HOME
The Info List - Joseph Jacobs



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i)

JOSEPH JACOBS (29 August 1854 – 30 January 1916) was an Australian folklorist , literary critic, social scientist, historian and writer of English literature who became a notable collector and publisher of English folklore . His work went on to popularize some of the world's best known versions of English fairy tales including "Jack and the Beanstalk ", "Goldilocks and the three bears ", "The Three Little Pigs ", " Jack the Giant Killer
Jack the Giant Killer
" and "The History of Tom Thumb ". He published his English fairy tale collections: English Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
in 1890 and More English Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
in 1893 but also went on after and in between both books to publish fairy tales collected from continental Europe as well as Jewish, Celtic and Indian fairytales which made him one of the most popular writers of fairytales for the English language. Jacobs was also an editor for journals and books on the subject of folklore which included editing the Fables of Bidpai and the Fables of Aesop , as well as articles on the migration of Jewish folklore. He also edited editions of The Thousand and One Nights . He went on to join The Folklore Society in England and became an editor of the society journal Folklore. Joseph Jacobs
Joseph Jacobs
also contributed to The Jewish Encyclopedia
The Jewish Encyclopedia
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Biography * 2 Career * 3 Folklore

* 4 Selected works

* 4.1 Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
contents

* 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 Sources * 8 External links

BIOGRAPHY

Jacobs was born in Australia. He was the sixth surviving son of John Jacobs, a publican who had emigrated from London around 1837, and his wife Sarah, née Myers. Jacobs was educated at Sydney
Sydney
Grammar School and at the University of Sydney
Sydney
, where he won a scholarship for classics, mathematics and chemistry. He did not complete his studies in Sydney, but left for England at the age of 18 and entered St John\'s College, Cambridge . He graduated with a B.A. in 1876, and in 1877, studied at the University of Berlin .

Jacobs married Georgina Horne and fathered two sons and a daughter. In 1900, when he became revising editor of the Jewish Encyclopedia , based in New York, he settled permanently in the United States.

He died on 30 January 1916 at his home in Yonkers, New York
Yonkers, New York
.

CAREER

1919 edition of The Book of Wonder Voyages (1896)

Jacobs was secretary of the Society of Hebrew Literature from 1878 to 1884, and in 1882, came into prominence as the writer of a series of articles in The Times on the persecution of Jews in Russia. This led to the formation of the mansion house fund and committee, of which Jacobs was secretary from 1882 to 1900.

He was a student of anthropology at the Statistical Laboratory at University College London in the 1880s under Francis Galton . His Studies in Jewish Statistics: Social, Vital and Anthropometric (1891) made his reputation as the first proponent of Jewish race science.

In 1888, he prepared with Lucien Wolf the Bibliotheca Anglo-Judaica: A Bibliographical Guide to Anglo-Jewish History, and in 1890, he edited English Fairy Tales, the first of his series of books of fairy tales published during the next 10 years. He wrote many literary articles for the Athenaeum, which published in 1891 the collection, George Eliot, Matthew Arnold, Browning, Newman, Essays and Reviews from the Athenaeum. In the same year appeared his Studies in Jewish Statistics, in 1892, Tennyson and "In Memoriam", and in 1893, his important book on The Jews of Angevin England. In 1894, were published his Studies in Biblical archaeology, and An Inquiry into the Sources of the History of the Jews in Spain, in connection with which he was made a corresponding member of the Royal Academy of History of Madrid. His historical novel dealing with the life of Jesus, As Others Saw Him: A Retrospective A.D. 54, was published anonymously in 1895, in the following year his Jewish Ideals and other Essays came out. In this year, he was invited to the United States of America to give a course of lectures on the "Philosophy of Jewish History". The Story of Geographical Discovery was published towards the end of 1898 and ran into several editions. He had been compiling and editing the Jewish Year Book since 1896, and was president of the Jewish Historical Society of England in 1898-99.

In 1900, he accepted an invitation to become revising editor of the Jewish Encyclopedia , which was then being prepared at New York. He settled permanently in the United States, where he wrote many articles for the Jewish Encyclopedia , and was generally responsible for the style of the whole publication. It was completed in 1906.

He then became registrar and professor of English at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America in New York .

In 1908, he was appointed a member of the board of seven, which made a new English translation of the Bible for the Jewish Publication Society of America.

In 1913, he resigned his positions at the seminary to become editor of the American Hebrew .

In 1920, Book I of his Jewish Contributions to Civilization, which was practically finished at the time of his death, was published at Philadelphia.

In addition to the books already mentioned, Jacobs edited The Fables of Aesop as First Printed by Caxton (1889), Painter\'s Palace of Pleasure (1890), Baltaser Gracian's Art of Worldly Wisdom (1892), Howell's Letters (1892), Barlaam and Josaphat (1896), The Thousand and One Nights (6 vols, 1896), and others. Jacobs was also a contributor to the Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
, and James Hastings ' Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics .

