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JOZEF "JOS" CLEBER (Dutch pronunciation: ; 2 June 1916, Maastricht – 12 May 1999, Hilversum
Hilversum
) was a Dutch trombonist, violinist, conductor, composer, arranger, and producer.

He wrote numerous arrangements (notably to Heel de wereld , the Dutch Eurovision Song Contest entry in 1958 ) and conducted De Zaaiers , one of the orchestras of Dutch radio, and many recordings on the Phonogram label until he left for South Africa
South Africa
in 1962. However, he may be best known for orchestrating the Indonesian national anthem Indonesia
Indonesia
Raya .

CONTENTS

* 1 Biography

* 1.1 Child and student * 1.2 Trombonist

* 2 First marriage

* 3 World War II
World War II

* 3.1 Conductor * 3.2 Producer

* 3.3 Composer

* 3.3.1 Orchestration of Indonesia
Indonesia
Raya

* 4 External links * 5 References

BIOGRAPHY

CHILD AND STUDENT

Cleber was born in Maastricht, the youngest of eight children in the Roman Catholic family of Gerardus Josephus Cleber, the organist and choir conductor at the Basilica of Saint Servatius , and Anna Maria Bastian. His father gave him his first music lessons.

After high school, he attended the Maastricht
Maastricht
Academy of Music , where he studied violin and piano , and at fifteen years old, he began playing viola with the Maastrichts Stedelijk Orkest . He later became fascinated by jazz and the music of Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
and thus chose to continue his studies at the Royal Conservatory of Liège
Royal Conservatory of Liège
in saxophone and clarinet . There he was advised to study trombone instead, because his lips were thought to be well suited for it.

TROMBONIST

Cleber completed his obligatory military service early so that he could join the jazz orchestra of Paul Godwin . During a performance with Godwin in 1936, he received a commission to play with the Tonhalle Orchester Zürich , where he remained until 1939, when the threat of World War II
World War II
became too great. He returned to the Netherlands
Netherlands
and began playing violin and trombone for the Tuschinski Theatre, Amsterdam , under the direction of Max Tak .

FIRST MARRIAGE

On 8 February 1939, he married Elisa Magdelijns (1917–2007), with whom he had a daughter, Yvonne Charlotte Cleber. The couple later divorced on 25 September 1951.

WORLD WAR II

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Cleber came into contact with AVRO , a Dutch public broadcaster, and in 1940, he joined their orchestra as a trombonist under the direction of Elzard Kuhlman . A year later, this orchestra became part of the Groot Amusementsorkest of the Nazi -organised Nederlandsche Omroep , and in 1942, by virtue of obligatory membership in the Nederlandsche Kultuurkamer , he became a trombonist in the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra .

During this time, he also continued his studies at the Conservatory of the Muzieklyceum Society in conducting , harmony , and counterpoint , receiving lessons from Kees van Baaren . After a meeting with Theo Uden Masman in May, 1945, Cleber joined Masman's dance orchestra De Ramblers , again as a trombonist. He continued playing with De Ramblers until 1945, when on the request of conductor Dolf van der Linden , he became a trombonist and arranger for the new Metropole Orkest . He remained with them until 1948, making several studio recordings with van der Linden, and at the same time, he led Selecta, his own ensemble of twelve musicians.

CONDUCTOR

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In 1948, Cleber left the Netherlands
Netherlands
to work for Radio Batavia in the Dutch East Indies , forming the Cosmopolitain Orkest . His wife and daughter followed later, but ultimately they divorced on 25 September 1951. Three months later, on 12 December 1951, he married Johanna Dirkje de Bruijn (born 1923), a cabaretière, in Jakarta. From this marriage, his second daughter, Karian, was born.

Cleber returned to the Netherlands
Netherlands
to share the direction of AVRO's theatre orchestra with Gerard van Krevelen . In 1952, he formed De Zaaiers , a pops orchestra, for AVRO, which with additional string players expanded to become a newly formed Cosmopolitain Orkest a year later. In 1957, his orchestra won the ‘Golden Gondola’ in Venice
Venice
. He also worked as an arranger not only for his own orchestra but also for the Metropole Orkest
Metropole Orkest
and Promenade Orkest .

In the late 1950s and early 1960s, Cleber also worked as a staff conductor for Phonogram , making recordings with Conny Stuart , Corry Brokken , Mieke Telkamp , Jules de Corte , and Willy Alberti
Willy Alberti
, among others. From 1962-64, Cleber lived in South Africa
South Africa
, trying unsuccessfully to start a new orchestra in Johannesburg
Johannesburg
. He returned to conduct De Zaaiers and the Cosmopoitain Orkest until 1966, when AVRO dissolved them during a period of cost cutting. Jos Cleber kissed goodbye by Conny Stuart and Corry Brokken (1962)

PRODUCER

Even after his orchestras had disbanded, Cleber was in demand for developing new musical talent. He remained at AVRO for two years as a music advisor, and from 1968 until his retirement in 1981, he produced the program Jonge mensen op weg naar het concertpodium .

COMPOSER

Orchestration Of Indonesia
Indonesia
Raya

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