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PMP (1991–present) PDP-Laban
PDP-Laban
(2017-present)

Other political affiliations Nacionalista (1969–1988) Liberal Party (1988–1991) UNA (2012–2015)

Spouse(s) Luisa Pimentel

Children 11 (incl. Jinggoy, Joseph Victor)

Residence Santa Mesa, Manila

Alma mater

Ateneo de Manila
Manila
University Mapúa Institute of Technology
Mapúa Institute of Technology
(CE dropped out) Central Colleges of the Philippines
Philippines
(CE dropped out)

Occupation Actor

Profession Businessperson

Signature

Website erap.ph

Joseph Ejercito "Erap" Estrada (real name José Marcelo Ejército Sr. /ɛhɛrsɪtɔː/ ; born April 19, 1937) is a Filipino politician and former actor who served as the 13th President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001 and as the 9th Vice President of the Philippines from 1992 to 1998. He has been Mayor of the City of Manila, the country's capital, since 2013.[1] Estrada gained popularity as a film actor, playing the lead role in over a hundred films in an acting career spanning some three decades, and model, who was started as a fashion and ramp model at the age of 13. He used his popularity as an actor to make gains in politics, serving as Mayor of San Juan from 1969 to 1986, as Senator from 1987 to 1992, then as Vice-President under President Fidel V. Ramos
Fidel V. Ramos
from 1992 to 1998. Estrada was elected President in 1998 with a wide margin of votes separating him from the other challengers, and was sworn into the presidency on June 30, 1998. In 2000 he declared an "all-out-war" against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front
Moro Islamic Liberation Front
and captured its headquarters and other camps.[2][3] However, allegations of corruption spawned an impeachment trial in the Senate, and in 2001 Estrada was ousted by "People Power 2" after the prosecution walked out of the impeachment court when the Senator-Judges voted "no" in the opening of the second envelope. In 2007, Estrada was sentenced by the special division of the Sandiganbayan
Sandiganbayan
to reclusión perpetua for the plunder of stealing $80 million from the government and was sentenced to a lifetime in prison, but was later granted pardon by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. He ran for president again in the 2010 presidential election, but was defeated by Senator Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Aquino III
by a wide margin.

Contents

1 Early life and career 2 Personal life

2.1 Family 2.2 Other relatives

3 Film 4 Early political career

4.1 Mayor of San Juan 4.2 Senator of the Philippines

5 Vice-Presidency 6 Presidency

6.1 Cabinet (1998–2001)[16] 6.2 Domestic policies 6.3 Foreign policies 6.4 Economy 6.5 War against the MILF 6.6 Controversies 6.7 Corruption charges and impeachment 6.8 EDSA II

6.8.1 Protests 6.8.2 Resignation

7 Post-Presidency

7.1 Trial 7.2 Perjury
Perjury
case 7.3 Pardon
Pardon
and release from detention 7.4 Activities

8 2010 Presidential election 9 Other activities 10 Mayor of Manila 11 Electoral history 12 In popular culture 13 Awards and honors 14 References 15 External links

Early life and career[edit] José Marcelo Ejército Sr. was born at 8:25 pm on April 19, 1937 at Manuguit Maternity Hospital (now known as Amisola Maternity Hospital) in Tondo, an urban district of Manila.[4] His family later moved to the wealthy suburb of San Juan.[5] He belonged to a wealthy family, and was the eighth of ten children of Emilio Ejercito Sr. and his wife, Maria Marcelo.[6] After graduating from the Ateneo elementary school in 1951, he was expelled during his second year of secondary studies at the Ateneo de Manila University
Ateneo de Manila University
for disciplinary conduct. Later during college he enrolled in a civil engineering course at the Mapúa Institute of Technology
Mapúa Institute of Technology
in an effort to please his father. However, he would leave once again and later transferred to Central Colleges of the Philippines but dropped out. In his twenties, he began a career as a drama actor, usually playing the role of the villain/antagonist. He adopted the stage name "Joseph Estrada", as his mother objected to his chosen career and his decision to quit schooling multiple times.[6] He also acquired the nickname "Erap" (a play on the Tagalog slang "pare", meaning 'buddy') from his friend, fellow actor Fernando Poe, Jr.. Personal life[edit] Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
is the first President to have previously worked in the entertainment industry as a popular artist, and for being the first to sport any sort of facial hair during his term, specifically his trademark acting mustaches and wristbands. Family[edit] Estrada is married to former First Lady-turned-senator Dr. Luisa "Loi" Pimentel, whom he met while she was working at the National Center for Mental Health (NCMH) in Mandaluyong City, and has three children with her:

Jose "Jinggoy" Ejercito, Jr, Mayor of San Juan (1992–2001); Senator (2004–2016) (married to Precy Vitug) Jackie Ejercito (formerly married to Beaver Lopez) Jude Ejercito (married to Rowena Ocampo)

He also has 8 children from several extramarital relationships.[7] With former actress Peachy Osorio:

Joel Eduardo "Jojo" Ejercito Teresita "Tetchie" Ejercito

With incumbent San Juan City Mayor Guia Gomez:

Joseph Victor Ejercito; Mayor of San Juan (2001–2010), Representative of San Juan City (2010–2013) and Senator (2013–present). (married to Cindy Lotuaco)

With a former air hostess who is publicly known only by the name "Larena":

Jason Ejercito

With former actress Laarni Enriquez:

Jerika Ejercito Juan Emilio "Jake" Ejercito Jacob Ejercito

With former air hostess Joy Melendrez:

Joma Ejercito

Other relatives[edit] Several of Ejercito's relatives became prominent figures in politics and showbiz.

Jorge Ejercito ("George Estregan"), brother; actor E.R. Ejercito (" George Estregan Jr."), son of George Estregan and nephew; actor, Mayor of Pagsanjan, Laguna
Pagsanjan, Laguna
(2001–2010) and Governor of Laguna (2010–2014). Gary Ejercito ("Gary Estrada"), nephew; actor and board member of Quezon
Quezon
province. Gherome Ejercito, nephew; basketball player

Film[edit] Main article: Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
filmography Estrada played the lead role in more than 100 movies, and produced more than 70 films. He was the first FAMAS Hall of Fame recipient for Best Actor (1981) and also became a Hall of Fame award-winner as a producer (1983). He often played heroes of the lower classes, making him popular among several impoverished citizens. This proved advantageous to his political career. In 1974 Estrada founded the Movie Workers Welfare Foundation (Mowelfund), which helps filmmakers through medical reimbursements, hospitalization, surgery and death benefits, livelihood, and alternative income opportunities and housing. Its educational arm, the Mowelfund Film Institute, has produced some of the most skilled and respected producers, filmmakers, writers and performers in both the independent and mainstream sectors of the industry since its inception in 1979.[8][not in citation given] He also founded, together with Guillermo de Vega, the first Metro Manila
Manila
Film Festival in 1975.[citation needed] Early political career[edit]