FOLKLORE

Illustration of "A Legend
Legend
of Knockmany" by John D. Batten for Celtic Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1892)

Jacobs edited the journal Folklore from 1899 to 1900 and from 1890 to 1916 he edited multiple collections of fairy tales that were published with distinguished illustrations by John Dickson Batten : English Fairy Tales, Celtic Fairy Tales, Indian Fairy Tales, More English Fairy Tales, More Celtic Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(all 1890 to 1895) and Europa's Fairy Book (also issued as European Folk and Fairy Tales) in 1916. He was inspired in this by the Brothers Grimm and the romantic nationalism common in folklorists of his age; he wished English children to have access to English fairy tales, whereas they were chiefly reading French and German tales; in his own words, "What Perrault began, the Grimms completed."

Although he collected many tales under the name of fairy tales , many of them are unusual sorts of tales. Binnorie (in English Fairy Tales) and Tamlane (in More English Fairy Tales) are prose versions of ballads , The Old Woman and Her Pig (in English Fairy Tales) is a nursery rhyme , Henny-Penny (in English Fairy Tales) is a fable , and The Buried Moon (in More English Fairy Tales) has mythic overtones to an extent unusual in fairy tales. According to his own analysis of English Fairy Tales, "Of the eighty-seven tales contained in my two volumes, thirty-eight are Märchen proper , ten sagas or legends , nineteen drolls , four cumulative stories , six beast tales , and ten nonsense stories ."

SELECTED WORKS

* Earliest English Version of the Fables of Bidpai (1888) * Fables of Aesop (1889) * English Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1890) * Celtic Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1891) * Indian Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1892) * The Jews of Angevin England (1893) * More English Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1893) * Studies in Biblical Archaeology (1894) * More Celtic Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1894) * The Jewish Encyclopedia
The Jewish Encyclopedia
, from 1900, one contributor * Europa's Fairy Book (1916) – also known as European Folk and Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales

FAIRY TALES CONTENTS

English Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1890)

*

* Tom Tit Tot * The Three Sillies * The Rose-Tree * The Old Woman and Her Pig * How Jack Went to Seek his Fortune * Mr Vinegar * Nix Nought Nothing * Jack Hannaford * Binnorie * Mouse and Mouser * Cap O\' Rushes * Teeny-Tiny * Jack and the Beanstalk * The Story of the Three Little Pigs * The Master and His Pupil * Titty Mouse and Tatty Mouse * Jack and His Golden Snuff-Box * The Story of the Three Bears * Jack the Giant Killer
Jack the Giant Killer
* Henny-Penny * Childe Rowland * Molly Whuppie * The Red Ettin * The Golden Arm * The History of Tom Thumb * Mr Fox * Lazy Jack * Johnny-Cake * Earl Mar\'s Daughter * Mr Miacca * Whittington and His Cat * The Strange Visitor * The Laidly Worm of Spindleston Heugh * The Cat and the Mouse * The Fish and the Ring * The Magpie\'s Nest * Kate Crackernuts * The Cauld Lad of Hilton * The Ass, The Table and the Stick * Fairy Ointment * The Well of the World\'s End * Master of all Masters * The Three Heads of the Well

More English Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1894)

Issued for the 1893 Christmas season.

*

* The Pied Piper of Franchville * Hereafterthis * The Golden Ball * My Own Self * The Black Bull of Norroway * Yallery Brown * Three Feathers * Sir Gammer Vans * Tom Hickathrift * The Hedley Kow * Gobborn Seer * Lawkamercyme * Tattercoats * The Wee Bannock * Johnny Gloke * Coat o' Clay * The Three Cows * The Blinded Giant * Scrapefoot * The Pedlar of Swaffham * The Old Witch
The Old Witch
* The Three Wishes * The Buried Moon * A Son of Adam * The Children in the Wood * The Hobyahs * A Pottle o' Brains * The King of England and his Three Sons * King John and the Abbot of Canterbury * Rushen Coatie
Rushen Coatie
* The King o\' the Cats * Tamlane * The Stars in the Sky * News! * Puddock, Mousie and Ratton * The Little Bull-Calf * The Wee, Wee Mannie * Habetrot and Scantlie Mab * Old Mother Wiggle-Waggle * Catskin
Catskin
* Stupid's Cries * The Lambton Worm * The Wise Men of Gotham * Princess of Canterbury

Celtic Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1892)

