JOSé DE CADALSO Y VáZQUEZ (
Before completing his twentieth year, Cadalso had traveled through
Cadalso was the embodiment of the Enlightenment ideal of the "hombre
de bien", a learned and well-rounded citizen whose multitude of
interests could be utilized to improve society. He was a central
figure in the literary landscape of eighteenth-century Spain,
especially in the tertulia held at the Fonda de San Sebastián. He
influenced a number of Spanish authors, not least among them a young
Juan Meléndez Valdés
His first published work was a verse tragedy, Don Sancho García, Conde de Castilla (1771). In 1772, he published his Los Eruditos a la Violeta, a commercially successful prose satire on the obsession with superficial knowledge and the appearance of erudition. In 1773 appeared a volume of miscellaneous poems, Ocios de mi juventud.
Cadalso is best known for his Cartas marruecas, an epistolary novel
published posthumously by the "Correo de Madrid" in 1789 and as a book
in 1793. The Cartas marruecas have often been compared to Montesquieu
's, (1689–1755), own Lettres Persanes, (
Whereas Cartas marruecas is a rational, multi-perspectivistic examination of Spanish society through the eyes of a young Moroccan, Noches lúgubres (“Lugubrious Nights”), is a short prose work centered on a mourning protagonist's desire to disinter his dead lover, and was published from 1789 to 1790 in the journal El correo de Madrid. The later work was inspired by the death of his close friend, holding amorously her dying body, actress María Ignacia Ibáñez , (1745 – April 1771, aged 26).
This work, along with a number of Cadalso's anguished lyrical
compositions, are considered an antecedent of
Romanticism in Spain, if
not fully Romantic in their own right. A good edition of his works
Cadalso was killed at the Great Siege of
* ^ "Saint Mary the Crowned Parish Church Saint Mary the Crowned Parish Church". sanroque.es. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
* This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cadalso Vazquez, José".
Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
* O. N. V. GLENDINNING Vida y obra de Cadalso". Madrid. Ed. Gredos,
(1962), 239 pages.
* SEBOLD, R.P. . Colonel Don
* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 5817 * LCCN : n50051883 * ISNI : 0000 0001 0860 7171 * GND : 118666452 * SELIBR : 182701 * SUDOC : 026651041 * BNF : cb11885865b (data) * NLA : 35687629 * BNE : XX1719952 * IATH : w6j11d2c