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Mayor of San Juan[edit] Estrada entered politics in 1967, running for mayor of San Juan, Metro Manila, then a municipality of Rizal, failing and only succeeding in 1969 after winning an electoral protest against Braulio Sto. Domingo. His administration was marked by unequaled accomplishments in infrastructure development[citation needed]. These included the establishment of the first Municipal High School, the Agora complex, a modern slaughterhouse, a sprawling government center with a post office, a mini-park and the paving of 98 percent of the town's roads and alleys. As mayor, he paid particular attention to the elementary education of children by improving and renovating school buildings, constructing additional school structures, health centers, barangay halls and playgrounds in all the barangays and providing artesian wells to areas with low water supply. He relocated some 1,800 squatter families out of San Juan to Taytay, Rizal, at no cost. He was also the first mayor to computerize assessment of the Real Estate Tax in the Municipal Assessor's Office.[9] When Corazon Aquino
Corazon Aquino
assumed the presidency in 1986, all elected officials of the local government were forcibly removed and replaced by appointed officers-in-charge, including Estrada[citation needed]. Senator of the Philippines[edit] The following year, Estrada won a seat in the Senate under the Grand Alliance for Democracy (GAD) placing 16th in the elections (out of 24 winners). In 1987, he set his sights on a Senate run and handily garnered a seat. He was appointed Chairman of the Committee on Public Works. He was Vice-Chairman of the Committees on Health, Natural Resources and Ecology and Urban Planning. In the Senate, Estrada was credited with the passage of, among other major pieces of legislation, the bills on irrigation project and the protection and propagation of carabaos, the beast of burden in the rural areas. As a senator, he was one of the so-called "Magnificent 12" who voted to terminate the RP-US Military Bases Agreement leading to the withdrawal of American servicemen from the Clark Air Base
Clark Air Base
in Pampanga and the Subic Naval Base
Subic Naval Base
in Zambales. In 1989, the Free Press cited him as one of the Three Outstanding Senators of the Year. He was conferred the degree of Doctor of Humanities, Honoris Causa by the Bicol University in April 1997, and the University of Pangasinan in 1990. Vice-Presidency[edit] See also: Presidency of Fidel V. Ramos In 1992, Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
initially ran for president with Vicente Rivera, Jr. as his running mate but he withdrew his bid and instead ran for vice-president as the running mate of Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr. under the Nationalist People's Coalition. Though Cojuangco lost to former National Defense Secretary Fidel Ramos, Estrada won the vice-presidency garnering more votes than his closest opponent, Ramon Mitra, Jr.'s running mate, Marcelo Fernan. As Vice-President, Estrada was the chairman of President Ramos' Presidential Anti-Crime Commission (PACC). Estrada arrested criminal warlords and kidnapping syndicates.[10] He resigned as chairman in 1997. In the same year Estrada, together with former President Corazon Aquino, Cardinal Jaime Sin, Senator Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
and other political leaders, led an anti-charter change rally brought in an estimated half a million people to Rizal Park against the charter change moves by Ramos and his supporters.[11] Presidency[edit] Main article: Presidency of Joseph Estrada

Presidential styles of Joseph Ejercito Estrada

Reference style His Excellency

Spoken style Your Excellency

Alternative style Mr. President

Estrada was the first president to use a special name as his official address name, combining his real family name, Ejercito, with his screen name, thus forming "Joseph Ejercito Estrada".[12] Estrada was inaugurated on June 30, 1998 in the historical town of Malolos
Malolos
in Bulacan
Bulacan
province in paying tribute to the cradle of the First Philippine Republic. That afternoon the new president delivered his inaugural address at the Quirino Grandstand
Quirino Grandstand
in Luneta. He assumed office amid the Asian Financial Crisis
Asian Financial Crisis
and with agricultural problems due to poor weather conditions, thereby slowing the economic growth to −0.6% in 1998 from a 5.2% in 1997.[13] The economy recovered by 3.4% in 1999 and 4% in 2000.[14] In 2000 he declared an "all-out-war" against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front
Moro Islamic Liberation Front
and captured its headquarters and other camps.[2][3] However, allegations of corruption spawned a railroaded impeachment trial in the Senate courtesy of house speaker Manuel Villar, and in 2001 Estrada was ousted from a coup after the trial was aborted. In his Inaugural Address, Estrada said:

“ One hundred years after Kawit, fifty years after independence, twelve years after EDSA, and seven years after the rejection of foreign bases, it is now the turn of the masses to experience liberation. We stand in the shadow of those who fought to make us free – free from foreign domination, free from domestic tyranny, free from superpower dictation, free from economic backwardness.[15] ”

Cabinet (1998–2001)[16][edit]

OFFICE NAME TERM

President Joseph Ejercito Estrada June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001

Vice-President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001

Executive Secretary Ronaldo Zamora July 1, 1998 – December 31, 2000

Edgardo Angara January 11, 2001 – January 20, 2001

Secretary of Agrarian Reform Horacio Morales, Jr. July 1, 1998 – January 20, 2001

Secretary of Agriculture William Dar July 1, 1998 – May 24, 1999

Edgardo Angara May 25, 1999 – January 11, 2001

Domingo Panganiban January 11, 2001 – January 20, 2001

Secretary of Budget and Management Benjamin Diokno July 1, 1998 – January 20, 2001

Secretary of Education, Culture and Sports Andrew Gonzalez July 1, 1998 – January 20, 2001

Secretary of Energy Mario Tiaoqui July 1, 1998 – January 20, 2001

Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources Antonio Cerilles July 1, 1998 – January 20, 2001

Secretary of Finance Edgardo Espiritu July 1, 1998 – December 31, 1999

Jose Pardo January 2, 2000 – January 20, 2001

Secretary of Foreign Affairs Domingo Siazon, Jr. June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001

Secretary of Health Felipe Estrella Jr. June 30, 1998 – September 13, 1998

Alberto Romualdez, Jr. September 14, 1998 – January 20, 2001

Secretary of the Interior and Local Government Joseph Ejercito Estrada (in concurrent capacity as President) July 1, 1998 – April 12, 1999

Ronaldo Puno April 12, 1999 – January 7, 2000

Alfredo Lim January 8, 2000 – January 19, 2001

Secretary of Justice Serafin Cuevas June 30, 1998 – February 11, 2000

Artemio Tuquero February 11, 2000 – January 20, 2001

Secretary of Labor and Employment Bienvenido Laguesma June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001

Secretary of National Defense Orlando S. Mercado June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001

Secretary of Public Works and Highways Gregorio Vigilar June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001

Secretary of Science and Technology William Padolina June 30, 1998 – January 29, 1999

Filemino Uriarte February 1, 1999 – January 1, 2001

Secretary of Social Welfare and Development Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo July 1, 1998 – October 3, 2000

Dulce Saguisag October 4, 2000 – January 20, 2001

Secretary of Tourism Gemma Cruz-Araneta July 1, 1998 – January 19, 2001

Secretary of Trade and Industry Jose Pardo July 1, 1998 – 1999

Manuel Roxas
Manuel Roxas
II 1999 – January 20, 2001

Secretary of Transportation and Communications Vicente Rivera, Jr. July 1, 1998 – January 20, 2001

Presidential Spokesperson Fernardo Barican June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001

Press Secretary Rodolfo Reyes June 30, 1998 – April 12, 2000

Ricardo Puno April 13, 2000 – January 20, 2001

Chairperson of the Commission on Higher Education Angel Alcala June 30, 1998 – July 11, 1999

Ester Garcia July 12, 1999 – January 20, 2001

Director-General of the National Economic and Development Authority Felipe Medalla July 1, 1998 – January 20, 2001

Solicitor General Ricardo Galvez June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001

Chairman of the Metropolitan Manila
Manila
Development Authority Jejomar Binay July 1, 1998 – January 20, 2001

National Security Adviser Alexander Aguirre July 1, 1998 – January 19, 2001

Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process Manuel T. Yan June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001

Lead Convenor of the National Anti-Poverty Commission Horacio Morales, Jr. December 1998 – October 2000

Dulce Saguisag October 2000 – January 20, 2001

Domestic policies[edit] Main article: Domestic_Policies of Joseph Estrada Foreign policies[edit] Main article: Presidency_of_Joseph_Estrada § Foreign_Policies Economy[edit] By the end of Estrada's administration, debt supposedly reached P 2.1 trillion in 1999. Domestic debt supposedly amounted to P 986.7 billion while foreign debt stood at US$52.2 billion. The fiscal deficit had reportedly doubled to more than P 100 billion from a low of P 49 billion in 1998.[17] Despite such setbacks, the GDP by 1999 posted a 3.2 percent growth rate, up from a low of −0.5 percent in 1998. Moreover, domestic investments started to increase from 18.8% of GDP in 1999 to 21.2% of GDP in 2000.[18] War against the MILF[edit] Main article: 2000 Philippine campaign against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front Main article: Battle of Camp Abubakar During the Ramos administration a cessation of hostilities agreement was signed between the Philippine Government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) in July 1997. This was continued by a series of peace talks and negotiations in Estrada administration.[3] The MILF, an Islamic group formed in 1977, seeks to be an independent Islamic State from the Philippines, and, despite the agreements, a sequence of terrorist attacks on the Philippine military and civilians still continued.[3] These included the kidnapping of a foreign priest, namely Father Luciano Benedetti; the destruction by arson of Talayan, Maguindanao's municipal hall; the takeover of the Kauswagan Municipal Hall; the bombing of the Lady of Mediatrix boat at Ozamiz City; and the takeover of the Narciso Ramos Highway. By doing so, they inflicted severe damage on the country's image abroad, and scared much-needed investments away. For this reason, on March 21, 2000, Estrada declared an "all out war" against the MILF. During the war the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines
Philippines
(CBCP) asked Estrada to negotiate a cease-fire with MILF, but Estrada opposed the idea arguing that a cease-fire would cause more terrorist attacks. For the next three months of the war, Camp Abubakar, headquarters of the MILF, fell along with other 13 major camps and 43 minor camps, and then all of which became under controlled by the government. The MILF leader Hashim Salamat fled to Malaysia. The MILF later declared a Jihad
Jihad
on the government. On July 10 of the same year, the President went to Minadanao and raised the Philippine flag symbolizing victory. After the war the President said, "... will speed up government efforts to bring genuine and lasting peace and development in Mindanao". In the middle of July the president ordered the military to arrest top MILF leaders.[19] In his state of the nation address, popularly called "SONA", the president highlighted his vision for Mindanao:

The first is to restore and maintain peace in Mindanao—because without peace, there can be no development. The second is to develop Mindanao—because without development, there can be no peace. The third is to continue seeking peace talks with the MILF within the framework of the Constitution—because a peace agreed upon in good faith is preferable to a peace enforced by force of arms. And the fourth is to continue with the implementation of the peace agreement between the government and the Moro National Liberation Front, or MNLF—because that is our commitment to our countrymen and to the international community.

