JULIUS LANGBEHN (26 March 1851 – 30 April 1907) was a German far
right art historian and philosopher . He was born in Hadersleben,
* 1 Biography * 2 Views * 3 Work * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links
Langbehn was born in
Hadersleben in what was then the Duchy of
After the war, Langbehn returned to
Rembrandt als Erzieher, which was published anonymously "by a
German", was a huge success. A revised edition in 1891 added two
chapters, one praising anti-Semitism and another on the Catholic
Church . Despite its initial popularity, the book quickly receded from
the limelight. In 1891, he published 40 Lieder (40 Poems), again
anonymously; this proved to be a complete failure. The poems, which
were explicitly erotic, prompted the state prosecutor of
Schleswig-Holstein to threaten to press charges. The legal problems
were sufficient to force Langbehn to withdraw the book. Der
Rembrandtdeutsche followed, this time "by a friend of truth", though
it too was not well received. Langbehn moved to
After departing Vienna, Langbehn traveled to Italy, southern France, Spain, and the Canary Islands in 1894. He then returned to Germany and continued his vagrant life there, producing no new works. In the mid-1890s, he began to attend Catholic churches, and in early 1900 he converted to Catholicism. He now directed his reformist tendencies toward the Catholic Church, and began to attack liberal segments. Langbehn died on 30 April 1907 of stomach cancer .
Langbehn's efforts at reform were a reaction to modernism ; he
particularly disliked materialism , democracy, and internationalism .
He favored aristocracy, individualism, and peace. He believed that
Germany should abandon industrialization and urbanization in favor of
an agrarian society ruled by a monarch. While Langbehn's vision did
away with the bourgeois , proletarians , and the Junkers , he strongly
opposed a classless society, stating that "equality is death."
Langbehn advocated pan-Germanism , along with a view that Germany
ought to take a place of primacy in world affairs, owing to national
superiority. His 1891 editions of Rembrandt als Erzieher included
lengthy, strident attacks on Jews as corrupters of German culture. He
argued that they had no place in Germany, as they were not members of
the Aryan race. Further anti-Semitic sentiments were expressed in Der
Rembrandtdeutshce. He was an early advocate of the Völkisch movement
later espoused by the
* Rembrandt als Erzieher (1890) * 40 Lieder von einem Deutschen (1891) * Dürer als Führer (1928) * Der Geist des Ganzen (1930) * Briefe an Bischof Keppler (1937)
* ^ Stern, pp. 98–100 * ^ Stern, pp. 100–103 * ^ Stern, pp. 109–111 * ^ Stern, pp. 112–115 * ^ A B Blamires Jackson, Paul, eds. (2006). World Fascism: A Historical Encyclopedia. 1. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1576079414 .
* Lunn, Eugene (1973). Prophet of Community: The Romantic Socialism of Gustav Landauer. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0520022076 . * Mosse, G. L. (1989). "The Mystical Origins of National Socialism". In Marrus, Michael R. The Nazi Holocaust: Historical Articles on the Destruction of European Jews. II. Westport: Meckler. ISBN 0887362532 .
* Stern, Fritz Richard (1961). The Politics of Cultural Despair: A Study in the Rise of the Germanic Ideology. Berkeley: University of California Press. OCLC 2695226 .
* Bernd Behrendt: August Julius Langbehn, der "Rembrandtdeutsche".
In: Uwe Puschner, Walter Schmitz u. Justus H. Ulbricht (Hrsg.):
Handbuch zur "Völkischen Bewegung" 1871-1918. Saur, München u.a.
1999. S. 94-113. ISBN 3-598-11421-4
* Bernd Behrendt: Zwischen Paradox und Paralogismus.
Weltanschauliche Grundzüge einer Kulturkritik in den neunziger Jahren
des. 19. Jahrhunderts am Beispiel August Julius Langbehn. Lang,
Frankfurt am Main u.a. 1984. (= Europäische Hochschulschriften; Reihe
1; 804) ISBN 3-8204-5604-X
* Bürger-Prinz, Hans: Über die künstlerischen Arbeiten
Schizophrener In: Bumke, O. (Hrsg.): Handbuch der Geisteskrankheiten.
Band IX (Spezieller Teil V: Die Schizophrenie), S.668-704. Julius
Springer, Berlin 1932.
* Bürger-Prinz, Hans und A. Segelke: