HOME
The Info List - Juan Manuel Santos


--- Advertisement ---



Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
Calderón GColIH GCB (Spanish: [xwan maˈnwel ˈsantos kaldeˈɾon]; born 10 August 1951) is a Colombian politician and the President of Colombia, in office since 2010. He was the sole recipient of the 2016 Nobel Peace Prize. An economist by profession and a journalist by trade, Santos is a member of the wealthy and influential Santos family, who from 1913 to 2007 were the majority shareholders of the newspaper El Tiempo until its sale to Planeta DeAgostini
Planeta DeAgostini
in 2007. He was a cadet at the Navy Academy in Cartagena. Shortly after graduating from the University of Kansas, he joined the National Federation of Coffee Growers of Colombia
Colombia
as an economic advisor and delegate to the International Coffee Organization in London, where he also attended the London School of Economics. In 1981, he was appointed deputy director of El Tiempo newspaper, becoming its director two years later. Santos earned a mid-career/master's in public administration in 1981 from Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and was a 1988 Nieman Fellow for his award-winning work as a columnist and reporter. Santos was a Fulbright visiting fellow at Fletcher at Tufts University
Tufts University
in 1981. Santos served as a member and Vice Chair of the Washington-based think tank the Inter-American Dialogue
Inter-American Dialogue
and was president of the Freedom of Expression Commission for the Inter American Press Association. In 1991, he was appointed by President César Gaviria
César Gaviria
Trujillo as Colombia's first Minister of Foreign Trade. Santos worked in expanding international trade with Colombia, and worked in creating various agencies for this purpose including: Proexport, Bancoldex and Fiducoldex. In 2000, he was appointed by President Andrés Pastrana Arango as the 64th Minister of Finance and Public Credit.[1] Santos rose to prominence during the Administration of President Álvaro Uribe
Álvaro Uribe
Vélez. In 2005, he co-founded and led the Social Party of National Unity (Party of the U), a liberal-conservative party coalition that backed the policies of President Uribe, successfully supporting his attempt to seek a Constitutional reform to be able to run for a second term. In 2006, after Uribe's re-election, when the Party of the U won a majority of seats in the two chambers of Congress, Santos was appointed as Minister of National Defence, and continued defending the security policies of President Uribe, taking a strong and forceful stance against FARC
FARC
and the other guerrilla groups operating in Colombia. Santos also created the Good Government Foundation. On October 7, 2016, Santos was announced as recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, for his efforts negotiating a peace treaty with the FARC-guerilla in the country, despite the unsuccessful referendum held over the deal.[2] The Colombian government and the FARC
FARC
signed a revised peace deal on November 24 and sent it to Congress for ratification instead of conducting a second referendum.[3] Both houses of Congress ratified the revised peace accord on November 29–30, 2016, thus marking an end to the conflict.[4] Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
has been named as one of Time magazine's 100 most influential people.[5]

Contents

1 Life and career

1.1 Minister of Defense 1.2 President of Colombia

1.2.1 Negotiations with FARC
FARC
rebels 1.2.2 Other views

1.3 Presidential campaigns

1.3.1 2014 presidential campaign 1.3.2 Payments from Brazilian conglomerate Odebrecht 1.3.3 Paradise Papers

1.4 Family and personal life

2 Honours and awards

2.1 Foreign nations 2.2 International bodies 2.3 International awards 2.4 New Colombian plant named after president Juan Manuel Santos

3 Selected works 4 References 5 External links

Life and career[edit] Santos was born in Bogotá, Colombia. He attended Colegio San Carlos,[6] a private secondary school in Bogotá, where he spent most of his school years until 1967, when he enlisted in the Colombian Navy and transferred to the Admiral Padilla Naval Cadet School in Cartagena, graduating from it in 1969, and continuing in the Navy until 1971, finishing with the rank of naval cadet NA-42z 139.[7] After leaving the Navy, Santos moved to the United States where he attended the University of Kansas. A member of Delta Upsilon fraternity,[8] he graduated in 1973 with a Bachelor in Economics and Business Administration.[9] On October 31, 2017, Santos received an honorary doctorate of human letters from KU.[10] After graduating from the University of Kansas, Santos served as Chief Executive of the National Federation of Coffee Growers of Colombia
Colombia
to the International Coffee Organization[11] in London. During this time he also attended the London School of Economics, graduating with a Master of Science in Economic Development in 1975.[12] He then attended the John F. Kennedy School of Government
John F. Kennedy School of Government
at Harvard University, graduating with a Master of Public Administration
Master of Public Administration
in 1981.[13] He returned to Colombia
Colombia
to become Deputy Director of his family owned newspaper El Tiempo. Santos served as a member and Vice Chair of the Washington-based think tank the Inter-American Dialogue and was president of the Freedom of Expression Commission for the Inter American Press Association.[14] A Fulbright visiting fellow at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University
Tufts University
in 1981,[15] and a Nieman Fellow at Harvard University
Harvard University
in 1988,[16] Santos also holds an honorary Doctor of Laws degree. He was Minister of Foreign Trade of Colombia
Colombia
during the administration of President César Gaviria
César Gaviria
Trujillo from 1991 to 1994,[17] Minister of Finance and Public Credit of Colombia
Colombia
during the administration of President Andres Pastrana Arango
Andres Pastrana Arango
from 2000 to 2002.[1] In 1992 he was appointed President of the VIII United Nations
United Nations
Conference on Trade and Development.[18] In 1994 Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
founded the Good Government Foundation, whose stated objective is helping and improving the governability and efficiency of the Colombian Government.[19][20][21] This organization presented a proposal for a demilitarized zone and peace talks with the FARC
FARC
guerrilla group.[22] Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
has been named as one of Time magazine's 100 most influential people.[5] Universidade NOVA de Lisboa is granting the Honoris Causa Doctorate title to Juan Manuel Santos.[23] Minister of Defense[edit]

This article may be unbalanced towards certain viewpoints. Please improve the article by adding information on neglected viewpoints, or discuss the issue on the talk page. (October 2016)

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Minister Santos with his counterpart, U.S. Secretary of Defence
U.S. Secretary of Defence
Robert Gates, during a visit to the Pentagon in 2008

Santos also founded the Social National Unity Party
Social National Unity Party
(Party of the U) to support the presidency of Álvaro Uribe.[24] He was named Minister of Defence on 19 July 2006. During his tenure as Defence Minister, the administration dealt a series of blows against the FARC
FARC
guerrilla group, including the rescue of Fernando Araújo Perdomo, the death of FARC
FARC
Secretariat member Raúl Reyes (a controversial military raid on Ecuador's border),[25] and the non-violent rescue of former presidential candidate Ingrid Betancourt
Ingrid Betancourt
held captive since 2002, along with fourteen other hostages, including three Americans.[26][27] In 2008 the 'false positives' scandal
'false positives' scandal
was uncovered, referring to revelations concerning extrajudicial executions carried out by members of the military in order to artificially increase the number of guerrillas killed by the Army and claim rewards from the government.[28] On 4 November 2008, Santos admitted that the military had carried out extrajudicial executions and he pledged to resolve the issue.[29] Twenty-seven military officers, including three generals and eleven colonels, were sacked after an internal army investigation concluded that they were responsible for administrative failures and irregularities in reporting enemy casualties and operational results.[30] The Commander of the Colombian National Army, General Mario Montoya, resigned.[31] By May 2009, 67 soldiers had been found guilty and over 400 were arrested pending trial.[32] There are different estimates for the number of civilians who may have been killed in this manner. As of May 2009, prosecutors were investigating more than 900 cases involving over 1,500 victims and 1,177 members of the Colombian security forces.[32][33] According to the Coordinación Colombia-Europa-Estados Unidos NGO coalition and the Fundación para la Educación y el Desarrollo, an estimated 3,756 extrajudicial executions occurred between 1994 and 2009, of which 3,084 cases would have taken place after 2002.[34][35] Families of the victims and non-governmental organisations have held the Uribe administration and Santos, as Defence Minister, responsible for the extrajudicial killings because they consider that the government's reward policies motivated the crimes.[34][35] Directive 029 of 2005 issued under Defence Minister Camilo Ospina Bernal and presidential decree 1400 of May 2006 have been questioned for offering incentives and benefits in exchange for capturing or killing members of illegal armed groups.[33][35] In June 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur
United Nations Special Rapporteur
Philip Alston
Philip Alston
declared that extrajudicial executions had been carried out in a "more or less systematic manner" by numerous Colombian military personnel and found the number of trials for those implicated to be lacking, but stated that he had found no evidence of the executions being an official government policy and acknowledged a decrease in the number of reported cases.[36] In March 2010, Santos publicly stated these executions had stopped since October 2008 and that this had been confirmed by the CINEP, one of Colombia's foremost human rights defence institutions. Semana, a well-respected weekly magazine, reported that a few days later the CINEP responded to Santos's declarations by issuing a press release which stated that, while the number of reported cases had been significantly reduced after the Defence Ministry's measures were announced, the period between November 2008 and December 2009 still saw 7 such executions and 2 arbitrary detentions.[37] Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
announced his resignation from the Defence Ministry on 18 May 2009. Santos said that his resignation did not necessarily imply tossing his hat into the 2010 presidential race and that his participation in the electoral race depended on whether Uribe would pursue a third term, which he was willing to support. His resignation took effect on 23 May 2009. When the Constitutional Court ruled out the possibility of Uribe's participation in the upcoming elections, Santos officially launched his campaign for the presidency of the Republic of Colombia.[38] President of Colombia[edit]

Santos and U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, 9 June 2010.

On 20 June 2010, after two rounds of voting in the Presidential election, Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
Calderón was officially elected as President of Colombia
President of Colombia
and was inaugurated on 7 August 2010 in the midst of a diplomatic crisis with Venezuela, which was quickly resolved.[39] Negotiations with FARC
FARC
rebels[edit] Santos announced on 27 August 2012 that the Colombian government had engaged in exploratory talks with FARC
FARC
in order to seek an end to the conflict.[40][41] He also said that he would learn from the mistakes of previous leaders, who failed to secure a lasting ceasefire with FARC, though the military would still continue operations throughout Colombia
Colombia
while talks continued.[40] According to an unnamed Colombian intelligence source, Santos offered FARC
FARC
assurances that no one would be extradited to stand trial in another country.[42] The move has been viewed as a cornerstone of Santos' presidency. Former President Uribe has criticised Santos for seeking peace "at any costs" in contrast to his predecessor's rejection of talks.[43] In October 2012, Santos received the Shalom Prize "for his commitment to seeking peace in his country and worldwide." Upon accepting the award from the Latin American chapter of the World Jewish Congress, Santos stated that “Both the people here and the people in Israel have been seeking peace for decades,” adding that Colombia
Colombia
is in favour of a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.[44][45] In September 2016, Santos announced that an agreement had been made completely settling the dispute between the Colombian government and FARC
FARC
on the basis of a truth and reconciliation-like process, in which a combination of complete admissions of guilt and community service on the part of perpetrators of misdeeds during the years of conflict would serve in place of retributive justice.[46] The 52-year Colombian war has cost the country 152 billion (USD), according to conflict monitoring NGO Indepaz. Within the last five years the daily cost of the war has escalated to USD9.3 million per day – enough to feed 3 million people in Colombia
Colombia
and wipe out extreme poverty in that country.[47] Other views[edit] During a Google hangout hosted by the Colombian newspaper El Tiempo on May 20, 2014, Santos voiced his support for same-sex marriage. "Marriage between homosexuals to me is perfectly acceptable and what's more I am defending unions that exist between two people of the same sex with the rights and all of the same privileges that this union should receive," said Santos.[48] Presidential campaigns[edit] 2014 presidential campaign[edit]