In addition to this the president said his administration can move with more speed in transforming Mindanao into a progressive economic center.[19] High on the list of priorities was the plight of MILF guerrillas who were tired of fighting and had no camps left to which to report. On October 5, 2000 the first massive surrender of 669 LC-MILF mujahideen led by the renegade vice mayor of Marugong, Lanao del Sur Malupandi Cosandi Sarip and seven other battalion commanders, surrendered to President Estrada at the 4th ID headquarters in Camp Edilberto Evangelista, Bgy. Patag, Cagayan de Oro City. They were followed shortly by a second batch of 855 surrenderees led by Lost command MILF Commander Sayben Ampaso on December 29, 2000.[20] Controversies[edit] Main article: Presidency_of_Joseph_Estrada § Controversies Corruption charges and impeachment[edit]

President Estrada in 2000.

In October 2000, Ilocos Sur
Ilocos Sur
governor Luis "Chavit" Singson, a close friend of the President, alleged that he had personally given Estrada P400 million as payoff from jueteng, a grassroots-based numbers game, hidden in a bank account known as "Jose Velarde", as well as P180 million from the government price subsidy for the tobacco farmers' marketing cooperative after Estrada ordered a full blown investigation into Chavit Singson's alleged misuse of millions of pesos in public funds. Singson's allegation caused controversy across the nation, which culminated in the House of Representatives' filing of an impeachment case against Estrada on November 13, 2000. House Speaker Manny Villar
Manny Villar
fast-tracked the impeachment complaint. The impeachment suit was brought to the Senate and an impeachment court was formed, with Chief Justice Hilario Davide, Jr.
Hilario Davide, Jr.
as presiding officer. Estrada, pleaded "not guilty". This was the first time the Filipino public witnessed, through radio and television, an elected president stand in trial and face possible impeachment with full media coverage. During the trial, the prosecution presented witnesses and alleged evidences to the impeachment court regarding Estrada's alleged involvement in jueteng. The existence of secret bank accounts which he allegedly uses for receiving payoffs was also brought to the fore. In the 2004 Global Transparency Report, Estrada made into the list of the World's All-Time Most Corrupt Leaders in the World. He was listed tenth and he was said to have amassed between $78 million to $80 million.[21][22] Also making it to the list from the Philippines
Philippines
is Ferdinand Marcos,who ended up second in the list as he was said to have embezzled between $5 billion to $10 billion during his 21 years as President from 1965 to 1986. EDSA II[edit] Main article: EDSA Revolution of 2001 Protests[edit] On the evening of January 16, 2001, the impeachment court voted not to open an envelope that was alleged to contain incriminating evidence against the president simply because it was not part of the impeachment complaint. The final vote was 11–10, in favor of keeping the envelope closed. The prosecution panel (of congressmen and lawyers) walked out of the Impeachment
Impeachment
Court in protest of this vote. The 11 senators who voted not to open the envelope are known as the "Craven Eleven." That night, anti-Estrada protesters gathered in front of the EDSA Shrine at Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, not too far away from the site of the 1986 People Power Revolution
People Power Revolution
that overthrew Ferdinand Marcos. On January 19, 2001, Armed Forces of the Philippines
Philippines
Chief of Staff Angelo Reyes, seeing the political upheaval throughout the country, "decided to withdraw his support" from the president and transfer his allegiance to the vice president, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Resignation[edit] The following day, the Supreme Court declared that the seat of presidency was vacant, saying that Estrada had resigned his post. At noon, the Chief Justice swore in Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
as president of the Philippines. Before Estrada's departure from Malacañang, he issued the following press release:

“ At twelve o'clock noon today, Vice President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo took her oath as President of the Republic of the Philippines. While along with many other legal minds of our country, I have strong and serious doubts about the legality and constitutionality of her proclamation as President, I do not wish to be a factor that will prevent the restoration of unity and order in our civil society. It is for this reason that I now leave Malacañang Palace, the seat of the presidency of this country, for the sake of peace and in order to begin the healing process of our nation. I leave the Palace of our people with gratitude for the opportunities given to me for service to our people. I will not shirk from any future challenges that may come ahead in the same service of our country. I call on all my supporters and followers to join me in to promotion of a constructive national spirit of reconciliation and solidarity. May the Almighty bless our country and beloved people. MABUHAY![23]

Post-Presidency[edit] Estrada returned to his old home in San Juan. He maintained that he never resigned, implying that Arroyo's government was illegitimate. The new government created a special court and charged him with plunder and had him arrested in April. Filipino supporters marched to the EDSA Shrine demanding Estrada's release and his reinstatement as president but were dispersed by high-grade teargas and warning shots from automatic rifles. On the morning of May 1, the protesters marched straight to Malacañan Palace. Violence erupted and the government declared a State of Rebellion. Many Filipino protesters were badly injured and arrested, including politicians. The government called out the military and was able to quell the demonstration with teargas and automatic rifles. The bloody uprising came to be known as EDSA III. Estrada was initially detained at the Veteran's Memorial Medical Center in Quezon
Quezon
City and then transferred to a military facility in Tanay, Rizal, but he was later transferred to a nearby vacation home, virtually in house arrest. Under Philippine law, plunder had a maximum penalty of death, however the death penalty was eventually repealed. Trial[edit] Main article: Trial of Joseph Estrada On September 12, 2007, the Sandiganbayan
Sandiganbayan
finally gave its decision, finding Estrada not guilty on his perjury case but guilty of plunder "beyond reasonable doubt." He was sentenced to reclusión perpetua. He was thus the first Philippine President who was impeached and then convicted.[24] On September 26, 2007, Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
appealed by filing a 63-page motion for reconsideration of the Sandiganbayan
Sandiganbayan
judgment penned by Teresita de Castro
Teresita de Castro
(submitting five legal grounds).[25][26] Estrada alleged that the court erred "when it convicted him by acquitting his alleged co-conspirators."[27] On October 5, 2007, the Sandiganbayan's Special
Special
Division ruled to have set for October 19, oral argument (instead of a defense reply) on Joseph Estrada's motion for reconsideration. Estrada asked for court permission to attend the hearing, since it ordered the prosecution to file comment before October 11.[28] Perjury
Perjury
case[edit]

Estrada in 2012.

