Julesburg is the statutory town
that is the county seat
and the most populous municipality
of Sedgwick County
, United States.
The population was 1,225 at the 2010 United States Census
It is close to the Nebraska border.
The original trading post
was named for Jules Beni
. Julesburg was on the Pony Express
(1860–1861) route from Missouri
In 1858, Joseph A. "Jack" Slade
, a superintendent for the Central Overland California and Pikes Peak Express Company
, was tracking down horse thieves
, including Jules Beni. Slade caught up with him at Julesburg, but Beni shot him five times. Everybody thought that Slade was dead and several angry townsfolk chased Beni out of Julesburg. When they returned, they found Slade struggling to his feet, having miraculously recovered.
Beni continued to steal horses from the Pike's Peak Express Company, and Slade vowed to hunt him down. Beni attempted to ambush Slade at Slade's own ranch at Cold Springs. But Slade found out about the planned ambush and, along with some of his cowboys, captured Beni. Slade did not take Beni to authorities but instead shot him dead while he was tied to a fence post. He shot off each of his fingers, and then put the gun in Beni's mouth and pulled the trigger. Afterward, he severed Beni's ears as trophies.
This account is among the ''Stories of the Century
'', a syndicated television series starring and narrated by Jim Davis
, which aired on March 4, 1955. Gregg Palmer
(1927-2015) played the role of Slade, and Paul Newlan
(1903–1973) portrayed Beni.
Battle of Julesburg
Julesburg was a large and prominent stagecoach station and the site of Fort Rankin (later Fort Sedgwick). In revenge for the Sand Creek Massacre
, one thousand Cheyenne
, and Lakota
warriors attacked Julesburg on January 7, 1865. In the battle
the Indians defeated about 60 soldiers of the U.S. army and 50 armed civilians. In the following weeks the Indians raided up and down the South Platte River
valley. On February 2 they returned to Julesburg and burned down all the buildings in the settlement, although not attacking the soldiers and civilians holed up in the fort. At the time, the town was said to have had over 1000 buildings.
Julesburg is located at (40.988422, −102.266677).
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the town has a total area of , all of it land.
The town is located on the north side of the South Platte River
, along U.S. 138
and U.S. 385
and just off of I-76
. It is the northernmost town in the state, less than south of the Colorado−Nebraska state line.
Julesburg experiences a semi-arid climate
''BSk'') with cold, dry winters and hot, wetter summers.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 1,467 people, 613 households, and 407 families residing in the town. The population density
was 1,167.6 people per square mile (449.5/km). There were 699 housing units at an average density of 556.4 per square mile (214.2/km). The racial makeup of the town was 89.03% White
, 0.20% African American
, 0.07% Native American
, 0.41% Asian
, 0.14% Pacific Islander
, 7.77% from other races
, and 2.39% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 14.18% of the population.
There were 613 households, out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples
living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 23.4% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 24.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $28,207, and the median income for a family was $34,500. Males had a median income of $27,337 versus $17,125 for females. The per capita income
for the town was $14,913. About 8.1% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.
Julesburg School District
operates public schools.
Julesburg was featured in the 1960 episode "The Story of Julesburg" of the syndicated television series
''. It was the setting of the 1959 Randolph Scott
''. "Julesburg" is the title of the second episode (1955) of the ABC
''. A 2019 YouTube
video by VOA
News features Julesburg as the backdrop for a short documentary about Charmaine Teodoro, a math teacher from the Philippines
who is currently working at Julesburg High School.Teacher Lands in Rural America: 'I Was Surprised'"
VOA Connect, 2019. Retrieved November 1, 2020
*Outline of Colorado
**Index of Colorado-related articles
*State of Colorado
**Colorado cities and towns
***Sedgwick County, Colorado
*Pony Express National Historic Trail
Town of Julesburg
Map of Julesburg
Category:Towns in Colorado
Category:Towns in Sedgwick County, Colorado
Category:County seats in Colorado
Category:Pony Express stations
Category:Stagecoach stops in the United States