JOSEPH JACOBS (29 August 1854 – 30 January 1916) was an Australian
folklorist , literary critic, social scientist, historian and writer
of English literature who became a notable collector and publisher of
English folklore . His work went on to popularize some of the world's
best known versions of English fairy tales including "Jack and the
Beanstalk ", "Goldilocks and the three bears ", "The Three Little Pigs
Jack the Giant Killer
* 1 Biography * 2 Career * 3 Folklore
* 4 Selected works
* 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 Sources * 8 External links
Jacobs was born in Australia. He was the sixth surviving son of John
Jacobs, a publican who had emigrated from London around 1837, and his
wife Sarah, née Myers. Jacobs was educated at
Jacobs married Georgina Horne and fathered two sons and a daughter. In 1900, when he became revising editor of the Jewish Encyclopedia , based in New York, he settled permanently in the United States.
He died on 30 January 1916 at his home in
Yonkers, New York
1919 edition of The Book of Wonder Voyages (1896)
Jacobs was secretary of the Society of Hebrew Literature from 1878 to 1884, and in 1882, came into prominence as the writer of a series of articles in The Times on the persecution of Jews in Russia. This led to the formation of the mansion house fund and committee, of which Jacobs was secretary from 1882 to 1900.
He was a student of anthropology at the Statistical Laboratory at University College London in the 1880s under Francis Galton . His Studies in Jewish Statistics: Social, Vital and Anthropometric (1891) made his reputation as the first proponent of Jewish race science.
In 1888, he prepared with Lucien Wolf the Bibliotheca Anglo-Judaica: A Bibliographical Guide to Anglo-Jewish History, and in 1890, he edited English Fairy Tales, the first of his series of books of fairy tales published during the next 10 years. He wrote many literary articles for the Athenaeum, which published in 1891 the collection, George Eliot, Matthew Arnold, Browning, Newman, Essays and Reviews from the Athenaeum. In the same year appeared his Studies in Jewish Statistics, in 1892, Tennyson and "In Memoriam", and in 1893, his important book on The Jews of Angevin England. In 1894, were published his Studies in Biblical archaeology, and An Inquiry into the Sources of the History of the Jews in Spain, in connection with which he was made a corresponding member of the Royal Academy of History of Madrid. His historical novel dealing with the life of Jesus, As Others Saw Him: A Retrospective A.D. 54, was published anonymously in 1895, in the following year his Jewish Ideals and other Essays came out. In this year, he was invited to the United States of America to give a course of lectures on the "Philosophy of Jewish History". The Story of Geographical Discovery was published towards the end of 1898 and ran into several editions. He had been compiling and editing the Jewish Year Book since 1896, and was president of the Jewish Historical Society of England in 1898-99.
In 1900, he accepted an invitation to become revising editor of the Jewish Encyclopedia , which was then being prepared at New York. He settled permanently in the United States, where he wrote many articles for the Jewish Encyclopedia , and was generally responsible for the style of the whole publication. It was completed in 1906.
He then became registrar and professor of English at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America in New York .
In 1908, he was appointed a member of the board of seven, which made a new English translation of the Bible for the Jewish Publication Society of America.
In 1913, he resigned his positions at the seminary to become editor of the American Hebrew .
In 1920, Book I of his Jewish Contributions to Civilization, which was practically finished at the time of his death, was published at Philadelphia.
In addition to the books already mentioned, Jacobs edited The Fables
Aesop as First Printed by Caxton (1889), Painter\'s Palace of
Pleasure (1890), Baltaser Gracian's Art of Worldly Wisdom (1892),
Howell's Letters (1892), Barlaam and Josaphat (1896), The Thousand and
One Nights (6 vols, 1896), and others. Jacobs was also a contributor
Jacobs edited the journal
Folklore from 1899 to 1900 and from 1890 to
1916 he edited multiple collections of fairy tales that were published
with distinguished illustrations by
John Dickson Batten : English
Fairy Tales, Celtic Fairy Tales, Indian Fairy Tales, More English
Fairy Tales, More Celtic
Although he collected many tales under the name of fairy tales , many of them are unusual sorts of tales. Binnorie (in English Fairy Tales) and Tamlane (in More English Fairy Tales) are prose versions of ballads , The Old Woman and Her Pig (in English Fairy Tales) is a nursery rhyme , Henny-Penny (in English Fairy Tales) is a fable , and The Buried Moon (in More English Fairy Tales) has mythic overtones to an extent unusual in fairy tales. According to his own analysis of English Fairy Tales, "Of the eighty-seven tales contained in my two volumes, thirty-eight are Märchen proper , ten sagas or legends , nineteen drolls , four cumulative stories , six beast tales , and ten nonsense stories ."
