The Jupiter-C was an American research and development vehicle[1][2] developed from the Jupiter-A.[3] Jupiter-C was used for three sub-orbital spaceflights in 1956 and 1957 to test re-entry nosecones that were later to be deployed on the more advanced PGM-19 Jupiter mobile missile.

A member of the Redstone rocket family, Jupiter-C was designed by the U.S. Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA), under the direction of Wernher von Braun.[4] Three Jupiter-C flights were made followed by three satellite launches (Juno I).[5][6] All were launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida.

West, Doug (2017). Dr Wernher von Braun: A Short Biography. USA. ISBN 978-1-9779279-1-0.

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