The Info List - José Avelino

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JOSé DIRA AVELINO (August 5, 1890 – July 21, 1986) was the first President of the Senate of the Third Republic of the Philippines and the second President of the Liberal Party . He was Senate President Pro tempore to President Manuel Quezon prior to the establishment of the Commonwealth .


* 1 Early life and career * 2 Personal life * 3 National Politics * 4 Later life * 5 References * 6 External links


Avelino was born in a town called Calbayog in Samar
to Ildefonsa Dira and Baltazar Avelino. Avelino was educated at the Ateneo de Manila where he received his Bachelor of Arts degree and the University of Santo Tomas where he graduated with his Bachelor of Laws . Calbayog became a City in 1948 at Avelino's instance, when as President of the Senate he pulled together three contiguous municipalities (Oquendo, Calbayog and Tinambacan) and made it into the 19th city of the Philippines , July 15, 1948, the date President Elpidio Quirino signed Republic Act 328.


Avelino was married to Enriqueta Casal and had four sons (Jose Jr., Enrique, Antonio, Baltazar II) and has one daughter named Pilar.


He served concurrently as Secretary of Labor and Secretary of Public Works and Transportation under President Manuel L. Quezon . As Secretary of Labor, Avelino accomplished something unprecedented in the Philippines and perhaps the world - he unified the labor unions by organizing them into two Commissions: The National Commission of Labor (NCL) and the National Commission of Peasants (NCP)- and he was designated Chairman over these two Commissions. To quote from the Manila Bulletin
Manila Bulletin
: "The new Secretary of Labor José Avelino
José Avelino
became not merely the head of the Department of Labor in the government but the head of labor organization, the head of labor in fact."

Avelino is known as the Father of the Philippine Workmen’s Compensation Law; one of the most famous bills which he passed during his term in Senate which focused on creating a contingency insurance fund for workers as a way to protect the workers from the variou