* 1 Life * 2 References * 3 Further reading * 4 External links
Born in Phalsbourg, Moselle from a Lorrainian family which preferred to be French than German when the city was annexed by the Kaiser in 1871. He entered St. Cyr in October 1880, and was appointed a sub-lieutenant on the completion of his course in 1882. He was promoted lieutenant in 1886, captain in 1891, major in 1901 and lieutenant-colonel in 1909. Three years later he was made a colonel.
At the outbreak of
World War I
On 3 August 1915, he took over command of the 53rd Infantry Division, being later (25 March 1916) promoted a temporary General of Division and appointed to command XXXVIII Army Corps.
Ten days later he was placed in command of Tenth Army . On 22 June
1916, he was confirmed in his rank as General of Division. He
commanded Tenth Army during the
Battle of the Somme
After his Army Group had been broken up he was demoted back to command of an Army. He briefly commanded First Army , then Fifth Army for a year, until June 1918, before being removed after the near debacle of the Third Battle of the Aisne