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Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
(born Jonathan Stuart Leibowitz; November 28, 1962) is an American comedian, writer, producer, director, political commentator, actor, and television host. He is best known for being the host of The Daily Show, a satirical news program on Comedy Central, from 1999 to 2015. Stewart started as a stand-up comedian, but branched into television as host of Short Attention Span Theater for Comedy Central. He went on to host his own show on MTV, The Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Show, and then hosted You Wrote It, You Watch It, also on MTV. He has also had several film roles as an actor, but has done few cinematic projects since becoming the host of The Daily Show
The Daily Show
in 1999. He was also a writer and co-executive producer of the show. After Stewart joined, The Daily Show steadily gained popularity and critical acclaim, and during his tenure, The Daily Show
The Daily Show
won 22 Primetime Emmy Awards. Stewart is known as an outspoken, humorous critic of personality-driven media shows, in particular those of the U.S. media networks such as CNN, Fox News, and MSNBC. Critics say Stewart benefits from a double standard: he critiques other news shows from the safe, removed position of his "news satire" desk.[1][2] Stewart agrees, saying that neither his show nor his channel purports to be anything other than satire and comedy. In spite of its self-professed entertainment mandate, The Daily Show
The Daily Show
has been nominated for news and journalism awards. Stewart hosted the 78th and 80th Academy Awards. He is the co-author of America (The Book): A Citizen's Guide to Democracy Inaction, which was one of the best-selling books in the U.S. in 2004,[3] and Earth (The Book): A Visitor's Guide to the Human Race, released in 2010.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Early work 2.2 The Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Show 2.3 The Daily Show

2.3.1 Departure from The Daily Show

2.4 HBO
HBO
Projects 2.5 Writings 2.6 Acting 2.7 Producing 2.8 Directing 2.9 Hosting and public speaking

3 Stewart's criticism of television journalists

3.1 Crossfire
Crossfire
appearance 3.2 Criticism of CNBC 3.3 Criticism of Fox News

4 Advocacy 5 Writers Guild of America strike of 2007–2008 6 Influences 7 Personal life 8 Honors and awards 9 Filmography

9.1 Film 9.2 Television

10 Bibliography 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

Early life Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
was born Jonathan Stuart Leibowitz on November 28, 1962,[4][5] in New York City, to Marian (née Laskin), a teacher and later educational consultant,[4] and Donald Leibowitz, a professor of physics at The College of New Jersey
The College of New Jersey
and Thomas Edison State College.[6][7] Stewart's family are Litvak Jews
Jews
who emigrated to America from Poland, Ukraine and Belarus. One of his grandfathers was born in Manzhouli
Manzhouli
(now part of Inner Mongolia).[8] He is the second of four sons, with older brother Lawrence[9] and younger brothers Dan and Matthew.[7] Stewart's parents divorced when he was eleven years old, and Stewart was largely estranged from his father.[4] Because of his strained relationship with his father, which in 2015 he described as "still 'complicated'", he dropped his surname and began using his middle name, Stuart. Stewart stated, "There was a thought of using my mother's maiden name, but I thought that would be just too big a fuck you to my dad...Did I have some problems with my father? Yes. Yet people always view [changing my surname] through the prism of ethnic identity."[10] He had his surname legally changed to Stewart in 2001.[10][11][dead link] Stewart and his brother Lawrence, who was previously the Chief Operating Officer of NYSE Euronext
NYSE Euronext
(parent company of the New York Stock Exchange),[9][12] grew up in Lawrenceville, New Jersey, where they attended Lawrence High School.[4] According to Stewart, he was subjected to anti-Semitic bullying as a child.[13] He describes himself in high school as "very into Eugene Debs and a bit of a leftist."[14] Stewart grew up in the era of the Vietnam War
Vietnam War
and the Watergate scandal, which inspired in him "a healthy skepticism towards official reports". His first job was working at a Woolworth's at which his brother Lawrence worked, and jokingly describes being fired by Lawrence as one of the "scarring events" of his youth.[10] Stewart graduated in 1984 from the College of William & Mary in Virginia, where he played on the soccer team and initially majored in chemistry before switching to psychology.[4][15] While at William & Mary, Stewart became a brother of the Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity,[16] but later disassociated himself from the fraternity and left after six months.[17] "My college career was waking up late, memorizing someone else's notes, doing bong hits, and going to soccer practice," he would later recall.[18] His soccer coach would later describe him as a "good player" with "high energy".[19] After college, Stewart held numerous jobs: a contingency planner for the New Jersey Department of Human Services, a contract administrator for the City University of New York, a puppeteer for children with disabilities, a soccer coach at Gloucester High School in Virginia, a caterer, a busboy, a shelf stocker at Woolworth's, a bartender at the Franklin Corner Tavern (a local blue-collar bar), and a bartender at the legendary City Gardens in Trenton, New Jersey.[4][20][21] He has said that working at City Gardens was a pivotal moment for him: "finding this place City Gardens was like, 'Oh, maybe I'm not a giant weirdo. Maybe there are other people who have a similar sense of yearning for something other than what they have now.' I think it inspired a lot of people, man. It was a very creative environment. It was a place of great possibility."[22] Career Early work With a reputation for being a funny man in school,[4][20] Jon Stewart returned to New York City
New York City
in 1986 to try his hand at the comedy club circuit, but he could not muster the courage to get on stage until the following year.[23] He made his stand-up debut at The Bitter End, where his comedic idol, Woody Allen, also began.[24] He began using the stage name "Jon Stewart" by dropping his last name and changing the spelling of his middle name "Stuart" to "Stewart". He often jokes this is because people had difficulty with the pronunciation of Leibowitz or it "sounded too Hollywood" (a reference to Lenny Bruce's joke on the same theme).[25] He has implied that the name change was actually due to a strained relationship with his father, with whom Stewart no longer had any contact.[21] Stewart became a regular at the Comedy Cellar, where he was the last performer every night. For two years, he would perform at 2 a.m. while developing his comedic style.[26] In 1989, Stewart landed his first television job as a writer for Caroline's Comedy Hour. In 1990, he began co-hosting Comedy Central's Short Attention Span Theater, with Patty Rosborough.[27] In 1992, Stewart hosted the short-lived You Wrote It, You Watch It on MTV, which invited viewers to send in their stories to be acted out by the comedy troupe, The State.[28] Stewart felt his career did not take off until a March 1993 appearance on NBC's Late Night with David Letterman.[18] He was considered a finalist to take over Letterman's position upon his departure from the program, but it was instead given to relatively unknown Conan O'Brien.[25] The Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Show Later in 1993, Stewart developed The Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Show, a talk show on MTV. The Jon Stewart Show was the first talk show on that network and was an instant hit, becoming the second-highest rated MTV
MTV
show behind Beavis and Butt-head.[29] In 1994, Paramount canceled The Arsenio Hall Show and, with new corporate sibling MTV
MTV
(through MTV
MTV
parent Viacom's acquisition of the studio), launched an hour-long syndicated late-night version of The Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Show. Many local affiliates had moved Hall's show to 2 a.m. during its decline and Stewart's show inherited such early morning time slots in many cities. Ratings were dismal and the show was canceled in June 1995.[30] Among the fans of the show was David Letterman, who was the final guest of The Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Show. Letterman signed Stewart with his production company, Worldwide Pants.[31] Stewart then became a frequent guest host for Tom Snyder
Tom Snyder
on The Late Late Show with Tom Snyder, which was produced by Letterman and aired after the Late Show on CBS. This led to much speculation that Stewart would soon replace Snyder permanently,[32] but Stewart was instead offered the time slot after Snyder's, which he turned down.[33] In 1996 Stewart hosted a short-lived talk show called "Where's Elvis This Week?" It was a half-hour, weekly comedy television program that aired on Sunday nights in the United Kingdom on BBC Two. It was filmed at the CBS
CBS
Broadcast Center in New York City
New York City
and featured a set of panelists, two from the United Kingdom and two from the United States, who discussed news items and cultural issues. The show premiered in the UK on October 6, 1996; five episodes aired in total. Notable panelists included Dave Chappelle, Eddie Izzard, Phil Jupitus, Nora Ephron, Craig Kilborn, Christopher Hitchens, Armando Iannucci, Norm Macdonald, and Helen Gurley Brown. In 1997, Stewart was chosen as the host and interviewer for George Carlin's 10th HBO
HBO
special, 40 Years of Comedy.[34] The Daily Show In 1999, Stewart began hosting The Daily Show
The Daily Show
on Comedy Central
Comedy Central
when Craig Kilborn left the show to replace Tom Snyder
Tom Snyder
on The Late Late Show. The show blends humor with the day's top news stories, usually in politics, while simultaneously poking fun at politicians and many newsmakers as well as the news media itself. In an interview on The O'Reilly Factor, Stewart denied the show has any intentional political agenda, saying the goal was "schnicks and giggles." "The same weakness that drove me into comedy also informs my show," meaning that he was uncomfortable talking without hearing the audience laugh.[35] "Stewart does not offer us cynicism for its own sake, but as a playful way to offer the kinds of insights that are not permitted in more serious news formats that slavishly cling to official account of events."[36] Until Trevor Noah
Trevor Noah
permanently took over the show, Stewart hosted almost all airings of the program, except for a few occasions when correspondents such as Stephen Colbert, Rob Corddry, Jason Jones and Steve Carell
Steve Carell
subbed for him, and during John Oliver's stint as host during the summer of 2013. Stewart has won a total of twenty Primetime Emmy Awards for The Daily Show
The Daily Show
as either a writer or producer, and two for producing The Colbert Report
The Colbert Report
(2013—2014), winning a total of twenty-two Primetime Emmy Awards, having the most wins for a male individual.[37] In 2005, Stewart and The Daily Show
The Daily Show
received the Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Comedy Album
Best Comedy Album
for the audio book edition of America (The Book): A Citizen's Guide to Democracy Inaction. In 2000 and 2004, the show won two Peabody Awards for its coverage of the presidential elections relevant to those years, called "Indecision 2000" and "Indecision 2004", respectively.[38][39]

