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Junagadh was a princely state in Gujarat
Gujarat
[1]ruled by the Muslim Babi or Babai dynasty in British India, until its integration into the Indian Union
Indian Union
in 1948.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Rulers

2 Integration into India 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] Muhammad Sher Khan Babai was the founder of the Babi dynasty
Babi dynasty
of Junagadh State
Junagadh State
in 1654. His descendants, the Babi Nawabs of Junagadh, conquered large territories in southern Saurashtra. However, during the collapse of the Mughal Empire, the Babis became involved in a struggle with the Gaekwad dynasty
Gaekwad dynasty
of the Maratha Empire over control of Gujarat. Muhammad Sher Khan Babi declared independence from the Mughal governor of Gujarat
Gujarat
subah, and founded the state of Junagadh in 1730. This allowed the Babi to retain sovereignty of Junagadh and other princely states. Junagadh was then a tributary to the Maratha Empire,[2] until it came under British suzerainty in 1807,[1] following the Second Anglo-Maratha War. In 1807, the Junagadh State
Junagadh State
became a British protectorate and The East India
India
Company took control of the state. By 1818, the Saurashtra area, along with other princely states of Kathiawar, were separately administrated under the Kathiawar
Kathiawar
Agency by British India. In 1947, upon the independence and partition of India, the last Babi dynasty ruler of the state, Muhammad Mahabat Khanji III, decided to merge Junagadh into the newly formed Pakistan. However, the Hindu citizens, who formed the majority of the population, revolted, leading to several events and also a plebiscite, resulting in the integration of Junagadh into India.[3] Rulers[edit] Main article: Nawab
Nawab
of Junagadh The Nawabs of Junagadh belonged to Pathan Babi or Babai (Pashtun tribe). They were granted a 13 gun salute by the British authorities:[4]

1730–1758 : Mohammad Bahadur Khanji I or Mohammad Sher Khan Babai [5] 1758–1774 : Mohammad Mahabat Khanji I 1774–1811 : Mohammad Hamid Khanji I 1811–1840 : Mohammad Bahadur Khanji II 1840–1851 : Mohammad Hamid Khanji II 1851–1882 : Mohammad Mahabat Khanji II 1882–1892 : Mohammad Bahadur Khanji III 1892–1911 : Mohammad Rasul Khanji 1911–1948 : Mohammad Mahabat Khanji III (last de facto ruler)

Junagadh Nawabs and state officials, 19th century

Mohammad Mahabat Khanji II, the Nawab
Nawab
of Junagarh, with young, Mohammad Bahadur Khanji III, 1870s

Bahadur Khanji II (r. 1882–1892), Nawab
Nawab
of Junagadh, and state officials, 1880s

Mohammad Rasul Khanji, Nawab
Nawab
of Junagadh, Bahaduddinbhai Hasainbhai, Wazier, Junagadh, 1890s

After 1947 india / pakistan particular partition the last nawab of Junagadh state Shri mahabat khanji babi. has left india in 1947 settled in Karachi, pakistan Integration into India[edit] Main article: Annexation of Junagadh In 1947, Shah Nawaz Bhutto joined the council of ministers of Nawab Muhammad Mahabat Khan III, and in May became his dewan or prime minister. With the independence of India
India
in 1947, the princely states were left by the British to decide whether to accede to one of the newly independent states of India
India
or Pakistan
Pakistan
or to remain outside them. The Constitutional Advisor to the Nawab, Nabi Baksh, indicated to Lord Mountbatten that he was recommending that Junagadh should join India. However, upon the advice of Dewan Bhutto, on 15 August 1947, the Nawab announced that Junagadh had acceded to Pakistan. On 13 September, the Government of Pakistan
Pakistan
accepted the accession.[6] The Hindu
Hindu
majority of Junagadh revolted, leading to the near-collapse of the state government, and a December plebiscite which overwhelmingly called for the integration of Junagadh into India.[3] Nawab
Nawab
Muhammad Mahabat Khan III of Junagadh (erstwhile Babi nawab dynasty of Junagadh) left to live in Sindh, Pakistan.[7] See also[edit]

Annexation of Junagadh Manavadar State V. P. Menon Political integration of India Pathans of Gujarat

References[edit]

^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Junagarh". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 554–555.  ^ Georg Pfeffer and Deepak Kumar Behera, Contemporary Society: Concept of tribal society, p. 198  ^ a b Gandhi, Rajmohan (1991). Patel: A Life. India: Navajivan. p. 292. ^ Soszynski, Henry. "JUNAGADH".  ^ Nawabs of Junagadh British Library. ^ Menon, V. P. (1956). The Story of Integration of the Indian States (PDF). Orient Longman. pp. 85–87.  ^ http://www.junagadhmunicipal.org/history.php

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Junagadh State.

