Juliusz Wertheim



Juliusz Edward Wertheim (24 September 1880 – 6 May 1928), sometimes known as Julius or Jules Wertheim, was a Polish
pianist A pianist ( , ) is an individual musician who plays the piano. Since most forms of Western music can make use of the piano, pianists have a wide repertoire and a wide variety of styles to choose from, among them traditional classical music, ...
, conductor and
composer A composer is a person who writes music. The term is especially used to indicate composers of Western classical music, or those who are composers by occupation. Many composers are, or were, also skilled performers of music. Etymology and Def ...
, a member of a prominent family, who had a significant influence on the career of
Arthur Rubinstein Arthur Rubinstein ( pl, Artur Rubinstein; 28 January 188720 December 1982) was a Polish-American pianist.

Origins, training, career

Juliusz was born into a prominent
Warsaw Warsaw ( pl, Warszawa, ), officially the Capital City of Warsaw,, abbreviation: ''m.st. Warszawa'' is the capital and largest city of Poland. The metropolis stands on the River Vistula in east-central Poland, and its population is official ...
family of Jewish origin which had converted to Lutheranism. The father of Juliusz, Piotr or Pierre Wertheim (1850-1922), was a stepbrother of Carl Tausig and a successful banker in Warsaw. The mother, Aleksandra Klementyna, was the daughter of Ferdinand Leo, editor of the ''Gazeta Polska'', and she was a singer of some accomplishment. In 1893 Juliusz began to take piano lessons from Rudolf Strobl, who sent him on to Berlin to study composition with Heinrich Urban, and piano with
Moritz Moszkowski Moritz Moszkowski (23 August 18544 March 1925) was a German composer, pianist, and teacher of Polish-Jewish descent.
Karl Heinrich Barth Karl Heinrich Barth (12 July 1847 – 23 December 1922) was a noted German pianist and pedagogue. Life and early training Karl Heinrich Barth was born in Pillau, East Prussia (modern day Baltiysk, Russia) on July 12, 1847. Little is known abou ...
(with whom Rubinstein later studied). Juliusz then returned to the Warsaw Conservatory to study theory under Zygmunt Noskowski, and graduated with a gold medal in 1901. He also received piano instruction from Józef Śliwiński. In 1915-1916 he was assistant conductor of the Warsaw Philharmonic. For some years he became professor of instrumentation at the Warsaw Conservatory, and later lived independently as a composer in
Berlin Berlin ( , ) is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3.7 million inhabitants make it the European Union's most populous city, according to population within city limits. One of Germany's sixteen constit ...
. By 1924 he had written and published 4 Symphonies, many piano works including sonatas and variations, and many songs (
N. Simrock N. Simrock (in German Musikverlag N. Simrock, Simrock Verlag, or simply Simrock) was a German music publisher founded by Nikolaus Simrock which published many 19th-century German classical music composers. It was acquired in 1929 by Anton Benjam ...

Association with Arthur Rubinstein

The Wertheims maintained an important
salon Salon may refer to: Common meanings * Beauty salon, a venue for cosmetic treatments * French term for a drawing room, an architectural space in a home * Salon (gathering), a meeting for learning or enjoyment Arts and entertainment * Salon ...
in Warsaw, and the young
Arthur Rubinstein Arthur Rubinstein ( pl, Artur Rubinstein; 28 January 188720 December 1982) was a Polish-American pianist.
became drawn into it during the first decade of the 20th century, as were
Josef Hofmann Josef Casimir Hofmann (originally Józef Kazimierz Hofmann; January 20, 1876February 16, 1957) was a Polish-American pianist, composer, music teacher, and inventor. Biography Josef Hofmann was born in Podgórze (a district of Kraków), in Au ...
and Paweł Kochański. Rubinstein made numerous sexual conquests among women who had initially set their sights on the homosexual (and thus unattainable) Wertheim. Rubinstein was drawn into the individual lives of the Wertheim family, and described these complicated relationships in his earlier autobiography, ''My Young Years'', using the pseudonyms 'Paul and Magdalena Harman' for Piotr and Aleksandra Wertheim. Rubinstein was deeply influenced by Wertheim's approach to the playing of Chopin's music, and stated later that he had largely drawn his own inspiration for playing Chopin from Wertheim's 'deep and intuitive understanding of his genius.' Considering the importance of Chopin's music in Rubinstein's career, and of Rubinstein in the modern understanding of Chopin, that is a very large tribute. He performed Wertheim's ''Fantasy'' and
Brahms Johannes Brahms (; 7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer, pianist, and conductor of the mid- Romantic period. Born in Hamburg into a Lutheran family, he spent much of his professional life in Vienna. He is sometimes grouped ...
's ''First Piano Concerto'', Wertheim himself conducting the Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, in February 1904. Despite his musical understanding, Wertheim possessed a flawed and unreliable piano technique (as Zbigniew Drzewiecki, among others, observed): however he was able to encourage several young pianists, including Roman Jasiński, Bolesław Kon and Aleksander Kagan. Juliusz Wertheim died of a heart attack while conducting
Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner ( ; ; 22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his mature works were later known, "music dramas"). Unlike most op ...
's ''Meistersinger'' Prelude with the Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra in a broadcast concert, on 6 May 1928.Harvey Sachs, Arthur Rubinstein - A Life (Phoenix Paperback, London 1997), 237. He is buried at the Lutheran cemetery in Warsaw in the family tomb.


* 2018 : Piano Works - Acte Préalable AP0428 - Elżbieta Tyszecka, pian


See also

* List of LGBT classical composers



* Arthur Eaglefield Hull, ''A Dictionary of Modern Music and Musicians'' (Dent, London 1924). * J. Methuen-Campbell, ''Chopin Playing from the Composer to the Present Day'' (Gollancz, London 1981). * Harvey Sachs, ''Arthur Rubinstein - A Life'' (Phoenix Paperback, London 1997), 57-66. * A. Rubinstein, ''My Young Years'' (Jonathan Cape, London 1973).

External links

Scores by Juliusz Wertheim
in digital library Polona {{DEFAULTSORT:Wertheim, Juliusz 1880 births 1928 deaths Polish classical pianists Male classical pianists Polish conductors (music) Male conductors (music) Polish composers Musicians from Warsaw Polish people of Jewish descent Polish Lutherans 19th-century classical pianists Conductors (music) who died while conducting Gay musicians LGBT composers LGBT classical musicians 20th-century conductors (music) 20th-century classical pianists 20th-century male musicians 19th-century male musicians 20th-century Lutherans 19th-century LGBT people 20th-century LGBT people