PMP (1991–present) PDP-Laban (2017-present)
Other political affiliations Nacionalista (1969–1988) Liberal Party (1988–1991) UNA (2012–2015)
SPOUSE(S) Luisa Pimentel
CHILDREN Jinggoy Jackie Joseph Victor
RESIDENCE Santa Mesa, Manila
JOSEPH "ERAP" EJERCITO ESTRADA (real name JOSé MARCELO EJéRCITO /ɛhɛrsɪtɔː/ ; born April 19, 1937) is a Filipino politician who served as the 13th President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001 and as the 9th Vice President of the Philippines from 1992 to 1998. He has been Mayor of the City of Manila , the country's capital, since 2013.
Estrada gained popularity as a film actor, playing the lead role in over a hundred films in an acting career spanning some three decades, and model, who was started as a fashion and ramp model at the age of 13. He used his popularity as an actor to make gains in politics, serving as Mayor of San Juan from 1969 to 1986, as Senator from 1987 to 1992, then as Vice-President under President Fidel V. Ramos from 1992 to 1998.
Estrada was elected President in 1998 with a wide margin of votes separating him from the other challengers, and was sworn into the presidency on June 30, 1998. In 2000 he declared an "all-out-war" against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and captured its headquarters and other camps. However, allegations of corruption spawned an impeachment trial in the Senate, and in 2001 Estrada was ousted by "People Power 2 " after the prosecution walked out of the impeachment court when the Senator-Judges voted "no" in the opening of the second envelope.
In 2007, Estrada was sentenced by the special division of the
Sandiganbayan to _reclusión perpetua _ for the plunder of stealing $
80 million from the government and was sentenced to a lifetime in
prison, but was later granted pardon by President Gloria
Macapagal-Arroyo . He ran for president again in the 2010 presidential
election , but placed second behind Senator
Benigno Aquino III
* 1 Early life and career
* 2 Personal life
* 2.1 Family * 2.2 Other relatives
* 3 Film
* 4 Early political career
* 4.1 Mayor of San Juan
* 4.2 Senator of the
* 5 Vice-Presidency
* 6 Presidency
* 6.1 Cabinet (1998–2001) * 6.2 Domestic policies * 6.3 Foreign policies * 6.4 Economy * 6.5 War against the MILF * 6.6 Controversies * 6.7 Corruption charges and impeachment
* 6.8 EDSA II
* 6.8.1 Protests * 6.8.2 Resignation
* 7 Post-Presidency
* 8 2010 Presidential election * 9 Other activities * 10 Mayor of Manila * 11 Electoral history * 12 In popular culture * 13 Awards and honors * 14 References * 15 External links
EARLY LIFE AND CAREER
José Marcelo Ejército Sr. was born at 8:25 pm on April 19, 1937 at
Manuguit Maternity Hospital (now known as Amisola Maternity Hospital)
in Tondo , an urban district of
In his twenties, he began a career as a drama actor. He adopted the stage name "Joseph Estrada", as his mother objected to his chosen career and his decision to quit schooling. He also acquired the nickname "Erap" (a play on the Tagalog slang "pare", meaning 'buddy') from his friend, fellow actor Fernando Poe, Jr. .
Estrada is married to former First Lady -turned-senator Dr. Luisa
"Loi" Pimentel , whom he met while she was working at the National
Center for Mental Health (NCMH) in
* Jose "Jinggoy" Ejercito, Jr , Mayor of San Juan (1992–2001); Senator (2004–2016) (married to Precy Vitug) * Jackie Ejercito (married to Beaver Lopez) * Jude Ejercito (married to Dranreb Belleza)
He also has 8 children from several extramarital relationships.
With former actress Peachy Osorio:
* Joel Eduardo "Jojo" Ejercito * Teresita "Tetchie" Ejercito
With incumbent San Juan City Mayor Guia Gomez :
* Joseph Victor Ejercito ; Mayor of San Juan (2001–2010), Representative of San Juan City (2010–2013) and Senator (2013–present). (married to Cindy Lotuaco)
With a former air hostess who is publicly known only by the name "Larena":
* Jason Ejercito
With former actress Laarni Enriquez:
* Jerika Ejercito * Juan Emilio "Jake" Ejercito * Jacob Ejercito
With former air hostess Joy Melendrez:
* Joma Ejercito
Several of Ejercito's relatives became prominent figures in politics and showbiz.
* Jorge Ejercito ("George Estregan") , brother; actor
E.R. Ejercito ("
George Estregan Jr."), son of
George Estregan and
nephew; actor, Mayor of
Pagsanjan, Laguna (2001–2010) and Governor
of Laguna (2010–2014).
