Júlio Prestes de Albuquerque (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʒulju ˈpɾɛstʃiz dʒi awbuˈkɛɾki]; March 15, 1882 – February 9, 1946) was a Brazilian poet, lawyer and politician. He was the last elected President of Brazil of the period known as the República Velha, but never took office because the government was overthrown in the Revolution of 1930. Prestes was the only politician to be elected President of Brazil and then impeded from taking office.[1] He was also the last person born in São Paulo to be elected president until the election of Jair Bolsonaro in 2018.

On June 23, 1930, he became the second Brazilian featured on the cover of Time magazine.[2]

Early career

Prestes graduated with a law degree from the Law School of São Paulo (today the Faculty of Law of the University of São Paulo) in 1906. He married Alice Viana Prestes and had three children with her.

He started his political career in 1909, when he was elected State Representative in São Paulo by the Republican Party of São Paulo (PRP). He was re-elected several times until 1923, and became noted for his defense of the public employee in São Paulo.

As a State Representative, he introduced legislation that created the Court of Auditors of São Paulo and the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnology of the University of São Paulo. He was the author of the law that incorporated the Sorocabana Railroad in the São Paulo State patrimony.

In the Revolution of 1924, Prestes fought on the Coluna Sul, with Ataliba Leonel and Washington Luís, expelling the rebels of the region of Sorocaba.

Political offices
Preceded by
Carlos de Campos
13th President of São Paulo
Succeeded by
Pedro Manuel de Toledo
Preceded by
Washington Luís
President of Brazil

Succeeded by
Military Junta of 1930