The Info List - Joymoti Konwari

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Joymoti, or Joymoti Konwari
Joymoti Konwari
(Assamese: সতী জয়মতী), was the wife of Ahom Prince Gadapani. She was accorded the honorific Soti or Sati on account of her heroic endurance of torture until the end, dying at the hands of royalists under Sulikphaa
Loraa Roja without disclosing her exiled husband Prince Gadapani's whereabouts, thereby enabling her husband to rise in revolt and assume kingship. (The crucial point being the title was given to a woman who put up a valiant fight; widows committing Sati was not common in Assam, as it was in Bengal.) Gadapani's son Rudra Singha
Rudra Singha
had the Joysagar Tank dug at the spot where she was tortured. The first Assamese film Joymoti, directed in 1935 by Jyoti Prasad Agarwala, was based on her life.[1]


1 Biography 2 Background to torture 3 Gadapani becomes king 4 Memorials & monuments

4.1 Joysagar Tank 4.2 Fakuwa Dol 4.3 Soti Joymoti Divas 4.4 Soti Joymoti Award

5 Film and theatre 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Biography[edit] Joymoti was the wife of the Ahom Prince Gadapani. During the Purge of the Princes from 1679 to 1681 under King Sulikphaa
(Loraa Roja), instigated by Laluksola Borphukan, Gadapani took flight. Over the next few years, he sought shelter at Sattras (Vaishnav monasteries) and the adjoining hills outside the Ahom kingdom.[2] Failing to trace Prince Gadapani, Sulikphaa's soldiers brought his wife Joymoti to Jerenga Pathar where, despite torture, the princess refused to reveal the whereabouts of her husband. After continuous physical torture over 14 days, Joymoti died on 13 Choit of 1601 Saka, or 27 March 1680.[3] Joymoti's self-sacrifice would bear fruit in time: Laluk was murdered in November 1680 by a disgruntled body of household retainers. The ministers, now roused to a sense of patriotism, sent out search parties for Gadapani who, gathering his strength, returned from his exile in the Naga Hills to oust Sulikphaa
from the throne. Joymoti had known that her husband was capable of ending Sulikphaa-Laluk's reign of terror. For her love and her supreme sacrifice for husband and country, folk accounts refer to her as a Soti. Background to torture[edit] Six princes sat on the throne between the death of Chakradhwaj Singha in 1670 and the accession of Gadapani (Gadadhar Singha) in 1681. Udayaditya Singha
Udayaditya Singha
was murdered through the machinations of Debera Borbarua, who then inaugurated a veritable reign of terror, killing rival princes or mutilating their limbs, doing away with his rivals and opponents, and dismissing or appointing officers at will. The veterans of the Battle of Saraighat
Battle of Saraighat
marched up to the capital, captured and killed Debera, and placed on the throne a prince of their own selection. The Prime Minister Atan Burhagohain, Rajmantri Dangaria, by virtue of his foresight and disinterestedness, brought the situation under control, and was acclaimed in all responsible quarters as the only saviour of his country. Twice the crown was offered to him, and twice he refused it. The growing power of the Premier was, however, not tolerated by Laluksola Borphukan, the governor of Guwahati, who eventually set upon the throne a stripling aged fourteen, Sulikphaa
or Loraa Roja ("Boy-King" in Assamese), while he himself essentially ruled under the newly created office of "Borphukan". Fearing a challenge to his power, Laluksola Borphukan began a purge of all princes who were eligible for the Ahom throne. Gadapani becomes king[edit] Gadapani was formally installed a sovereign in August 1681. Taking on the Tai name Supaatphaa
and Hindu name Gadadhar Singha
Gadadhar Singha
(1681–1696), he brought peace and prosperity back to the country. The first act of his reign was the dispatch of an army against Mansur Khan at Guwahati. After a decisive victory at the famous Itakhulir Rann (Battle of Itakhuli), the Ahoms recaptured Guwahati
from the Mughals in August 1682. The river Manaha (present-day Manas) became once more the western boundary of Assam and remained so until the occupation of the country by the British in the year 1826. Memorials & monuments[edit] Joysagar Tank[edit] Further information: Joysagar tank Joymoti and Gadadhar Singha's eldest son Lai succeeded his father. He took on the Hindu name Rudra Singha
Rudra Singha
(Sukhrungphaa, 1696–1714). In honour of the memory of his mother Joymoti, Rudra Singha
Rudra Singha
built the Joysagar Tank in 1697 at Sibsagar. It is believed to be the biggest man-made lake in India,[4] comprising an area covering 318 acres (1.29 km2) of land, including its four banks,[5] out of which 155 acres (0.63 km2) is filled with fresh water. A 2 km-long earthen water pipeline once ran from the tank to the Rangpur Palace (Kareng Ghar), supplying water to the royal palace. Fakuwa Dol[edit] Rudra Singha
Rudra Singha
also built the Fakuwa Dol in 1703–04, a pyramid-shaped temple constructed before the Rangnath (Shiva) Temple on the banks of the Joysagar Tank. It is said that Rudra Singha, once again to perpetuate the memory of his mother Soti Joymoti, constructed the temple and placed a golden idol of her within it. It was actually a maidan (grave) of Joymoti. The circumference of the Dol was about 90 ft (27 m), and its height from base to top was 30 ft (9.1 m). There were eight brick pillars around the temple. The temple and the pillars are among some of the Ahom ruins that remain in Assam to this day. Soti Joymoti Divas[edit] Soti Joymoti Divas, commemoration day of Soti Joymoti, is held annually in Assam on 27 March.[1] Soti Joymoti Award[edit] The State Government of Assam has instituted an annual award in the name of Joymoti, presented to women in recognition of excellence in their chosen fields of work.[6] Film and theatre[edit] Main articles: Joymoti (1935 film)
Joymoti (1935 film)
and Joymoti (2006 film)

Screenshot from Joymoti (actress Aideu Handique
Aideu Handique
as Joymoti)

Joymoti (1935 film)
Joymoti (1935 film)
was the first Assamese language
Assamese language
film, directed and produced by Jyoti Prasad Agarwala. In 2006, Manju Borah released another film by the same name. The 19th-century Assamese writer Lakshminath Bezbaruah
Lakshminath Bezbaruah
depicted her life in the drama Joymoti Kuwori. See also[edit]

Joymoti, first Assamese film produced by Jyoti Prasad Agarwala. Ahom Dynasty


^ a b "Jaymati". Assaminfo.com. Retrieved 7 April 2013. [permanent dead link] ^ "History of Assam: The Medieval Period". Govt. of Assam. Retrieved 18 April 2012.  ^ TI Trade (27 March 2008). "The Assam Tribune Online". Assamtribune.com. Retrieved 7 April 2013.  ^ "Joydol Joysagar Tank". OnlineSivasagar.com. Retrieved 7 April 2013.  ^ "Sukhaangpha (1923) to Rudra Singha
Rudra Singha
(1714)". The Assam Chronicle. 28 February 2011. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 7 April 2013.  ^ "Assam Govt. to Introduce Award after Ahom Princess Joymoti". Northeast today. 1 February 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2012. [permanent dead link]

External links[edit]

A clip from the film on YouTube Joymoti at SPICE Joymoti Konwari: an epitome of ideal womanhood – Dr