* Gary Ejercito ("Gary Estrada") , nephew; actor and board member of
Main article: Joseph Estrada filmography
Estrada played the lead role in more than 100 movies, and produced more than 70 films. He was the first FAMAS Hall of Fame recipient for Best Actor (1981) and also became a Hall of Fame award-winner as a producer (1983). He often played heroes of the lower classes, making him popular among several impoverished citizens. This proved advantageous to his political career.
In 1974 Estrada founded the Movie Workers Welfare Foundation
(Mowelfund), which helps filmmakers through medical reimbursements,
hospitalization, surgery and death benefits, livelihood, and
alternative income opportunities and housing. Its educational arm, the
Mowelfund Film Institute, has produced some of the most skilled and
respected producers, filmmakers, writers and performers in both the
independent and mainstream sectors of the industry since its inception
in 1979. He also founded, together with Guillermo de Vega, the first
EARLY POLITICAL CAREER
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MAYOR OF SAN JUAN
Estrada entered politics in 1967, running for mayor of San Juan,
As mayor, he paid particular attention to the elementary education of
children by improving and renovating school buildings, constructing
additional school structures, health centers, barangay halls and
playgrounds in all the barangays and providing artesian wells to areas
with low water supply. He relocated some 1,800 squatter families out
of San Juan to Taytay, Rizal, at no cost. He was also the first mayor
to computerize assessment of the Real Estate Tax in the Municipal
Assessor's Office. When
SENATOR OF THE PHILIPPINES
The following year, Estrada won a seat in the Senate under the Grand Alliance for Democracy (GAD) placing 16th in the elections (out of 24 winners). In 1987, he set his sights on a Senate run and handily garnered a seat. He was appointed Chairman of the Committee on Public Works. He was Vice-Chairman of the Committees on Health, Natural Resources and Ecology and Urban Planning.
In the Senate, Estrada was credited with the passage of, among other major pieces of legislation, the bills on irrigation project and the protection and propagation of carabaos , the beast of burden in the rural areas.
As a senator, he was one of the so-called "Magnificent 12" who voted
to terminate the RP-US Military Bases Agreement leading to the
withdrawal of American servicemen from the
Clark Air Base
In 1989, the _Free Press_ cited him as one of the Three Outstanding Senators of the Year. He was conferred the degree of Doctor of Humanities, Honoris Causa by the Bicol University in April 1997, and the University of Pangasinan in 1990.
See also: Presidency of Fidel V. Ramos
As Vice-President, Estrada was the chairman of President Ramos' Presidential Anti-Crime Commission (PACC). Estrada arrested criminal warlords and kidnapping syndicates. He resigned as chairman in 1997.
In the same year Estrada, together with former President Corazon
Aquino , Cardinal
Main article: Presidency of Joseph Estrada
Presidential styles of JOSEPH EJERCITO ESTRADA
REFERENCE STYLE His Excellency
SPOKEN STYLE Your Excellency
ALTERNATIVE STYLE Mr. President
Estrada was the first president to use a special name as his official
address name, combining his real family name, Ejercito, with his
screen name, thus forming "Joseph Ejercito Estrada". Estrada was
inaugurated on June 30, 1998 in the historical town of
In his Inaugural Address, Estrada said:
“ One hundred years after Kawit, fifty years after independence, twelve years after EDSA, and seven years after the rejection of foreign bases, it is now the turn of the masses to experience liberation. We stand in the shadow of those who fought to make us free – free from foreign domination, free from domestic tyranny, free from superpower dictation, free from economic backwardness. ”
OFFICE NAME TERM
President JOSEPH EJERCITO ESTRADA June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Vice-President GLORIA MACAPAGAL-ARROYO June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Executive Secretary RONALDO ZAMORA July 1, 1998 – December 31, 2000
EDGARDO ANGARA January 11, 2001 – January 20, 2001
Secretary of Agrarian Reform HORACIO MORALES, JR. July 1, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Secretary of Agriculture WILLIAM DAR July 1, 1998 – May 24, 1999
EDGARDO ANGARA May 25, 1999 – January 11, 2001
DOMINGO PANGANIBAN January 11, 2001 – January 20, 2001
Secretary of Budget and Management BENJAMIN DIOKNO July 1, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Secretary of Education, Culture and Sports ANDREW GONZALEZ July 1, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Secretary of Energy MARIO TIAOQUI July 1, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources ANTONIO CERILLES July 1, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Secretary of Finance EDGARDO ESPIRITU July 1, 1998 – December 31, 1999
JOSE PARDO January 2, 2000 – January 20, 2001
