Jujuy (Spanish pronunciation: [xuˈxui̯]) is a province of
Argentina, located in the extreme northwest of the country, at the
Chile and Bolivia. The only neighboring Argentine
province is Salta to the east and south.
2 Geography and climate
5 Political division
6 Filmed in Jujuy Province
8 See also
10 External links
Pre-Columbian inhabitants known as the Omaguacas and Ocloyas, who were
later conquered by the Incas during their expansion period, practiced
agriculture and domesticated the guanaco. They had huts made of mud,
and erected stone fortresses to protect their villages. An example of
such fortresses is Pucará de Tilcara, Pucará meaning "fortress"
(word also used for the Argentine combat aircraft Pucara).
A view of Jujuy at the end of the 19th century. Clearly highlights the
bell tower of Iglesia Matriz
In 1593, a small settlement was erected in the Jujuy valley by the
effort of Francisco de Argañaraz y Murguía. In spite of the attacks
of the Calchaquíes and Omaguacas aborigines, the population and
activity of the village consolidated and grew.
At the end of the 17th century, the customs to the Viceroyalty of Peru
was transferred from Córdoba to Jujuy.
With the separation from
Peru and the creation of the Viceroyalty of
the Río de la Plata, Jujuy lost its importance and its population
started to diminish.
May Revolution and the battles for the independence of the
United provinces of the South, many confrontations took place in Jujuy
because the Spanish concentrated their forces in Peru. The people of
Jujuy had to endure the Jujuy Exodus, a massive evacuation with a
scorched earth policy, led by General Manuel Belgrano. Finally the
Spanish surrendered, but the war seriously affected the economy of the
After a series of internal conflicts, the province declared its
autonomy from Tucumán and Salta
Provinces on November 18, 1834. Jujuy
started a gradual process of economic and social improvement, and at
the end of the 19th century, the sugarcane industry arose. At the
beginning of the following century, the railway already connected the
province with Buenos Aires, and La Paz, Bolivia.
Heavy industry first arrived in Jujuy at the hand of General Manuel
Savio, a presidential economic advisor who, in 1945, had Argentina's
first modern steel mill installed in Jujuy. In 1969, Jujuy joined
Salta Province with the discovery of petroleum by
the state-owned YPF.
Geography and climate
See also: Climate of
Argentina and Climatic regions of Argentina
Quebrada de Humahuaca.
There are 3 main areas in Jujuy; the Altiplano, a 3,500 meters high
plateau with peaks of 5,000 meters, covers most of the province. The
Río Grande of Jujuy cuts through the
Quebrada de Humahuaca canyon, of
heights between 1,000 and 3,500 meters. To the Southeast, the sierras
descends to the
Gran Chaco region. The vast difference in height and
climate produces desert areas such as the Salinas Grandes salt mines,
In spite of the different areas, the terrain of the province is mainly
arid and semi-desertic, except for the El Ramal valley of the San
Francisco River. Temperature difference between day and night is wider
in higher lands, and precipitations are scarce outside the temperate
area of the San Francisco River.
The Grande River and the San Francisco River flow to the Bermejo
River. The San Juan, La Quiaca, Yavi and Sansana flow to the Pilcomayo
Jujuy's economy is moderately underdeveloped, yet very diversified.
Its 2006 economy was an estimated US$2.998 billion, or, US$4,899 per
capita (over 40% below the national average).
Jujuy is, despite its rural profile, not particularly agrarian.
Agriculture contributes about 10% to output and the main agricultural
activity is sugarcane. Its processing represents more than half of the
province's gross production, and 30% of the national sugar production.
The second agricultural activity is tobacco, cultivated in the
Southeastern valley, as a major national producer.
Other crops include beans, citrus and tomatoes, and other vegetables
for local consumption. Cattle and goats are raised on a small scale,
mainly for local dairies, and llamas, vicuñas and guanacos are raised
in significant numbers for wool.
Manufacturing is more prominent in Jujuy than in some neighboring
provinces, adding 15% to its economy. Jujuy is the second largest
Argentine producer of iron, used by the Altos Hornos Zapla steel mill.
Other industrial activities include mining for construction material,
petroleum extraction at Caimancito, salt production from Salinas
Grandes salt basin, and the paper production feed by the Jujuy's
forests with 20% of the industrial product of the province.
The province has been served since 1967 by the Gobernador Horacio
Guzmán International Airport.
An important and still growing activity, tourism in the area brings a
number of Argentine tourists (80%), tourists from other South American
countries (12%) and Europeans (7%). Most tourists head for San
Salvador de Jujuy to start their exploration of the province. The
Horacio Guzmán international airport, 34 km from San Salvador,
connects the province with Buenos Aires, Córdoba, and some
destinations in Bolivia.
Apart from the fantastic contrast of land colours and formations,
tourists are attracted also by the strong aboriginal roots in the
culture of Jujuy. Aymará and Quechua cultures coexist in the area,
and ruins of the Incas are well conserved.
Tourists who come to Jujuy visit the area of the Quebrada de Humahuaca
and its Cerro de los Siete Colores, Pucará de Tilcara, Salinas
Grandes and many small towns. Other less frequent destinations include
Calilegua National Park
Calilegua National Park in the
Yungas jungle, La Quiaca, Laguna de
Pozuelos, and Laguna Guayatayoc.
The province is divided into 16 departments (in the Spanish language,
Casa de Gobierno de Jujuy.
Cochinoca (Abra Pampa)
El Carmen (El Carmen)
Manuel Belgrano (San Salvador de Jujuy)
Ledesma (Libertador General San Martín)
San Antonio (San Antonio, Jujuy)
San Pedro (San Pedro)
Santa Bárbara (Palma Sola, Jujuy)
Santa Catalina (Santa Catalina)
Valle Grande (Valle Grande)
Yavi (La Quiaca)
Filmed in Jujuy Province
Veronico Cruz, (1988).
Ruins of the Pucará near Tilcara
Cerro de los Siete Colores, Purmamarca
Calle de Tilcara, Jujuy, Argentina
Patio inside the Jujuy Cathedral, San Salvador de Jujuy.
National Route 9 between Jujuy and Salta
1863 Jujuy earthquake
^ "Información para el desarrollo sostenible:
Argentina y la Agenda
2030" (PDF) (in Spanish). United Nations Development Programme.
p. 155. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 August 2017.
Retrieved 25 August 2017.
^ "El déficit consolidado de las provincias rondará los $11.500
millones este año" (in Spanish). Instituto Argentino para el
Desarrollo de las Economías Regionales. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jujuy Province.
Official Provincia de Jujuy website - (in Spanish)
Official Tourism website - (in Spanish)
Departments of Jujuy Province
Doctor Manuel Belgrano
Provinces of Argentina
Santiago del Estero
Tierra del Fuego
Buenos Aires City
Coordinates: 23°45′S 65°30′W / 23.750°S 65.500°W