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Joseph Jacobs
Joseph Jacobs
(29 August 1854 – 30 January 1916) was an Australian folklorist, translator, literary critic, social scientist, historian and writer of English literature who became a notable collector and publisher of English folklore. His work went on to popularize some of the world's best known versions of English fairy tales including "Jack and the Beanstalk", "Goldilocks and the three bears", "The Three Little Pigs", "Jack the Giant Killer" and "The History of Tom Thumb". He published his English fairy tale collections: English Fairy Tales in 1890 and More English Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
in 1893[a] but also went on after and in between both books to publish fairy tales collected from continental Europe as well as Jewish, Celtic and Indian fairytales which made him one of the most popular writers of fairytales for the English language. Jacobs was also an editor for journals and books on the subject of folklore which included editing the Fables of Bidpai and the Fables of Aesop, as well as articles on the migration of Jewish folklore. He also edited editions of The Thousand and One Nights. He went on to join The Folklore
Folklore
Society in England and became an editor of the society journal Folklore.[1] Joseph Jacobs
Joseph Jacobs
also contributed to The Jewish Encyclopedia.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Career 3 Folklore 4 Selected works

4.1 Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
contents

5 Notes 6 References 7 Sources 8 External links

Biography[edit] Jacobs was born in Australia. He was the sixth surviving son of John Jacobs, a publican who had emigrated from London around 1837, and his wife Sarah, née Myers.[2] Jacobs was educated at Sydney
Sydney
Grammar School and at the University of Sydney, where he won a scholarship for classics, mathematics and chemistry. He did not complete his studies in Sydney, but left for England at the age of 18 and entered St John's College, Cambridge.[3] He graduated with a B.A. in 1876, and in 1877, studied at the University of Berlin. Jacobs married Georgina Horne and fathered two sons and a daughter. In 1900, when he became revising editor of the Jewish Encyclopedia, based in New York, he settled permanently in the United States. He died on 30 January 1916 at his home in Yonkers, New York.[2] Career[edit]

1919 edition of The Book of Wonder Voyages (1896)

Jacobs was secretary of the Society of Hebrew Literature from 1878 to 1884, and in 1882, came into prominence as the writer of a series of articles in The Times
The Times
on the persecution of Jews in Russia. This led to the formation of the mansion house fund and committee, of which Jacobs was secretary from 1882 to 1900. He was a student of anthropology at the Statistical Laboratory at University College London in the 1880s under Francis Galton. His Studies in Jewish Statistics: Social, Vital and Anthropometric (1891) made his reputation as the first proponent of Jewish race science.[4] In 1888, he prepared with Lucien Wolf
Lucien Wolf
the Bibliotheca Anglo-Judaica: A Bibliographical Guide to Anglo-Jewish History, and in 1890, he edited English Fairy Tales, the first of his series of books of fairy tales published during the next 10 years. He wrote many literary articles for the Athenaeum, which published in 1891 the collection, George Eliot, Matthew Arnold, Browning, Newman, Essays and Reviews from the Athenaeum. In the same year appeared his Studies in Jewish Statistics, in 1892, Tennyson and "In Memoriam", and in 1893, his important book on The Jews of Angevin England. In 1894, were published his Studies in Biblical archaeology, and An Inquiry into the Sources of the History of the Jews in Spain, in connection with which he was made a corresponding member of the Royal Academy of History of Madrid. His historical novel dealing with the life of Jesus, As Others Saw Him: A Retrospective A.D. 54, was published anonymously in 1895, in the following year his Jewish Ideals and other Essays came out. In this year, he was invited to the United States of America
United States of America
to give a course of lectures on the "Philosophy of Jewish History". The Story of Geographical Discovery was published towards the end of 1898 and ran into several editions. He had been compiling and editing the Jewish Year Book since 1896, and was president of the Jewish Historical Society of England in 1898-99. In 1900, he accepted an invitation to become revising editor of the Jewish Encyclopedia, which was then being prepared at New York. He settled permanently in the United States, where he wrote many articles for the Jewish Encyclopedia, and was generally responsible for the style of the whole publication. It was completed in 1906. He then became registrar and professor of English at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America in New York. In 1908, he was appointed a member of the board of seven, which made a new English translation of the Bible for the Jewish Publication Society of America. In 1913, he resigned his positions at the seminary to become editor of the American Hebrew. In 1920, Book I of his Jewish Contributions to Civilization, which was practically finished at the time of his death, was published at Philadelphia. In addition to the books already mentioned, Jacobs edited The Fables of Aesop
Aesop
as First Printed by Caxton (1889), Painter's Palace of Pleasure (1890), Baltaser Gracian's Art of Worldly Wisdom (1892), Howell's Letters (1892), Barlaam and Josaphat (1896), The Thousand and One Nights (6 vols, 1896), and others. Jacobs was also a contributor to the Encyclopædia Britannica, and James Hastings' Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics. Folklore[edit]