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

See also: Colombian presidential election, 2014 On 20 November 2013, Santos announced his intent to run for re-election in a presidential address,[49] and formalised his intent by filing election papers with the National Civil Registry on 25 November.[50][51] As the incumbent president he ran virtually unopposed in the Social Party of National Unity
Social Party of National Unity
convention, receiving 772 votes of the 787 party delegates, and receiving the party's nomination on 28 January 2014.[52] Santos and his allies also lobbied for the support of other political parties, receiving the nomination from the Liberal and Radical Change
Radical Change
parties,[53][54] forming the National Unity Coalition. On 12 March Santos officially launched his re-election campaign for the 2014 presidential election under the slogan: "We have done much, there is much to be done".[55] On 24 February, Santos announced that the running mate for his 2014 reelection campaign would be is Germán Vargas Lleras, a veteran politician from one of Colombia’s most powerful political dynasties, and his former Minister of Housing, City and Territory. The decision to replace Vice President Garzón as his running mate was an expected one, as Garzón had already announced his desire to retire from politics. On 15 May, Santos obtained 25.69% of the votes, falling behind his main rival, Óscar Iván Zuluaga Escobar
Óscar Iván Zuluaga Escobar
of the Democratic Center, who obtained 29.25% of the votes. Since no one candidate earned the required majority, a run-off election was announced. In the second round, Santos received the backing and support of his former electoral rival: Clara López Obregón
Clara López Obregón
of the Alternative Democratic Pole,[56] as well from dissident members of the Conservative and Green parties. On 15 June, Santos won 50.95% of the popular vote in the second round of the election. President Santos addressed supporters and volunteers gathered at the campaign's headquarters in the Claustro de La Enseñanza after his reelection and said: "This is the end of 50 years of conflict in this country, and it is the beginning of a new Colombia". Santos victory, which was much smaller than his landslide result in 2010, was credited with strategic endorsements from left-wing politicians such as Clara López who appeared on a T.V. endorsement for Santos despite having nearly polar opposite views on many issues. This helped Santos, who had been neck and neck with his Conservative challenger on polls up to the second election round. Many among the Left whose fortunes had declined since the start of the FARC insurgency hoped a peaceful negotiation with FARC, which required a Santos victory, would help rehabilitate the left among the Conservative-Liberal dominated political scene in Colombia. Payments from Brazilian conglomerate Odebrecht[edit] See also: Odebrecht On March 14, 2017 Santos acknowledged that his 2010 election campaign received illegal payments from Brazilian conglomerate Odebrecht.[57] Paradise Papers[edit] See also: Paradise Papers In November 2017, an investigation conducted by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalism claimed Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
was in control of two offshore companies in Barbados.[58] Following this, Santos clarified that he left the managing board of one of these companies in prior to holding a ministerial office.[59] Family and personal life[edit] Santos was born on 10 August 1951 in Bogotá
Bogotá
to Enrique Santos Castillo and his wife Clemencia Calderón Nieto,[60] his brothers are: Enrique, Luis Fernando, and Felipe.[61] The Santos family has been a well established and influential family since the mid-20th century; his great-great-grandaunt was María Antonia Santos Plata, a martyr of the Independence of Colombia, and his great-granduncle was Eduardo Santos Montejo,[62] President of Colombia
President of Colombia
between 1938 and 1942, who acquired the national newspaper El Tiempo. From there, his family has been connected to the newspaper and influenced the political life of the country; Eduardo's brother, Enrique, grandfather of Juan Manuel, and editor in chief of El Tiempo, was known as "Calibán" to his readers, and his three sons, Enrique (Juan Manuel's father) and Hernando Santos Castillo, and Enrique Santos Molano were chief editor, director, and columnist respectively. Through his father's brother, Hernando, and his mother's sister, Elena, Juan Manuel is also first cousin on both sides to Francisco Santos Calderón, former Vice President of Colombia
President of Colombia
during the previous administration from 2002 to 2010.[62][63] Santos first married Silvia Amaya Londoño, a film director and television presenter, but divorced three years later having no children together.[63][64] He then married María Clemencia Rodríguez Múnera, or "Tutina" as she is known to those close to her, an industrial designer he had met while she worked as a private secretary at the Ministry of Communications and he was Deputy Director of El Tiempo.[64] Together they had three children, Martín (born 1989), María Antonia (born 1991), and Esteban (born 1993).[65][66] Honours and awards[edit] Foreign nations[edit]

Award or decoration Country Date Note

Order of the Aztec Eagle  Mexico 1 August 2011 [67]

Grand Collar of the Order of Prince Henry  Portugal 14 November 2012 [68]

Knight Grand Cross of the Two Sicilian Royal Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George, Special
Special
Class  Two Sicilies 7 June 2013 [69]

Medal of Military Merit, First Class  Mexico 7 May 2015 [70]

Medal of Naval Merit, First Class  Mexico 7 May 2015 [70]

Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath  United Kingdom 2016 [71][72][73]

Santos accepting the Inter-American Dialogue's Distinguished Lifetime Achievement Award for Peace at the Four Seasons Hotel in Washington, DC.[74]

International bodies[edit]

2016 Nobel Peace Prize[75]

International awards[edit]

King of Spain Prize[76] Peace Lamp of St. Francis of Assisi[77] Global Statesman Award[78] Gernika Award for Peace and Reconciliation[79] Shalom Prize[80] New Economy Forum Prize 2016[81] The Inter-American Dialogue's Distinguished Lifetime Achievement Award for Peace [82] National Geographic Society
National Geographic Society
Honors President Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
of Colombia
Colombia
for his Unwavering Commitment to Conservation. President Santos has done more than many elected leaders in the Americas to expand protected areas. [83] Colombian President awarded Kew International Medal for work protecting biodiversity. [84] Harvard Law School’s 2017 Great Negotiator Award [85] Chatham House Prize[86]

New Colombian plant named after president Juan Manuel Santos[edit] A new plant species from Northeastern Colombia
Colombia
has been named Espeletia praesidentis, in honour of efforts made by President Santos to build peace.[87] Selected works[edit]

