JOSEPH JACOBS (29 August 1854 – 30 January 1916) was an Australian
folklorist , literary critic, social scientist, historian and writer
of English literature who became a notable collector and publisher of
* 1 Biography
* 2 Career
* 4 Selected works
* 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 Sources * 8 External links
Jacobs was born in Australia. He was the sixth surviving son of John
Jacobs, a publican who had emigrated from London around 1837, and his
wife Sarah, née Myers. Jacobs was educated at
Jacobs married Georgina Horne and fathered two sons and a daughter.
In 1900, when he became revising editor of the
He died on 30 January 1916 at his home in
Yonkers, New York
1919 edition of The Book of Wonder Voyages (1896)
Jacobs was secretary of the Society of Hebrew Literature from 1878 to
1884, and in 1882, came into prominence as the writer of a series of
He was a student of anthropology at the Statistical Laboratory at
University College London in the 1880s under
In 1888, he prepared with
Lucien Wolf the Bibliotheca Anglo-Judaica:
A Bibliographical Guide to Anglo-Jewish History, and in 1890, he
edited English Fairy Tales, the first of his series of books of fairy
tales published during the next 10 years. He wrote many literary
articles for the Athenaeum, which published in 1891 the collection,
George Eliot, Matthew Arnold, Browning, Newman, Essays and Reviews
from the Athenaeum. In the same year appeared his Studies in Jewish
Statistics, in 1892, Tennyson and "In Memoriam", and in 1893, his
important book on The Jews of Angevin England. In 1894, were published
his Studies in Biblical archaeology, and An Inquiry into the Sources
of the History of the Jews in Spain, in connection with which he was
made a corresponding member of the Royal Academy of History of Madrid.
His historical novel dealing with the life of Jesus, As Others Saw
Him: A Retrospective A.D. 54, was published anonymously in 1895, in
the following year his Jewish Ideals and other Essays came out. In
this year, he was invited to the
United States of America
In 1900, he accepted an invitation to become revising editor of the
He then became registrar and professor of English at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America in New York .
In 1908, he was appointed a member of the board of seven, which made a new English translation of the Bible for the Jewish Publication Society of America.
In 1913, he resigned his positions at the seminary to become editor of the American Hebrew .
In 1920, Book I of his Jewish Contributions to Civilization, which was practically finished at the time of his death, was published at Philadelphia.
In addition to the books already mentioned, Jacobs edited The Fables
Jacobs edited the journal
Although he collected many tales under the name of fairy tales , many of them are unusual sorts of tales. Binnorie (in English Fairy Tales) and Tamlane (in More English Fairy Tales) are prose versions of ballads , The Old Woman and Her Pig (in English Fairy Tales) is a nursery rhyme , Henny-Penny (in English Fairy Tales) is a fable , and The Buried Moon (in More English Fairy Tales) has mythic overtones to an extent unusual in fairy tales. According to his own analysis of English Fairy Tales, "Of the eighty-seven tales contained in my two volumes, thirty-eight are Märchen proper , ten sagas or legends , nineteen drolls , four cumulative stories , six beast tales , and ten nonsense stories ."
* Earliest English Version of the Fables of
* Fables of
FAIRY TALES CONTENTS
Tom Tit Tot
* The Three Sillies
* The Old Woman and Her Pig
* How Jack Went to Seek his Fortune
* Mr Vinegar
Nix Nought Nothing
* Jack Hannaford
* Mouse and Mouser
* Cap O\' Rushes
Jack and the Beanstalk
Issued for the 1893 Christmas season.
The Pied Piper of Franchville
The Golden Ball
My Own Self
Black Bull of Norroway
* Three Feathers
Sir Gammer Vans
* Tom Hickathrift
The Hedley Kow
* Gobborn Seer
The Wee Bannock
* Johnny Gloke
* Coat o' Clay
* The Three Cows
* The Blinded Giant
Pedlar of Swaffham
The Old Witch
* The Three Wishes
The Buried Moon
* A Son of Adam
The Children in the Wood
* A Pottle o' Brains
The King of England and his Three Sons
* King John and the Abbot of Canterbury
Issued for the 1891 Christmas season
* Connla and the Fairy Maiden
* The Field of Boliauns
* The Horned Women
* Hudden and Dudden and Donald O'Neary
* The Shepherd of Myddvai
* The Sprightly Tailor
* The Story of
* Munachar and Manachar
Gold-Tree and Silver-Tree
* King O'Toole and his Goose
* The Wooing of
Jack and his Comrades
* The Shee An Gannon and the Gruagach Gaire
* The Story-Teller at Fault
Issued for the 1894 Christmas season
* The Fate of the
Children of Lir
* The Lion and the Crane * * The Lambikin * Punchkin * The Broken Pot * The Magic Fiddle * The Cruel Crane Outwitted * Loving Laili * The Tiger, the Brahman, and the Jackal * The Soothsayers Son * Harisarman * The Charmed Ring * The Talkative Tortoise * A Lac of Rupees for a Piece of Advice * The Gold-Giving Serpent * The Son of Seven Queens * A Lesson for Kings * Pride Goes Before a Fall * Raja Rasalu * The Ass in the Lion's Skin * The Farmer and the Money-Lender * The Boy who had a Moon on his Forehead and a Star on his Chin * The Prince and the Fakir * Why the Fish Laughed * The Demon with the Matted Hair * The Ivory City and its Fairy Princess * Sun, Moon, and Wind go out to Dinner * How the Wicked Sons were Duped * The Pigeon and the Crow
Europa's Fairy Book (1916)
Issued in 1967 as European Folk and
* All Change
* The King of the Fishes
Beauty and the Beast
* ^ A B C D E F G Contemporary newspaper records show that the most
or all of the
* ^ "Storyteller.net: Storytelling, Storytellers, Stories,
Storytelling Techniques, Hear a Story, Read Stories, Audio Stories,
Find Tellers, How to Tell A Story - Articles About Storytelling".
* ^ A B G. F. J. Bergman, "Jacobs, Joseph (1854 - 1916)",
Australian Dictionary of Biography , Volume 9, MUP , 1983, pp.
460-461. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
* ^ "Jacobs, Joseph (JCBS873J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database.
University of Cambridge.
* ^ Langton, Daniel (2014). "Jewish Evolutionary Perspectives on
Judaism, Anti-Semitism, and Race Science in Late 19th Century England:
A Comparative Study of
Lucien Wolf and Joseph Jacobs". Jewish
Historical Studies. 46: 37–73.
* ^ A B C "SurLaLune Fairytales - Illustration Gallery - John D.
Batten (1860-1932) British". Retrieved 19 September 2012.
* ^ Maria Tatar, p 345, The Annotated Classic Fairy Tales, ISBN
* ^ Jacobs, Joseph; Batten, John D. (1890). English Fairy Tales.
* ^ Jacobs, Joseph; Batten, John D. (1894). "Tamlane". More English
* Serle, Percival (1949). "Jacobs, Joseph". Dictionary of Australian Biography . Sydney: Angus and Robertson. Retrieved 2009-08-16.