The Sandiganbayan's special division, on June 27, 2008, ordered Estrada to file comment within 10 days, on the motion of the Ombudsman's Special
Special
Prosecutor to re-open the trial of his perjury case regarding 1999 statement of assets, liabilities and net worth (SALN). The court was also to resolve Banco de Oro's (formerly Equitable PCI Bank), plea that it cannot determine "without hazard to itself" who to turn over to the P1.1 billion Jose Velarde assets due to claims by Wellex Group / William Gatchalian and a Bureau of Internal Revenue stay order.[29] Pardon
Pardon
and release from detention[edit] On October 22, 2007, Acting Justice Secretary Agnes Devanadera stated that Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
is seeking a "full, free, and unconditional pardon" from President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Estrada's lawyer Jose Flaminiano wrote Arroyo: "The time has come to end President Estrada's fight for justice and vindication before the courts. Today [Monday], we filed a withdrawal of his Motion for Reconsideration." Estrada, 70, stressed the "delicate condition" of his mother in asking for pardon.[30] On October 25, 2007, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
granted executive clemency to Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
based on the recommendation by the Department of Justice (DoJ). Acting Executive Secretary and Press Secretary Ignacio R. Bunye quoted the signed Order: "In view hereof in pursuant of the authority conferred upon me by the Constitution, I hereby grant Executive clemency
Executive clemency
to Joseph Ejercito Estrada, convicted by the Sandiganbayan
Sandiganbayan
of plunder and imposed a penalty of reclusión perpetua. He is hereby restored to his civil and political rights." Bunye noted that Estrada committed in his application not to seek public office, and he would be free from his Tanay resthouse on October 26, noon.[31][32][33] On October 26, 2007, after almost 7 years of detention, Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
was finally released after the Sandiganbayan
Sandiganbayan
promulgated the historical Resolution.[34]

Estrada at the Malacañan Palace
Malacañan Palace
State Dining Room in July 2016

Activities[edit] When Estrada was released he gave a message to the Filipino people that he can once again help the lives of the people, especially the poor. He also stated that he made errors as a public servant but he assured them that, notwithstanding his conviction for it, corruption was not one of them. After the release he had a nationwide tour called "Lakbay Pasasalamat"[35][36] (Thank you tour) and during those trips he thanked the people for their support and gave them relief goods such as food, medicines and clothing.[9][37][38] In politics, he stated that he was convincing leaders of the opposition to have unity, and that failing that, he would run.[39] 2010 Presidential election[edit] Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
stated in interviews that he would be willing to run for the opposition in the event that they are unable to unite behind a single candidate.[40][41] Fr. Joaquin Bernas and Christian Monsod, members of the constitutional commission that drafted the 1987 Constitution, stated that the constitution clearly prohibits any elected president from seeking a second term at any point in time.[42] Romulo Macalintal, election counsel of President Arroyo, clarified that the constitutional ban doesn't prevent Estrada from attaining the presidency in the event that he were to be elevated from the vice-presidency, for example.[43] However, Rufus Rodriquez, one of Estrada's lawyers, claims that the former president is within his rights to do so because the prohibition banning re-election only applies to the incumbent president.[40] On October 22, 2009 former President Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
announced that he would run again for president with Makati City Mayor Jejomar Binay
Jejomar Binay
as his running mate.[44] His Senatorial lineup included Francisco Tatad, Juan Ponce Enrile, Jinggoy Estrada, Joey de Venecia and Miriam Defensor Santiago. However, he lost to Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Aquino III
on election. Other activities[edit] In 1972 Estrada starred in Blood Compact. In October 2010, the magazine Foreign Policy included Estrada in its list of five former head of states/governments who did not make "a positive difference in the world", but "faded away into obscurity." Also included in this "Bad Exes" list were Thailand's Thaksin Shinawatra, Spain's Jose Maria Aznar, and Germany's Gerhard Schroder.[45] Estrada announced in November 2010 that he will be selling his 3,000 square-metre (0.74-acre) home in San Juan, Metro Manila
San Juan, Metro Manila
for nearly seven million dollars (300 million Philippine pesos) to "pursue his real estate business."[citation needed] Agence France Presse reported that Estrada "has put up two high-rise residential condominium buildings and plans to build a third soon."[46] Mayor of Manila[edit]

Estrada (center, back row) with members 10th City Council of Manila
Manila
in July 13, 2016. Elected in 2013 as Mayor of Manila, he was reelected again in 2016.

In May 2012, Estrada announced his intention to run for Mayor of Manila
Manila
in the 2013 elections to continue his political career.[47] Around noon of May 14, 2013, the day after the conduct of the 2013 Philippine mid-term elections, Estrada and his running-mate and re-electionist Vice Mayor Francisco "Isko Moreno" Domagoso were proclaimed mayor-elect and vice mayor-elect, respectively by the City Board of Canvassers for the City of Manila. Electoral history[edit]

Provinces in which Estrada won in 1992, 1998 and 2010 national elections.

San Juan mayoralty elections

Estrada won every mayoralty election in San Juan from 1969 to 1984.

Senatorial election, 1987:

Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(GAD) – 10,029,978 (14th, 24 candidates with the highest number of votes win the 24 seats in the Senate)

Vice Presidential election, 1992:

Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(PMP) – 6,739,738 (33.00%) Marcelo Fernan
Marcelo Fernan
(LDP) – 4,438,494 (21.74%) Emilio Osmeña (Lakas-NUCD) – 3,362,467 (16.47%) Ramon Magsaysay, Jr.
Ramon Magsaysay, Jr.
(PRP) – 2,900,556 (14.20%) Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.
Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.
(PDP-Laban) – 2,023,289 (9.91%) Vicente Magsaysay
Vicente Magsaysay
(KBL) – 699,895 (3.43%) Eva Estrada-Kalaw
Eva Estrada-Kalaw
(Nacionalista) – 255,730 (1.25%)

Presidential election, 1998:

Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(LAMMP) – 10,722,295 (39.86%) Jose de Venecia (Lakas-NUCD-UMDP) – 4,268,483 (15.87%) Raul Roco
Raul Roco
(Aksyon Demokratiko) – 3,720,212 (13.83%) Emilio Osmeña (PROMDI) – 3,347,631 (12.44%) Alfredo Lim
Alfredo Lim
(Liberal) – 2,344,362 (8.71%) Renato de Villa (Reporma-LM) – 1,308,352 (4.86%) Miriam Defensor Santiago
Miriam Defensor Santiago
(PRP) – 797,206 (2.96%) Juan Ponce Enrile
Juan Ponce Enrile
(Independent) – 343,139 (1.28%) Santiago Dumlao (Kilusan para sa Pambansang Pagpapanibago) – 32,212 (0.12%) Manuel Morato (Partido Bansang Marangal) – 18,644 (0.07%)

Presidential election, 2010:

Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Aquino III
(Liberal) – 15,208,678 (42.08%) Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(PMP) – 9,487,837 (26.25%) Manny Villar
Manny Villar
(Nacionalista) – 5,573,835 (15.42%) Gilbert Teodoro
Gilbert Teodoro
(Lakas Kampi CMD) – 4,095,839 (11.33%) Eddie Villanueva
Eddie Villanueva
(Bangon Pilipinas) – 1,125,878 (3.12%) Richard Gordon (Bagumbayan-VNP) – 501,727 (1.39%) Nicanor Perlas
Nicanor Perlas
(independent) – 54,575 (0.15%) Jamby Madrigal (independent) – 46,489 (0.13%) John Carlos de los Reyes (Ang Kapatiran) – 44,244 (0.12%)

Manila
Manila
Mayoralty Elections 2013

Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(UNA) – 349,770 Alfredo Lim
Alfredo Lim
(LP) – 307,525 (47.33%)

Manila
Manila
Mayoralty Elections 2016

Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(PMP) – 283,149 Alfredo Lim
Alfredo Lim
(LP) – 280,464 (47.33%)

In popular culture[edit] Since the beginning of his political career, Estrada has been the butt of many jokes in the Philippines. The majority of the jokes about him center around his limited English vocabulary, while others focus on his corruption scandals. During his presidential campaign in 1998, Estrada authorized the distribution of the joke compilation book ERAPtion: How to Speak English Without Really Trial.[48] Awards and honors[edit]

1975 Metro Manila
Manila
Film Festival Best Actor for Diligin mo ng Hamog ang Uhaw na Lupa[49] 1962 FAMAS Best Actor for Markang Rehas[50][51] 1964 FAMAS Best Actor for Geron Busabos[50][51] 1965 FAMAS Best Actor for Ang Batang Quiapo 1966 FAMAS Best Actor for Ito ang Pilipino[50][51] 1969 FAMAS Best Actor for Patria Adorada[50][51] 1971 Outstanding Mayor and foremost Nationalist by the Inter-Provincial Information Service[9] 1972 One of the Ten Outstanding Young Men (TOYM) in Public Administration by the Philippine Jaycees[9] 1981 FAMAS Best Actor for Kumander Alibasbas[50][51] 1981 FAMAS Hall of Fame[50][52] 2007 Most Outstanding Citizen of San Juan 2014 GMMSF Box-Office Entertainment Awards
2014 GMMSF Box-Office Entertainment Awards
Government Service Award[53]

References[edit]