Illustration of "A Legend
Legend
of Knockmany" by John D. Batten
John D. Batten
for Celtic Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1892)

Jacobs edited the journal Folklore
Folklore
from 1899 to 1900 and from 1890 to 1916 he edited multiple collections of fairy tales that were published with distinguished illustrations by John Dickson Batten: English Fairy Tales, Celtic Fairy Tales, Indian Fairy Tales, More English Fairy Tales, More Celtic Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(all 1890 to 1895) and Europa's Fairy Book (also issued as European Folk and Fairy Tales) in 1916.[5] He was inspired in this by the Brothers Grimm
Brothers Grimm
and the romantic nationalism common in folklorists of his age; he wished English children to have access to English fairy tales, whereas they were chiefly reading French and German tales;[6] in his own words, "What Perrault began, the Grimms completed." Although he collected many tales under the name of fairy tales, many of them are unusual sorts of tales. Binnorie (in English Fairy Tales)[7] and Tamlane
Tamlane
(in More English Fairy Tales)[8] are prose versions of ballads, The Old Woman and Her Pig (in English Fairy Tales) is a nursery rhyme, Henny-Penny (in English Fairy Tales) is a fable, and The Buried Moon (in More English Fairy Tales) has mythic overtones to an extent unusual in fairy tales. According to his own analysis of English Fairy Tales, "Of the eighty-seven tales contained in my two volumes, thirty-eight are Märchen proper, ten sagas or legends, nineteen drolls, four cumulative stories, six beast tales, and ten nonsense stories."[9]

Selected works[edit]

Earliest English Version of the Fables of Bidpai
Bidpai
(1888) Fables of Aesop
Aesop
(1889) English Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1890) Celtic Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1891)[a] Indian Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1892) The Jews of Angevin England (1893) More English Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1893)[a] Studies in Biblical Archaeology (1894) More Celtic Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1894)[a] The Jewish Encyclopedia, from 1900, one contributor Europa's Fairy Book (1916) – also known as European Folk and Fairy Tales[5]

Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
contents[edit]

English Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1890)

Tom Tit Tot The Three Sillies The Rose-Tree The Old Woman and Her Pig How Jack Went to Seek his Fortune Mr Vinegar Nix Nought Nothing Jack Hannaford Binnorie Mouse and Mouser Cap O' Rushes Teeny-Tiny Jack and the Beanstalk The Story of the Three Little Pigs The Master and His Pupil Titty Mouse and Tatty Mouse Jack and His Golden Snuff-Box The Story of the Three Bears Jack the Giant Killer Henny-Penny Childe Rowland Molly Whuppie The Red Ettin The Golden Arm The History of Tom Thumb Mr Fox Lazy Jack Johnny-Cake Earl Mar's Daughter Mr Miacca Whittington and His Cat The Strange Visitor The Laidly Worm of Spindleston Heugh The Cat and the Mouse The Fish and the Ring The Magpie's Nest Kate Crackernuts The Cauld Lad of Hilton The Ass, The Table and the Stick Fairy Ointment The Well of the World's End Master of all Masters The Three Heads of the Well

More English Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1894)

Issued for the 1893 Christmas season.[a]