Stewart interviewing Admiral Michael Mullen
Michael Mullen
on The Daily Show

The show of September 20, 2001, the first show after the attacks of September 11, 2001, began with no introduction.[40] Before this, the introduction included footage of a fly-in towards the World Trade Center and New York City. The first nine minutes of the show included a tearful Stewart discussing his personal view on the event. His remarks ended as follows:

"The view ... from my apartment ... was the World Trade Center ... and now it's gone, and they attacked it. This symbol of American ingenuity, and strength, and labor, and imagination and commerce, and it is gone. But you know what the view is now? The Statue of Liberty. The view from the South of Manhattan is now the Statue of Liberty. You can't beat that."[40]

In mid-2002, amid rumors that David Letterman
David Letterman
was going to switch from CBS
CBS
to ABC when his contract ran out, Stewart was rumored as Letterman's replacement on CBS.[41] Ultimately, Letterman renewed his contract with CBS. On the March 9, 2002, episode of Saturday Night Live, hosted by Stewart, a "Weekend Update" sketch poked fun at the situation. In late 2002, ABC offered Stewart his own talk show to air right before Nightline. Stewart's contract with The Daily Show
The Daily Show
was near expiring, and he expressed strong interest. ABC, however, decided to give another Comedy Central
Comedy Central
figure, Jimmy Kimmel, the pre-Nightline slot.[42] On April 4, 2006, Stewart confronted U.S. Senator
U.S. Senator
John McCain
John McCain
about his decision to appear at Liberty University, an institution founded by Jerry Falwell, whom McCain had previously denounced as one of the "agents of intolerance".[43][44] In the interchange, Stewart asked McCain, "You're not freaking out on us? Are you freaking out on us, because if you're freaking out and you're going into the crazy base world—are you going into crazy base world?" McCain replied, "I'm afraid so." The clip was played on CNN
CNN
and created a surge of articles across the blogosphere.[45][46] In 2007, The Daily Show
The Daily Show
was involved in former correspondent Stephen Colbert's announcement that he would run for president in 2008. In 2008, Stewart appeared on the news program Democracy Now![47] A 2008 New York Times story questioned whether he was, in a phrase originally used to describe longtime network news anchor Walter Cronkite, "the most trusted man in America".[48] On April 28, 2009, during a discussion on torture with Clifford May, Stewart expressed his opinion that former President Harry S. Truman was a war criminal for his use of the atomic bomb on Japan during World War II.[49][50] Moments later, Stewart defended his assertion: "Here's what I think of the atom bombs. I think if you dropped an atom bomb fifteen miles offshore and you said, 'The next one's coming and hitting you', then I would think it's okay. To drop it on a city, and kill a hundred thousand people. Yeah. I think that's criminal." On April 30, 2009, Stewart apologized on his program, and stated he did not believe Truman was a war criminal:[51] "I shouldn't have said that, and I did. So I say right now, no, I don't believe that to be the case. The atomic bomb, a very complicated decision in the context of a horrific war, and I walk that back because it was in my estimation a stupid thing to say."[52] In April 2010, Comedy Central
Comedy Central
renewed Stewart's contract to host The Daily Show into 2013.[53][54] According to the Forbes
Forbes
list of Celebrities in 2008, he was earning $14 million a year.[55] On September 16, 2010, Stewart and Stephen Colbert
Stephen Colbert
announced a rally for October 30, known as the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear. It took place on the National Mall
National Mall
in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
and attracted an estimated 215,000 participants.[56] In December 2010, Stewart was credited by the White House
White House
and other media and political news outlets for bringing awareness of the Republican filibuster on the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act to the public, leading to the ultimate passing of the bill which provides health benefits to first responders whose health has been adversely affected by their work at Ground Zero.[57] On the show of January 10, 2011, Stewart began with a monologue about the shootings in Tucson, AZ.[58] He said he wished the "ramblings of crazy people didn't in any way resemble how we actually talk to each other on television".[59] Before commercial break, Stewart told viewers that the show would continue as usual the next night. After commercial break, the show featured a rerun of a field piece done by Jason Jones two years earlier.[60] The New York Times
The New York Times
opined that he is "the modern-day equivalent of Edward R. Murrow"[61] and the UK national newspaper The Independent called him the "satirist-in-chief".[62] In an interview, Senator John McCain described Stewart as "a modern-day Will Rogers
Will Rogers
and Mark Twain".[63][64] Wyatt Cenac
Wyatt Cenac
said that Stewart cursed him out after Cenac acknowledged he was uncomfortable about a June 2011 Daily Show bit about Republican Presidential candidate Herman Cain
Herman Cain
(reported in July 2015).[65][66] In March 2013, it was announced that Stewart would be taking a 12-week hiatus from The Daily Show
The Daily Show
to direct the film Rosewater, based on the book Then They Came for Me by Maziar Bahari.[67][68] Beginning June 10, 2013, The Daily Show
The Daily Show
correspondent John Oliver
John Oliver
assumed primary hosting duties during Stewart's break.[69] TV Guide's annual survey for 2013 star salaries showed that Stewart was the highest-paid late night host, making an estimated $25–30 million per year.[70] On July 14, 2014, Stewart interviewed Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
about the Middle East. Clinton's condemnations of Hamas led Stewart to ask her: "But don't you think they would look at that though as, they've given a lot of different things a chance and these are the only guys to them that are giving any resistance to what their condition is?” For Gazans living in that situation, he said Hamas could be viewed as "freedom fighters".[71][72] On August 1, 2014, Stewart stated on air that "We cannot be Israel's rehab sponsor and its drug dealer".[73][74] Departure from The Daily Show During a taping of the show on February 10, 2015, Stewart announced he was leaving The Daily Show.[75] Comedy Central
Comedy Central
President Michele Ganeless confirmed Stewart's retirement with a statement.[76] It was later announced that South African comedian Trevor Noah
Trevor Noah
would succeed Stewart as the host of the show.[77] On April 20, 2015, Stewart indicated that his final show would be on August 6, 2015.[78] On July 28, 2015, Darren Samuelsohn of Politico reported that Stewart had been twice at the White House
White House
for previously unreported meetings with President Obama: once in October 2011 and once in February 2014.[63] Michael D. Shear of The New York Times
The New York Times
also picked up on the story.[79] Stewart responded on his show by pointing out that the meetings were listed in the President's publicly available visitor log and that he has been asked to meet privately by many prominent individuals including Roger Ailes
Roger Ailes
of Fox News. He said Obama encouraged him not to make young Americans cynical about their government, and Stewart replied that he was actually "skeptically idealistic".[80] The hour-plus-long final show on August 6 featured reunions with former Daily Show correspondents and cameo video clips from people Stewart had targeted over the years including Bill O'Reilly, John McCain, Chris Christie, and Hillary Clinton. It concluded with a performance by Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
and the E Street Band.[81] HBO
HBO
Projects In November 2015, it was announced that Stewart signed a four-year deal with HBO
HBO
that will include exclusive digital content for HBO
HBO
NOW, HBO
HBO
Go and other platforms.[82] HBO
HBO
programming president Casey Bloys has said that “the idea is it will be an animated parody of a cable news network with an Onion-like portal.”[83] The team is currently working with cloud graphics company OTOY to build out a system for creating content.[84] Confirmed to be working on the project are Mike Brown, Steve Waltien, Chelsea Devantez, Lucy Steiner, Kate James, and Robby Slowik.[85] The team tested out material in Red Bank, New Jersey at The Count Basie Theatre Performing Arts Academy.[85] The show's premiere was moved several times, from fall 2016,[86] to the first quarter of 2017,[87] and then cancelled on Tuesday, May 23, 2017.[88] The cancelation statement read:

" HBO
HBO
and Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
have decided not to proceed with a shortform digital animated project. [...] We all thought the project had great potential but there were technical issues in terms of production and distribution that proved too difficult given the quick turnaround and topical nature of the material. We’re excited to report that we have some future projects together which you will be hearing about in the near future.”[88]

Writings

Stewart at the launch of his book, Earth (The Book), in New York, September 27, 2010

In 1998, Stewart released his first book, Naked Pictures of Famous People, a collection of humorous short stories and essays. The book reached The New York Times
The New York Times
Best Seller List.[89] In 2004, Stewart and The Daily Show
The Daily Show
writing staff released America (The Book): A Citizen's Guide to Democracy Inaction, a mock high school History
History
textbook offering insights into the unique American system of government, dissecting its institutions, explaining its history and processes, and satirizing such popular American political precepts as "one man, one vote", "government by the people," and "every vote counts." The book sold millions of copies upon its 2004 release and ended the year as a top-fifteen best seller.[3] In 2005, Stewart provided the voice of President James A. Garfield
James A. Garfield
for the audiobook version of Sarah Vowell's Assassination Vacation.[90] In 2007, Stewart voiced a role on Stephen Colbert's audiobook version of I Am America (And So Can You!). He plays Mort Sinclaire, former TV comedy writer and Communist.[91] In 2010, Stewart and The Daily Show
The Daily Show
writing staff released a sequel to their first book called Earth (The Book): A Visitor's Guide to the Human Race. The book is meant to serve as a Baedeker
Baedeker
travel guide for an alien civilization that discovers Earth after humanity has died out, most likely by its own hands.[92] In March 2012, Stewart interviewed Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
for Rolling Stone.[93] Acting Although best known for his work on The Daily Show, Stewart has had roles in several films and television series. His first film role was a bit part in the box-office bomb Mixed Nuts. He landed a minor part in The First Wives Club, but his scene was deleted.[94] In 1995, Stewart signed a three-year deal with Miramax.[95] He played romantic leads in the films Playing by Heart
Playing by Heart
and Wishful Thinking. He had a supporting role in the romantic comedy Since You've Been Gone and in the horror film The Faculty. Other films were planned for Stewart to write and star in, but they were never produced. Stewart has since maintained a relationship with Miramax
Miramax
founders Harvey and Bob Weinstein and continues to appear in films they have produced including Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back, Doogal and the documentary Wordplay. He appeared in Half Baked
Half Baked
as an "enhancement smoker" and in Big Daddy as Adam Sandler's roommate; he has joked on the Daily Show and in the documentary The Aristocrats that to get the role he slept with Sandler. Stewart often makes fun of his appearances in the high-profile flop Death to Smoochy,[96] in which he played a treacherous television executive, and the animated film Doogal,[97] where he played a blue spring named Zeebad who shot a freeze ray from his mustache. In 2007, Stewart made a cameo appearance as himself in Evan Almighty, which starred former Daily Show correspondent Steve Carell. In the movie, Stewart was seen on a television screen in a fictional Daily Show episode poking fun at Carell's character for building an ark. Stewart had a recurring role in The Larry Sanders Show, playing himself as an occasional substitute and possible successor to late-night talk show host Larry Sanders (played by Garry Shandling). In 1998, Stewart hosted the television special, Elmopalooza, celebrating 30 years of Sesame Street. He has guest-starred on other sitcoms including The Nanny, Dr. Katz, Professional Therapist, Spin City, NewsRadio, American Dad!, and The Simpsons. He has also made guest appearances on the children's television series Between the Lions, Sesame Street, Jack's Big Music Show, and Gravity Falls. Producing In the mid-1990s, Stewart launched his own production company, Busboy Productions, naming the company in reference to his previous job as a busboy. Stewart signed a deal with Miramax
Miramax
to develop projects through his company, but none of his ideas have been produced. After Stewart's success as host and producer of The Daily Show, he revived Busboy Productions with Daily Show producers Ben Karlin and Rich Korson. In 2002, Busboy planned to produce a sitcom for NBC
NBC
starring Stephen Colbert, but the show did not come to fruition.[98] In 2005, Comedy Central
Comedy Central
reached an agreement with Busboy in which Comedy Central
Comedy Central
would provide financial backing for the production company. Comedy Central
Comedy Central
has a first-look agreement on all projects, after which Busboy is free to shop them to other networks.[99][100] The deal spawned the Daily Show spin-off The Colbert Report
The Colbert Report
and its replacement The Nightly Show with Larry Wilmore. Other projects include the sitcom pilot Three Strikes, the documentary Sportsfan, the series Important Things with Demetri Martin, and the film The Donor.[101] After Stewart's departure from The Daily Show, he was listed as an executive producer on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert.[102] Directing In March 2010, Stewart announced that he had optioned rights to the story of journalist Maziar Bahari, who was imprisoned in Iran
Iran
for 118 days.[103] On the June 6, 2011 episode of The Daily Show, Stewart again hosted Bahari, and in March 2013, he announced that he was leaving the show for 12 weeks to direct the film version of Bahari's 2011 book Then They Came For Me. Stewart's screenplay adaptation is titled Rosewater.[104][105] It premiered at the September 2014 Toronto International Film
Film
Festival, receiving "generally favorable" reviews,[106] and was released to general audiences on November 14, 2014. On directing, Stewart noted on Lazarus's show that "The Daily Show" influenced his directing process more than his acting gigs did. He said, "It's about the collaboration. It's about understanding. Doing a show taught me this process of clarity of vision, but flexibility of process. So know your intention, know where you're wanting to go with the scene with the way that you want it to go, the momentum shifts, the emphasis, where you want it to be."[107] He also expressed interest in directing more films.[108] Hosting and public speaking Stewart has hosted the Grammy Awards twice, in 2001 and in 2002,[109] and the 78th Academy Awards, which were held March 5 at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood.[110] Critical response to Stewart's performance was mixed. Roger Ebert
Roger Ebert
compared him favorably to legendary Oscar host Johnny Carson.[111] Other reviewers were less positive; Tom Shales of The Washington Post
The Washington Post
said that Stewart hosted with "smug humorlessness." James Poniewozik of TIME said that Stewart was a bad host, but a great "anti-host" in that he poked fun at parts of the broadcast that deserved it, which lent him a degree of authenticity with the non- Hollywood
Hollywood
audience.[112] Stewart and correspondent John Oliver later poked fun at his lackluster reception on The Daily Show's coverage of the 79th Academy Awards
79th Academy Awards
by saying that the "demon of last year's Oscars had finally been exorcised." Stewart returned to host the 80th Academy Awards
80th Academy Awards
on February 24, 2008.[113] The reception to his performance was better received. Matthew Gilbert of the Boston Globe
Boston Globe
felt the ceremony itself was average but praised Stewart, writing that, "It was good to see Jon Stewart being Jon Stewart. He is shaping up to be a dependable Oscar host for the post-Billy Crystal years. He's not musical, but he's versatile enough to swing smoothly between jokes about politics, Hollywood, new media, and, most importantly, hair."[114] Variety columnist Brian Lowry lauded Stewart's performance noting that he "earned his keep by maintaining a playful, irreverent tone throughout the night, whether it was jesting about Cate Blanchett’s versatility or watching Lawrence of Arabia on an iPhone screen.[115] In December 2009, Stewart gave a speech at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts honoring Bruce Springsteen, one of that year's Kennedy Center Honors
Kennedy Center Honors
recipients, and of whom Stewart is a fan.[116] Stewart gave another speech paying tribute to Springsteen in February 2013 as part of the singer's MusiCares Person of the Year
MusiCares Person of the Year
award ceremony.[117] Stewart began a comedic feud with WWE
WWE
wrestler Seth Rollins
Seth Rollins
in March 2015, and appeared on WWE
WWE
Raw during a Daily Show-styled segment hosted by Rollins.[118] On August 23, 2015, Stewart returned to host the WWE's SummerSlam at the Barclays Center
Barclays Center
in Brooklyn, New York.[119] He would later get involved in the main event between Rollins and John Cena, helping Rollins retain his WWE
WWE
World Heavyweight Championship, as well as winning Cena's United States Championship. The next night on Raw, he explained his actions, saying he did it for Ric Flair
Ric Flair
(who was also present), which was to retain his world championship record. Cena then gave Stewart his finishing move, the Attitude Adjustment, to end the segment. Stewart returned at SummerSlam on August 21, 2016 as a special guest.[120] Stewart got into a Twitter
Twitter
war with then-candidate Donald Trump, who in multiple tweets equated Stewart's changing his name from his birth name indicated that Stewart was a fraud. Stewart and some analysts considered this to be anti-Semitic. As Trump tweeted that Stewart should be "proud of his heritage", Stewart tweeted back, facetiously that Trump's real name was "Fuckface Von Clownstick" and that Trump should be proud of the "Clownstick heritage."[121][122][123][124][125][126][127] Stewart's criticism of television journalists Crossfire
Crossfire
appearance In a televised exchange with then- CNN
CNN
correspondent Tucker Carlson
Tucker Carlson
on Crossfire
Crossfire
on October 15, 2004, Stewart criticized the state of television journalism and pleaded with the show's hosts to "stop hurting America", and referred to both Carlson and co-host Paul Begala as "partisan hacks".[2][128] When posted on the internet, this exchange became widely viewed and was a topic of much media discussion. Despite being on the program to comment on current events, Stewart immediately shifted the discussion toward the show itself, asserting that Crossfire
Crossfire
had failed in its responsibility to inform and educate viewers about politics as a serious topic. Stewart stated that the show engaged in partisan hackery instead of honest debate, and said that the hosts' assertion that Crossfire
Crossfire
is a debate show is like "saying pro wrestling is a show about athletic competition." Carlson responded by saying that Stewart criticizes news organizations for not holding public officials accountable, but when he interviewed John Kerry, Stewart asked a series of "softball" questions (Stewart has acknowledged he voted for Kerry in the 2004 presidential election).[129] Stewart responded that he didn't realize "the news organizations look to Comedy Central
Comedy Central
for their cues on integrity." When Carlson continued to press Stewart on the Kerry issue, Stewart said, "You're on CNN! The show that leads into me is puppets making crank phone calls! What is wrong with you?" In response to prods from Carlson, "Come on. Be funny," Stewart said, "No, I'm not going to be your monkey." Later in the show when Carlson jibed, "I do think you're more fun on your show," Stewart retorted, "You're as big a dick on your show as you are on any show." In response to Stewart's criticisms, Carlson said, "You need to get a job at a journalism school," to which Stewart responded, "You need to go to one!"[2] Stewart discussed the incident on The Daily Show
The Daily Show
the following Monday:

