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The Judaean Desert
Desert
or Judean Desert
Desert
(Hebrew: מִדְבַּר יְהוּדָה‎ Midbar Yehuda, both Desert
Desert
of Judah or Judaean Desert; Arabic: صحراء يهودا‎ Sahara
Sahara
Yahudan) is a desert in Israel
Israel
and the West Bank
West Bank
that lies east of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
and descends to the Dead Sea. It stretches from the northeastern Negev
Negev
to the east of Beit El, and is marked by terraces with escarpments. It ends in a steep escarpment dropping to the Dead Sea
Dead Sea
and the Jordan Valley. The Judaean Desert
Desert
is crossed by numerous wadis from northeast to southeast and has many ravines, most of them deep, from 1,200 feet in the west to 600 feet in the east.[1] The Judaean Desert
Desert
is an area with a special morphological structure along the east of the Judaean Mountains. It is sometimes known as יְשִׁימוֹן‬ Yeshimon, meaning desert or wildland, or yet Wilderness of Judah or Wilderness of Judaea, among others.[2]

Contents

1 Location and climate 2 Judaea
Judaea
Group Aquifer 3 Historical Significance 4 See also 5 References

Location and climate[edit] The Judaean Desert
Desert
lies east of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
and descends to the Dead Sea. Major urban areas in the region include Jerusalem, Bethlehem, the Gush Etzion, Jericho
Jericho
and Hebron.[3] Rainfall in the Judaea
Judaea
region varies from 400–500 millimetres (16–20 in) in the western hills, rising to 600 millimetres (24 in) around western Jerusalem
Jerusalem
(in central Judaea), falling back to 400 millimetres (16 in) in eastern Jerusalem
Jerusalem
and dropping to around 100 mm in the eastern parts, due to a rainshadow effect. The climate ranges from Mediterranean in the west and desert climate in the east, with a strip of steppe climate in the middle. Judaea
Judaea
Group Aquifer[edit] A study by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
of an underground water reservoir beneath the Judaean Desert
Desert
known as the Judaea
Judaea
Group Aquifer, found that the aquifer begins in the Judaean Mountains
Judaean Mountains
and flows in a northeasterly direction towards the Dead Sea
Dead Sea
with outflows at the Tsukim, Kane, Samar and Ein-Gedi
Ein-Gedi
springs. The rain-fed aquifer contains an average yearly volume of some 100 million cubic meters of water.[4] Historical Significance[edit] Some believe Jesus spent his lost years here. See also[edit]

Geography of Israel Qumran Caves Tourism in Israel Tourism in the Palestinian territories Masada Mar Saba Ein Gedi

References[edit] Hiking in the Judaean Desert
Desert
travel guide from Wikivoyage

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Judean Desert.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Judaean Desert.

^ "Geography and Politics in Israel
Israel
Since 1967".  ^ "Judean Wilderness".  ^ Picturesque Israel
Israel
I: Jerusalem, Judah, Ephraim[permanent dead link] ^ "There's Water Under the Desert
Desert
-- But It's Hardly Being Used". 

v t e

Judea and Samaria Area

Cities

Ariel Beitar Illit Ma'ale Adumim Modi'in Illit

Regional committee

Committee of the Jewish Community of Hebron Yesha Council

Regional councils

Gush Etzion Har Hevron Mateh Binyamin Megilot Dead Sea Shomron Southern Jordan Valley (Bik'at HaYarden)

Local councils

Alfei Menashe Beit Aryeh-Ofarim Beit El Efrat Elkana Giv'at Ze'ev Har Adar Immanuel Karnei Shomron Kedumim Kiryat Arba Ma'ale Efrayim Oranit

See also

Area C COGAT

Israeli Civil Administration

IDF Central Command Israeli settlement

Jewish locality Population statistics

Seam Zone Jerusalem
Jerusalem
District

v t e

World
World
deserts

Desert Desertification List of deserts List of deserts by area

Africa

Algerian Bayuda Blue Chalbi Danakil Djurab Eastern Ferlo Farafra (White) Kalahari Libyan Moçâmedes Namib Nubian Nyiri Owami Richtersveld Sahara Tanezrouft Ténéré Western

Asia

Ad-Dahna Akshi Arabian Aral Karakum Aralkum Badain Jaran Betpak-Dala Cholistan Dasht-e Kavir Dasht-e Khash Dasht-e Leili Dasht-e Loot Dasht-e Margo Dasht-e Naomid Gurbantünggüt Gobi Hami Indus Valley Judaean Karakum Katpana Kharan Kumtag Kyzylkum Lop Maranjab Muyunkum Nefud Negev Polond Ordos Qaidam Ramlat al-Sab'atayn Rub' al Khali Russian Arctic Registan Saryesik-Atyrau Syrian Taklamakan Tengger Thal Thar Ustyurt Plateau Wahiba Sands

Australia

Gibson Great Sandy Great Victoria Little Sandy Nullarbor Plain Painted Pedirka Simpson Strzelecki Sturt's Stony Tanami Tirari

Europe

Accona Bardenas Reales Błędów Cabo de Gata Deliblatska Peščara Hálendi Monegros Oleshky Oltenian Sahara Ryn Stranja Tabernas

North America

Alvord Amargosa Baja California Black Rock Carcross Carson Channeled scablands Chihuahuan Colorado Escalante Forty Mile Gran Desierto de Altar Great Basin Great Salt Lake Great Sandy Jornada del Muerto Kaʻū Lechuguilla Mojave North American Arctic Owyhee Painted Desert Red Desert Sevier Smoke Creek Sonoran Tonopah Desert Tule (Arizona) Tule (Nevada) Yp Yuha Yuma

South America

Atacama La Guajira Los Médanos de Coro Monte Patagonian Sechura Tatacoa

Zealandia

Rangipo Desert

Polar Regions

Antarctica Arctic Greenland North American Arctic Russian Arctic

Project Category Commons

Coordinates: 31°42′N 35°18′E / 31.700°N 35.300°E / 31

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