^ "Erap wins Manila
Manila
mayoralty race - Election 2013, Special
Special
Reports, Home - philstar.com". philstar.com.  ^ a b "Philippine Military Takes Moro Headquarters". People's Daily. July 10, 2000. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ a b c d "Speech of Former President Estrada on the GRP-MORO Conflict – Philippine Human Development Network". Hdn.org.ph. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "Jose Ejercito's Birth Certificate".  ^ Biography. "Joseph "Erap" Ejercito Estrada – The Official Webpage of Joseph Ejercito Estrada " Biography". Erap.ph. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ a b Malaya, J. Eduardo; Nathan E. Malaya (2004). ...So Help Us God: The Vice Presidents of the Philippines
Philippines
and Their Inaugural Addresses. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing. pp. 277–299. ISBN 971-27-1487-X.  ^ "Love consultant Erap offers services to Noy". The Philippine Star. April 21, 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-24.  ^ Martinez-Belen, Crispina. (March 27, 2009). Mowelfund marks 35th year Archived April 9, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. The Manila Bulletin. Retrieved September 28, 2009 from http://mb.com.ph ^ a b c d "Untitled Document". July 28, 2009. Archived from the original on July 28, 2009.  ^ "The rise and fall of Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
– Yehey! News". Yehey.com. Archived from the original on August 13, 2009. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "Gloria and cha-cha – Research – Official Website of GMA News and Public Affairs – Latest Philippine News – BETA". Gmanews.tv. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ Trivia on Aquino and Binay – Manuel Quezon
Quezon
III for ABS-CBN News. ^ "Philippines : Gov.Ph : The Official Government Portal
Portal
of the Republic of the Philippines
Philippines
– General Information". Gov.Ph. Archived from the original on June 9, 2010. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ Abaya, Antonio. (January 17, 2007). GMAs Successes Archived July 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved September 28, 2009. ^ "Untitled Document". August 8, 2009. Archived from the original on August 8, 2009.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 14, 2016. Retrieved May 14, 2016.  ^ "www.iskandalo.com". iskandalo.com. August 21, 1983. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "Records prove Estrada's achievements" Archived July 21, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Philippine News for Filipinos ^ a b "Philippine Military Takes Moro Headquarters". People's Daily. July 10, 2000. Retrieved March 23, 2009.  ^ "''American Chronicle'', "AFP-MILF 2000 War in Mindanao Remembered"". Americanchronicle.com. Archived from the original on March 8, 2012. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "World's Ten Most Corrupt Leaders1". Infoplease.com Source: Transparency International Global Corruption Report 2004. Retrieved August 6, 2009.  ^ "Global Corruption Report" (PDF). Transparency International. Retrieved August 6, 2009.  ^ "G.R. No. 146710-15". Lawphil.net. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "Erap guilty of plunder, sentenced to reclusión perpetua", gmanews.tv, September 12, 2007. ^ "Monstersandcritics.com, Philippines' ex-president Estrada appeals conviction for plunder". Monstersandcritics.com. September 26, 2007. Archived from the original on August 12, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ english@peopledaily.com.cn (September 26, 2007). "English.people.com, Convicted Philippine ex-president files reconsideration motion". People's Daily. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "Inquirer.net, Estrada asks Sandiganbayan
Sandiganbayan
to reverse conviction, Cites acquittal of co-accused". Archived from the original on August 14, 2009. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ ManilaBulletin, Erap wants to attend Sandigan oral arguments[dead link] ^ "newsinfo.inquirer.net, Estrada told to reply to request to start perjury trial". Newsinfo.inquirer.net. Archived from the original on September 23, 2012. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ IHT, Ousted Philippine president withdraws appeal for his plunder conviction, seeks pardon Archived May 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "news.monstersandcritics.com, Philippine leader pardons ex-president Estrada". Monstersandcritics.com. October 25, 2007. Archived from the original on August 12, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "Inquirer.net, Arroyo grants pardon to Estrada". Archived from the original on August 14, 2009. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "Gmanews.tv, Estrada granted executive clemency". Gmanews.tv. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "Inquirer.net, Sandigan approves Estrada release". Archived from the original on August 14, 2009. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "Photo Release – Lakbay Pasasalamat". Senate.gov.ph. February 17, 2009. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ Philippine Headline News Online (Phno) (April 9, 2008). " ERAP TO ENDORSE WHOEVER TOPS SURVEY IN 2010". Philippine Headline News. Archived from the original on October 7, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "– QTV: Erap gives gift bags as part of birthday celebration". GMA News. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "– Estrada distributes food, clothes, medicine in Quezon
Quezon
City". GMA News. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "– Saksi: Erap bares list of possible senatorial bets for 2010". GMA News. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ a b Clapano, Jose Rodel (January 7, 2008). "Erap can run? Binay ready for 2010; Noli open as opposition's bet". Philippine Star. Archived from the original on February 17, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2009.  ^ "Erap gives up on opposition unity, decides to run himself". Philippine Daily Inquirer. September 26, 2009. Archived from the original on September 28, 2009. Retrieved September 26, 2009.  ^ de Quiros, Conrado (January 8, 2008). "Comedy, tragedy". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on February 17, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2009.  ^ Punay, Edu (December 23, 2008). "GMA election lawyer insists Erap can't run in 2010". Philippine Star. Retrieved January 6, 2009.  ^ Speeches. "Joseph "Erap" Ejercito Estrada – The Official Webpage of Joseph Ejercito Estrada " TINATANGGAP KO ANG HAMON". Erap.ph. Archived from the original on July 11, 2012. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "Bad Exes – By Joshua E. Keating". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on November 2, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ https://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20101125/wl_asia_afp/lifestylephilippinespoliticspropertypeopleestrada_20101125042840. Retrieved December 7, 2010.  Missing or empty title= (help)[dead link] ^ "Showbiz - Page not found - philstar.com".  ^ Robles, Alan C. (November 22, 2000). "Hot Manila
Manila
– Joked to Death". Hotmanila.ph. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "Metro Manila
Manila
Film Festival:1975". IMDB. Retrieved 2014-04-09. ^ a b c d e f "Account Suspended". erap.ph.  ^ a b c d e "Winners' Circle Page". Freewebs.com. Archived from the original on January 20, 2012. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "The Unofficial Website of the 57th Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences (FAMAS) Awards". Freewebs.com. Archived from the original on July 12, 2013. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "Complete List of Winners: 45th Guillermo Mendoza Box-Office Entertainment Awards 2014". The Summit Express. Retrieved 2014-05-019.

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original works written by or about: Joseph Estrada

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Joseph Estrada.

Official Website of Joseph "Erap" Estrada Office of the President (Estrada Administration) at the Wayback Machine (archived December 7, 2000) Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
Curriculum Vitae Malacañang Museum Official Biography Joseph Estrada's channel on YouTube Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
on IMDb

Offices and distinctions

Political offices

Preceded by Salvador Laurel Vice President of the Philippines 1992 –1998 Succeeded by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

Preceded by Fidel V. Ramos President of the Philippines 1998 –2001

Preceded by Alfredo Lim Mayor of the City of Manila 2013–present Incumbent

Party political offices

New political party Chairman of UNA 2012–2015 Succeeded by Jejomar Binay

Order of precedence

Preceded by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as Former President Order of Precedence of the Philippines
Philippines
(Ceremonial) as Former President Succeeded by Fidel Ramos as Former President

v t e

Joseph Ejercito Estrada

13th President of the Philippines

Family

Loi Ejercito
Loi Ejercito
(wife) Jinggoy Estrada
Jinggoy Estrada
(son) Jackie Ejercito (daughter) Jude Ejercito (son)

Vice Presidency

Kuratong Baleleng case

Presidency

Succession

1998 Presidential Election Administration and Cabinet

Office

Reinstatement of death penalty Charter Change 2000 All-Out-War and Battle of Camp Abubakar Controversies Rizal Day bombings Dacer–Corbito double murder case Impeachment
Impeachment
Trial EDSA Revolution of 2001

Natural disasters

1999 Cherry Hills subdivision landslide 2000 Payatas landslide

Diplomatic incidents/ International relations

RP-US Visiting Forces Agreement

Predecessor Fidel V. Ramos, 12th President of the Philippines

Successor Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, 14th President of the Philippines