We decided to go to this place, Crossfire, which is a nuanced public policy analysis show… named after the stray bullets that hit innocent bystanders in a gang fight. So I go to Crossfire
Crossfire
and, let's face it, I was dehydrated, it's the Martin Lawrence defense… and I had always in the past mentioned to friends and people that I meet on the street that I think that show… um… blows. So I thought it was only the right thing to do to go say it to them personally on their program, but here's the thing about confronting someone with that on their show: They're there! Uncomfortable! And they were very mad, because apparently, when you invite someone on a show called Crossfire and you express an opinion, they don't care for that… I told them that I felt their show was hurting America and they came back at me pretty good, they said that I wasn't being funny. And I said to them, "I know that, but tomorrow I will go back to being funny, and your show will still blow."[1][130]

In January 2005, CNN
CNN
announced that it was canceling Crossfire. When asked about the cancellation, CNN's incoming president, Jonathan Klein, referenced Stewart's appearance on the show: "I think he made a good point about the noise level of these types of shows, which does nothing to illuminate the issues of the day."[131] On March 18, 2009, Carlson wrote a blog entry for The Daily Beast criticizing Stewart for his handling of the C NBC
NBC
controversy (see below). Carlson discussed the CNN
CNN
incident and claimed that Stewart remained backstage for at least "an hour" and "continued to lecture our staff", something Carlson described as "one of the weirdest things I have ever seen."[132] Criticism of CNBC Main article: Jon Stewart's 2009 criticism of CNBC Stewart again became a viral internet phenomenon following a March 4, 2009, The Daily Show
The Daily Show
sequence. C NBC
NBC
canceled Rick Santelli's scheduled appearance but Stewart still ran a short segment showing C NBC
NBC
giving bad investment advice.[133] Subsequent media coverage of exchanges between Jim Cramer, who had been featured heavily in the original segment, and Stewart, led to a highly anticipated face-to-face confrontation on The Daily Show.[134] The episode received much media attention and became the second most-viewed episode of The Daily Show, trailing only the 2009 Inauguration Day episode. It had 2.3 million total viewers, and the next day, the show's website saw its highest day of traffic in 2009.[135] Although Cramer acknowledged on the show that some of Stewart's criticisms of C NBC
NBC
were valid and that the network could "do better," he later said on The Today Show that Stewart's criticism of the media was "naïve and misleading."[136] Criticism of Fox News Throughout his tenure on The Daily Show, Stewart has frequently accused Fox News
News
of distorting the news to fit a conservative agenda, at one point ridiculing the network as "the meanest sorority in the world."[137] In November 2009, Stewart called out Fox News
News
for using some footage from a previous Tea Party rally during a report on a more recent rally, making the latter event appear more highly attended than it actually was. The show's anchor, Sean Hannity, apologized for the footage use the following night.[138] A month later, Stewart criticized Fox & Friends cohost Gretchen Carlson – a former Miss America
Miss America
and a Stanford
Stanford
graduate – for claiming that she googled words such as "ignoramus" and "czar". Stewart said that Carlson was dumbing herself down for "an audience who sees intellect as an elitist flaw".[139] Stewart stepped up his criticism of Fox News
News
in 2010; as of April 24, The Daily Show
The Daily Show
had 24 segments criticizing Fox News' coverage.[53] Bill O'Reilly, host of the talk show The O'Reilly Factor
The O'Reilly Factor
on Fox News, countered that The Daily Show
The Daily Show
was a "key component of left-wing television" and that Stewart loved Fox News
News
because the network was "not boring".[53] During an interview with Chris Wallace
Chris Wallace
on June 19, 2011, Stewart called Wallace "insane" after Wallace said that Stewart's earlier comparison of a Sarah Palin campaign video and an anti-herpes medicine ad was a political comment. Stewart also said Fox viewers are the "most consistently misinformed" viewers of political media.[140] This comment was ranked by fact-checking site PolitiFact
PolitiFact
as false, with conditions. Stewart later accepted his error.[141] In 2014, Stewart engaged in an extended "call-out" of Fox News
News
based on their perceived hypocritical coverage of food stamps and U.S. Government assistance.[142] This culminated during the Bundy standoff involving multiple segments, across multiple episodes, specifically singling out Sean Hannity
Sean Hannity
and Hannity's coverage of the event. Hannity would "return fire" by calling out Stewart for associating himself with Cat Stevens
Cat Stevens
during his Rally in 2010.[143] Stewart responded to this by calling out Hannity for frequently calling Ted Nugent
Ted Nugent
a "friend and frequent guest" on his program and supporting Nugent's violent rhetoric towards Barack Obama
Barack Obama
and Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
in 2007.[144] In late August 2014, Stewart vehemently opposed the manner in which Fox News
News
portrayed the events surrounding the shooting of teenager Michael Brown by police officer Darren Wilson in Ferguson, Missouri and the subsequent protests from citizens.[145] Advocacy Stewart sometimes used The Daily Show
The Daily Show
to argue for causes such as the treatment of veterans and 9/11 first responders. He is credited with breaking a Senate deadlock over a bill to provide health care and benefits for 9/11 emergency workers; the bill passed three days after he featured a group of 9/11 responders on the show. In March 2009, he criticized a White House
White House
proposal to remove veterans from Veterans Administration rolls if they had private health insurance; the White House dropped the plan the next day.[63] Writers Guild of America strike of 2007–2008 Stewart was an important factor in the unionization of the Comedy Central writers. The Daily Show
The Daily Show
writers were the first of Comedy Central's writers to be able to join the guild, after which other shows followed.[146][147] Stewart supported the 2007–08 Writers Guild of America strike. On The Daily Show
The Daily Show
episode just before the strike, he sarcastically commented about how Comedy Central
Comedy Central
had made available all episodes for free on their website, but without advertising, and said, "go support our advertisers". The show went on hiatus when the strike began, as did other late night talk shows. Upon Stewart's return to the show on January 7, 2008, he refused to use the title The Daily Show, stating that The Daily Show
The Daily Show
was the show made with all of the people responsible for the broadcast, including his writers. During the strike, he referred to his show as A Daily Show with Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
until the strike ended on February 13, 2008.[148] Stewart's choice to return to the air did bring criticism that he was undermining the writers of his show. Seth MacFarlane
Seth MacFarlane
wrote an inside joke into an episode of Family Guy
Family Guy
about this, causing Stewart to respond with an hour-long call in which he questioned how MacFarlane could consider himself the "moral arbiter" of Hollywood.[149] Other former writers of The Daily Show
The Daily Show
such as David Feldman have also indicated that Stewart was anti-union at the time and punished his writers for their decision to unionize.[150][151] The Writers Guild Strike of 2007–08 was also responsible for a notable mock feud between Stewart, Stephen Colbert, and Conan O'Brien in early 2008. Without writers to help fuel their banter, the three comedians concocted a crossover/rivalry in order to garner more viewers during the ratings slump. Colbert made the claim that because of "the Colbert bump", he was responsible for Mike Huckabee's success in the 2008 presidential race. O'Brien claimed that he was responsible for Huckabee's success because not only had he mentioned Huckabee on his show, but also that he was responsible for Chuck Norris's success (Norris backed Huckabee). In response, Stewart claimed that he was responsible for the success of O'Brien, since Stewart had featured him on The Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Show, and in turn the success of Huckabee. This resulted in a three-part comedic battle between the three pundits, with all three appearing on each other's shows. The feud ended on Late Night with Conan O'Brien
Conan O'Brien
with a mock brawl involving the three hosts.[152] Influences Stewart has said his influences include George Carlin,[153] Lenny Bruce,[154] David Letterman,[155] Steve Martin,[156] and Richard Pryor.[4] Among comedians who say they were influenced by Stewart are Stephen Colbert,[13] John Oliver,[157] Samantha Bee,[158] Larry Wilmore,[159] Bassem Youssef,[160] Trevor Noah,[161] and Jordan Klepper.[162] Personal life Stewart is Jewish by ethnicity but is irreligious.[163] While making the 1997 film Wishful Thinking, a production assistant on the film set Stewart up on a blind date with Tracey Lynn McShane. They dated for four years.[156][164] Stewart proposed to her through a personalized crossword puzzle created with the help of Will Shortz, the crossword editor at The New York Times.[165][166] They married in 2000.[156][164][167] On June 19, 2001, Stewart and his wife filed a joint name change application and legally changed both of their surnames to "Stewart".[11] With the help of in vitro fertilization, the couple has two children.[168][169] In 2000, when he was labeled a Democrat, Stewart generally agreed but described his political affiliation as "more socialist or independent" than Democratic.[170] Stewart has voted for Republicans, the last time being in the 1988 presidential election when he voted for George H. W. Bush over Michael Dukakis. He described Bush as having "an integrity about him that I respected greatly".[171] In 2013, Jon and Tracey bought a 12-acre (4.9 ha) farm in Middletown, New Jersey, called "Bufflehead Farm". The Stewarts use it as a sanctuary for abused animals.[172] In 2015 Stewart started a vegetarian diet out of ethical reasons; his wife is a long-time vegan.[173] In 2017, Jon and Tracey received approval to open a 45-acre (18 ha) animal sanctuary in Colts Neck that will be home to animals saved from slaughterhouses and live markets.[174] Honors and awards Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Jon Stewart

