Juche Tower (more formally, Tower of the
Juche Ideology) is a
monument in Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea, named after the
Juche introduced by the country's first leader and
President, Kim Il-sung.
3 See also
5 External links
The Tower is situated on the east bank of the River Taedong, directly
Kim Il-sung Square on the west bank. It was built to
commemorate Kim Il-sung's 70th birthday. Although his son and
Kim Jong-il is officially credited as its designer,
interviews with former North Korean officials contradict this
The 170-metre (560 ft) structure is a four-sided tapering
150-metre (490 ft) spire – the tallest in granite –
containing 25,550 blocks (365 × 70: one for each day of Kim
Il-sung's life, excluding supplementary days for leap years),
dressed in white stone with seventy dividers and capped with a
20-metre (66 ft)-high 45-ton illuminated metal torch.
The torch on top of the tower is always lit. It is possible to
ascend the tower by elevator and there are wide views over Pyongyang
from the viewing platform just below the torch.
At its base, there are reception rooms where videos explaining the
tower's ideological importance are sometimes shown. It is presumed to
be modelled on the Washington Monument, which it surpasses in height
by less than a meter. The
Juche Tower is the second tallest
monumental column in the world after the San Jacinto Monument, which
is 2.9 metres (9.5 ft) taller.
Associated with the tower is a 30-metre (98 ft)-high statue
consisting of three idealised figures each holding a tool – a
hammer (the worker); a sickle (the peasant); and a writing brush (the
"working intellectual") – in a classic communistic-style
reminiscent of the Soviet statue Worker and Kolkhoz Woman. The three
tools form the insignia on the flag of the ruling Workers' Party of
Korea. There are also six smaller groups of figures, each 10 metres
(33 ft) high, that symbolize other aspects of
A wall carrying 82 friendship plaques from foreign supporters and
Juche study groups forms part of the Tower.
The Tower and Workers' Party monument seen up close.
Tribute Plaques to the
Juche interior contained in the interior
entrance of the tower.
The lower part of the Tower of
Juche Idea, with the
Taedong River in
the foreground and symmetric buildings in the background.
View from the
Juche Tower looking at Kim Il Sung Square
View of the Tower from Kim Il Sung Square
Monas, a similarly designed monument-tower in Jakarta, Indonesia,
topped with flame statue and elevator ride to the top observation
Washington Monument in Washington DC, an obelisk erected to
commemorate George Washington.
San Jacinto Monument
San Jacinto Monument near La Porte, Texas, the world's tallest masonry
column to commemorate the Battle of San Jacinto.
Monument to Party Founding
Arch of Triumph (Pyongyang)
Arch of Reunification
^ Coonan, Clifford (21 October 2006). "Kim Jong Il, the tyrant with a
passion for wine, women and the bomb". The Independent. Retrieved 11
^ Martin, Bradly K. (2004). Under The Loving Care of The Fatherly
Leader. Macmillan. p. 626. ISBN 0-312-32221-6.
^ Toimela, Markku; Aalto, Kaj (2017). Salakahvilla
Pohjois-Koreassa : Markku Toimelan jännittävä tie
Pohjois-Korean luottomieheksi (in Finnish). Jyväskylä: Docendo.
p. 194. ISBN 978-952-291-369-2.
^ McCormack, Gavan (2004). Target North Korea: Pushing
North Korea to
the Brink of Nuclear Catastrophe. Nation Books. p. 59.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to
Asian Historical Architecture:
360 degree panoramic view from the top
Google Maps satellite photo
The Tower of the
Juche Idea[permanent dead link] at Naenara
National symbols of North Korea
Magnolia sieboldii (flower)
Northern goshawk (bird)
Pungsan dog (dog)
Juche Tower and
Foundation Day (day)
Coordinates: 39°1′3.52″N 125°45′48.05″E /
39.0176444°N 125.7633472°E / 39.01