Articles related to Joseph Estrada

v t e

Presidents of the Philippines

List

First Republic

Emilio Aguinaldo

Commonwealth

Manuel L. Quezon Sergio Osmeña Manuel Roxas

Second Republic

José P. Laurel

Third Republic

Manuel Roxas Elpidio Quirino Ramon Magsaysay Carlos P. Garcia Diosdado Macapagal Ferdinand Marcos

Fourth Republic

Ferdinand Marcos Corazon Aquino

Fifth Republic

Corazon Aquino Fidel Ramos Joseph Estrada Gloria Macapagal Arroyo Benigno Aquino III Rodrigo Duterte

v t e

Cabinet of President Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(1998-2001)

Vice-President

Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
(1998–2001)

Secretary of Agrarian Reform

Horacio Morales, Jr. (1998-2001)

Secretary of Agriculture

William Dar (1998–1999) Edgardo Angara
Edgardo Angara
(1999–2001) Domingo Panganiban (2001)

Secretary of Budget and Management

Benjamin Diokno
Benjamin Diokno
(1998–2001)

Secretary of Education, Culture and Sports

Andrew Gonzalez
Andrew Gonzalez
(1998-2001)

Secretary of Energy

Mario Tiaoqui (1998–2001)

Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources

Antonio Cerilles (1998–2001)

Secretary of Finance

Edgardo Espiritu (1998–1999) Jose Pardo (2000–2001)

Secretary of Foreign Affairs

Domingo Siazon, Jr. (1998–2001)

Secretary of Health

Felipe Estrella Jr. (1998) Alberto Romualdez, Jr. (1998–2001)

Secretary of the Interior and Local Government

Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(acting capacity; 1998-1999) Ronaldo Puno (1999–2000) Alfredo Lim
Alfredo Lim
(2000–2001)

Secretary of Justice

Serafin Cuevas (1998–2000) Artemio Tuquero (2000–2001)

Secretary of Labor and Employment

Bienvenido Laguesma (1998–2001)

Secretary of National Defense

Orlando S. Mercado
Orlando S. Mercado
(1998–2001)

Secretary of Public Works and Highways

Gregorio Vigilar (1998–2001)

Secretary of Science and Technology

William Padolina (1998–1999) Filemino Uriarte (1999–2001)

Secretary of Social Welfare and Development

Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
(acting capacity; 1998–2000) Dulce Saguisag (2000–2001)

Secretary of Tourism

Gemma Cruz-Araneta (1998-2001)

Secretary of Trade and Industry

Jose Pardo (1998–1999) Manuel Roxas
Manuel Roxas
II (1999–2001)

Secretary of Transportation and Communications

Vicente Rivera, Jr. (1998-2001)

Executive Secretary

Ronaldo Zamora (1998-2000) Edgardo Angara
Edgardo Angara
(2001)

Presidential Spokesperson

Fernardo Barican (1998-2001)

Press Secretary

Rodolfo Reyes (1998-2000) Ricardo Puno (2000-2001)

Chairperson of the Commission on Higher Education

Angel Alcala (1998-1999) Ester Garcia (1999-2001)

Director-General of the National Economic and Development Authority

Felipe Medalla (1998-2001)

Solicitor General

Ricardo Galvez (1998-2001)

Chairman of the Metropolitan Manila
Manila
Development Authority

Jejomar Binay
Jejomar Binay
(1998-2001)

National Security Adviser

Alexander Aguirre (1998-2001)

Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process

Manuel Yan (1998-2001)

Lead Convenor of the National Anti-Poverty Commission

Horacio Morales, Jr. (1998-2000) Dulce Saguisag (2000-2001)

v t e

Cabinet of President Fidel Ramos
Fidel Ramos
(1992-1998)

Vice-President

Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(1992–1998)

Secretary of Agrarian Reform

Ernesto Garilao (1992–1998)

Secretary of Agriculture

Roberto Sebastian (1992–1996) Salvador Escudero III (1996–1998)

Secretary of Budget and Management

Salvador Enriquez, Jr. (1992–1998) Emilia Boncodin
Emilia Boncodin
(1998)

Secretary of Education, Culture and Sports

Armand Fabella (1992–1994) Ricardo Gloria (1994–1997) Erlinda Piafanco (1998)

Secretary of Energy

Rufino Bomasang (1992–1993) Delfin Lazaro (1993–1994) Francisco Viray (1994–1998)

Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources

Angel Alcala (1992–1995) Victor Ramos (1995–1998)

Secretary of Finance

Ramon del Rosario, Jr. (1992–1993) Ernest Leung (1993–1994) Roberto de Ocampo (1994–1998) Salvador Enriquez (1998)

Secretary of Foreign Affairs

Roberto Romulo (1992–1995) Domingo Siazon, Jr. (1995–1998)

Secretary of Health

Juan Flavier (1992–1995) Jaime Galvez Tan (1995) Hilarion Ramiro, Jr. (1995–1996) Carmencita Reodica (1996–1998)

Secretary of the Interior and Local Government

Rafael Alunan III (1992–1996) Robert Barbers (1996–1998) Epimaco Velasco (1998) Nelson Collantes (1998)

Secretary of Justice

Franklin Drilon
Franklin Drilon
(1992–1995) Demetrio Demetria (1995) Teofisto Guingona, Jr.
Teofisto Guingona, Jr.
(1995–1998) Silvestre Bello III (1998)

Secretary of Labor and Employment

Nieves Confessor (1992–1995) Jose Brillantes (1995–1996) Leonardo Quisumbing (1996–1998) Cresenciano Trajano (1998)

Secretary of National Defense

Jose de Jesus
Jose de Jesus
(1992–1993) Eduardo Mir (1993) Gregorio Vigilar (1993–1998)

Secretary of Science and Technology

Ricardo Gloria (1992–1994) William Padolina (1994–1998)

Secretary of Social Welfare and Development

Corazon Alma de Leon (1992–1995) Lilian Laigo (1995–1998)

Secretary of Tourism

Narzalina Lim (1992) Vicente Carlos (1992–1995) Eduardo Pilapil (1995–1996) Evelyn Pantig (1996) Guillermina Gabor (1996–1998)

Secretary of Trade and Industry

Rizalino Navarro (1992–1996) Cesar Bautista (1996–1998)

Secretary of Transportation and Communications

Jesus Garcia (1992–1996) Amado Lagdameo, Jr. (1996–1997) Arturo Enrile (1997–1998) Josefina Lichauco (1998)

Executive Secretary

Peter Garuccho (1992) Edelmiro Amante (1992–1993) Teofisto Guingona, Jr.
Teofisto Guingona, Jr.
(1993–1995) Ruben Torres (1995-1998) Alexander Aguirre (1998)

Chairperson of the Commission on Higher Education

Ricardo Gloria (1994–1995) Angel Alcala (1995–1998)

Director-General of the National Economic and Development Authority

Cielito Habito (1992–1998)

Solicitor General

Ramon Desuasido (1992) Eduardo Montenegro (1992) Raul Goco (1992–1996) Silvestre Bello III (1996–1998) Romeo dela Cruz (1998) Silvestre Bello III (1998)

Chairman of the Metropolitan Manila
Manila
Development Authority

Propsero Oreta (1995–1998)

National Security Adviser

Jose Almonte (1992–1998)

Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process

Haydee Yorac
Haydee Yorac
(1992–1993) Oscar Santos (1993–1994) Manuel Yan (1994–1998)

Chief of the Presidential Management Staff

Ma. Leonora Vasquez-de Jesus, Ph.D. (1992–1996)

v t e

Vice Presidents of the Philippines
Philippines
(list)

Commonwealth

Sergio Osmeña Elpidio Quirino

Third Republic

Elpidio Quirino Fernando Lopez Carlos P. Garcia Diosdado Macapagal Emmanuel Pelaez Fernando Lopez

Fourth Republic

Salvador Laurel

Fifth Republic

Salvador Laurel Joseph Estrada Gloria Macapagal Arroyo Teofisto Guingona Jr. Noli de Castro Jejomar Binay Leni Robredo

v t e

Vice Presidents Succeeding Presidents

Sergio Osmeña Elpidio Quirino Carlos P. Garcia Diosdado Macapagal Joseph Ejercito Estrada Gloria Macapagal–Arroyo

v t e

Candidates in the Philippine presidential election, 2010

Presidential candidates

Winner

Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Aquino III
(Liberal)

campaign

Other candidates

Joseph Estrada

PMP

Manny Villar
Manny Villar
(Nacionalista Party) Gilbert Teodoro

Lakas-Kampi-CMD

Eddie Villanueva
Eddie Villanueva
(BPP) Richard J. Gordon

Bagumbayan–VNP

Nicanor Perlas
Nicanor Perlas
(independent) Jamby Madrigal (independent) John Carlos de los Reyes