Stewart with the Peabody Award
Peabody Award
that he won with The Daily Show
The Daily Show
in 2005

Stewart and other members of The Daily Show
The Daily Show
have received two Peabody Awards for "Indecision 2000"[175] and "Indecision 2004",[176] covering the 2000 presidential election and the 2004 presidential election, respectively. The Daily Show
The Daily Show
received the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Variety, Music, or Comedy Program in 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2009, 2011, 2012, and 2015 and Outstanding Variety, Music, or Comedy Series for 10 consecutive years from 2003 to 2012. In 2013, the award for both categories instead went to The Daily Show
The Daily Show
spin-off The Colbert Report. In 2015, The Daily Show
The Daily Show
resurfaced, winning both categories for one last time for Stewart's swan song as host. Stewart won the Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Comedy Album
Best Comedy Album
in 2005 for his recording, America (The Book): A Citizen's Guide to Democracy Inaction. In the December 2003 New Year's edition of Newsweek, Stewart was named the "Who's Next?" person for 2004, with the magazine predicting that he would emerge as an absolute sensation in that year. (The magazine said they were right at the end of that year.) In 2004, Stewart spoke at the commencement ceremonies at his alma mater, William and Mary, and received an honorary Doctor of Arts degree.[177] Stewart was also the Class Day keynote speaker at Princeton University
Princeton University
in 2004,[178] and the 2008 Sacerdote Great Names speaker at Hamilton College. Stewart was named one of the 2005 Time 100, an annual list of 100 of the most influential people of the year by TIME magazine.[179] Stewart and The Daily Show
The Daily Show
received the 2005 National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) George Orwell Award for Distinguished Contribution to Honesty and Clarity in Public Language. Stewart was presented an Honorary All-America Award by the National Soccer Coaches Association of America (NSCAA) in 2006.[180] On April 21, 2009, President of Liberia
President of Liberia
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
made Stewart a chief.[181] On October 26, 2010, Stewart was named the Most Influential Man of 2010 by AskMen.[182] Filmography Film

Year Title Role Notes

1994 Mixed Nuts Rollerblader

1996 The First Wives Club Elise's lover Scenes deleted

1997 Wishful Thinking Henry

1998 Half Baked Enhancement Smoker

1998 The Faculty Prof Edward Furlong

1998 Playing by Heart Trent

1999 Big Daddy Kevin Gerrity

2000 The Office Party Pizza Guy Short film

2000 Committed Party Guest Uncredited cameo

2001 Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back Reg Hartner

2002 Death to Smoochy Marion Frank Stokes

2002 The Adventures of Tom Thumb and Thumbelina Godfrey (voice)

2006 Doogal Zeebad (voice)

2006 Wordplay Himself Documentary

2007 Evan Almighty Himself Cameo

2008 The Great Buck Howard Himself Cameo

2011 The Adjustment Bureau Himself Cameo

2011 The Beaver Himself Cameo

2014 Rosewater

Director, producer, writer

2016 Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice Himself Cameo Ultimate Edition only

2017 Tickling Giants Himself Documentary

Television

Year Title Role Notes

1990–1993 Short Attention Span Theater Himself (host)

1992–1993 You Wrote It, You Watch It Himself (host)

1993–1995 The Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Show Himself (host) 160 episodes; also creator, executive producer, writer

1994 The State Fanmail Guy Episode: "2.4"

1996 Jon Stewart: Unleavened Himself Stand-up special

1996–1997 The Larry Sanders Show Himself 2 episodes

1997 The Nanny Bobby Episode: "Kissing Cousins"

1997 NewsRadio Andrew Episode: "Twins"

1997 Dr. Katz, Professional Therapist Jon (voice) Episode: "Guess Who"

1997 Space Ghost Coast to Coast Himself Episode: "Mayonnaise"

1997 Mr. Show with Bob and David Himself Episode: "A White Man Set Them Free"

1998 Since You've Been Gone Todd Zalinsky TV movie

1998 Elmopalooza Himself TV special

1999 Spin City Parker Episode: "Wall Street"

1999–2015 The Daily Show
The Daily Show
with Jon Stewart Himself (host) 2,579 episodes; also executive producer, writer

2001 43rd Annual Grammy Awards Himself (host) TV special

2002 44th Annual Grammy Awards Himself (host) TV special

2002 Saturday Night Live Himself (host) Episode: "Jon Stewart/India.Arie"

2005–2014 The Colbert Report Himself 1,447 episodes; co-creator, executive producer Also appeared in 19 episodes as a guest

2006 78th Academy Awards Himself (host) TV special

2006 American Dad! Himself (voice) Episode: "Irregarding Steve"

2007 Jack's Big Music Show Brunk Stinegrouber Episode: "Groundhog Day"

2008 The Simpsons Himself (voice) Episode: "E Pluribus Wiggum"

2008 80th Academy Awards Himself (host) TV special

2008 A Colbert Christmas: The Greatest Gift of All! Himself TV special

2009–2010 Important Things with Demetri Martin

17 episodes; executive producer

2010 Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear Himself (host) TV special

