing the characters and gameplay.[clarification needed] The game takes place during and after the events of the original film, and follows a new group of survivors trying to escape Isla Nublar. The game features several creatures from the film, as well as new additions like Troodon
Troodon
and a Tylosaurus. The game is available on PC, Mac, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, and iPad. Lego
Lego
Jurassic World[edit] Main article: Lego
Lego
Jurassic World Lego
Lego
Jurassic World
Jurassic World
is a 2015 Lego
Lego
action-adventure video game developed by Traveller's Tales
Traveller's Tales
and published by Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment, for the PlayStation 4, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Vita, Nintendo 3DS, Wii U, Xbox One, Xbox 360, and Microsoft Windows. It followed the plots of the series' four films, including Jurassic Park, and was released on June 12, 2015. Jurassic World
Jurassic World
Evolution[edit] Main article: Jurassic World
Jurassic World
Evolution Jurassic World
Jurassic World
Evolution is an upcoming business simulation game developed and published by Frontier Developments. The game tasks players with constructing and managing their own Jurassic World
Jurassic World
theme park. The game features the series' fictional Muertes Archipelago, including Isla Nublar
Isla Nublar
and Isla Sorna. Jurassic World
Jurassic World
Evolution is slated for release in summer 2018. Theme park
Theme park
rides[edit] On June 21, 1996, Universal Studios
Universal Studios
Hollywood opened Jurassic Park: The Ride. Universal Studios
Universal Studios
Japan later opened this attraction, and Universal's Islands of Adventure
Universal's Islands of Adventure
opened Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
River Adventure. The rides are heavily themed on the first three films. Another ride based on the series has also been opened at Universal Studios Singapore ( Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
Rapids Adventure). Notes[edit]

^ a b c As described in the novels. ^ As described in the films, Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
and The Lost World: Jurassic Park.

References[edit]

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Jurassic World
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James Cromwell
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Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
Adventures: Survivor Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
Adventures: Prey Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
Adventures: Flyers

Theme park
Theme park
attractions

Jurassic Park: The Ride Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
Rapids Adventure Canopy Flyer Dino-Soarin' The Flying Dinosaur Amber Rock Climb

Related

Cloned animals Characters Video games Song Isla Nublar

Category

v t e

Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
video games

Jurassic Park

NES Super NES Genesis CD PC Rampage Edition Arcade Pinball Interactive 2: The Chaos Continues

The Lost World

Console Chaos Island Handheld Genesis Arcade Pinball Trespasser

Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
III

Arcade III: Danger Zone! III: Dino Defender III: The DNA Factor III: Park Builder III: Island Attack Scan Command Survival (cancelled)

Jurassic World

Lego
Lego
Jurassic World Jurassic World
Jurassic World
Evolution

Other games

Warpath Universal Studios
Universal Studios
Theme Parks Adventure Operation Genesis The Game Builder Ju

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