The Pied Piper
The Pied Piper
of Franchville Hereafterthis The Golden Ball My Own Self The Black Bull of Norroway Yallery Brown Three Feathers Sir Gammer Vans Tom Hickathrift The Hedley Kow Gobborn Seer Lawkamercyme Tattercoats The Wee Bannock Johnny Gloke Coat o' Clay The Three Cows The Blinded Giant Scrapefoot The Pedlar of Swaffham The Old Witch The Three Wishes The Buried Moon A Son of Adam The Children in the Wood The Hobyahs A Pottle o' Brains The King of England and his Three Sons King John and the Abbot of Canterbury Rushen Coatie The King o' the Cats Tamlane The Stars in the Sky News! Puddock, Mousie and Ratton The Little Bull-Calf The Wee, Wee Mannie Habetrot and Scantlie Mab Old Mother Wiggle-Waggle Catskin Stupid's Cries The Lambton Worm The Wise Men of Gotham Princess of Canterbury

Celtic Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1892)

Issued for the 1891 Christmas season[a]

Connla and the Fairy Maiden Guleesh The Field of Boliauns The Horned Women Conall Yellowclaw Hudden and Dudden and Donald O'Neary The Shepherd of Myddvai The Sprightly Tailor The Story of Deirdre Munachar and Manachar Gold-Tree and Silver-Tree King O'Toole and his Goose The Wooing of Olwen Jack and his Comrades The Shee An Gannon and the Gruagach Gaire The Story-Teller at Fault The Sea-Maiden A Legend
Legend
of Knockmany Fair, Brown and Trembling Jack and his Master Beth Gellert The Tale of Ivan Andrew Coffey The Battle of the Birds Brewery of Eggshells The Lad with the Goat-Skin Notes and References

More Celtic Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1895)

Issued for the 1894 Christmas season[a]

The Fate of the Children of Lir Jack the Cunning Thief Powel, Prince of Dyfed Paddy O'Kelly and the Weasel The Black Horse The Vision of MacConglinney Dream of Owen O'Mulready Morraha The Story of the McAndrew Family The Farmer of Liddesdale The Greek Princess and the Young Gardener The Russet Dog Smallhead and the King's Sons The Legend
Legend
of Knockgrafton Elidore The Leeching of Kayn's leg How Fin went to the Kingdom of the Big Men How Cormac Mac Art went to Faery The Ridere of Riddles The Tail

Indian Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(1892)

The Lion and the Crane [How the Raja's Son won the Princess Labam] The Lambikin Punchkin The Broken Pot The Magic Fiddle The Cruel Crane Outwitted Loving Laili The Tiger, the Brahman, and the Jackal The Soothsayers Son Harisarman The Charmed Ring The Talkative Tortoise A Lac of Rupees for a Piece of Advice The Gold-Giving Serpent The Son of Seven Queens A Lesson for Kings Pride Goes Before a Fall Raja Rasalu The Ass in the Lion's Skin The Farmer and the Money-Lender The Boy who had a Moon on his Forehead and a Star on his Chin The Prince and the Fakir Why the Fish Laughed The Demon with the Matted Hair The Ivory City and its Fairy Princess Sun, Moon, and Wind go out to Dinner How the Wicked Sons were Duped The Pigeon and the Crow

Europa's Fairy Book (1916)

Issued in 1967 as European Folk and Fairy Tales[5]

Cinder-Maid All Change The King of the Fishes Scissors Beauty and the Beast Reynard and Bruin The Dancing Water, Singing Apple, and Speaking Bird The Language of Animals The Three Soldiers A Dozen At a Blow The Earl of Cattenborough The Swan Maidens Androcles
Androcles
and the Lion Day Dreaming Keep Cool The Master Thief The Unseen Bridegroom The Master-Maid A Visitor From Paradise Inside Again John the True Johnnie and Grizzle The Clever Lass Thumbkin Snowwhite

Notes[edit]

^ a b c d e f g Contemporary newspaper records show that the most or all of the Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
collections were published the fall for the Christmas gift-book season, in both Britain and America. Some are generally catalogued as publications of the following year, from their title pages.