Santos Calderón, Juan Manuel
Santos Calderón, Juan Manuel
(1994). Colombia
Colombia
Sin Fronteras: Para Un Nuevo Futuro. Bogotá: Colombian Ministry of Foreign Trade. OCLC 34283634.  Santos Calderón, Juan Manuel
Santos Calderón, Juan Manuel
(1994). El Nuevo Camino al Progreso. Bogotá: Colombian Ministry of Foreign Trade. OCLC 253690673.  Santos Calderón, Juan Manuel; Hommes Rodríguez, Rudolf; et al. (1994). Prácticas Comerciales y Perspectivas Macroeconómicas. Bogotá: Cladei. ISBN 9789589394007. OCLC 318185414.  Santos Calderón, Juan Manuel; Blair, Tony (1999). La Tercera Vía: Una Alternativa Para Colombia. Bogotá: Aguilar. ISBN 9789588061313. OCLC 318268059.  Santos Calderón, Juan Manuel; Carrasquilla Barrera, Alberto (2000). Memorias de Hacienda. Bogotá: Colombian Ministry of Finance and Public Credit. OCLC 318238583.  Santos Calderón, Juan Manuel
Santos Calderón, Juan Manuel
(2009). Jaque al Terror: Los Años Horribles de las FARC
FARC
(2nd, illustrated. ed.). Bogotá: Planeta. ISBN 9789584223029. OCLC 605944076. 

References[edit]