Secretary of Foreign Affairs DOMINGO SIAZON, JR. June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Secretary of Health FELIPE ESTRELLA JR. June 30, 1998 – September 13, 1998
ALBERTO ROMUALDEZ , JR. September 14, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Secretary of the Interior and Local Government JOSEPH EJERCITO ESTRADA (_in concurrent capacity as President_) July 1, 1998 – April 12, 1999
RONALDO PUNO April 12, 1999 – January 7, 2000
ALFREDO LIM January 8, 2000 – January 19, 2001
Secretary of Justice SERAFIN CUEVAS June 30, 1998 – February 11, 2000
ARTEMIO TUQUERO February 11, 2000 – January 20, 2001
Secretary of Labor and Employment BIENVENIDO LAGUESMA June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Secretary of National Defense ORLANDO S. MERCADO June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Secretary of Public Works and Highways GREGORIO VIGILAR June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Secretary of Science and Technology WILLIAM PADOLINA June 30, 1998 – January 29, 1999
FILEMINO URIARTE February 1, 1999 – January 1, 2001
Secretary of Social Welfare and Development GLORIA MACAPAGAL-ARROYO July 1, 1998 – October 3, 2000
DULCE SAGUISAG October 4, 2000 – January 20, 2001
Secretary of Tourism GEMMA CRUZ-ARANETA July 1, 1998 – January 19, 2001
Secretary of Trade and Industry JOSE PARDO July 1, 1998 – 1999
MANUEL ROXAS II 1999 – January 20, 2001
Secretary of Transportation and Communications VICENTE RIVERA, JR. July 1, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Presidential Spokesperson FERNARDO BARICAN June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Press Secretary RODOLFO REYES June 30, 1998 – April 12, 2000
RICARDO PUNO April 13, 2000 – January 20, 2001
Chairperson of the Commission on Higher Education ANGEL ALCALA June 30, 1998 – July 11, 1999
ESTER GARCIA July 12, 1999 – January 20, 2001
Director-General of the National Economic and Development Authority FELIPE MEDALLA July 1, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Solicitor General RICARDO GALVEZ June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001
of the Metropolitan
National Security Adviser ALEXANDER AGUIRRE July 1, 1998 – January 19, 2001
Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process MANUEL T. YAN June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Lead Convenor of the National Anti-Poverty Commission HORACIO MORALES, JR. December 1998 – October 2000
DULCE SAGUISAG October 2000 – January 20, 2001
Main article: Domestic_Policies of
Main article: Presidency_of_Joseph_Estrada § Foreign_Policies
By the end of Estrada's administration, debt supposedly reached P 2.1 trillion in 1999. Domestic debt supposedly amounted to P 986.7 billion while foreign debt stood at US$52.2 billion. The fiscal deficit had reportedly doubled to more than P 100 billion from a low of P 49 billion in 1998. Despite such setbacks, the GDP by 1999 posted a 3.2 percent growth rate, up from a low of −0.5 percent in 1998. Moreover, domestic investments started to increase from 18.8% of GDP in 1999 to 21.2% of GDP in 2000.
WAR AGAINST THE MILF
Main article: 2000 Philippine campaign against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front Main article: Battle of Camp Abubakar
During the Ramos administration a cessation of hostilities agreement
was signed between the Philippine Government and the Moro Islamic
Liberation Front (MILF) in July 1997. This was continued by a series
of peace talks and negotiations in Estrada administration. The MILF,
an Islamic group formed in 1977, seeks to be an independent Islamic
State from the Philippines, and, despite the agreements, a sequence of
terrorist attacks on the Philippine military and civilians still
continued. These included the kidnapping of a foreign priest, namely
Father Luciano Benedetti; the destruction by arson of Talayan,
Maguindanao's municipal hall; the takeover of the Kauswagan Municipal
Hall; the bombing of the Lady of Mediatrix boat at
Ozamiz City ; and
the takeover of the Narciso Ramos Highway. By doing so, they inflicted
severe damage on the country's image abroad, and scared much-needed
investments away. For this reason, on March 21, 2000, Estrada declared
an "all out war" against the MILF. During the war the Catholic
Bishops\' Conference of the
In his state of the nation address , popularly called "SONA", the president highlighted his vision for Mindanao:
* The first is to restore and maintain peace in Mindanao—because without peace, there can be no development. * The second is to develop Mindanao—because without development, there can be no peace. * The third is to continue seeking peace talks with the MILF within the framework of the Constitution—because a peace agreed upon in good faith is preferable to a peace enforced by force of arms. * And the fourth is to continue with the implementation of the peace agreement between the government and the Moro National Liberation Front, or MNLF—because that is our commitment to our countrymen and to the international community.
