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Josef Groll
Josef Groll
(21 August 1813, Vilshofen an der Donau
Vilshofen an der Donau
– 22 November 1887, Vilshofen) was a Bavarian brewer, best known for his invention of Pilsener
Pilsener
beer,[1] is known by some as "the Father of the Pils".[2] The world's first-ever pale lager, his Pilsner Urquell
Pilsner Urquell
was highly successful, and served as the inspiration for more than two-thirds of the beer produced in the world today.[3]

Contents

1 Invention 2 Death 3 Brewery 4 References

Invention[edit] The citizens of Pilsen, Bohemia
Bohemia
(today in the Czech Republic) were no longer satisfied with their top-fermented Oberhefenbier. They publicly emptied several casks of beer in order to draw attention to its low quality and short storage life.[4] It was decided to build a new brewery capable of producing a bottom-fermented beer with a longer storage life. At the time, this was termed a Bavarian beer, since bottom-fermentation first became popular in Bavaria
Bavaria
and spread from there. For bottom-fermentation it is necessary to keep the fermentation tanks cool between 4 and 9 degrees Celsius. The climate in Bohemia
Bohemia
is similar to that in Bavaria
Bavaria
making it possible to store winter ice and sustain bottom-fermentation year-round.

Joseph-Groll-bust in Vilshofen an der Donau

Bavarian beer had an excellent reputation, and Bavarian brewers were considered the masters of their trade. Thus, the citizens of Pilsen not only built a new brewery, but also hired Josef Groll, a Bavarian brewer.[5] Josef Groll's father owned a brewery in Vilshofen in Lower Bavaria
Bavaria
and had long experimented with new recipes for bottom-fermented beer. On 5 October 1842, Groll produced the first batch of Urquell
Urquell
beer, which was characterized by the use of soft Bohemian water, very pale malt, and Saaz hops.[4] It was first served in the public houses Zum Goldenen Anker, Zur weißen Rose and Hanes on 11 November 1842, and was very well received by the populace. Josef Groll's contract with the Bürgerliches Brauhaus (citizens' brewery) in Pilsen expired on 30 April 1845 and was not renewed.[4] Groll returned to Vilshofen and later inherited his father's brewery. The Pilsen brewery was directed by Bavarian brewers for nearly sixty years until 1900. Death[edit] Josef Groll
Josef Groll
died on 22 November 1887, aged 74, of a heart attack in the house of his daughter Kathi Hutter in Vilshofen. Brewery[edit] The Groll brewery no longer exists. Parts of the brewery, however, were acquired by Wolferstetter, another brewery located in Vilshofen. Wolferstetter still produces a Josef Groll
Josef Groll
Pils. References[edit]

^ Weyermann, Sabine (2009). "On the trail of Josef Groll
Josef Groll
– Rediscovering authentic bohemian malt and beer" (PDF). Scandinavian Brewers' Review. Vol. 66 no. 6. pp. 12–13. Retrieved 15 December 2011.  ^ " Josef Groll
Josef Groll
– Vater des Pils" (in German). Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 15 December 2011.  ^ Brewery tour of Pilsner Urquell
Pilsner Urquell
University of Economics Prague ^ a b c "Pils". Beer Styles. German Beer Institute. Archived from the original on 19 October 2011. Retrieved 15 December 2011.  ^ "Pure Heritage". Pilsner Urquell. Retrieved 15 December 2011. 

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 3322553 ISNI: 0000 0001 0949 2484 GND: 121241

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