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The Info List - Jola Languages


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JOLA or DIOLA is a dialect continuum spoken in Senegal
Senegal
, the Gambia , and Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau
. It belongs to the Bak branch of the Niger–Congo language family.

CONTENTS

* 1 Languages

* 1.1 Bayot

* 2 References * 3 External links

LANGUAGES

The primary branches of Jola proper and to some extent Central Jola are not mutually intelligible. The main varieties are:

* Bayot

* Jola proper

* Central Jola

* Jola-Fonyi (Kujamatay), spoken around Bignona
Bignona
. The official standard. * Bandial , spoken in a small area south of the Casamance
Casamance
River . * Gusilay , spoken in the village of Thionck Essyl . * Jola-Felupe (Ediamat), spoken in a handful of villages south of Oussouye in Oussouye Department . Kerak may be a dialect. * (Jola) Kasa , spoken around Oussouye.

* Kwatay (Kuwaataay), spoken along the coast south of the Casamance River .

* Karon–Mlomp

* Karon , spoken along the coast of Casamance
Casamance
south of Diouloulou .

BAYOT

Bayot , spoken around Ziguinchor , is grammatically Jola apart from a non-Jola pronominal system, but maybe half its vocabulary is non-Jola and even non-Atlantic. It may therefore be a language isolate with substantial Jola borrowing (relexification ). In any case it is clearly distinct from (other) Jola languages.

REFERENCES

* ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Nuclear Jola". Glottolog 3.0 . Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. * ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Bayot". Glottolog 3.0 . Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.