AKP

Vice presidential candidates

Winner

Jejomar Binay

PDP-Laban

Other candidates

Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
(Liberal) Loren Legarda

NPC

Bayani Fernando
Bayani Fernando
(Bagumbayan–VNP) Edu Manzano

Lakas-Kampi-CMD

Perfecto Yasay Jr.
Perfecto Yasay Jr.
(BPP) Jay Sonza

KBL

Dominador Chipeco, Jr. (AKP)

v t e

Candidates in the Philippine presidential election, 1998

Presidential candidates

Winner

Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(LAMMP/PMP)

Other candidates

Jose de Venecia, Jr. (Lakas) Raul Roco

Aksyon

Emilio Mario Osmeña (PROMDI) Alfredo Lim
Alfredo Lim
(Liberal) Renato de Villa

Reporma-LM

Miriam Defensor Santiago
Miriam Defensor Santiago
(PRP) Juan Ponce Enrile
Juan Ponce Enrile
(Independent) Santiago Dumlao (Kilusan para sa Pambansang Pagpapanibago) Manuel Morato

Partido Bansang Marangal

Vice presidential candidates

Winner

Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
(Lakas)

Other candidates

Edgardo Angara
Edgardo Angara
(LAMMP/LDP) Oscar Orbos

Reporma-LM

Sergio Osmeña
Sergio Osmeña
III (Liberal) Francisco Tatad

PRP

Ismael Sueno (PROMDI) Irene Santiago

Aksyon

Camilo Sabio (Partido Bansang Marangal) Reynaldo Pacheco (Kilusan para sa Pambansang Pagpapanibago)

v t e

Candidates in the Philippine presidential election, 1992

Presidential candidates

Winner

Fidel V. Ramos
Fidel V. Ramos
(Lakas)

Other candidates

Miriam Defensor Santiago

PRP

Eduardo Cojuangco Jr. (NPC) Ramon Mitra Jr.

LDP

Imelda Marcos
Imelda Marcos
(KBL) Jovito Salonga
Jovito Salonga
(Liberal) Salvador Laurel

Nacionalista

Vice presidential candidates

Winner

Joseph Estrada

NPC

Other candidates

Marcelo Fernan

LDP

Emilio Mario Osmeña (Lakas) Ramon Magsaysay
Ramon Magsaysay
Jr.

PRP

Aquilino Pimentel Jr.
Aquilino Pimentel Jr.
(PDP–Laban) Vicente Magsaysay

KBL

Eva Estrada-Kalaw
Eva Estrada-Kalaw
(Nacionalista)

v t e

< Senators of the 8th Congress of the Philippines
Philippines
(1987–92) 9th>

Senate President

Jovito Salonga
Jovito Salonga
(1987–92) Neptali Gonzales (1992–93)

Senators (1987–92)

Heherson Alvarez Edgardo Angara Agapito Aquino Joseph Estrada Juan Ponce Enrile Neptali Gonzales

Teofisto Guingona Jr. Ernesto F. Herrera Sotero Laurel Jose Lina Jr. Ernesto Maceda Raul Manglapus‡

Orlando S. Mercado Vicente Paterno John Henry Osmeña Aquilino Pimentel Jr. Santanina Rasul Alberto Romulo

Rene Saguisag Jovito Salonga Leticia Ramos-Shahani Mamintal A.J. Tamano Wigberto Tañada Victor Ziga

Term ended June 30, 1992

‡ — Appointed Secretary of Foreign Affairs on October 15, 1987.

v t e

Metro Manila
Manila
Film Festival

Metropolitan Manila
Manila
Development Authority (MMDA)

Merit awards

Best Picture Best Director Best Actor Best Actress Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress Best Child Performer Best Screenplay Best Original Story Best Cinematography Best Editing Best Musical Score Best Original Theme Song Best Production Design Best Sound Engineering Best Visual Effects Best Make-up Artist Most Gender-Sensitive Film Best Float

Special
Special
awards

Gatpuno Antonio J. Villegas Cultural Award Fernando Poe Jr.
Fernando Poe Jr.
Memorial Award for Excellence

Short film awards

Best Short Film Special
Special
Jury Prize Best Director Best Screenplay

By year

1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

Best Picture

1975-2000

Diligin Mo ng Hamog ang Uhaw na Lupa (1975) Ganito Kami Noon... Paano Kayo Ngayon? (1976) Burlesk Queen (1977) Atsay (1978) Kasal-kasalan, Bahay-bahayan tied with Ina Ka ng Anak Mo
Ina Ka ng Anak Mo
(1979) Taga sa Panahon (1980) Kisapmata
Kisapmata
(1981) Himala
Himala
(1982) Karnal (1983) Bulaklak sa City Jail
Bulaklak sa City Jail
(1984) Paradise Inn (1985) Halimaw sa Banga (only the 3rd Best Picture was announced) (1986) Olongapo, The Great American Dream (1987) Patrolman (1988) Imortal (1989) Andrea, Paano Ba ang Maging Isang Ina?
Andrea, Paano Ba ang Maging Isang Ina?
(1990) Ang Totoong Buhay ni Pacita M. (1991) Andres Manambit: Angkan ng Matatapang (1992) Kung Mawawala Ka Pa (1993) no winner (1994) Muling Umawit ang Puso
Muling Umawit ang Puso
(1995) Magic Temple
Magic Temple
(1996) Nasaan ang Puso (1997) Jose Rizal (1998) Muro Ami (1999) Tanging Yaman (2000)

2001-present

Yamashita: The Tiger's Treasure (2001) Mano Po
Mano Po
(2002) Crying Ladies (2003) Mano Po
Mano Po
3: My Love (2004) Blue Moon (2005) Enteng Kabisote 3: Okay ka, Fairy Ko: The Legend Goes On and On and On (2006) Resiklo (2007) Baler (2008) Ang Panday (2009) Ang Tanging Ina Mo (Last na 'To!)
Ang Tanging Ina Mo (Last na 'To!)
(2010) Manila
Manila
Kingpin: The Asiong Salonga Story (2011) One More Try (2012) 10,000 Hours (2013) Bonifacio: Ang Unang Pangulo (2014) Walang Forever
Walang Forever
(2015) Sunday Beauty Queen
Sunday Beauty Queen
(2016)

Best Director

1975-2000

Augusto Buenaventura (1975) Eddie Romero
Eddie Romero
(1976) Celso Ad. Castillo (1977) Eddie Garcia
Eddie Garcia
(1978) Lino Brocka (1979) Marilou Diaz-Abaya (1980) Mike De Leon (1981) Ishmael Bernal (1982) Willie Milan (1983) Mario O'Hara (1984) Lino Brocka (1985) Mario O'Hara (1986) Artemio Marquez (1987) Laurice Guillen (1988) Eddie Garcia
Eddie Garcia
(1989) Gil Portes (1990) Elwood Perez (1991) Ike Jarlego, Jr. (1992) Jose Javier Reyes (1993) No winner (1994) Joel Lamangan (1995) Peque Gallaga & Lore Reyes (1996) Chito Roño (1997) Marilou Diaz-Abaya (1998) Marilou Diaz-Abaya (1999) Laurice Guillen (2000)

2001-present

Chito Roño (2001) Joel Lamangan (2002) Mark Meily
Mark Meily
(2003) Cesar Montano
Cesar Montano
(2004) Jose Javier Reyes (2005) Jose Javier Reyes (2006) Cesar Apolinario (2007) Mark Meily
Mark Meily
(2008) Joel Lamangan (2009) Wenn Deramas (2010) Tikoy Aguiluz (2011) Brillante Mendoza
Brillante Mendoza
(2012) Joyce Bernal (2013) Dan Villegas (2014) Erik Matti
Erik Matti
(2015) Erik Matti
Erik Matti
(2016)