2012 Robot Chicken Matt Trakker, Serpentor (voice) Episode: "Executed by the State"

2013 Big Time Rush Himself Episode: "Big Time Invasion"

2014 Phineas and Ferb Mr. Random (voice) Episode: "The Klimpaloon Ultimatum"

2015–2016 The Nightly Show with Larry Wilmore Himself 259 episodes; creator, executive producer Also appeared in 2 episodes as a guest

2015–present The Late Show with Stephen Colbert Himself Executive producer[183] Also appeared in 10 episodes as a guest

2015 Gravity Falls Judge Kitty Kitty Meow Meow Face-Shwartstein (voice) Episode: "Weirdmageddon 2: Escape from Reality"

Bibliography

Naked Pictures of Famous People
Naked Pictures of Famous People
(Rob Weisbach Books, 1998) ISBN 0-688-17162-1 America (The Book): A Citizen's Guide to Democracy Inaction (Warner Books, September 2004) ISBN 0-446-53268-1 Earth (The Book): A Visitor's Guide to the Human Race (Grand Central Publishing, 2010) ISBN 978-0-446-57922-3

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thinks Trump can make America great...just not the way you might think". 1 February 2017.  ^ Nadkarni, Rohan (10 May 2016). "Jon Stewart's Latest Donald Trump Burns Will Make You Really, Really Miss Jon Stewart".  ^ Gorenstein, Colin (17 June 2015). "Jon Stewart's dream just came true: Donald Trump
Donald Trump
running is a "gift from heaven"". Salon.  ^ Mazza, Ed (17 June 2015). " Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
To Donald Trump: 'Let's Dance, Clownstick!'" – via Huff Post.  ^ Stern, Marlow (1 March 2017). "Revisiting Donald Trump's Anti-Semitic
Anti-Semitic
Attacks Against Jon Stewart". The Daily Beast.  ^ " Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
insinue que Trump est antisémite".  ^ Jon Stewart, Tucker Carlson
Tucker Carlson
(2004). Crossfire
Crossfire
(Television). CNN.  ^ Kurtz, Howard (August 25, 2008). "No Joke: Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Takes Aim At 24-Hour Cable News
News
'Beast'". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved September 17, 2010.  ^ Stewart, Jon (October 18, 2004). "Your Show Blows". Comedy Central. Retrieved December 20, 2014.  ^ Howard Kurtz (January 6, 2004). "Carlson & 'Crossfire,' Exit Stage Left & Right". Washington Post. Retrieved July 26, 2006.  ^ Carlson, Tucker (March 18, 2009). "How Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Went Bad".  ^ Jason Linkins (March 5, 2009). " Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Eviscerates CNBC, Santelli On Daily Show". The Huffington Post. Retrieved March 5, 2009.  ^ Matea Gold (March 10, 2009). "Exclusive: Jim Cramer
Jim Cramer
set to appear on The Daily Show
The Daily Show
Thursday". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 10, 2009.  ^ Jon Lafayette (March 13, 2009). "Stewart-Cramer Confrontation Draws 'Daily's' Second-Biggest Audience of '09". TVWeek.com. Archived from the original on March 15, 2009. Retrieved March 14, 2009.  ^ Calderon, Michael (March 19, 2009). "Cramer slams Stewart: 'naive and misleading'". The Politico. Retrieved March 20, 2009.  ^ Abramson, Dan (March 12, 2010). "Stewart: Fox News
News
Is The Meanest Sorority In The World". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 25, 2010.  ^ Hong, Sharon (November 11, 2009). "Video Fix: Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
catches Fox News
News
using wrong footage". Seattle PI. Retrieved April 25, 2010.  ^ " Gretchen Carlson
Gretchen Carlson
Dumbs Down". The Daily Show. December 8, 2009. Retrieved April 25, 2010.  ^ " Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
LIVE On Fox News, Tells Host 'You're Insane' (VIDEO) [UPDATE]". Huffingtonpost.com. June 19, 2011. Retrieved September 16, 2012.  ^ " Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
says those who watch Fox News
News
are the "most consistently misinformed media viewers"". PolitiFact. Retrieved August 24, 2014.  ^ "Fox News
News
Welfare Academy - The Daily Show
The Daily Show
- Video Clip". Thedailyshow.cc.com. March 13, 2014. Retrieved August 24, 2014.  ^ Wemple, Erik (August 15, 2014). "No, Sean Hannity, you can't distance yourself from Cliven Bundy". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 24, 2014.  ^ "Must-see morning clip: Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
calls Sean Hannity's show "the Arby's of news"". Salon.com. April 24, 2014. Retrieved August 24, 2014.  ^ Culzac, Natasha (August 28, 2014). "Daily Show's Jon Stewart destroys Fox News
News
for its Ferguson coverage". The Independent. London. Retrieved March 13, 2015.  ^ " Comedy Central
Comedy Central
Writers Win WGA Contract". WGA. Archived from the original on January 2, 2008. Retrieved April 23, 2008.  ^ "Union Deal for 'Daily Show' Writers". AllBusiness.com. Retrieved April 23, 2008.  ^ "Colbert, Stewart make do without writers". Today. January 18, 2008. Retrieved September 4, 2016.  ^ Morgan, Piers. " Seth MacFarlane
Seth MacFarlane
Interview". CNN.  ^ David, Feldman. "Former Daily Show Writer Accuses Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
of Punishing His Writers For Forming A Union". Patheos. Retrieved May 25, 2012.  ^ David, Feldman. "Former Daily Show Writer Accuses Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
of Punishing His Writers For Forming A Union". Archived from the original on September 26, 2012.  ^ Conan, Stewart, Colbert unite in TV feud, February 5, 2008 ^ Stewart, Jon (February 27, 1997). George Carlin: 40 Years of Comedy (TV). HBO.  ^ Keepnews, Peter (August 8, 1999). "There Was Thought in His Rage". The New York Times. Retrieved June 23, 2008.  ^ Stewart, Jon (September 18, 2005). The 57th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards (TV). CBS.  ^ a b c "Interview With Jon Stewart". CNN. February 7, 2001. Retrieved October 30, 2008.  ^ "How John Oliver
John Oliver
became an American star". The Daily Telegraph. London. 17 April 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.  ^ Ian Phillips (August 6, 2015). "12 influential comedy careers Jon Stewart helped launch on 'The Daily Show'". Business Insider. Retrieved January 25, 2017.  ^ "The Fearless Comedy of The Nightly Show With Larry Wilmore". The Atlantic. January 21, 2015. Retrieved June 3, 2015.  ^ How 'Egypt's Jon Stewart' Went From Public Enemy to TV Star - RollingStone ^ " Trevor Noah
Trevor Noah
to succeed Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
as host of The Daily Show". The Guardian. March 30, 2015. Retrieved March 30, 2015.  ^ Van Luling, Todd (December 6, 2017). " Jordan Klepper
Jordan Klepper
Channels Jon Stewart In His Own Search For Sanity". HuffPost. Retrieved December 12, 2017.  ^ Berrin, Danielle (October 15, 2010). "Jon Stewart's version of Judaism". JewishJournal. Retrieved November 7, 2013.  ^ a b Beau Bridges. The Daily Show. April 23, 2002. Event occurs at 4 minutes, 50 seconds. Retrieved July 18, 2008.  ^ Steve, Irene (June 16, 2006). "Play on words". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved February 17, 2012.  ^ Snyder, Thomas (January 9, 2012). "Dr. Sudoku Presents: A Modest Proposal". Wired. Retrieved February 17, 2012.  ^ An hour with the host of 'The Daily Show' Jon Stewart. Charlie Rose. August 15, 2001. Event occurs at 51 minutes, 28 seconds. Archived from the original on August 7, 2013. Retrieved July 18, 2008.  ^ "Tracey Stewart's Animal Planet" (NY Times article by Judith Newman, Oct 10, 2015) ^ Baker, KC; Silverman, Stephen M. (February 7, 2006). "A Baby Girl for Jon Stewart". People. Retrieved October 8, 2008.  ^ " CNN
CNN
Transcript: Larry King Live: Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Looks Back at Election 2000". Larry King Live. CNN. December 15, 2000. Retrieved March 25, 2007.  ^ Pierce, Tony (June 20, 2011). " Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
admits he voted for George H.W. Bush in 1988 and is disappointed in Obama". Los Angeles Times.  ^ La Gorce, Tammy (October 23, 2015). "Tracey Stewart Counts Her Sheep, and More". The New York Times. Retrieved October 26, 2015.  ^ Judith Newman
Judith Newman
(October 10, 2015). "Tracey Stewart's Animal Planet". New York.  ^ "New York Post. pg 19". January 12, 2017.  ^ 60th Annual Peabody Awards, May 2001. ^ 64th Annual Peabody Awards, May 2005. ^ Stewart, Jon (May 20, 2004). "Jon Stewart's ('84) Commencement Address". College of William and Mary. Archived from the original on October 17, 2008. Retrieved October 8, 2008.  ^ " Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
to be Class Day speaker". Princeton Weekly Bulletin. March 22, 2004.  ^ Brokaw, Tom (September 27, 2004). "Jon Stewart". Time. Retrieved July 26, 2006.  ^ " Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Named NSCAA Honorary All-America". NSCAA.  ^ "Ellen Johnson Sirleaf – The Daily Show
The Daily Show
with Jon Stewart – 4/21/2009 – Video Clip Comedy Central". thedailyshow.com. April 21, 2009. Retrieved September 17, 2010.  ^ Lies, Elaine (October 26, 2010) "TV host Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
named most influential man of 2010", Reuters. Retrieved October 26, 2010 ^ Huddleston Jr., Tom. "Stephen Colbert's 'Late Show' Taps New Exec Producer Amid Low Ratings". Retrieved 7 June 2016. 

