Josef Theodor Moroder, named the Lusenberger (28 May 1846 in Urtijëi
– 16 February 1939 in Urtijëi) was a painter and sculptor, the most
prominent artist of the Moroder family from the Grödenthal in South
Tyrol now the
Val Gardena in Italy.
4 Bibliography (in German)
5 External links
Josef, the fourth of eight children, lost his father when he was eight
years old. He was apprenticed in a woodcarving studio under Franz
Prinoth, an academic sculptor educated in the
Munich Academy, and in
his twenties Josef started his own studio. Examples of his early
activity as a sculptor are the statues of the Maria Addolorata and of
the Virgin Mary in the Parish Church of Urtijëi.
His first wife, Annamaria Sanoner died after she gave birth to their
fourth child in 1874. He married Felizitas Unterplatzer who gave birth
to eleven other children. She also took care of his farm and was
active as an antiquarian. Thirty years old, with the support of
Felizitas, he visited the Academy of
Munich (1876–1880) to learn the
art of painting after he was impressed in
Vienna by the genre painting
of Franz von Defregger, The Dance in the Mountains. His teachers in
Munich were Joseph Knabl,
Ludwig von Löfftz
Ludwig von Löfftz and Feodor Dietz. From
1880 to 1884 he was a pupil of Defregger; becoming close friends, they
took many painting trips through the villages of the Trentino.
Munich Josef Moroder was influenced by the genre and historical
painting of Defregger and the realistic-idealistic painting movement
of Wilhelm Leibl. From his numerous sketch books we can see how
precisely he observed nature, landscape and specially the Tyrolean and
alpine lifestyle in Val Gardena. Many of his paintings, watercolours
and sketches of and farmhouses, huts, people and portraits are
testimony of a lost alpine world which once was the 19th-century
The populist-romantic novelist Maria Veronika Rubatscher was well
acquainted with the artist and wrote his biography in 1930, which
became a popular novel.
One of his pupils was Ludwig Moroder-Lenert. Most of Josef's children,
Johann Baptist, Alfons, Josef, Otto, Hermann, became valid sculptors.
His son Alfons (1882–1960) settled in
Milwaukee where he set up a
business to sell altars for churches and statues of saints partially
produced by him or imported from his native village, Urtijëi.
A major exhibition was held in
Innsbruck in 1973.
Josef Moroder's watercolours were shown in
Bolzano Italy in 1985.
In 2009 two exhibitions in
Bolzano with respectively 120
and 100 works.
The Museum of
Val Gardena in
Urtijëi exhibits more than 30 of his oil
paintings and watercolours.
^ Museum of Val Gardena
Bibliography (in German)
Maria Veronika Rubatscher. Der Lusenberger. Der Roman eines
Künstlerlebens. München: Verlag Josef Kösel & Friedrich Pustet,
1930 (Reprint Athesia Bozen, 1980 ISBN 88-7024-384-2 or
Komitee für die Drucklegung des Moroder-Stammbuches. Die Moroder, ein
altladinisches Geschlecht aus Gröden-Dolomiten. Vom 14. bis zum 20.
Jahrhundert. Ursprung - Geschichte - Biographien - Anhang. Beitrag zur
tirolischen Familienforschung - Edited by the Moroder Book committee,
Urtijëi 1980. Pages 188-204. (Book mainly in German, with some minor
parts in English, Italian, Spanish and Ladin). British Library
Sybille-Karin Moser. Tiroler Bilder und Ihre Darstellung. Malerei von
1830 bis 1900. S. 519. Aus: Kunst in Tirol. Herausgeber: Paul
Naredi-Rainer, Lukas Madersbacher.Verlagsanstalt Tyrolia
Verlagsanstalt Athesia Bozen 2007. ISBN 978-3-7022-2776-0 -
Josef Moroder on Ladin WP (incubator)
Exhibitions on Josef Moroder 2009
Other painting and images
Drawings from Josef Moroder's sketchbooks
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Josef Moroder-Lusenberg.
Virgin Mary in the parish church of
Urtijëi by Josef
Adoration of the Magi in the parish church of
Urtijëi by Josef
Maria Immaculata, painting after Murillo, in the S. Antony church, by
Josef Moroder-Lusenberg, 1876.
Archangel Michael in the S. Antony church by Josef Moroder-Lusenberg,
Lumberjack carved in Swiss pine by Josef Moroder-Lusenberg.
Monument to the artist by his son Johann Baptist Moroder, 1896.
Family grave of the artist in
Urtijëi by the son Johann Baptist 1928.
ISNI: 0000 0000 2611 5157