^ a b "En Sus Puestos". El Tiempo (in Spanish). Bogotá. 18 July 2000. ISSN 0121-9987. OCLC 28894254. Retrieved 28 May 2014.  ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
2016 - Press Release". www.nobelprize.org. Retrieved 2016-10-07.  ^ " Colombia
Colombia
signs new peace deal with Farc". BBC News. 24 November 2016.  ^ "Colombia's congress approves historic peace deal with FARC
FARC
rebels". Washington Post. 30 November 2016.  ^ a b "Juan Manuel Santos". time.com. Retrieved 22 April 2017.  ^ "El Colegio San Carlos
Colegio San Carlos
ha sido un gran formador de líderes, destacó el Presidente Santos" (in Spanish). Bogotá: Colombia, Office of the President. 6 February 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2013.  ^ " Colombia
Colombia
tiene un nuevo Presidente. Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
Calderon, Cadete NA 42" [ Colombia
Colombia
has a new President. Juan Manuel Santos Calderon, Cadet NA 42] (in Spanish). Escuela Naval de Cadetes. 6 August 2010. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2010.  ^ Esau, John (November 2012). "Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos Visits Delta Upsilon
Delta Upsilon
Chapter at the University of Kansas". Delta Upsilon Quarterly. Indianapolis, IN: Delta Upsilon
Delta Upsilon
fraternity]]. 130 (4): 38–39. OCLC 6644516. Retrieved 5 July 2013.  ^ "Colombian president to visit KU Sept. 24". Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas. 4 September 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2013.  ^ Kite, Allison (31 October 2017). "Colombian president honored by University of Kansas
University of Kansas
for contributions to peace". Retrieved 2 November 2017.  ^ International Coffee Organization ^ "The Legacy of Peace: President Juan Manuel Santos". London School of Economics.  ^ Gavel, Doug (24 June 2010). "Kennedy School Alumnus Elected President of Colombia". Cambridge, MA: John F. Kennedy School of Government. Retrieved 5 July 2013.  ^ "Juan Manuel Santos". thedialogue.org. Retrieved 5 April 2016.  ^ "Laurels". Tufts Magazine. Medford, MA. 2010. ISSN 1535-5063. OCLC 45710313. Retrieved 5 July 2013.  ^ "Class of 1988". Cambridge, MA: Nieman Foundation for Journalism. Archived from the original on 23 May 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2013.  ^ "Retos del Nuevo Gabinete". El Tiempo (in Spanish). Bogotá. 10 November 1991. ISSN 0121-9987. OCLC 28894254. Retrieved 28 May 2014.  ^ Ardila Durán, Hermógenes; Escobar, Marcela (8 February 1992). "Cita del Mundo al Desarrollo". El Tiempo (in Spanish). Bogotá. ISSN 0121-9987. OCLC 28894254. Retrieved 28 May 2014.  ^ Fundacion Buen Gobierno. " Portal
Portal
de Fundacion Buen Gobierno". Buengobierno.com. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ " Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
- Biografia Y Fotos". ColombiaLink.com. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ "Fundación Buengobierno". Archived from the original on 2 February 1999.  ^ "Propuesta de Paz". Archived from the original on 9 February 1999.  ^ "Nova to grant honoris causa doctorate to the president of Colombia - November 13". unl.pt. Retrieved 14 November 2017.  ^ " Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
Biography & Nobel Peace Prize". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-12-22.  ^ "CNN news". CNN. 6 March 2008. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ ":: Presidencia de la República de Colombia". Presidencia.gov.co. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ Karl Penhaul CNN (6 August 2008). "CNN News". CNN. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ "Las cuentas de los falsos positivos" (in Spanish). Semana (Colombia). 27 January 2009. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ "El Mindefensa reconoce ejecuciones extrajudiciales" (in Spanish). El Espectador. 4 November 2008. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ "El 'dossier' secreto de los falsos positivos" (in Spanish). Semana (Colombia). 25 January 2009. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ "Colombian army commander resigns". BBC News. 4 November 2008. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ a b "Toxic fallout of Colombian scandal". BBC News. 7 May 2009. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ a b "Traspié en política de seguridad colombiana" (in Spanish). BBC Mundo. 8 May 2009. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ a b "Denuncian más de 3 mil ejecuciones extrajudiciales entre 2002 y 2009" (in Spanish). El Espectador. 24 May 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ a b c "Soacha: La punta del iceberg. Falsos positivos e impunidad" (PDF) (in Spanish). Fundación para la Educación y el Desarrollo. 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ "ONU confirma desalentador panorama en Derechos Humanos" (in Spanish). El Espectador. 18 June 2009. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ "Cinep a Santos: "falsos positivos no han dejado de ser un problema"". Semana.com. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ Mulholland, John; Vulliamy, Ed (2016-10-08). "Juan Manuel Santos: peace prize winner still in search of the final deal". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-12-22.  ^ " Venezuela
Venezuela
Resumes Relations It Severed with Colombia". Latin American International Tribune. 11 August 2010. Retrieved 19 August 2010.  ^ a b Murphy, Helen; Acosta, Luis James (27 August 2012). "Colombian government seeking peace with FARC
FARC
rebels". Reuters. Yahoo News. Retrieved 28 August 2012.  ^ " Colombia
Colombia
agrees to hold peace talks with Farc rebels". BBC. 27 August 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2012.  ^ "Government, FARC
FARC
rebels agree to peace talks". Reuters. France 24. 27 August 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2012.  ^ " Colombia
Colombia
seeking peace with FARC
FARC
rebels - Americas". Al Jazeera English. 4 October 2011. Retrieved 31 August 2012.  ^ Colombia’s president awarded Shalom Prize, Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA), 23 October 2012. ^ Colombian leader says world must recognize Israel as state of Jewish people, World Jewish Congress, 17 October 2012. ^ BBC News, Colombian President: 'Last armed conflict in western hemisphere', 26 September 2016 ^ [1], Real Leaders, 1 February 2017. ^ Colombia
Colombia
president backs same-sex marriage, Washington Blade, 27 May 2014. ^ Santos Calderón, Juan Manuel
Santos Calderón, Juan Manuel
(20 November 2013). Alocución del Presidente de la República, Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
(Presidential address) (in Spanish). Bogotá: Colombia, Office of the President. Retrieved 16 June 2014.  ^ Santos Calderón, Juan Manuel
Santos Calderón, Juan Manuel
(25 November 2013). "Carta de Radicación" (PDF) (Letter) (in Spanish). Bogotá. Retrieved 16 June 2014.  ^ "Acta de Deposito de Documento" (PDF) (in Spanish). Colombia, National Civil Registry. 25 November 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2014.  ^ "'Fui fiel a mis promesas': Santos a La U". Semana
Semana
(in Spanish). Bogotá. 28 January 2014. ISSN 0124-5473. OCLC 7475329. Retrieved 15 June 2014.  ^ "Santos volvió a agitar el trapo rojo". Semana
Semana
(in Spanish). Bogotá. 18 February 2014. ISSN 0124-5473. OCLC 7475329. Retrieved 15 June 2014.  ^ Muñoz Vargas, César (4 March 2014). "Santos y Vargas ya tienen el aval de Cambio Radical". El Heraldo (in Spanish). ISSN 0122-6142. OCLC 20412212. Retrieved 15 June 2014.  ^ "'Hemos hecho mucho, falta mucho por hacer', eslogan de la reelección". El Tiempo (in Spanish). Bogotá. 13 March 2014. ISSN 0121-9987. OCLC 28894254. Retrieved 15 June 2014.  ^ "Clara López votará por Juan Manuel Santos". Semana
Semana
(in Spanish). Bogotá. 4 June 2014. ISSN 0124-5473. OCLC 7475329.  ^ "Colombia's Santos apologizes for illegal funds paid into campaign". Reuters. 2017-03-14. Retrieved 2017-03-24.  ^ "COLOMBIA: Paradise Papers
Paradise Papers
Show Offshore Firms Linked To Juan Manuel Santos". Markets Insider. 6 November 2017. Retrieved 7 November 2017.  ^ hermesauto (2017-11-07). "Paradise Papers: Colombian president says he left firm listed in leaked tax haven papers". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2017-12-22.  ^ "Pefil: ¿Quién es Juan Manuel Santos?" [Profile, Who is Juan Manuel Santos?]. El Tiempo. 18 May 2009. Retrieved 4 July 2013.  ^ "Colombia: murió el ex editor de El Tiempo, Enrique Santos" [Colombia:Dies the Former Editor of El Tiempo]. La Nación
La Nación
(in Spanish). 23 November 2001. Retrieved 4 July 2013.  ^ a b " Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
Calderón, Vástago de una familia de propietarios periodísticos" [ Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
Calderón, Scion of a family of newspaper owners] (in Spanish). Center for International Relations and Development Studies. 2010-08-23. Retrieved 2010-10-01.  ^ a b García Vásquez, Julio Cesar (14 August 2009). Francisco Y Juan Manuel Santos Calderon, Familiares Y Parentela [Francisco and Juan Manuel Santos Calderon, Family and Kin]. Genealogía Colombiana, Volumen IV (in Spanish). Interconexion Colombia. Archived from the original on 3 May 2010. Retrieved 1 October 2010.  ^ a b "Familia Santos" [Santos Family]. Telemundo
Telemundo
(in Spanish). Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013.  ^ "Los nuevos inquilinos de la Casa de Nariño" [The New Occupants of the Nariño House]. El País
El País
(in Spanish). 4 August 2010. ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 4 July 2013.  ^ "Mi papá, Juan Manuel Santos" [My Dad, Juan Manuel Santos]. Semana (in Spanish). 18 May 2010. ISSN 0124-5473. Archived from the original on 13 March 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2013.  ^ "ACUERDO por el que se otorga al Excelentísimo señor Juan Manuel Santos Calderón, Presidente de la República de Colombia, la Condecoración de la Orden Mexicana del Aguila Azteca en el grado de Collar". DIARIO OFICIAL DE LA FEDERACIÓN. Retrieved 29 January 2017.  ^ "Cidadãos Estrangeiros Agraciados com Ordens Portuguesas". Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas. Retrieved 29 January 2017.  ^ http://www.constantinian.org.uk/colombias-president-santos-honoured-for-peace-building/ ^ a b "Canciller María Ángela Holguín
María Ángela Holguín
participó en la ceremonia de bienvenida oficial en el Campo de Marte en honor del Presidente Juan Manuel Santos". Embajada de Colombia
Colombia
en México. Retrieved 28 November 2016.  ^ http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2016/11/01/21/39F6FE9800000578-3893006-image-a-61_1478037096125.jpg ^ https://4.bp.blogspot.com/-6KrO0O5hd80/WBkE78KrV4I/AAAAAAAALg0/o71_x5Rwp2M_hsaTvPD6HJTp76ZPc4J2wCLcB/s1600/2016-1101-banquet1.png ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/content/dam/fashion/2016/11/03/green_evening_rexfeatures_6908325m-xlarge_trans++Fd3QCbjtkJ097AP0ZIJbJHdZJ_p5O6rNqA_w2CKPF6s.jpg ^ " Colombia
Colombia
to ratify peace deal with rebels in congress". Fox News. 2016-11-18. Retrieved 2017-04-14.  ^ "Nobel Lecture by Juan Manuel Santos, Oslo, 10 December 2016". nobelprize.org. Retrieved 10 December 2016.  ^ "King of Spain Prize . Galardonados en ediciones anteriores - 1985". efe.com.  ^ " Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
Winner Receives Peace Lamp of St. Francis of Assisi". sanfrancescoassisi.org.  ^ "Global Statesman Award: Lessons from Peace in Colombia". The World Economic Forum.  ^ "El presidente de Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
Calderon; el líder de las FARC, Rodrigo Londoño Echeverri y el fotoperiodista Gervasio Sánchez, Premios "Gernika por la Paz y la Reconciliación"". gernikagogoratuz.org.  ^ "Colombia's president awarded Shalom Prize". Jewish Telegraphic Agency.  ^ "Mariano Rajoy presents New Economy Forum Prize 2016 to Juan Manuel Santos". lamoncloa.gob.es.  ^ "II Leadership for the Americas Awards Gala". thedialogue.org.  ^ " National Geographic Society
National Geographic Society
Honors President Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
of Colombia
Colombia
for his Unwavering Commitment to Conservation". nationalgeographic.org.  ^ "Colombian President awarded Kew International Medal for work protecting biodiversity". kew.org.  ^ "Santos receives 2017 Great Negotiator Award". news.harvard.edu.  ^ "President Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
named winner of the Chatham House Prize 2017". chathamhouse.org.  ^ "New species discovered by Kew scientist is named to honour Colombian President". kew.org. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Juan Manuel Santos.