* Earliest English Version of the Fables of
* Fables of
FAIRY TALES CONTENTS
Tom Tit Tot
* The Three Sillies
* The Old Woman and Her Pig
* How Jack Went to Seek his Fortune
* Mr Vinegar
Nix Nought Nothing
* Jack Hannaford
* Mouse and Mouser
* Cap O\' Rushes
Jack and the Beanstalk
* The Story of the
Three Little Pigs
The Master and His Pupil
* Titty Mouse and Tatty Mouse
Jack and His Golden Snuff-Box
The Story of the Three Bears
Jack the Giant Killer
Issued for the 1893 Christmas season.
The Pied Piper of Franchville
The Golden Ball
My Own Self
Black Bull of Norroway
* Three Feathers
Sir Gammer Vans
* Tom Hickathrift
The Hedley Kow
* Gobborn Seer
The Wee Bannock
* Johnny Gloke
* Coat o' Clay
* The Three Cows
* The Blinded Giant
Pedlar of Swaffham
The Old Witch
Issued for the 1891 Christmas season
* Connla and the Fairy Maiden
* The Field of Boliauns
* The Horned Women
* Hudden and Dudden and Donald O'Neary
* The Shepherd of Myddvai
* The Sprightly Tailor
* The Story of
Issued for the 1894 Christmas season
* The Fate of the
Children of Lir
* Jack the Cunning Thief
* Powel, Prince of Dyfed
* Paddy O'Kelly and the Weasel
* The Black Horse
* The Vision of MacConglinney
* Dream of Owen O'Mulready
* The Story of the McAndrew Family
* The Farmer of Liddesdale
The Greek Princess and the Young Gardener
* The Russet Dog
* Smallhead and the King's Sons
* The Lion and the Crane * * The Lambikin * Punchkin * The Broken Pot * The Magic Fiddle * The Cruel Crane Outwitted * Loving Laili * The Tiger, the Brahman, and the Jackal * The Soothsayers Son * Harisarman * The Charmed Ring * The Talkative Tortoise * A Lac of Rupees for a Piece of Advice * The Gold-Giving Serpent * The Son of Seven Queens * A Lesson for Kings * Pride Goes Before a Fall * Raja Rasalu * The Ass in the Lion's Skin * The Farmer and the Money-Lender * The Boy who had a Moon on his Forehead and a Star on his Chin * The Prince and the Fakir * Why the Fish Laughed * The Demon with the Matted Hair * The Ivory City and its Fairy Princess * Sun, Moon, and Wind go out to Dinner * How the Wicked Sons were Duped * The Pigeon and the Crow
Europa's Fairy Book (1916)
Issued in 1967 as European Folk and
* All Change
* The King of the Fishes
Beauty and the Beast
* Reynard and Bruin
* The Dancing Water, Singing Apple, and Speaking Bird
* The Language of Animals
* The Three Soldiers
A Dozen At a Blow
* The Earl of Cattenborough
* The Swan Maidens
* ^ A B C D E F G Contemporary newspaper records show that the most
or all of the
* ^ "Storyteller.net: Storytelling, Storytellers, Stories,
Storytelling Techniques, Hear a Story, Read Stories, Audio Stories,
Find Tellers, How to Tell A Story - Articles About Storytelling".
* ^ A B G. F. J. Bergman, "Jacobs, Joseph (1854 - 1916)",
Australian Dictionary of Biography , Volume 9, MUP , 1983, pp.
460-461. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
* ^ "Jacobs, Joseph (JCBS873J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database.
University of Cambridge.
* ^ Langton, Daniel (2014). "Jewish Evolutionary Perspectives on
Judaism, Anti-Semitism, and Race Science in Late 19th Century England:
A Comparative Study of
Lucien Wolf and Joseph Jacobs". Jewish
Historical Studies. 46: 37–73.
* ^ A B C "SurLaLune Fairytales - Illustration Gallery - John D.
Batten (1860-1932) British". Retrieved 19 September 2012.
* ^ Maria Tatar, p 345, The Annotated Classic Fairy Tales, ISBN
* ^ Jacobs, Joseph; Batten, John D. (1890). English Fairy Tales.
* ^ Jacobs, Joseph; Batten, John D. (1894). "Tamlane". More English
* Serle, Percival (1949). "Jacobs, Joseph". Dictionary of Australian Biography . Sydney: Angus and Robertson. Retrieved 2009-08-16.