José Yulo Yulo (September 24, 1894 – October 27, 1976) was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
(May 7, 1942 – July 9, 1945) during the Japanese Occupation and was Speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives
from 1939 until World War II started in 1941. Yulo served in all of the branches of government: the legislative as House Speaker and congressman; the executive as Secretary of Justice and member of the Cabinet; and the judiciary as the Chief Magistrate and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
(February 5, 1942 – May 2, 1942).
Early life and career
José Yulo Yulo was born on September 24, 1894 in Bago, Negros Occidental
to Sofronio Yulo and Segunda Yulo.
He obtained his Bachelor of Laws degree at the University of the Philippines
and placed third in the Philippine Bar Examination
of 1913; however, due to his age, did not practice law until two years later. He became distinguished as one of the best corporation lawyers in the Philippines.
Appointed as Justice Secretary by Governor-General Frank Murphy
and President Manuel L. Quezon
in 1934 and 1935, he was elected to the National Assembly of the Philippines
representing the province of Negros Occidental
, becoming its Speaker under the ruling Nacionalista Party
on its convening session in 1939.
The 1935 Philippine Constitution
was amended in 1940 changing the unicameral legislature
system into a bicameral system
; thus the National Assembly was divided into a Senate and a House of Representatives
. Yulo remained as Speaker of the House.
Following the Japanese conquest of the Philippines
in 1942, Yulo became a member of the Preparatory Committee for Philippine Independence
, and upon the establishment of the Second Philippine Republic
in 1943, was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
. He is the only former Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines to be subsequently appointed Chief Justice.
[Cruz, Isagani A. (2000). ''Res Gestae: A Brief History of the Supreme Court''. Rex Book Store, Manila]
Despite the difficulties experienced under Japanese occupation
, Yulo attempted to maintain the integrity of the judiciary despite pressure from the Japanese military to sway in decisions on certain cases.
Yulo was the presidential candidate of the Philippine Liberal Party
in the 1957 presidential election
, eventually losing to incumbent President Carlos P. Garcia
. His running mate, Pampanga Representative Diosdado Macapagal
, won the vice-presidential race.
Yulo was later appointed by President Ferdinand Marcos
as Secretary of Justice, and served from January 1, 1966 to August 4, 1967.
Yulo died of respiratory failure
as a result of atherosclerosis
at Makati Medical Center
at 10:10 AM on October 27, 1976. He was buried in Canlubang
on October 30, 1976.
Department of Justice of the Republic of the Philippines
Category:Ateneo de Manila University alumni
Category:Candidates in the 1957 Philippine presidential election
Category:Chief Justices of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
Category:Deaths from respiratory failure
Category:Filipino collaborators with Imperial Japan
Category:Liberal Party (Philippines) politicians
Category:People from Negros Occidental
Category:Secretaries of Justice of the Philippines
Category:Senators of the 1st Congress of the Commonwealth of the Philippines
Category:Speakers of the House of Representatives of the Philippines
Category:Members of the House of Representatives of the Philippines from Negros Occidental
Category:University of the Philippines alumni
Category:University of the Philippines College of Law alumni
Category:Marcos Administration cabinet members
Category:Quezon Administration cabinet members
Category:Philippine vice-presidential candidates, 1953
Category:Members of the National Assembly of the Philippines