Jund Filasṭīn (Arabic: جُـنْـد
فِـلَـسْـطِـيْـن, "military district of Palestine")
was one of the military districts of the
Bilad al-Sham (Syria), organized soon after the Muslim
conquest of the
Levant in the 630s.
Jund Filastin, which encompassed
Palaestina Prima and Palaestina Tertia, included the newly
established city of
Ramla as its capital and eleven administrative
districts (kura), each ruled from a central town.
1 History and structure
2 See also
4 External links
History and structure
According to al-Biladhuri, the main towns of the district, following
its conquest by the Rashidun Caliphate, were Gaza, Sebastia, Nablus,
Caesarea, Ludd, Yibna, Imwas, Jaffa, Rafah, and Bayt Jibrin. At first,
under the early
Umayyad caliphs, Ludd served as the district capital.
After the caliph
Suleiman ibn Abd al-Malik
Suleiman ibn Abd al-Malik founded the nearby city of
Ramla, he designated it the capital, and most of Ludd's inhabitants
were forced to settle there. In the 9th century, during
Jund Filastin was the most fertile of Syria's districts, and contained
at least twenty mosques, despite its small size.
The Arab tribes that settled
Jund Filastin after the Muslim conquest
were the Lakhm, Kindah, Qais, Amilah, Judham and the Kinanah; at the
time of the Arab conquest, the region had been inhabited mainly by
Miaphysite Christian peasants. The population of the
region did not become predominantly Muslim and Arab in identity until
several centuries after the conquest. At its greatest extent, Jund
Filastin extended from
Rafah in the south to
Lajjun in the north, and
from the Mediterranean coast well to the east of the southern part of
Jordan River. The mountains of Edom, and the town of Zoar (Sughar)
at the southeastern end of the
Dead Sea were included in the district.
Galilee was excluded, being part of
Jund al-Urdunn in the
After the Fatimids conquered the district from the Abbasids, Jerusalem
eventually became the capital, and the principal towns were Ashkelon,
Ramla, Gaza, Arsuf, Caesarea, Jaffa, Jericho, Nablus, Bayt Jibrin, and
Amman. The district persisted in some form until the Seljuk
invasions and the
Crusades of the late 11th century.
^ Avni, Gideon (2014). "Shifting Paradigms for the Byzantine–Islamic
Transition". The Byzantine-Islamic Transition in Palestine: An
Archaeological Approach. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
^ a b c
Estakhri quoted by Le Strange, G. (1890). Palestine Under the
Moslems: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to
1500. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
pp. 25–30. OCLC 1004386.
Mideastweb Map of "Palestine Under the Caliphs", showing Jund
Districts of Bilad al-Sham