References[edit]

^ "Storyteller.net: Storytelling, Storytellers, Stories, Storytelling Techniques, Hear a Story, Read Stories, Audio Stories, Find Tellers, How to Tell A Story - Articles About Storytelling".  ^ a b G. F. J. Bergman, "Jacobs, Joseph (1854 - 1916)", Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9, MUP, 1983, pp. 460-461. Retrieved 2009-08-16. ^ "Jacobs, Joseph (JCBS873J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.  ^ Langton, Daniel (2014). "Jewish Evolutionary Perspectives on Judaism, Anti-Semitism, and Race Science in Late 19th Century England: A Comparative Study of Lucien Wolf
Lucien Wolf
and Joseph Jacobs". Jewish Historical Studies. 46: 37–73.  ^ a b c "SurLaLune Fairytales - Illustration Gallery - John D. Batten (1860-1932) British". Retrieved 19 September 2012.  ^ Maria Tatar, p. 345, The Annotated Classic Fairy Tales, ISBN 0-393-05163-3 ^ Jacobs, Joseph; Batten, John D. (1890). English Fairy Tales.  ^ Jacobs, Joseph; Batten, John D. (1894). "Tamlane". More English Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(2nd ed.). London: David Nutt: 159–62. ISBN 0-370-01023-X.  ^ " Joseph Jacobs
Joseph Jacobs
- English Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales
(notes and references)". surlalunefairytales.com. 

Sources[edit]

Serle, Percival (1949). "Jacobs, Joseph". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. Retrieved 2009-08-16. 

External links[edit]

Folklore
Folklore
portal

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original works written by or about: autor de los 3 cerditos

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Joseph Jacobs

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Joseph Jacobs.

Works by Joseph Jacobs
Joseph Jacobs
at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Joseph Jacobs
Joseph Jacobs
at Internet Archive Works by Joseph Jacobs
Joseph Jacobs
at LibriVox
LibriVox
(public domain audiobooks) works by Joseph Jacobs
Joseph Jacobs
at The Baldwin Online Children's Project Joseph Jacobs
Joseph Jacobs
at SurLaLune Fairy Tale Site The Earliest English Version (1570) of the Fables of Bidpai
Bidpai
(reprint of Sir Thomas North's The Morall Philosophie of Doni, edited and induced by Joseph Jacobs, London 1888) Joseph Jacobs
Joseph Jacobs
at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Joseph Jacobs
Joseph Jacobs
at Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Authorities, with 129 catalogue records (including 24 "from old catalog")

v t e

Panchatantra

aka: Tantrakhyayika — Panchakhyana — Kalila and Dimna — The Lights of Canopus — The Fables of Bidpai/Pilpay — The Moral Philosophy of Doni — Tantri Kamandaka — Nandaka-prakarana

Stories

The Blue Jackal The Tortoise and the Birds The Bear and the Gardener The Lion and the Mouse The Mouse Turned into a Maid The Deer without a Heart The Ass in the Lion's Skin The Brahmin and the Mongoose The Fox and the Cat The milkmaid and her pail

Related works

Aesop's Fables La Fontaine's Fables Hikayat Panca Tanderan Hitopadesha Jataka tales Kathasaritsagara One Thousand and One Nights Śukasaptati

Other media

The Tall Tales of Vishnu Sharma

Editors, translators, adapters

Early

Vishnu Sharma
Vishnu Sharma
(putative author) Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak Borzūya Durgasimha Jean de La Fontaine Antoine Galland John of Capua Kshemendra Ibn al-Muqaffa' Narayana Abu'l-Ma'ali Nasrallah Thomas North Rudaki Simeon Seth

Modern

Theodor Benfey Gustav Bickell Hermann Brockhaus Edward Backhouse Eastwick Franklin Edgerton A. N. D. Haksar Johannes Hertel Joseph Jacobs Ion Keith-Falconer Patrick Olivelle N. M. Penzer Arthur W. Ryder Silvestre de Sacy C. H. Tawney Charles Wilkins Ramsay Wood

Topics

Beast fable Frame story Katha

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 44316214 LCCN: n79065901 ISNI: 0000 0001 0892 7466 GND: 11937479X SUDOC: 028603265 BNF: cb12040564w (data) NLA: 35240246 BNE: XX888

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