Presidencia de Colombia

Biography

Biography at Colombia
Colombia
Reports Biography at CIDOB Foundation Appearances on C-SPAN " Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
collected news and commentary". The New York Times.  Taking Colombia
Colombia
to the Next Level, Latin Business Chronicle, 9 August 2010

Offices and distinctions

- ! colspan="3" style="border-top: 5px solid #ccccff;" Political offices - style="width: 30%; text-align: center;" rowspan="1"New office style="width: 40%; text-align: center;" rowspan="1" Minister of Foreign Trade 1991–1994 style="width: 30%; text-align: center;" rowspan="1" Succeeded by Daniel Mazuera Gómez - - style="text-align:center;" style="width:30%;" rowspan="1"Preceded by Juan Camilo Restrepo Salazar
Juan Camilo Restrepo Salazar
style="width: 40%; text-align: center;" rowspan="1" Minister of Finance and Public Credit 2000–2002 style="width: 30%; text-align: center;" rowspan="1" Succeeded by Roberto Junguito Bonnet - - style="text-align:center;" style="width:30%;" rowspan="1"Preceded by Camilo Ospina Bernal style="width: 40%; text-align: center;" rowspan="1" Minister of National Defense 2006–2009 style="width: 30%; text-align: center;" rowspan="1" Succeeded by Freddy Padilla de León Acting - - style="text-align:center;" style="width:30%;" rowspan="1"Preceded by Álvaro Uribe
Álvaro Uribe
style="width: 40%; text-align: center;" rowspan="1" President of Colombia 2010–present style="width: 30%; text-align: center;" rowspan="1" Incumbent - - ! colspan="3" style="border-top: 5px solid #FFF179;" Awards and achievements - style="text-align:center;" style="width:30%;" rowspan="1"Preceded by Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet
Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet
style="width: 40%; text-align: center;" rowspan="1" Laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize 2016 style="width: 30%; text-align: center;" rowspan="1" Succeeded by International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons
International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons
-

v t e

Cabinet of President Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
Calderón (since 2010)

Cabinet

Minister of the Interior and Justice

Germán Vargas Lleras
Germán Vargas Lleras
(2010–2011)

Minister of the Interior

Germán Vargas Lleras
Germán Vargas Lleras
(2011–2012) Federico Renjifo Vélez
Federico Renjifo Vélez
(2012-2012) Fernando Carrillo Flórez
Fernando Carrillo Flórez
(2012-2013) Aurelio Iragorri Valencia
Aurelio Iragorri Valencia
(2013-2014) Juan Fernando Cristo Bustos (2014-present)

Minister of Justice and Law

Juan Carlos Esguerra Portocarrero
Juan Carlos Esguerra Portocarrero
(2011-2012) Ruth Stella Correa Palacio
Ruth Stella Correa Palacio
(2012-2013) Alfonso Gómez Méndez
Alfonso Gómez Méndez
(2013-2014) Yesid Reyes Alvarado (2014-present)

Minister of Foreign Affairs

María Ángela Holguín
María Ángela Holguín
Cuéllar (2010–present)

Minister of Finance and Public Credit

Juan Carlos Echeverry Garzón (2010–2012) Mauricio Cárdenas Santa María
Mauricio Cárdenas Santa María
(2012-present)

Minister of National Defence

Rodrigo Rivera Salazar
Rodrigo Rivera Salazar
(2010– 2011) Juan Carlos Pinzón Bueno
Juan Carlos Pinzón Bueno
(2011 – 2015) Luis Carlos Villegas Echeverri
Luis Carlos Villegas Echeverri
(2015 – present)

Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development

Juan Camilo Restrepo Salazar
Juan Camilo Restrepo Salazar
(2010–2013) Francisco Estupiñán Heredia
Francisco Estupiñán Heredia
(2013-2013) Rubén Darío Lizarralde Montoya
Rubén Darío Lizarralde Montoya
(2013-2014) Aurelio Iragorri Valencia
Aurelio Iragorri Valencia
(2014-present)

Minister of Social Protection

Mauricio Santa María Salamanca
Mauricio Santa María Salamanca
(2010–2011)

