Joseph P. McGuinness (10 April 1875 – 31 May 1922) was an Irish Sinn
Féin politician and
Member of Parliament (MP) from 1917 until his
death in 1922. He is known for winning the South Longford by-election
in 1917 while serving a prison sentence for his role in the Easter
Rising. Michael Collins worked on his by-election campaign.
McGuinness, as a member of the Irish Volunteers, took part in fighting
Four Courts during the
Easter Rising in 1916. According to some
reports, he was second-in-command in the Four Courts. After the defeat
of the uprising, McGuinness was sentenced to ten years' penal
servitude (later reduced to three), and was transferred to HM Prison
Lewes with other fighters.
While in prison, McGuinness was selected against his will as Sinn
Féin candidate for the Longford South by-election in May 1917. The
prisoners in Lewes were opposed to standing a candidate when the Irish
Parliamentary Party looked likely to win, so McGuinness declined to
stand. However, Collins had him nominated anyway, and McGuiness went
on to win by 37 votes after a recount. His election slogan was "Put
him in to get him out!"
He was re-elected as MP for the new Longford constituency at the 1918
general election. In common with the other
Sinn Féin MPs, he did not
take his seat in the British House of Commons, sitting instead as a TD
in the revolutionary First Dáil, where he was appointed as substitute
Director of Trade and Commerce on 27 October 1919.
Firing party at McGuinness's funeral in Glasnevin Cemetery.
He was re-elected unopposed at the 1921 general election in the new
Longford–Westmeath constituency; he died before the 1922 general
election. He voted in favour of the
Anglo-Irish Treaty in January
At a subsequent election, his seat was taken by his brother Francis
^ "Mr. Joseph McGuinness". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 5
^ a b "All changed utterly after South Longford by-election - 100
years ago today". The Irish Independent. 9 May 2017.
^ Coleman, Marie. "McGuinness, Joseph" (PDF).
^ "Joseph McGuinness". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 5 March
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