In addition to this the president said his administration can move with more speed in transforming Mindanao into a progressive economic center. High on the list of priorities was the plight of MILF guerrillas who were tired of fighting and had no camps left to which to report. On October 5, 2000 the first massive surrender of 669 LC-MILF mujahideen led by the renegade vice mayor of Marugong, Lanao del Sur Malupandi Cosandi Sarip and seven other battalion commanders, surrendered to President Estrada at the 4th ID headquarters in Camp Edilberto Evangelista, Bgy. Patag, Cagayan de Oro City. They were followed shortly by a second batch of 855 surrenderees led by Lost command MILF Commander Sayben Ampaso on December 29, 2000.
Main article: Presidency_of_Joseph_Estrada § Controversies
CORRUPTION CHARGES AND IMPEACHMENT
President Estrada in 2000.
In October 2000, Ilocos Sur governor Luis "Chavit" Singson , a close friend of the President, alleged that he had personally given Estrada P400 million as payoff from jueteng, a grassroots-based numbers game, hidden in a bank account known as "Jose Velarde", as well as P180 million from the government price subsidy for the tobacco farmers' marketing cooperative after Estrada ordered a full blown investigation into Chavit Singson's alleged misuse of millions of pesos in public funds. Singson's allegation caused controversy across the nation, which culminated in the House of Representatives' filing of an impeachment case against Estrada on November 13, 2000. House Speaker Manny Villar fast-tracked the impeachment complaint. The impeachment suit was brought to the Senate and an impeachment court was formed, with Chief Justice Hilario Davide, Jr. as presiding officer. Estrada, pleaded "not guilty".
This was the first time the Filipino public witnessed, through radio and television, an elected president stand in trial and face possible impeachment with full media coverage. During the trial, the prosecution presented witnesses and alleged evidences to the impeachment court regarding Estrada's alleged involvement in jueteng. The existence of secret bank accounts which he allegedly uses for receiving payoffs was also brought to the fore.
In the 2004 Global Transparency Report, Estrada made into the list of
the World's All-Time Most Corrupt Leaders in the World. He was listed
tenth and he was said to have amassed between $78 million to $80
million. Also making it to the list from the
Main article: EDSA Revolution of 2001
On the evening of January 16, 2001, the impeachment court voted not
to open an envelope that was alleged to contain incriminating evidence
against the president simply because it was not part of the
impeachment complaint. The final vote was 11–10, in favor of keeping
the envelope closed. The prosecution panel (of congressmen and
lawyers) walked out of the
On January 19, 2001, Armed Forces of the
The following day, the Supreme Court declared that the seat of presidency was vacant, saying that Estrada had resigned his post. At noon, the Chief Justice swore in Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as president of the Philippines. Before Estrada's departure from Malacañang , he issued the following press release:
“ At twelve o'clock noon today, Vice President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo took her oath as President of the Republic of the Philippines. While along with many other legal minds of our country, I have strong and serious doubts about the legality and constitutionality of her proclamation as President, I do not wish to be a factor that will prevent the restoration of unity and order in our civil society.
It is for this reason that I now leave Malacañang Palace, the seat of the presidency of this country, for the sake of peace and in order to begin the healing process of our nation. I leave the Palace of our people with gratitude for the opportunities given to me for service to our people. I will not shirk from any future challenges that may come ahead in the same service of our country.
I call on all my supporters and followers to join me in to promotion of a constructive national spirit of reconciliation and solidarity.
May the Almighty bless our country and beloved people.
Estrada returned to his old home in San Juan. He maintained that he never resigned, implying that Arroyo's government was illegitimate .
The new government created a special court and charged him with plunder and had him arrested in April. Filipino supporters marched to the EDSA Shrine demanding Estrada's release and his reinstatement as president but were dispersed by high-grade teargas and warning shots from automatic rifles. On the morning of May 1, the protesters marched straight to Malacañan Palace . Violence erupted and the government declared a State of Rebellion . Many Filipino protesters were badly injured and arrested, including politicians. The government called out the military and was able to quell the demonstration with teargas and automatic rifles. The bloody uprising came to be known as EDSA III .
Estrada was initially detained at the Veteran's Memorial Medical
Main article: Trial of Joseph Estrada
On September 12, 2007, the Sandiganbayan finally gave its decision, finding Estrada not guilty on his perjury case but guilty of plunder "beyond reasonable doubt." He was sentenced to reclusión perpetua . He was thus the first Philippine President who was impeached and then convicted.
On September 26, 2007,
On October 5, 2007, the
Estrada in 2012.