Best Actor

1975-2000

Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(1975) Christopher de Leon (1976) Rolly Quizon (1977) No winner (1978) Raul Aragon (1979) Dindo Fernando (1980) Vic Silayan (1981) Christopher de Leon (1982) Anthony Alonzo (1983) Herbert Bautista
Herbert Bautista
(1984) Anthony Alonzo (1985) Mario O'Hara (1986) Anthony Alonzo (1987) Baldo Marro (1988) Christopher de Leon (1989) Dolphy
Dolphy
(1990) Eric Quizon (1991) Aga Muhlach (1992) Aga Muhlach (1993) Roi Vinzon (1994) Richard Gomez (1995) Jomari Yllana (1996) Christopher de Leon (1997) Cesar Montano
Cesar Montano
(1998) Christopher de Leon (1999) Johnny Delgado (2000)

2001-present

Cesar Montano
Cesar Montano
(2001) Eddie Garcia
Eddie Garcia
(2002) Eric Quizon (2003) Christopher de Leon (2004) Marvin Agustin (2005) Cesar Montano
Cesar Montano
(2006) Jinggoy Estrada
Jinggoy Estrada
(2007) Christopher de Leon (2008) Bong Revilla
Bong Revilla
(2009) Dolphy
Dolphy
(2010) Dingdong Dantes
Dingdong Dantes
(2011) Dingdong Dantes
Dingdong Dantes
(2012) Robin Padilla
Robin Padilla
(2013) Derek Ramsay
Derek Ramsay
(2014) Jericho Rosales (2015) Paolo Ballesteros
Paolo Ballesteros
(2016)

Best Actress

1975-2000

Charito Solis (1975) Hilda Koronel (1976) Vilma Santos
Vilma Santos
(1977) Nora Aunor
Nora Aunor
(1978) Lolita Rodriguez (1979) Nora Aunor
Nora Aunor
(1979) Amy Austria (1980) Vilma Santos
Vilma Santos
(1981) Nora Aunor
Nora Aunor
(1982) Coney Reyes (1983) Nora Aunor
Nora Aunor
(1984) Vivian Velez (1985) Liza Lorena (1986) Melanie Marquez (1987) Amy Austria (1988) Vilma Santos
Vilma Santos
(1989) Nora Aunor
Nora Aunor
(1990) Nora Aunor
Nora Aunor
(1991) Gina Alajar (1992) Dawn Zulueta (1993) Kimberly Diaz (1994) Nora Aunor
Nora Aunor
(1995) Amy Austria (1996) Maricel Soriano (1997) Alice Dixson (1998) Elizabeth Oropesa (1999) Gloria Romero (2000)

2001-present

Assunta De Rossi (2001) Ara Mina (2002) Maricel Soriano (2003) Vilma Santos
Vilma Santos
(2004) Zsa Zsa Padilla
Zsa Zsa Padilla
(2005) Judy Ann Santos
Judy Ann Santos
(2006) Maricel Soriano (2007) Anne Curtis
Anne Curtis
(2008) Sharon Cuneta (2009) Ai-Ai delas Alas
Ai-Ai delas Alas
(2010) Maricel Soriano (2011) Nora Aunor
Nora Aunor
(2012) Maricel Soriano (2013) Jennylyn Mercado (2014) Jennylyn Mercado (2015) Irma Adlawan (2016)

Category

v t e

FAMAS Award for Best Actor

1953-1975

Ben Perez 1953) José Padilla, Jr. (1954) Fred Montilla (1955) Rogelio de la Rosa
Rogelio de la Rosa
(1956) Eddie del Mar (1957) Van de Leon (1958) Pancho Magalona (1959) Van de Leon (1960) Efren Reyes, Jr. (1961) Leopoldo Salcedo
Leopoldo Salcedo
(1962) Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(1963) Eddie Rodriguez (1964) Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(1965) Robert Arevalo (1966) Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(1967) Fernando Poe Jr.
Fernando Poe Jr.
(1968) Eddie Garcia
Eddie Garcia
(1969) Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(1970) Eddie Garcia
Eddie Garcia
(1971) Fernando Poe, Jr
Fernando Poe, Jr
(1972) George Estregan (1973) Ramon Revilla (1974) Christopher de Leon (1975)

1976-2000

Bembol Roco (1976) Dolphy
Dolphy
(1978) Matt Ranillo III (1979) Fernando Poe, Jr
Fernando Poe, Jr
(1980) Dindo Fernando (1981) Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(1982) Anthony Alonzo (1983) Fernando Poe Jr
Fernando Poe Jr
(1984) (tied) Eddie Garcia
Eddie Garcia
(1984) (tied) Rudy Fernandez (1985) Phillip Salvador (1986) Fernando Poe, Jr
Fernando Poe, Jr
(1987) Rudy Fernandez (1988) Christopher de Leon (1989) Tirso Cruz III (1990) Christopher de Leon (1991) Christopher de Leon (1992) Aga Muhlach (1993) Phillip Salvador (1994) Bong Revilla
Bong Revilla
(1995) Richard Gomez (1996) Eddie Garcia
Eddie Garcia
(1997) Phillip Salvador (1998) Cesar Montano
Cesar Montano
(1999) Albert Martinez (2000)

2001-present

Johnny Delgado (2001) Armando Goyena (2002) Eddie Garcia
Eddie Garcia
(2003) Jay Manalo (2004) Piolo Pascual
Piolo Pascual
(2005) Robin Padilla
Robin Padilla
(2006) Cesar Montano
Cesar Montano
(2007) Jinggoy Estrada
Jinggoy Estrada
(2008) Allen Dizon
Allen Dizon
(2009) Allen Dizon
Allen Dizon
(2010) John Lloyd Cruz
John Lloyd Cruz
(2011) ER Ejercito (2012) ER Ejercito (2013) ER Ejercito (2014) Allen Dizon
Allen Dizon
(2015) Dennis Trillo
Dennis Trillo
(2016) Daniel Padilla
Daniel Padilla
(2017)

v t e

Box Office Entertainment Award for Box Office King

1970–2000

Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(1971) Dolphy
Dolphy
Quizon (1972) Tirso Cruz III (1973) Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
(1974) Fernando Poe, Jr
Fernando Poe, Jr
(1975) Dolphy
Dolphy
Quizon (1976) Rudy Fernandez (1978) Fernando Poe, Jr
Fernando Poe, Jr
(1979) Ramon Revilla (1980) Dolphy
Dolphy
Quizon (1981) Dolphy
Dolphy
Quizon (1982) Dolphy
Dolphy
Quizon (1983) Fernando Poe, Jr
Fernando Poe, Jr
(1984) Dolphy
Dolphy
Quizon (1985) Fernando Poe, Jr
Fernando Poe, Jr
(1986 Fernando Poe, Jr
Fernando Poe, Jr
(1987) Rudy Fernandez (1988) Phillip Salvador (1989) Joey de Leon
Joey de Leon
(1990) Rene Requiestas (1991) Robin Padilla
Robin Padilla
(1992 Bong Revilla
Bong Revilla
(1993) Robin Padilla
Robin Padilla
(1994) Bong Revilla
Bong Revilla
(1995) Fernando Poe, Jr
Fernando Poe, Jr
(1996) Christopher de Leon (1997) Bong Revilla
Bong Revilla
(1998) Cesar Montano
Cesar Montano
(1999) Fernando Poe, Jr
Fernando Poe, Jr
(2000)

2001–Present

Robin Padilla
Robin Padilla
(2001) Aga Muhlach (2002) Aga Muhlach (2003) Vic Sotto
Vic Sotto
(2004) Vic Sotto
Vic Sotto
(2005) Vic Sotto
Vic Sotto
(2006) Vic Sotto
Vic Sotto
(2007) John Lloyd Cruz
John Lloyd Cruz
(2008) John Lloyd Cruz
John Lloyd Cruz
(2009) John Lloyd Cruz
John Lloyd Cruz
(2010) Bong Revilla
Bong Revilla
(2011) (tied) Vic Sotto
Vic Sotto
(2011) (tied) Derek Ramsay
Derek Ramsay
(2012) John Lloyd Cruz
John Lloyd Cruz
(2013) John Lloyd Cruz
John Lloyd Cruz
(2014) Piolo Pascual
Piolo Pascual
(2014) Vic Sotto
Vic Sotto
(2016) Daniel Padilla
Daniel Padilla
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 57492670 LCCN: n82128811 ISNI: 0000 0000 3890 0013 GND: 12234014

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