Joseph Alfred Micheler
Joseph Alfred Micheler (
17 March 1931
Nice) was a French general in the First World War.
3 Further reading
4 External links
Born in Phalsbourg, Moselle from a Lorrainian family which preferred
to be French than German when the city was annexed by the Kaiser in
1871. He entered St. Cyr in October 1880, and was appointed a
sub-lieutenant on the completion of his course in 1882. He was
promoted lieutenant in 1886, captain in 1891, major in 1901 and
lieutenant-colonel in 1909. Three years later he was made a
At the outbreak of
World War I
World War I he served as chief-of-staff to VI
Corps. In October 1914, he was promoted brigadier, and in January 1915
was transferred as chief-of-staff to the First Army.
On 3 August 1915, he took over command of the 53rd Infantry Division,
being later (25 March 1916) promoted a temporary General of Division
and appointed to command XXXVIII Army Corps.
Ten days later he was placed in command of Tenth Army. On 22 June
1916, he was confirmed in his rank as General of Division. He
commanded Tenth Army during the Battle of the Somme, and was then
promoted to command a new Army Group (known as G.A.R. - Army Group
"reserve" or "rupture") formed behind the centre for the exploitation
of the victory counted upon in General Nivelle's Aisne scheme. He
was thus involved very deeply in the controversies which centred upon
that scheme both before and after that offensive. It was principally
his criticisms that initiated the internal crisis, and led to the
council of war, in which, however, he seems not to have followed up
his objections. He also enjoyed strained relations with his
subordinate Mangin as well as with Nivelle; Mangin sought afterwards
to saddle him with part of the responsibility for the relative failure
of the offensive.
After his Army Group had been broken up he was demoted back to command
of an Army. He briefly commanded First Army, then Fifth Army for a
year, until June 1918, before being removed after the near debacle of
the Third Battle of the Aisne. He was made a commander of the Legion
of Honour on 30 September 1916.
He was buried at Saint Roch Cemetery.
^ a b c This article incorporates text from a publication
now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Micheler,
Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New
Greenhalgh, Elizabeth (2014). The
French Army and the First World War.
Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-60568-8.
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