Sandiganbayan 's special division, on June 27, 2008, ordered
Estrada to file comment within 10 days, on the motion of the
PARDON AND RELEASE FROM DETENTION
On October 22, 2007, Acting Justice Secretary Agnes Devanadera stated
On October 25, 2007, President
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo granted
executive clemency to
When Estrada was released he gave a message to the Filipino people that he can once again help the lives of the people, especially the poor. He also stated that he made errors as a public servant but he assured them that, notwithstanding his conviction for it, corruption was not one of them. After the release he had a nationwide tour called "Lakbay Pasasalamat" (Thank you tour) and during those trips he thanked the people for their support and gave them relief goods such as food, medicines and clothing. In politics, he stated that he was convincing leaders of the opposition to have unity, and that failing that, he would run.
2010 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
His Senatorial lineup included
Francisco Tatad ,
Juan Ponce Enrile ,
In 1972 Estrada starred in Blood Compact .
In October 2010, the magazine _Foreign Policy _ included Estrada in its list of five former head of states/governments who did not make "a positive difference in the world", but "faded away into obscurity." Also included in this "Bad Exes" list were Thailand's Thaksin Shinawatra , Spain's Jose Maria Aznar , and Germany's Gerhard Schroder .
Estrada announced in November 2010 that he will be selling his 3,000 square-metre (0.74-acre) home in San Juan, Metro Manila for nearly seven million dollars (300 million Philippine pesos ) to "pursue his real estate business." Agence France Presse reported that Estrada "has put up two high-rise residential condominium buildings and plans to build a third soon."
MAYOR OF MANILA
Estrada (center, back row) with members 10th City Council of
In May 2012, Estrada announced his intention to run for Mayor of
Around noon of May 14, 2013, the day after the conduct of the 2013 Philippine mid-term elections , Estrada and his running-mate and re-electionist Vice Mayor Francisco "Isko Moreno" Domagoso were proclaimed mayor-elect and vice mayor-elect, respectively by the City Board of Canvassers for the City of Manila .
Provinces in which Estrada won in 1992, 1998 and 2010 national elections.
SAN JUAN MAYORALTY ELECTIONS
* Estrada won every mayoralty election in San Juan from 1969 to 1984.
SENATORIAL ELECTION, 1987 :
* JOSEPH ESTRADA (GAD ) – 10,029,978 (14th, 24 candidates with the highest number of votes win the 24 seats in the Senate)
VICE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1992 :
* JOSEPH ESTRADA (PMP ) – 6,739,738 (33.00%)
Marcelo Fernan (LDP ) – 4,438,494 (21.74%)
* Emilio Osmeña (
Lakas-NUCD ) – 3,362,467 (16.47%)
Ramon Magsaysay, Jr. (PRP ) – 2,900,556 (14.20%)
Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. (
PDP-Laban ) – 2,023,289 (9.91%)
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1998 :
* JOSEPH ESTRADA (LAMMP ) – 10,722,295 (39.86%) * Jose de Venecia ( Lakas-NUCD-UMDP ) – 4,268,483 (15.87%) * Raul Roco ( Aksyon Demokratiko ) – 3,720,212 (13.83%) * Emilio Osmeña (PROMDI ) – 3,347,631 (12.44%) * Alfredo Lim (Liberal ) – 2,344,362 (8.71%) * Renato de Villa (Reporma-LM ) – 1,308,352 (4.86%) * Miriam Defensor Santiago (PRP ) – 797,206 (2.96%) * Juan Ponce Enrile (Independent) – 343,139 (1.28%) * Santiago Dumlao (Kilusan para sa Pambansang Pagpapanibago) – 32,212 (0.12%) * Manuel Morato (Partido Bansang Marangal) – 18,644 (0.07%)
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 2010 :
Benigno Aquino III
MANILA MAYORALTY ELECTIONS 2013
* JOSEPH ESTRADA (UNA ) – 349,770 * Alfredo Lim (LP ) – 307,525 (47.33%)
MANILA MAYORALTY ELECTIONS 2016
* JOSEPH ESTRADA (PMP ) – 283,149 * Alfredo Lim (LP ) – 280,464 (47.33%)
IN POPULAR CULTURE
Since the beginning of his political career, Estrada has been the butt of many jokes in the Philippines. Majority of the jokes about him center around his limited English vocabulary, while others focus on his corruption scandals. During his presidential campaign in 1998, Estrada authorized the distribution of the joke compilation book _ERAPtion: How to Speak English Without Really Trial_.
AWARDS AND HONORS
* 1975 Metro
* ^ "Erap wins