Further reading

Jon Stewart: Beyond the Moments of Zen by Bruce Watson, (New Word City, 2014) ASIN B0093FPMVU Angry Optimist: The Life and Times of Jon Stewart. by Lisa Rogak, (Saint Martin's Griffin, 2014). ISBN 978-1-250-08047-9

External links

The Daily Show
The Daily Show
profile Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
on IMDb Appearances on C-SPAN Works by or about Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
in libraries ( WorldCat
WorldCat
catalog)

Media offices

Preceded by Craig Kilborn Host of The Daily Show 1999–2015 Succeeded by Trevor Noah

v t e

The Daily Show

Craig Kilborn (1996–1998) Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
(1999–2015) Trevor Noah
Trevor Noah
(2015–present)

Correspondents Writers Guests Recurring segments Awards

Episodes

Kilborn's tenure

1996 1997 1998

Stewart's tenure

1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Noah's tenure

2015 2016 2017 2018

Indecision

2000 2004 2006 2008

Spin-offs

The Colbert Report
The Colbert Report
(2005–14) The Nightly Show with Larry Wilmore
The Nightly Show with Larry Wilmore
(2015–16) The Opposition with Jordan Klepper
Jordan Klepper
(2017–present)

Other

2009 C NBC
NBC
criticism America (The Book) Earth (The Book) Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear Rosewater Stephen Colbert
Stephen Colbert
(character) Who Made Huckabee? The Rumble in the Air-Conditioned Auditorium

Book Category

Awards for Jon Stewart

v t e

Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Variety Series (2000–2009)

Eddie Izzard
Eddie Izzard
(2000) Eric Drysdale, Jim Earl, Dan Goor, Charlie Grandy, J. R. Havlan, Tom Johnson, Kent Jones, Paul Mecurio, Chris Regan, Allison Silverman and Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
(2001) Doug Abeles, James Anderson, Max Brooks, James Downey, Tina Fey, Hugh Fink, Charlie Grandy, Jack Handey, Steve Higgins, Erik Kenward, Dennis McNicholas, Lorne Michaels, Matt Murray, Paula Pell, Matt Piedmont, Ken Scarborough, Michael Schur, Frank Sebastiano, T. Sean Shannon, Robert Smigel, Emily Spivey, Andrew Steele and Scott Wainio (2002) Rich Blomquist, Steve Bodow, Eric Drysdale, J. R. Havlan, Scott Jacobson, David Javerbaum, Tom Johnson, Ben Karlin, Rob Kutner, Chris Regan, Jason Reich, Jason Ross and Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
(2003) Rich Blomquist, Steve Bodow, Tim Carvell, Stephen Colbert, Eric Drysdale, J. R. Havlan, Scott Jacobson, David Javerbaum, Ben Karlin, Chris Regan, Jason Reich, Jason Ross and Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
(2004) Rich Blomquist, Steve Bodow, Tim Carvell, Stephen Colbert, Eric Drysdale, J. R. Havlan, Scott Jacobson, David Javerbaum, Ben Karlin, Rob Kutner, Chris Regan, Jason Reich, Jason Ross and Jon Stewart (2005) Rich Blomquist, Steve Bodow, Rachel Axler, Kevin Bleyer, Tim Carvell, Stephen Colbert, Eric Drysdale, J. R. Havlan, Scott Jacobson, David Javerbaum, Ben Karlin, Rob Kutner, Sam Means, Chris Regan, Jason Reich, Jason Ross and Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
(2006) Chris Albers, Jose Arroyo, Dan Cronin, Kevin Dorff, Dan Goor, Michael Gordon, Berkley Johnson, Brian Kiley, Michael Koman, Tim Harrod, Brian McCann, Guy Nicolucci, Conan O'Brien, Brian Stack, Mike Sweeney and Andrew Weinberg (2007) Bryan Adams, Michael Brumm, Stephen Colbert, Richard Dahm, Eric Drysdale, Rob Dubbin, Glenn Eichler, Peter Grosz, Peter Gwinn, Barry Julien, Laura Krafft, Jay Katsir, Frank Lesser, Tom Purcell, Meredith Scardino and Allison Silverman (2008) Rory Albanese, Rachel Axler, Kevin Bleyer, Rich Blomquist, Steve Bodow, Tim Carvell, Wyatt Cenac, J. R. Havlan, David Javerbaum, Elliott Kalan, Rob Kutner, Josh Lieb, Sam Means, John Oliver, Jason Ross and Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
(2009)

Complete list (1957–1969) (1970–1979) (1980–1989) (1990–1999) (2000–2009) (2010–2019)

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Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Variety Series (2010–2019)

Barry Julien, Stephen Colbert, Allison Silverman, Tom Purcell, Rich Dahm, Michael Brumm, Rob Dubbin, Opus Moreschi, Peter Gwinn, Jay Katsir, Frank Lesser, Glenn Eichler, Peter Grosz, Meredith Scardino, Max Werner
Max Werner
and Eric Drysdale
Eric Drysdale
(2010) Rory Albanese, Kevin Bleyer, Rich Blomquist, Steve Bodow, Tim Carvell, Wyatt Cenac, Hallie Haglund, J. R. Havlan, Elliott Kalan, Josh Lieb, Sam Means, Jo Miller, John Oliver, Daniel Radosh, Jason Ross and Jon Stewart (2011) Rory Albanese, Kevin Bleyer, Rich Blomquist, Steve Bodow, Tim Carvell, Wyatt Cenac, Hallie Haglund, J. R. Havlan, Elliott Kalan, Dan McCoy, Jo Miller, John Oliver, Zhubin Parang, Daniel Radosh, Jason Ross and Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
(2012) Opus Moreschi, Stephen Colbert, Tom Purcell, Rich Dahm, Barry Julien, Michael Brumm, Rob Dubbin, Jay Katsir, Frank Lesser, Glenn Eichler, Meredith Scardino, Max Werner, Eric Drysdale, Dan Guterman, Paul Dinello, Nate Charny, and Bobby Mort (2013) Michael Brumm, Nate Charny, Aaron Cohen, Stephen Colbert, Richard Dahm, Paul Dinello, Eric Drysdale, Rob Dubbin, Glenn Eichler, Gabe Gronli, Barry Julien, Jay Katsir, Sam Kim, Matthew Lappin, Frank Lesser, Opus Moreschi, Tom Purcell, Meredith Scardino, and Max Werner (2014) Dan Amira, Steve Bodow, Travon Free, Hallie Haglund, Elliott Kalan, Matt Koff, Adam Lowitt, Dan McCoy, Jo Miller, Zhubin Parang, Owen Parsons, Daniel Radosh, Lauren Sarver, Jon Stewart, and Delaney Yeager (2015) Kevin Avery, Tim Carvell, Josh Gondelman, Dan Gurewitch, Geoff Haggerty, Jeff Maurer, John Oliver, Scott Sherman, Will Tracy, Jill Twiss, and Juli Weiner (2016)