Minister of Labour

Rafael Pardo Rueda
Rafael Pardo Rueda
(2011-2014) Luis Eduardo Garzón
Luis Eduardo Garzón
(2014-present)

Minister of Health and Social Protection

Mauricio Santa María Salamanca
Mauricio Santa María Salamanca
(2011-2012) Beatriz Londoño Soto
Beatriz Londoño Soto
(2012-2012) Alejandro Gaviria Uribe
Alejandro Gaviria Uribe
(2012-present)

Minister of Mines and Energy

Carlos Rodado Noriega
Carlos Rodado Noriega
(2010–2011) Mauricio Cárdenas Santa María
Mauricio Cárdenas Santa María
(2011-2012) Federico Renjifo Vélez
Federico Renjifo Vélez
(2012-2013) Amilkar Acosta Medina
Amilkar Acosta Medina
(2013-2014) Tomás González Estrada (2014-present)

Minister of Commerce, Industry and Tourism

Sergio Díaz-Granados Guida
Sergio Díaz-Granados Guida
(2010–2013) Santiago Rojas Arroyo
Santiago Rojas Arroyo
(2013-2014) Cecilia Álvarez-Correa Glen
Cecilia Álvarez-Correa Glen
(2014-present)

Minister of National Education

María Fernanda Campo Saavedra
María Fernanda Campo Saavedra
(2010-2014) Gina Parody d'Echeona
Gina Parody d'Echeona
(2014-present)

Minister of Environment, Housing and Territorial Development

Beatriz Elena Uribe Botero
Beatriz Elena Uribe Botero
(2010—2011)

Minister of Housing, City and Territory

Beatriz Elena Uribe Botero
Beatriz Elena Uribe Botero
(2011–2012) Germán Vargas Lleras
Germán Vargas Lleras
(2012-2013) Luis Felipe Henao Cardona
Luis Felipe Henao Cardona
(2013-present)

Minister of Environment and Sustainable Development

Frank Pearl González
Frank Pearl González
(2011–2012) Juan Gabriel Uribe Vegalara
Juan Gabriel Uribe Vegalara
(2012-2013) Luz Helena Sarmiento Villamizar
Luz Helena Sarmiento Villamizar
(2013-2014) Gabriel Vallejo López (2014-present)

Minister of Information Technologies and Communications

Diego Molano Vega
Diego Molano Vega
(2010–present)

Minister of Transport

Germán Cardona Gutiérrez
Germán Cardona Gutiérrez
(2010–2012) Miguel Esteban Peñaloza Barrientos
Miguel Esteban Peñaloza Barrientos
(2012-2012) Cecilia Álvarez-Correa Glen
Cecilia Álvarez-Correa Glen
(2012-2014) Natalia Abello Vives
Natalia Abello Vives
(2014-present)

Minister of Culture

Mariana Garcés Córdoba
Mariana Garcés Córdoba
(2010–present)

Cabinet-level

Vice President

Angelino Garzón
Angelino Garzón
Quintero (2010–2014) Germán Vargas Lleras
Germán Vargas Lleras
(2014-present)

v t e

Presidents of Colombia

Gran Colombia (1819–1831)

Simón Bolívar
Simón Bolívar
y Palacios Joaquín Mosquera
Joaquín Mosquera
y Arboleda Rafael Urdaneta
Rafael Urdaneta
y Faría Francisco de Paula Santander
Francisco de Paula Santander
y Omaña

Republic of New Granada (1831–1858)

Francisco de Paula Santander
Francisco de Paula Santander
y Omaña José Ignacio de Márquez
José Ignacio de Márquez
Barreto Pedro Alcántara Herrán
Pedro Alcántara Herrán
Martínez Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera
Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera
y Arboleda José Hilario López
José Hilario López
Valdéz José María Obando
José María Obando
del Campo José María Melo
José María Melo
y Ortiz Mariano Ospina Rodríguez

Grenadine Confederation (1858–1863)

Mariano Ospina Rodríguez Bartolomé Calvo
Bartolomé Calvo
Díaz Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera
Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera
y Arboleda

United States of Colombia (1863–1886)

Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera
Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera
y Arboleda Manuel Murillo Toro Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera
Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera
y Arboleda Santos Acosta
Santos Acosta
Castillo Santos Gutiérrez
Santos Gutiérrez
Prieto Eustorgio Salgar
Eustorgio Salgar
Moreno Manuel Murillo Toro Santiago Pérez de Manosalbas Aquileo Parra
Aquileo Parra
Gómez Julián Trujillo Largacha Rafael Núñez Moledo Francisco Javier Zaldúa
Francisco Javier Zaldúa
y Racines José Eusebio Otalora
José Eusebio Otalora
Martínez Rafael Núñez Moledo

Republic of Colombia (1886–2018)

Rafael Núñez Moledo Miguel Antonio Caro
Miguel Antonio Caro
Tobar Manuel Antonio Sanclemente
Manuel Antonio Sanclemente
Sanclemente José Manuel Marroquín
José Manuel Marroquín
Ricaurte Rafael Reyes Prieto Ramón González Valencia Carlos Eugenio Restrepo
Carlos Eugenio Restrepo
Restrepo José Vicente Concha
José Vicente Concha
Ferreira Marco Fidel Suárez Jorge Holguín
Jorge Holguín
Mallarino Pedro Nel Ospina Vázquez Miguel Abadía Méndez Enrique Olaya Herrera Alfonso López Pumarejo Eduardo Santos
Eduardo Santos
Montejo Alfonso López Pumarejo Mariano Ospina Pérez Laureano Gómez Castro Gustavo Rojas Pinilla Alberto Lleras Camargo Guillermo León Valencia Muñóz Carlos Lleras Restrepo Misael Pastrana Borrero Alfonso López Michelsen Julio César Turbay Ayala Belisario Betancur
Belisario Betancur
Cuartas Virgilio Barco Vargas César Gaviria
César Gaviria
Trujillo Ernesto Samper
Ernesto Samper
Pizano Andrés Pastrana Arango Álvaro Uribe
Álvaro Uribe
Vélez Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
Calderón

v t e

Current heads of state of the South American countries

Mauricio Macri
Mauricio Macri
(Argentina) Evo Morales
Evo Morales
(Bolivia) Michel Temer
Michel Temer
(Brazil) Sebastián Piñera
Sebastián Piñera
(Chile) Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
(Colombia) Lenín Moreno
Lenín Moreno
(Ecuador) David Granger (Guyana) Horacio Cartes
Horacio Cartes
(Paraguay) Martín Vizcarra
Martín Vizcarra
(Peru) Dési Bouterse
Dési Bouterse
(Suriname) Anthony Carmona
Anthony Carmona
(Trinidad and Tobago) Tabaré Vázquez
Tabaré Vázquez
(Uruguay) Nicolás Maduro
Nicolás Maduro
(Venezuela)

Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
(Falkland Islands/South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands) Emmanuel Macron
Emmanuel Macron
(French Guiana)

v t e

Current leaders of the Union of South American Nations

Macri Morales Temer Piñera Santos Moreno Granger Cartes Vizcarra Bouterse Vázquez Maduro

v t e

Laureates of the Nobel Peace Prize

1901–1925

1901 Henry Dunant / Frédéric Passy 1902 Élie Ducommun / Charles Gobat 1903 Randal Cremer 1904 Institut de Droit International 1905 Bertha von Suttner 1906 Theodore Roosevelt 1907 Ernesto Moneta / Louis Renault 1908 Klas Arnoldson / Fredrik Bajer 1909 A. M. F. Beernaert / Paul Estournelles de Constant 1910 International Peace Bureau 1911 Tobias Asser / Alfred Fried 1912 Elihu Root 1913 Henri La Fontaine 1914 1915 1916 1917 International Committee of the Red Cross 1918 1919 Woodrow Wilson 1920 Léon Bourgeois 1921 Hjalmar Branting / Christian Lange 1922 Fridtjof Nansen 1923 1924 1925 Austen Chamberlain / Charles Dawes

1926–1950

1926 Aristide Briand / Gustav Stresemann 1927 Ferdinand Buisson / Ludwig Quidde 1928 1929 Frank B. Kellogg 1930 Nathan Söderblom 1931 Jane Addams / Nicholas Butler 1932 1933 Norman Angell 1934 Arthur Henderson 1935 Carl von Ossietzky 1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas 1937 Robert Cecil 1938 Nansen International Office for Refugees 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 International Committee of the Red Cross 1945 Cordell Hull 1946 Emily Balch / John Mott 1947 Friends Service Council / American Friends Service Committee 1948 1949 John Boyd Orr 1950 Ralph Bunche

1951–1975

1951 Léon Jouhaux 1952 Albert Schweitzer 1953 George Marshall 1954 United Nations
United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees 1955 1956 1957 Lester B. Pearson 1958 Georges Pire 1959 Philip Noel-Baker 1960 Albert Lutuli 1961 Dag Hammarskjöld 1962 Linus Pauling 1963 International Committee of the Red Cross / League of Red Cross Societies 1964 Martin Luther King Jr. 1965 UNICEF 1966 1967 1968 René Cassin 1969 International Labour Organization 1970 Norman Borlaug 1971 Willy Brandt 1972 1973 Lê Đức Thọ (declined award) / Henry Kissinger 1974 Seán MacBride / Eisaku Satō 1975 Andrei Sakharov

1976–2000

1976 Betty Williams / Mairead Corrigan 1977 Amnesty International 1978 Anwar Sadat / Menachem Begin 1979 Mother Teresa 1980 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel 1981 United Nations
United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees 1982 Alva Myrdal / Alfonso García Robles 1983 Lech Wałęsa 1984 Desmond Tutu 1985 International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War 1986 Elie Wiesel 1987 Óscar Arias 1988 UN Peacekeeping Forces 1989 Tenzin Gyatso (14th Dalai Lama) 1990 Mikhail Gorbachev 1991 Aung San Suu Kyi 1992 Rigoberta Menchú 1993 Nelson Mandela / F. W. de Klerk 1994 Shimon Peres / Yitzhak Rabin / Yasser Arafat 1995 Pugwash Conferences / Joseph Rotblat 1996 Carlos Belo / José Ramos-Horta 1997 International Campaign to Ban Landmines / Jody Williams 1998 John Hume / David Trimble 1999 Médecins Sans Frontières 2000 Kim Dae-jung

2001–present

2001 United Nations / Kofi Annan 2002 Jimmy Carter 2003 Shirin Ebadi 2004 Wangari Maathai 2005 International Atomic Energy Agency / Mohamed ElBaradei 2006 Grameen Bank / Muhammad Yunus 2007 Al Gore / Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2008 Martti Ahtisaari 2009 Barack Obama 2010 Liu Xiaobo 2011 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf / Leymah Gbowee / Tawakkol Karman 2012 European Union 2013 Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons 2014 Kailash Satyarthi / Malala Yousafzai 2015 Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet 2016 Juan Manuel Santos 2017 International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons

v t e

2016 Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
laureates

Chemistry

Jean-Pierre Sauvage
Jean-Pierre Sauvage
(France) Fraser Stoddart
Fraser Stoddart
(United Kingdom, United States) Ben Feringa
Ben Feringa
(Netherlands)

Literature

Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
(United States)

Peace (2016)

Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
(Colombia)

Physics

David J. Thouless
David J. Thouless
(United Kingdom, United States) Duncan Haldane
Duncan Haldane
(United Kingdom, United States) J. Michael Kosterlitz
J. Michael Kosterlitz
(United Kingdom, United States)

Physiology or Medicine

Yoshinori Ohsumi
Yoshinori Ohsumi
(Japan)

Economic Sciences

Oliver Hart (United Kingdom, United States) Bengt Holmström
Bengt Holmström
(Finland)

Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
recipients 1990 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 2000 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 46863169 LCCN: n96009966 ISNI: 0000 0000 3132 9555 GND: 1056520132 SUDOC: 158146832 BNF:

.