Official website Classic Gallery of Indian Numismatics Heraldry of the princely states of Gujarat

v t e

Gun salute
Gun salute
Princely states
Princely states
during the British Raj

21-gun salute

Baroda Gwalior Hyderabad Jammu & Kashmir Mysore

19-gun salute

Bhopal Indore Kalat Kolhapur Travancore Udaipur

17-gun salute

Bahawalpur Bharatpur Bikaner Bundi Cochin Cutch Jaipur Jodhpur Karauli Kota Patiala Pudukkottai Rewa Tonk

15-gun salute

Alwar Banswara Datia Dewas Dhar Dholpur Dungarpur Idar Jaisalmer Khairpur Kishangarh Orchha Pratapgarh Rampur Sikkim Sirohi

13-gun salute

Benares Bhavnagar Cooch Behar Dhrangadhra Jaora Jhalawar Jind Junagadh Kapurthala Nabha Nawanagar Palanpur Porbandar Rajpipla Ratlam Tripura

11-gun salute

Ajaigarh Alirajpur Baoni Barwani Bijawar Bilaspur Cambay Chamba Charkhari Chhatarpur Chitral Faridkot Tehri Garhwal Gondal Janjira/Jafrabad Jhabua Malerkotla Mandi Manipur Morvi Narsinghgarh Panna Radhanpur Rajgarh Sailana Samthar Sirmur Sitamau Suket Wankaner

9-gun salute

Balasinor Banganapalle Bansda Baraundha Baria Bhor Chhota Udaipur Danta Dharampur Dhrol Jawhar Kalahandi Khilchipur Limbdi Loharu Lunavada Maihar Mayurbhanj Mudhol Nagod Palitana Patna Rajkot Sachin Sangli Sant Sawantwadi Shahpura Sonepur Wadhwan Yawnghwe

List of princely states of British India
British India
(alphabetical) Salute state

v t e

Princely states
Princely states
of the Western India
India
States Agency during the British Raj, by colonial (Sub)Agency and (in Kathiawar) by prant (Bold = Salute states; Italics =Thana's, jurisdictions grouping several petty states)

Gohelwar
Gohelwar
prant (Eastern Kathiawar)

Akadia Alampur Babra Bhadli Bhandaria Bhavnagar Bhojavadar Bildi Bodanones Chamardi Chiroda Chitravav Chok Datha Dedarda Derdi-Janbai Dhola Gadhali Gadhoola Gandhol Iavej Itaria Jalia Amaraji Jalia Manaji Jasdan Juna Padar Kamadhia Kanjarda Kariana Katodia Khijadia Khijadia Dosaji Kotra Pitha Lathi Limbda Morchopna Nilvala Pachhegam Pah Palitana Panchavada Rajpara (Gohelwar) Ramanka Randhia Ranigam Ratanpur Dhamanka Rohisala Vala Vankia Samadhiala Samadhiala (Chabharia) Samadhiala (Charan) Sanala Satanones Shevdivadar Songadh Toda Todi Vadal Vadod Vangadhra Vavdi Dharvala Vavdi Vachhani Vijanones

Jhalawar prant
Jhalawar prant
(Eastern Kathiawar)

Anandpur Ankevalia Bajana Bamanbore Bhadvana Bhalala Bhalgamda Bharejda Bhathan Bhimora Bhoika Chachana Chhalala Chobari Chotila Chuda Darod Dasada Devlia Dhrangadhra(-Halvad) Dudhrej Gedi Gundiali Jakhan Jamar Jhampodad Jhinjhuvada Kamalpur Kantharia Karmad Karol Kesria Khambhlav Khandia Kherali Lakhtar Laliyad Limbdi Matra Timba Mevasa Muli Munjpur Palali Paliyad Patdi Rai-Sankli Rajpur Ramparda Sahuka Samla Sanosra Sayla Sejakpur Sudamda-Dhandalpur Talsana Tavi Untdi Vana Vanala Vanod Vithalgadh Wadhwan

Halar
Halar
prant (Western Kathiawar)

Amrapur Bhadva Bhalgam Baldhoi Dhrol Drafa (Drapha) Gadhka Gavridad Gondal Jalia Devani Kanksiali Kanpar Ishwaria Khirasra Kotda Nayani Kotda Sangani Kotharia Lodhika Mali(y)a Mengni Morvi Mowa Mulila Deri Nawanagar (Navanagar) Pal Rajkot Rajpara (Halar) Satodad Vavdi Shahpur Sisang Chandli Vadali Virpur(-Kherdi) Virvao Wankaner

Sorath prant (Western Kathiawar)

Bagasra Bantva (Gidad) Bantva Manavadar Charkha Dahida Dedan Dholarva Gadhia Garmali Moti Garmali Nani Gigasaran Halaria Jafarabad Jamka Jetpur Junagadh Kaner Kathrota Khijadia Najani Kuba Lakhapadar Manavav Monvel Porbandar Silana Vaghvadi Vasavad Vekaria Vinchhavad

Palanpur Agency
Palanpur Agency
(Banas Kantha Agency)

Bhabhar Cutch Chadchat Deodar Kankrej (thana) estates Morwara Palanpur Radhanpur Santalpur Suigaon Terwara Tharad Warahi Wao

Mahi Kantha Agency
Mahi Kantha Agency
(Banas Kantha)

Amliyara (Ambliara) Bavisi Thana Bhalusna Bolundra Chandap Dabha Dadhalia Danta Dedhrota Deloli Derol Gabat Gadhwara Thana Ghorasar Hadol Hapa Idar Ijpura Ilol Jher Kadoli Kasalpura Katosan State Katosan Thana Khadal Khedwada Kheravada Likhi Magodi Maguna Malpur Mansa Memadpura (Mahmadpura) Mohanpur Mota Kotarna Nirmali Palej Pethapur Pol (Vijaynagar) Punadra Prempur Ramas Rampura Ranasan Ranipura Rupal Santhal Sathamba Satlasna Sudasna Tajpuri Tejpura Timba Tunadar Umari Vakhtapur Valasna Varagam Varsoda Vasna (Wasna) Vatrak Kanthi Thana Virsoda Wadagam

List of princely states of British India
British India
(alphabetical) Kathiawar
Kathiawar
Agency (combining Eastern - & Western K.) Cutch Agency Surat Agency

Coordinates: 21°31′N 70°28′E / 21.52°N 70.47°E

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