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Jund
Jund
Filasṭīn (Arabic: جُـنْـد فِـلَـسْـطِـيْـن‎, "military district of Palestine") was one of the military districts of the Ummayad
Ummayad
and Abbasid
Abbasid
Caliphate province of Bilad al-Sham
Bilad al-Sham
(Syria), organized soon after the Muslim conquest of the Levant
Levant
in the 630s. Jund
Jund
Filastin, which encompassed most of Palaestina Prima
Palaestina Prima
and Palaestina Tertia, included the newly established city of Ramla
Ramla
as its capital and eleven administrative districts (kura), each ruled from a central town.[1]

Contents

1 History and structure 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

History and structure[edit] According to al-Biladhuri, the main towns of the district, following its conquest by the Rashidun Caliphate, were Gaza, Sebastia, Nablus, Caesarea, Ludd, Yibna, Imwas, Jaffa, Rafah, and Bayt Jibrin. At first, under the early Umayyad
Umayyad
caliphs, Ludd served as the district capital. After the caliph Suleiman ibn Abd al-Malik
Suleiman ibn Abd al-Malik
founded the nearby city of Ramla, he designated it the capital, and most of Ludd's inhabitants were forced to settle there. In the 9th century, during Abbasid
Abbasid
rule, Jund
Jund
Filastin was the most fertile of Syria's districts, and contained at least twenty mosques, despite its small size.[2] The Arab tribes that settled Jund
Jund
Filastin after the Muslim conquest were the Lakhm, Kindah, Qais, Amilah, Judham and the Kinanah; at the time of the Arab conquest, the region had been inhabited mainly by Aramaic-speaking Miaphysite
Miaphysite
Christian peasants. The population of the region did not become predominantly Muslim and Arab in identity until several centuries after the conquest. At its greatest extent, Jund Filastin extended from Rafah
Rafah
in the south to Lajjun
Lajjun
in the north, and from the Mediterranean coast well to the east of the southern part of the Jordan
Jordan
River. The mountains of Edom, and the town of Zoar (Sughar) at the southeastern end of the Dead Sea
Dead Sea
were included in the district. However, the Galilee
Galilee
was excluded, being part of Jund
Jund
al-Urdunn in the north.[2] After the Fatimids conquered the district from the Abbasids, Jerusalem eventually became the capital, and the principal towns were Ashkelon, Ramla, Gaza, Arsuf, Caesarea, Jaffa, Jericho, Nablus, Bayt Jibrin, and Amman.[2] The district persisted in some form until the Seljuk invasions and the Crusades
Crusades
of the late 11th century.[citation needed] See also[edit]

Greater Syria Levant Mashriq Middle East Shaam Syria Palaestina

References[edit]

^ Avni, Gideon (2014). "Shifting Paradigms for the Byzantine–Islamic Transition". The Byzantine-Islamic Transition in Palestine: An Archaeological Approach. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199684335.  ^ a b c Estakhri
Estakhri
quoted by Le Strange, G. (1890). Palestine Under the Moslems: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund. pp. 25–30. OCLC 1004386. 

External links[edit]

Mideastweb Map of "Palestine Under the Caliphs", showing Jund boundaries

v t e

Districts of Bilad al-Sham

Rashidun Period

Jund
Jund
Hims Jund
Jund
Dimashq Jund
Jund
al-Urdunn Jund
Jund
Filastin

Umayyad
Umayyad
Period

Jund
Jund
Qinnasrin Jund
Jund
Hims Jund
Jund
Dimashq Jund
Jund
al-Urdunn Jund
Jund
Filastin

Early Abbasid
Abbasid
Period

Jund
Jund
al-'Awasim Jund
Jund
Qinnasrin Jund
Jund
Hims Jund
Jund
Dimashq Jund
Jund
al-Urdunn Jund
Jund
Filastin

Later Abbasid
Abbasid
Period

Jund
Jund
Qinnasrin Jund
Jund
Hims Jund
Jund
Dimashq Jund
Jund
al-Urdunn Jund
Jund
Filast

.