Complete list (1957–1969) (1970–1979) (1980–1989) (1990–1999) (2000–2009) (2010–2019)

v t e

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Spoken Word Album

1959−1980

Stan Freberg
Stan Freberg
– The Best of the Stan Freberg
Stan Freberg
Shows (1959) Carl Sandburg
Carl Sandburg
Lincoln Portrait (1960) Robert Bialek (producer) – FDR Speaks (1961) Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein
– Humor in Music (1962) Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
– The Story-Teller: A Session With Charles Laughton (1963) Edward Albee
Edward Albee
(playwright) – Who's Afraid of Virginia
Virginia
Woolf? (1964) That Was the Week That Was
That Was the Week That Was
– BBC Tribute to John F. Kennedy (1965) Goddard Lieberson
Goddard Lieberson
(producer) – John F. Kennedy - As We Remember Him (1966) Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
- A Reporter Remembers, Vol. I The War Years (1967) Everett Dirksen
Everett Dirksen
– Gallant Men (1968) Rod McKuen
Rod McKuen
– Lonesome Cities (1969) Art Linkletter
Art Linkletter
& Diane Linkletter – We Love You Call Collect (1970) Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
– Why I Oppose the War in Vietnam (1971) Les Crane
Les Crane
– Desiderata (1972) Bruce Botnick (producer) – Lenny performed by the original Broadway cast (1973) Richard Harris
Richard Harris
Jonathan Livingston Seagull (1974) Peter Cook
Peter Cook
and Dudley Moore
Dudley Moore
– Good Evening (1975) James Whitmore
James Whitmore
Give 'em Hell, Harry!
Give 'em Hell, Harry!
(1976) Henry Fonda, Helen Hayes, James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
- Great American Documents (1977) Julie Harris – The Belle of Amherst
The Belle of Amherst
(1978) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (1979) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
– Ages of Man - Readings From Shakespeare
Shakespeare
(1980)

1981−2000

Pat Carroll – Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein
Gertrude Stein
(1981) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
Donovan's Brain
Donovan's Brain
(1982) Tom Voegeli (producer) – Raiders of the Lost Ark
Raiders of the Lost Ark
- The Movie on Record performed by Various Artists (1983) William Warfield
William Warfield
Lincoln Portrait (1984) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
– The Words of Gandhi (1985) Mike Berniker (producer) & the original Broadway cast – Ma Rainey's Black Bottom (1986) Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis, Chips Moman, Ricky Nelson, Roy Orbison, Carl Perkins
Carl Perkins
and Sam Phillips
Sam Phillips
– Interviews From the Class of '55 Recording Sessions (1987) Garrison Keillor
Garrison Keillor
Lake Wobegon Days (1988) Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson
– Speech by Rev. Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson
(1989) Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
– It's Always Something (1990) George Burns
George Burns
– Gracie: A Love Story (1991) Ken Burns
Ken Burns
– The Civil War (1992) Earvin "Magic" Johnson and Robert O'Keefe – What You Can Do to Avoid AIDS (1993) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
On the Pulse of Morning
On the Pulse of Morning
(1994) Henry Rollins
Henry Rollins
– Get in the Van (1995) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
– Phenomenal Woman (1996) Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
It Takes a Village (1997) Charles Kuralt
Charles Kuralt
– Charles Kuralt's Spring (1998) Christopher Reeve
Christopher Reeve
Still Me
Still Me
(1999) LeVar Burton
LeVar Burton
– The Autobiography of Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
(2000)

2001−present

Sidney Poitier, Rick Harris & John Runnette (producers) – The Measure of a Man: A Spiritual Autobiography (2001) Quincy Jones, Jeffrey S. Thomas, Steven Strassman (engineers) and Elisa Shokoff (producer) – Q: The Autobiography of Quincy Jones (2002) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
and Charles B. Potter (producer) – A Song Flung Up to Heaven / Robin Williams, Nathaniel Kunkel (engineer/mixer) and Peter Asher (producer) – Live 2002 (2003) Al Franken
Al Franken
and Paul Ruben (producer) – Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them (2004) Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
– My Life (2005) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
Dreams from My Father
Dreams from My Father
(2006) Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
– Our Endangered Values: America's Moral Crisis / Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee
Ruby Dee
- With Ossie and Ruby (2007) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
and Jacob Bronstein (producer) – The Audacity of Hope (2008) Beau Bridges, Cynthia Nixon
Cynthia Nixon
and Blair Underwood
Blair Underwood
– An Inconvenient Truth by Al Gore
Al Gore
(2009) Michael J. Fox
Michael J. Fox
– Always Looking Up (2010) Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
The Daily Show
The Daily Show
with Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Presents Earth (The Audiobook) (2011) Betty White
Betty White
– If You Ask Me (And Of Course You Won't) (2012) Janis Ian
Janis Ian
– Society's Child (2013) Stephen Colbert
Stephen Colbert
– America Again: Re-becoming The Greatness We Never Weren't (2014) Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
– Diary of a Mad Diva (2015) Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
– A Full Life: Reflections at 90 (2016) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
– In Such Good Company: Eleven Years of Laughter, Mayhem, and Fun in the Sandbox (2017) Carrie Fisher
Carrie Fisher
The Princess Diarist
The Princess Diarist
(2018)

v t e

TCA Award for Individual Achievement in Comedy

David Hyde Pierce
David Hyde Pierce
(1997) David Hyde Pierce
David Hyde Pierce
(1998) Ray Romano
Ray Romano
(1999) Jane Kaczmarek
Jane Kaczmarek
(2000) Jane Kaczmarek
Jane Kaczmarek
(2001) Bernie Mac
Bernie Mac
(2002) Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
(2003) Ricky Gervais
Ricky Gervais
(2004) Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
(2005) Steve Carell
Steve Carell
(2006) Alec Baldwin
Alec Baldwin
(2007) Tina Fey
Tina Fey
(2008) Jim Parsons
Jim Parsons
(2009) Jane Lynch
Jane Lynch
(2010) Ty Burrell
Ty Burrell
/ Nick Offerman
Nick Offerman
(2011) Louis C.K.
Louis C.K.
(2012) Louis C.K.
Louis C.K.
(2013) Julia Louis-Dreyfus
Julia Louis-Dreyfus
(2014) Amy Schumer
Amy Schumer
(2015) Rachel Bloom
Rachel Bloom
(2016) Donald Glover
Donald Glover
(2017)

v t e

Thurber Prize winners

Ian Frazier
Ian Frazier
(1997) The Onion
The Onion
(1999) David Sedaris
David Sedaris
(2001) Christopher Buckley (2004) Jon Stewart, Ben Karlin, and David Javerbaum (2005) Alan Zweibel
Alan Zweibel
(2006) Joe Keenan (2007) Larry Doyle (2008) Ian Frazier
Ian Frazier
(2009) Steve Hely (2010) David Rakoff
David Rakoff
(2011) Calvin Trillin
Calvin Trillin
(2012) Dan Zevin (2013) John Kenney (2014) Julie Schumacher (2015) Harrison Scott Key (2016)

v t e

Recipients of the Orwell Award

1975–1999

1975: David Wise 1976: Hugh Rank 1977: Walter Pincus 1978: Sissela Bok 1979: Erving Goffman 1980: Sheila Harty 1981: Dwight Bolinger 1982: Stephen Hilgartner, Richard C. Bell, and Rory O'Connor 1983: Haig Bosmajian 1984: Ted Koppel 1985: Torben Vestergaard and Kim Schroder 1986: Neil Postman 1987: Noam Chomsky 1988: Donald Barlett and James B. Steele 1989: Edward S. Herman and Noam Chomsky 1990: Charlotte Baecher, Consumers Union 1991: David Aaron Kessler 1992: Donald L. Barlett and James Steele 1993: Eric Alterman 1994: Garry Trudeau 1995: Lies of Our Times 1996: William D. Lutz 1997: Gertrude Himmelfarb 1998: Juliet Schor 1998: Scott Adams 1999: Norman Solomon

2000–present

2000: Alfie Kohn 2001: Sheldon Rampton
Sheldon Rampton
and John Stauber 2002: Bill Press 2004: Seymour Hersh
Seymour Hersh
and Arundhati Roy 2005: Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
and The Daily Show
The Daily Show
cast 2006: Steven H. Miles 2007: Ted Gup 2008: Charlie Savage 2009: Amy Goodman 2010: Michael Pollan 2011: F.S. Michaels 2012: Peter Zuckerman and Amanda Padoan 2013: Paul L. Thomas 2014: The Onion 2015: Anthony Cody 2016: David Greenberg

National Council of Teachers of English George Orwell

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