Issued for the 1891 Christmas season

*

* Connla and the Fairy Maiden * Guleesh * The Field of Boliauns * The Horned Women * Conall Yellowclaw * Hudden and Dudden and Donald O'Neary * The Shepherd of Myddvai * The Sprightly Tailor * The Story of Deirdre
Deirdre
* Munachar and Manachar * Gold-Tree and Silver-Tree * King O'Toole and his Goose * The Wooing of Olwen * Jack and his Comrades * The Shee An Gannon and the Gruagach Gaire * The Story-Teller at Fault * The Sea-Maiden * A Legend
Legend
of Knockmany * Fair, Brown and Trembling * Jack and his Master * Beth Gellert * The Tale of Ivan * Andrew Coffey * The Battle of the Birds * Brewery of Eggshells * The Lad with the Goat-Skin * Notes and References

More Celtic Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1895)

Issued for the 1894 Christmas season

*

* The Fate of the Children of Lir * Jack the Cunning Thief * Powel, Prince of Dyfed * Paddy O'Kelly and the Weasel * The Black Horse * The Vision of MacConglinney * Dream of Owen O'Mulready * Morraha * The Story of the McAndrew Family * The Farmer of Liddesdale * The Greek Princess and the Young Gardener * The Russet Dog * Smallhead and the King's Sons * The Legend
Legend
of Knockgrafton * Elidore * The Leeching of Kayn's leg * How Fin went to the Kingdom of the Big Men * How Cormac Mac Art went to Faery * The Ridere of Riddles * The Tail

Indian Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1892)

*

* The Lion and the Crane * * The Lambikin * Punchkin * The Broken Pot * The Magic Fiddle * The Cruel Crane Outwitted * Loving Laili * The Tiger, the Brahman, and the Jackal * The Soothsayers Son * Harisarman * The Charmed Ring * The Talkative Tortoise * A Lac of Rupees for a Piece of Advice * The Gold-Giving Serpent * The Son of Seven Queens * A Lesson for Kings * Pride Goes Before a Fall * Raja Rasalu * The Ass in the Lion's Skin * The Farmer and the Money-Lender * The Boy who had a Moon on his Forehead and a Star on his Chin * The Prince and the Fakir * Why the Fish Laughed * The Demon with the Matted Hair * The Ivory City and its Fairy Princess * Sun, Moon, and Wind go out to Dinner * How the Wicked Sons were Duped * The Pigeon and the Crow

Europa's Fairy Book (1916)

Issued in 1967 as European Folk and Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales

*

* Cinder-Maid * All Change * The King of the Fishes * Scissors * Beauty and the Beast * Reynard and Bruin * The Dancing Water, Singing Apple, and Speaking Bird * The Language of Animals * The Three Soldiers * A Dozen At a Blow * The Earl of Cattenborough * The Swan Maidens * Androcles
Androcles
and the Lion * Day Dreaming * Keep Cool * The Master Thief * The Unseen Bridegroom * The Master-Maid * A Visitor From Paradise * Inside Again * John the True * Johnnie and Grizzle * The Clever Lass * Thumbkin * Snowwhite

NOTES

* ^ A B C D E F G Contemporary newspaper records show that the most or all of the Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
collections were published the fall for the Christmas gift-book season, in both Britain and America. Some are generally catalogued as publications of the following year, from their title pages.

REFERENCES

* ^ "Storyteller.net: Storytelling, Storytellers, Stories, Storytelling Techniques, Hear a Story, Read Stories, Audio Stories, Find Tellers, How to Tell A Story - Articles About Storytelling". * ^ A B G. F. J. Bergman, "Jacobs, Joseph (1854 - 1916)", Australian Dictionary of Biography , Volume 9, MUP , 1983, pp. 460-461. Retrieved 2009-08-16. * ^ "Jacobs, Joseph (JCBS873J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. * ^ Langton, Daniel (2014). "Jewish Evolutionary Perspectives on Judaism, Anti-Semitism, and Race Science in Late 19th Century England: A Comparative Study of Lucien Wolf and Joseph Jacobs". Jewish Historical Studies. 46: 37–73. * ^ A B C "SurLaLune Fairytales - Illustration Gallery - John D. Batten (1860-1932) British". Retrieved 19 September 2012. * ^ Maria Tatar, p 345, The Annotated Classic Fairy Tales, ISBN 0-393-05163-3 * ^ Jacobs, Joseph; Batten, John D. (1890). English Fairy Tales. * ^ Jacobs, Joseph; Batten, John D. (1894). "Tamlane". More English Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(2nd ed.). London: David Nutt: 159–62. ISBN 0-370-01023-X . * ^ " Joseph Jacobs
Joseph Jacobs
- English Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(notes and references)". surlalunefairytales.com.

SOURCES

* Serle, Percival (1949). "Jacobs, Joseph". Dictionary of Australian Biography . Sydney: Angus and Robertson. Retrieved 2009-08-16.

EXTERNAL

.